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Police Violence Leading Cause of Death in United States

Police violence is a leading cause of death for young men in the United States. The average lifetime odds [for all races] of being killed by police are about 1 in 2,000 for men and about 1 in 33,000 for women. Police officers with a military background significantly more likely discharged their firearm while on duty.
According to the "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America" ( https://www.pnas.org/content/116/34/16793), "Police violence is a leading cause of death for young men in the United States. Over the life course, about 1 in every 1,000 black men can expect to be killed by police. Risk of being killed by police peaks between the ages of 20 y and 35 y for men and women and for all racial and ethnic groups. Black women and men and American Indian and Alaska Native women and men are significantly more likely than white women and men to be killed by police. Latino men are also more likely to be killed by police than are white men."

The average lifetime odds [for all races] of being killed by police are about 1 in 2,000 for men and about 1 in 33,000 for women.

In the United States, police officers fatally shoot about three people per day on average. [The number of people who are shot by police but survive their injuries is much higher than three people per day.] Social scientists and public-health researchers have begun to dig into these records and have produced more than 50 publications so far — up from a trickle of papers on the topic before 2015. Although the databases are still imperfect, they make it clear that police officers' use of lethal force is much more common than previously thought.

In Seattle, investigators reviewed the Police Department's reports on the use of force and found that one out of every five episodes was excessive. ( https://www.justice.gov/sites/default/files/crt/legacy/2011/12/16/spd_findletter_12-16-11.pdf)

Of course most use of force by police is not deadly force. According to a Department of Justice (DOJ) Study  https://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/punf0211.pdf between 2002-2011 polce used force against 715,500 people and in 535,300 cases (75%) that force was found to be excessive. It is likely that the use of force is much higher than reported in the DOJ study, since use of force is investigated by the police themselves. 535,300 cases of excessive use of force are just the cases that couldn't be covered up! But, even if we accept the DOJ report as complete and accurate that is an average 59,478 cases per year (163 cases per day, each and every day for nine consecutive years) where an investigation determined that police used excessive force against us.

A separate DOJ study ( https://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/cpp15.pdf) looking at residents who experienced nonfatal threats or use of force during contacts with police,in just 2015 found that 985,300 people experienced some type of use of force by police during that year (2015). Almost none of these use of force cases resulted in an official investigation, but according to the DOJ report in almost half of the cases 48.4% the person involved perceived the force used by police to be excessive in their last (most recent) police initiated contact.

Police too often view the residents of the communities that they "serve" as the enemy. This is especially true where police officers have a military background. A Marshall Project ( https://www.themarshallproject.org/2018/10/15/police-with-military-experience-more-likely-to-shoot) study in 2018 found that "police officers with military experience were significantly more likely to have discharged their firearm while on duty than cops with no military service... Results from this study suggest that veteran status, regardless of deployment history, is associated with increased odds of shootings." Many veterans becoming police officers in communities have a "military police" background, and when these veterans come from massively corrupt military police departments, such as Joint Base Lewis-McChord ( https://www.theolympian.com/news/local/article25280662.html), you will see an increase in misconduct / violence as they perform their duties in the civilian community.

The ACLU  https://www.aclu.org/other/fighting-police-abuse-community-action-manual provides some information on fighting police abuse.

The Police Are Bad For Your Health 23.Jan.2020 16:54

author: Michael Pappas

I was recently starting an overnight hospital shift, when I received a text from a medical colleague working in a hospital in New York: "The NYPD are here harassing a gunshot wound victim who is a minor with no family present [... ] So much so that the family of the patient next door came to us complaining about how they were manipulating [the patient] and twisting his words."

What are police officers—members of a racist, murderous institution founded on the legacy of slave patrols—doing anywhere near an institution whose one, singularly proposed, job is ostensibly to be addressing the health and well-being of an individual? I am a physician who went into the medical field to better the well being of the public. As I see increasing police presence in our hospitals, health clinics, schools, subways, it leads me to ask the question: Are the police good for our health?