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OPERATION GLADIO: Audio Interview With Author Paul L. Williams

(1:55:17)  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w06uX0rXuPg

Paul L. Williams is the author of 'Operation Gladio: The Unholy Alliance Between the Vatican, the CIA, and the Mafia' (2015, Prometheus Books).

Operation Gladio is the codename for a clandestine North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) "stay-behind" operation in Europe during the Cold War. Its purpose was to prepare for, and implement, armed resistance in the event of a Warsaw Pact invasion and conquest. The name Gladio is the Italian form of gladius, a type of Roman shortsword. Although Gladio specifically refers to the Italian branch of the NATO stay-behind organizations, "Operation Gladio" is used as an informal name for all of them. Stay-behind operations were prepared in many NATO member countries, and some neutral countries.

The role of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in Gladio and the extent of its activities during the Cold War era, along with relationship to terrorist attacks perpetrated in Italy during the "Years of Lead" (late 1960s to early 1980s) are subjects of continuing investigation. Switzerland and Belgium have had parliamentary inquiries into the matter.
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Watching the Hawks RT

Published on Jul 20, 2017

Watching the Hawks' Sean Stone sits down with award-winning journalist and former FBI counter-terrorism consultant Paul L. Williams to learn more about "Operation Gladio" and the CIA's historic affinity for propping up paramilitary groups across the world. Williams shares his experiences researching the murky history of Washington's relations with the enigmatic Fethullah Gülen, an exiled Turkish statesman and clergyman, as well as documenting the CIA's connections to the Taliban, ISIS, and far-right extremists in Europe and Latin America. Finally, we evaluate the modern-day implications of this complicated web of relationships.