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NEWS: PPB used force at least 1582 times at protests up until June 30

On November 11, the Portland Police Bureau shared with its Training
Advisory Council the use of force numbers for 2nd Quarter 2020 related
to "crowd control." The data show that the PPB overall used force 2378
times at protests.
Date: Thu, 12 Nov 2020 11:57:13 -0800
From: Portland Copwatch < copwatch@portlandcopwatch.org>
To: News Media < newsmedia@portlandcopwatch.org>
Subject: NEWS: PPB used force at least 1582 times at protests up until June 30

NEWS: PPB used force at least 1582 times at protests up until June 30

On November 11, the Portland Police Bureau shared with its Training
Advisory Council the use of force numbers for 2nd Quarter 2020 related
to "crowd control." The data show that the PPB overall used force 2378
times at protests. While the Force Inspector claimed most of these were
"category IV" low level uses like "control against resistance" and
"resisted handcuffing," in fact 1582 uses-- or 66.5%-- were the use of
chemical agents, impact weapons or "strikes/kicks."

Portland Copwatch was able to take a screen capture of the data and
posted it at:


Here are the data more clearly outlined as the screen capture isn't
entirely clear:

Aerosol restraint (aka pepper spray) 171
Baton strike 87
CS (tear) gas 203
Pepper spray ("OC") as chemical agent 133
"Sponge" impact rounds 158
FN 303 impact rounds (bb type pellets) 459
Marking impact rounds 189
R3DD (? unclear) impact rounds 170
Strikes/Kicks 12

Subtotal 1582

The Compliance Officer reviewing the PPB's use of force and force
reporting in regard to the US Dept. of Justice Settlement Agreement
found the PPB out of policy for failing to report these data in a timely
way. It would seem that on its face the PPB is also out of control in
using weapons on Portland community members.

For more information contact Portland Copwatch at 503-236-3065.

homepage: homepage: http://www.portlandcopwatch.org

PPB less lethal usd 90 times in 24 hrs 25.Nov.2020 13:46

Read on

So last night 11/17/20 at the PCCEP meeting the PPB shared the Q3 report
and explained why there was a 1500% increase in less lethal use. There
was apparently a standoff in Forest Park in August where the cops used
various less lethal weapons. The cop talked about this as if everyone knew about it.
I don't remember anything about it.

They said the standoff lasted 24 hours and that the officers ended
up using less lethal weapons more than 90 times in that 24 hour period.

Forest Park police standoff with burglary suspect ends peacefully after 22 hours

NEWS UPDATE: PPB used force at protests another 1145+ times July-Sept 2020 25.Nov.2020 13:51



On Thursday, PCW released numbers about PPB uses of force involving
physical assaults, chemical and "less lethal" weapons showing they used
force over 1500 times essentially just the month of June against

The Portland Mercury picked up on this story and posted info
about that "Q2 2020" force report on Friday, citing the overall uses of
force (including "lower level" force) of 2378 times.


Yesterday the Mercury published the below article showing that the PPB
had used force-- including the lower level uses-- a total of 6249 times,
with an addition 3871 reported in the new Q3 2020 report.

Before getting to their article here is an update t the numbers PCW sent
last week and call attention to the PPB's explanatory statements.

The numbers:
Q2 Q3
Aerosol restraint (aka pepper spray) 171 262
Baton strike 87 129
CS (tear) gas 203 54
Pepper spray ("OC") as chemical agent 133 31
"Sponge" impact rounds 158 80
FN 303 impact rounds (bb type pellets) 459 246
Marking impact rounds 189 205
RBDD (Rubber Ball Distraction) impact rounds 170 31
Strikes/Kicks 12 107

Subtotal 1582 1145

So while the overall number of high-level force went down even though
this reflects a longer period of time, you can see the PPB shifted to
more baton strikes and kicks/blows, perhaps in part because of the
Mayor's mid-September ban on tear gas (which went down considerably).

