In The Pay of Foundations—Part 20
How U.S. power elite and liberal establishment foundations fund a "parallel left" media network of left media journalists and gatekeepers.
In the Dominican Republic "in February 1963, Juan Bosch took office as the first democratically elected president" of that country "since 1924;" and "he called for land reform; low-rent housing; modest nationalization of business; foreign investment provided it was not excessively exploitative of the country and other policies," according to William Blum's 2000 book, Rogue State. But "a number of American officials and congressmen expressed their discomfort with Bosch's plans, as well as his stance of independence from the United States," according to the same book.
So, not surprisingly, as David Howard's Dominican Republic: A Guide to the People, Politics and Culture book recalled in 2000, "Bosch... lasted only 7 months in office" as Dominican Republic "military officers" overthrew his democratically elected "government and annulled the constitution; and their troops surrounded the National Palace on Sept. 5, 1963." But, as Rogue State observed, "nineteen months later," in April 1965, "a widespread popular revolt broke out" in the Dominican Republic "which promised to put the exiled Bosch back into power."
The Democratic Johnson White House, in which longtime Schumann Center for Media and Democracy foundation president Bill Moyers then worked as LBJ's Special Presidential Assistant, however, ordered 23,000 U.S. troops to invade the island on Apr. 28, 1965; and "by the end of the invasion, more than 3,000 Dominicans and 31 American servicemen had lost their lives" as "the Marines deprived the people of the Dominican Republic of self-determination." according to an article by Juleyka Lantigua-Williams, titled "40 Years Later, U.S. Invasion Still Haunts Dominican Republic," that was posted on Apr. 21, 2005 on The Progressive magazine's website. "
Johnson administration officials then "personally groomed Joaquin Balaguer," who had been a close advisor to long-time Dominican dictator Trujillo prior to the CIA-backed assassination of Trujillo in 1961, "to head the Dominican government in 1966" and "U.S. aid insured Balaguer's control over the country," according to a 1978 NACLA article by Philip E. Wheaton about the fraudulent 1978 Dominican Republic elections, that NACLA reposted on its website on Sept. 25, 2007.
The Dominican Republic: A Guide to the People, Politics and Culture book described what happened politically in the Dominican Republic in the three decades between 1966 and 1996 (the year in which the Carnegie Corporation of New York foundation gave Pacifica a $25,000 [equivalent to over $40,000 in 2018] grant to launch the parallel left Democracy Now! daily radio news show):
"Dr. Joaquin Balaguer won the... elections in June 1966, following a violent electoral campaign during which 350 supporters of Bosch's PRD (Dominican Revolutionary Party) were killed...President Balaguer was not slow to use coercive tactics and force... His main opponent, Juan Bosch, went into voluntary exile as a result of political repression and threats on his life. During the 1966 presidential elections, he had been unable to conduct a political campaign beyond daily radio broadcasts, while Balaguer had been able to tour the country. The... Balaguer administration gave rise to heightened repression, and the 1970 elections were carried out in an atmosphere of violence. La Banda, a group of government-sponsored thugs, carried out 190 political assassinations between 1970 and 1972. Police harassment of political opponents continued unabated... "
James Ferguson's 1992 book The Dominican Republic: Behind The Lighthouse also recalled that "between... 1966 and the end of 1971 over 1,000 political assassinations took place in the Dominican Republic," although "little of this was reported in the U.S. media."
In addition, according to David Howard's Dominican Republic: A Guide to the People, Politics and Culture book:
"... Balaguer... defeated his principal opponent, Juan Bosch, at the... elections in 1990 amid allegations of widespread fraud... The 1994 elections followed a similar course... Balaguer was adjudged to have won, but further accusation of fraud threatened to paralyze the country with growing popular discontent... International observers agreed that opposition parties were disenfranchised... Government supporters were given multiple cedulas or voting cards, and opponents were excluded from the electoral list or intimidated... Many stations were kept closed by armed government supporters or by the police... Fraudulent mandates and the exclusion of the majority of the population from state politics has meant that the Dominican political system has consistently lacked credibility and legitimacy... Balaguer... served as president for 22... years... "
Not surprisingly, in the years between the Johnson White House's late April 1965 decision to invade the Dominical Republic and 2018, large numbers of people from the Dominican Republic migrated to the United States. By 2000, the Dominican Republic was being described by David Howard in his Dominican Republic: A Guide to the People, Politics and Culture book as "a transitional society with over one-tenth of its population living in the United States;" and as Jie Zong and Jeanne Batalova noted in an article, "Dominican Immigrants in the United States," that was posted on the Migration Policy Institute's website on Apr. 11, 2018:
"... U.S. intervention accelerated the departure of Dominicans in the 1960s and the decades that followed. In 2016, nearly 1.1 million Dominican immigrants lived in the United States... The Dominican population in the United States, which stood at 12,000 in 1960, reached 169,000 by 1980 and then doubled by 1990 and more than doubled again by 2010... The top four counties by Dominican population were all in New York: Bronx County, New York County (Manhattan), Kings County, and Queens County. Together these counties were home to 41 percent of Dominicans in the United States... The Dominican diaspora in the United States is comprised of about 2.2 million individuals who were either born in the Dominican Republic or reported Dominican ethnicity or ancestry, according to tabulations from the U.S. Census Bureau 2016 ACS..."
