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The Super Rich Reinvent U.S. Capitalism

As U.S. corporate profits soar to record highs, food stamps for the neediest were quietly cut. The politicians who are demanding endless cuts to social programs Democrats and Republicans alike insist that the U.S. is broke, all the while conveniently ignoring the mountains of tax-free wealth piling up in the pockets of the super rich.
This newest flood of cash for the nation's wealthiest 1% is a blatant government subsidy: the Federal Reserve continues to pump out an extra $75 billion a month, the vast majority of which fattens the already bursting overseas bank accounts of the rich. Since Obama has been president this pro-corporate policy has helped funnel 95 percent of the nation's new income to the wealth-soaked rich.

And while it's true that the global super rich have an estimated $32 trillion [!] stashed away abroad in off shore tax havens, an even newer way to avoid taxes has gripped the endlessly-greedy minds of U.S.-based billionaires.

Instead of shielding themselves behind the classic 'C' corporation structure and all the burdensome taxes and regulations associated with it two-thirds of new corporations have "evolved" into pseudo-legal "partnership" structures, commonly referred to as "pass throughs," the idea being that the corporate-partnership instantly passes the profits through to the shareholders, no corporate tax necessary.

The most common form of pass throughs are "innovative" variations of a Limited Liability Company, a tax structure created in 1975 for narrowly regulated purposes. But now rich investors are performing accounting and legalistic somersaults to exploit the tax structure, practices that were illegal before the regulators were "captured" by the big banks.

The pro-billionaire Economist magazine recently discussed the pass through fad:

"A mutation in the way companies are financed and managed will change the distribution of the wealth they create... The corporation is becoming the distorporation... More businesses are now twisting themselves into forms that allow them to qualify as pass throughs."

So, for example, imagine that nine rich guys get together and call themselves a pass through corporation of some variety. They do this because they want to avoid personal liability in case things go awry. Their partnership only buys and sells stocks and goes on to make billions, while paying zero corporate taxes. When their risky bets go bust and the partnership is sued by hoodwinked investors, the company instantly declares bankruptcy, since all profits were quickly "passed through." The partners (the nine guys) cheerfully go home to swim through their sea of cash.

In real life shady pass throughs make massive wealth. Richard Kinder, who co-founded the biggest pass through, named Kinder Morgan, personally received $376 million in dividends last year alone [!], according to the Economist.

The pass through fad is on track to becoming the dominant way that the super rich get together to make huge amounts of money pass throughs were 6 percent of all corporate profits in 2008, and are likely higher now, since many of the big private-equity companies making a killing by the cheap fed dollars are organized under pass through umbrella structures.

There is a huge society-wide risk for this type of behavior, which resembles the reckless gambling that destroyed the economy in 2008. As an ever-larger share of wealth is poured into these risky, non-regulated vehicles, the potential grows for them to self-destruct and pull down the broader economy with them. Pass throughs which include most private-equity firms function "efficiently" when the government is handing them cheap money; when interest rates go up, the pass throughs go bust, with predictable outcomes.

"But wait," the billionaire will protest, "we pay individual taxes, which help fund social services." Not necessarily. If the billionaire investor paid their legal obligation of "capital gains" taxes, they'd already be paying far less than the average worker. But the pass-through billionaires excel at avoiding all taxes. The Economist again:

"For a [pass through] partner a payout can be considered merely a return of capital rather than a profit, and consequently no tax is due until the sale of the underlying security. When tied to nuances of estate law, this may mean no tax at all."

This type of blatantly criminal behavior used to be actually illegal, but as Wall Street bought Congress, the rules were either bent or ignored.

The Economist explains:

"[T]he limitations on becoming [a pass through] seem to be tied more to legal dexterity [!] and influence [buying politicians] than any underlying principle. Politicians want to extend the benefits of [pass through] partnerships to industries they have come to favor either on the basis of ideology [of the corporate type], or astute lobbying [bribery], or a bit of both."

The rest of society is affected because public services are being starved of funds, while these new pass throughs face vastly less regulation than the standard C corporations, and push wealth inequality to new heights while threatening a deeper recession.

Historically, government began regulating corporations because everyone realized the profound effects these institutions were having on the rest of society; the nation was becoming more unequal, the labor force more exploited and the environment torn to shreds.

As the super wealthy organized themselves into corporations they took most of society's wealth with them; government realized that a semi-functioning country would need to tax these institutions and regulate their behavior, since the "natural" behavior of the capitalist greed was capable of pushing the rest of society into the dregs.

The new pass through fad is also indicative of the current state of U.S. capitalism; instead of investing profits in a company to buy machines or hire new workers, all the cash is either sitting in overseas bank accounts, or is being instantly funneled, via pass throughs, into the hands of ever-richer billionaires, who are proving to everyone that there is no bounds to the amount of cash they can accumulate. Where there are barriers to accumulation (regulations and taxes), they will supersede them while paying politicians of both major parties to make it legal.

This dynamic occurs, in part, because the wealthy are basically refusing to invest in the real economy, as they fear the unstable economic conditions are not safe enough to make long term investments, which they believe won't yield long term higher rates of profits. Safer to speculate on risky stocks, pocket the money and be the first one out when things go bust, as they did in 2008.

Of course the big name C corporations are up to their eyes in fraud too. Apple made big news when it only paid 2 percent taxes on $74 billion in profits, by "declaring" its profits in Ireland, a corporate tax haven.

This occurs while other giant companies simply use clever accounting tricks to pay zero taxes, including giants like Wells Fargo, Boeing, Verizon and General Electric. In fact, General Electric even finagled a rebate.

When it comes to oversea tax havens, it's estimated that the U.S. national budget is annually starved of $280 billion in tax revenue.