The PPB's new numbers can be found on page 11 (p. 12 of the PDF) at:


They explain that if an officer said they pushed a person 3-5 times
with a baton, they included that as 5 pushes. If they said they did not
know how many people or how many times they used force they counted it
as one use of force. So the numbers are very very low.

They also note that they arrested 544 people a total of 599 times (so,
55 or fewer people arrested two or more times), and that these numbers
do not include federal or other agency arrests. They include arrests
made later based on the protests.

About the weaponry, they say the following:

"FN303 Pava/OC Powder 40mm rounds used as an area denial tool were
counted as Chemical Agent-OC; Inert RBDD's were counted as Control
Against Resistance; Baton/hand used to push an individual who resisted
the officer's efforts was counted as Control Against Resistance;
Baton/hand used to push an individual that resulted in the individual
falling to the ground was counted as Takedown; Each canister was counted
for Chemical Agent-CS/Chemical Agent-OC applications. The following were
not considered an application of force: inert smoke canister, smoke SKAT
round, baton/hand used to guide an individual who demonstrated no
resistance to the officer's efforts."

So in other words, PCW was being VERY generous by putting "takedowns" and
"control against resistance" in a "lower level" category in the PCW
analysis. It seems it should be drilled down more to see exactly how
violent each one of these actions was. Moreover, the issue of
"baton/hand used to guide an individual" not listed as use of force is
something Portland Copwatch has addressed before-- if a civilian puts their hand on an
officer that's considered harassment or assault, but apparently the cops
can put their hands on community members to move them about and that's
not coercive force.

Significantly, there is no breakdown of the race of people subjected to
force at protests. The "day to day" use of force numbers show the
usual-- African Americans got way more violence put on them than is
reflected in their representation in the population: 26% vs 6% (p. 3).
The Training Advisory Council agreed to let the PPB mention the census
data as a link without putting it into the report; that info is not on
the racial attributes breakdown page but appended as page 22, with a
long, bogus explanation of why it's not used in the body of the report.

Also, the non-protest force events included 107 uses of "less lethal"
weapons this quarter, which is a 1500% increase from Q2. There is no
explanation for this enormous jump.

There's probably a lot more to say but for now I'll turn it over to the
Mercury article.

- portland copwatch


Portland Police Have Used Force Against Protesters More Than 6,000 Times in 2020
by Alex Zielinski o Nov 16, 2020 at 3:20 pm

Portland police have used force--in the form of rubber bullets, baton
strikes, tear gas volleys, and other acts--more than 6,000 times
against Portlanders protesting police violence and racism this year.

This information comes from two newly-updated reports from the Portland
Police Bureau (PPB), documenting officer use of force data for the
second and third quarters of 2020, a period spanning April 1 and
September 30. On Friday, the Mercury shared data from the second
quarter report, which found that, in the first 32 days of Portland's
protests--which began on May 29--PPB officers used force against
protesters 2,378 times. The release of the third quarter's data offers
a more comprehensive look at the damage inflicted on Portlanders by
police this year through what PPB calls "crowd control." Combined, PPB
used force at least 6,249 times against members of the public during
2020's second and third quarters.

The PPB reports note that this number is likely an underestimation, as
some officers did not record every time they used force on a protester.

In comparison, PPB used force against protesters 64 times in 2019, 205
times in 2018, and 162 times in 2017.

While 2020's disproportionally large number reflects the
disproportionately large and continuous protests Portland has seen this
year, it shows that, despite daily calls against police brutality,
Portland police did not change the way they responded to protests
during this time period.

Portland police employ a wide variety of tools and techniques to
physically stifle protests. The reports show that, between April and
September, police relied heavily on so-called "less lethal" munitions,
"takedowns" (or tackling), chemical gasses, and batons to injure
protesters during rallies and marches. And a third of the force used
during this time is characterized as "control against resistance," or
physically restraining a person who police believe to be resisting