Although large numbers of people from the Dominican Republic now live in New York City area from which the parallel left Democracy Now! radio and cable tv show originates, since 2004 Democracy Now! has provided its listeners with neither very many news segments examining the role that the Democratic Johnson White House played in Dominican Republic history in 1965 nor weekly updates on the 21st-century political and economic situation within the Dominican Republic. One reason might be because the Schumann Center for Media and Democracy foundation has given the Democracy Now! media firm over $1.5 million in grants since 2004; and the long-time president of the Schumann Center for Media and Democracy foundation, Bill Moyers, was one of the Johnson White House officials responsible for the decision to order U.S. troops to invade and occupy the Dominican Republic in late April 1965, in violation of the United Nations Charter.
In 2004, for example, Moyers' foundation gave a $25,000 [equal to over $33,000 in 2018] grant to Democracy Now! "to fund Special 2004 election coverage for Democracy Now!," according to the Schumann Center for Media and Democracy foundation's 2004 Form 990 financial filing. And the 2009 Form 990 financial filing for the same foundation indicates that Moyers' foundation gave a $300,000 [equal to over $350,000 in 2018] grant to Democracy Now! Productions in 2009.
A grant of $750,000 [equal to over $810,000 in 2018] was next given to Democracy Now! Productions by former Johnson White House Special Presidential Assistant Moyers' Schumann Center for Media and Democracy foundation in 2013, according to this foundation's Form 990 financial filing for 2013; and, the following year, Moyers' foundation gave an additional grant of $292,600 to help fund the parallel left Democracy Now! show according to the Schumann Center for Media and Democracy foundation's Form 990 financial filing for 2014.
In addition, another grant of $214,074 was given by Moyers' Schumann Center for Media and Democracy foundation to Democracy Now! Productions, according to the foundation's Form 990 financial filing for 2015; and between January 1, 2016 and December 31, 2016 yet another grant of $250,000, was given to help fund Democracy Now! by Moyers' foundation, according to the 2016 Form 990 financial filing of the Schumann Center for Media and Democracy foundation.
Yet according to Democratic President Lyndon Johnson's daily diary, on Apr. 28, 1965—the day on which U.S. troops had been ordered by LBJ to begin occupying Dominican Republic territory—Johnson was in the lounge of the White House Oval office from 4:45 p.m. to 6:21 p.m. meeting with then-Secretary of State Dean Rusk, then-Defense Secretary Robert McNamara, then-Assistant Secretary of State George Ball, then-National Security Advisor and future long-time Ford Foundation President McGeorge Bundy and then-LBJ Special Presidential Assistant and future long-time Schumann Center for Media and Democracy President and Democracy Now! funder Bill Moyers. And during this White House meeting a conference call took place, in which Democracy Now! funder Moyers participated, that began at 5:45 p.m., in which "the President said we were not going to announce anything until they have landed" and "the President said that... he would say help was needed to protect the lives of the Americans," according to a now-declassified Johnson White House document, titled "Memorandum of Telephone Conversation 4/28/1965 5:45 p.m.".
Democracy Now! funder Moyers also participated in a meeting on the situation in the Dominican Republic that was held in the White House Cabinet Room from 8:40 a.m. to 10:35 a.m. on May 1, 1965 and in a White House meeting that was held on the following day on the situation in the Dominican Republic. Then on May 6, 1965, Moyers joined future Ford Foundation President Bundy, then-Defense Secretary McNamara, Richard Helms of the Central Intelligence Agency and other top-level Johnson administration officials at another meeting in which the situation in the Dominican Republic was discussed. And, according to a new declassified Johnson White House document, titled "Memorandum for the Record May 6, 1965 3:00 p.m.," at this meeting:
"The group discussed at some length the problem of the communists. The communists possibly ought to be kicked out of the country... In this regard, we must put more emphasis on rounding-up the communists... The group discussed the problem of the Peace Corps people in the Dominican Republic who are giving interviews that are damaging to our interests. Mr. Moyers said that Sargent Shriver is dealing with the problem... "
In an article by Fred Rosen about NACLA's history that was posted on September 25, 2007 on NACLA's website, NACLA founder Mike Locker indicated whose special "interests" the Peace Corps people in the Dominican Republic who Democracy Now! funder Moyers wanted to stop from "giving interviews," were actually "damaging" by their interviews:
"Suddenly, the United States invaded the Dominican Republic in a massive, overwhelming way, under the pretext of defeating a Communist insurgency. It was quite obvious to me that the pretext was 99% baloney... But when you look at the Dominican Republic and you look at the Caribbean—more so in that period than now—you see that sugar was the dominant force.
"So I started doing some research on who influenced sugar policy in the United States. What was the 'sugar power elite'? And who pops up but Ellsworth Bunker. Bunker was Lyndon Johnson's Ambassador to the Organization of American States (OAS) and special envoy to the Dominican Republic. He was the former president and a large shareholder of National Sugar Refining Corporation, the second largest sugar company in the United States. Right off the bat, this was interesting. Then there was Abe Fortas, Special Counsel to the President: board member of the Sucrest Corporation, very big in Puerto Rico, a large molasses importer. Then there was Averell Harriman, on the Board of Directors and with strong financial ties to the National Sugar Refining Corporation.
"So here was a power structure that I felt was largely influencing what U.S. policy and direction was all about. Was it a conspiracy? No, it wasn't a conspiracy; it was a culture. Interests were clearly articulated. Preserving interests and preserving environments friendly to those interests was essential, and the U.S. government was obviously making itself available in that capacity." (end of part 20)
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