Politicians have been struggling with ways to deal with the problem, since even in their mind some amount of tax collection needs to happen, if only to fund the military, provide more subsidies to corporations, and please the public by appearing to try to reduce the billionaire's obscene behavior.

One popular idea among the politicians is to declare a corporate "tax holiday," where the trillions of off-shore profits can be ceremoniously brought back to the U.S. while the feds look the other way. The idea is that, once the money is actually back in the U.S., the wealthy will want to spend it on something which will eventually help the economy trickle down economics at its finest.

What seems certain to happen is that lowering corporate taxes will be a central piece of any "grand bargain" that eventually emerges, since there is a clear bi-partisan consensus that corporations need to pay lower taxes.

Some argue that if corporate taxes are low enough and regulations removed the corporations will reward the nation by not stockpiling their profits abroad and not creating pass through loopholes.

Of course all of this implies that the wealthy have a stranglehold over the U.S. economy. It's telling that politicians want to deal with corporate tax evasion by lowering the corporate tax rate, instead of actually sending the IRS after them and throwing them in jail, as they do with working and middle class people.

The above dynamics create an ever-increasing wealth inequality that claws at the thinning strings holding society together. The bankruptcy and social disintegration of Detroit is a foreshadowing event for the rest of the country, unless this dynamic is stopped.

When the next crash happens the nation will have learned its lessons: the big banks and wealthy investors who destroyed the economy in 2008 are back at it, encouraged by Obama's pro-corporate behavior and the Federal Reserve's money flooding. It's becoming increasingly obvious that breaking the power of the super wealthy is the first step towards balancing the budget, job growth, protecting the safety net, and creating a semblance of a rational society. Until then the U.S. will lurch from one crisis to another, while blaming everyone but the real culprits.

homepage: homepage: http://workerscompass.org


bankruptcy and social disintegration of Detroit 12.Nov.2013 10:56

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the bankruptcy and social disintegration of Detroit wasn't caused by the federal government directly. it was caused by the concept of the middle growing the economy out. The unions demanded more and more without any concern about who or what their competition was or was being paid. In the end, they reached their carrying capacity and the colony collapsed under its own weight.

so endith the lesson.

The Stealthy Killer That Is Capitalism 12.Nov.2013 15:28

by Paul Buchheit

The process is gradual, insidious, lethal. It starts with financial stress in various forms, and then, according to growing evidence, leads to health problems and shorter lives.

Financial stress is brought upon us by the profit motive of capitalism, which offers little incentive to feed hungry children, to treat the sick, to secure us in retirement, to provide job opportunities for middle-class Americans. Some of the steps in the process are becoming more and more familiar to us.

1. Giving Half of Your 401(k) to the Banks

The Frontline documentary The Retirement Gamble reported that a 401(k) fund earning 7% a year with 2% in fees would lose up to 60% of the value of an equivalent non-fee fund.

A 2% fee doesn't seem like much, but the documentary's claim was close to the truth. Based on the 6% historical stock market return, an employee investing $1,000 a year for 30 years in a non-fee fund and then holding the accumulated sum for another 20 years would end up with $269,000. Imposing a 2% annual fee would reduce the final total to $127,000, a 53% loss. Imposing a 1.3% fee, which according to the documentary is the industry average, would reduce the final total to $165,000, a 39% loss.

The financial industry is taking this money from more of us every year. The number of private sector workers depending on a 401(k) instead of a company pension has increased from 12 percent to 68 percent since 1983.

2. Watching 24,000,000 Children Go Hungry to Avoid Inconveniencing 20 Rich Individuals

It's an unthinkable trade-off, but it's happening. Although the 2013 SNAP (food stamp) budget of $78 billion is less than the 2012 investment earnings of 20 wealthy Americans, SNAP is being cut while not a penny extra is taken from the multi-billionaires.

The children, who make up nearly half of the 48 million recipients, will now get $1.40 for a meal instead of $1.50.

3. Listening to the "Job Creators" Mock the Truth

Casino billionaire Steve Wynn: "Guys like me are job creators and we don't like having a bulls-eye painted on our back."

Bank CEO John A. Allison IV: "Instead of an attack on the 1 percent, let's call it an attack on the very productive."

The reality is that corporate profits have doubled in ten years, and the corporate tax percent has been cut in half, while millions of jobs have been lost. Some of the job-cutting data comes from The Nation, Market Watch, and Business Insider.

How did "job creators" Steve Wynn and John A. Allison IV do? The following numbers are taken from their annual 10-K reports, submitted to the SEC:

From Wynn Resorts: A doubling or more of profits, a reduction in employees:

---- 2012 Income $728,699,000 / Employees 16,000
---- 2011 Income $825,113,000 / Employees 16,400
---- 2010 Income $316,596,000 / Employees 16,405
---- 2009 Income $ 39,107,000 / Employees 18,900

From Allison's bank, BB&T: A doubling or more of profits, little difference in employees:

---- 2012 Income $2,028,000,000 / Employees 34,000
---- 2011 Income $1,332,000,000 / Employees 31,800
---- 2010 Income $ 854,000,000 / Employees 31,400
---- 2009 Income $ 877,000,000 / Employees 32,400

4. Feeling the Debilitating Stress

Over 200 recent studies have confirmed a link between financial stress and sickness. In just 20 years America's ranking among developed countries dropped on nearly every major health measure.

Lack of proper health care is one source of that stress. A Harvard study estimated that nearly 45,000 Americans lost their lives in 2005 due to lack of health insurance.

In addition to its effects on our physical health, financial stress threatens our mental well-being. Stunningly, one out of every five American adults had mental illness in 2011, as reported by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Another recent study found that unemployment, whether voluntary or involuntary, can significantly impact a person's mental health. But only one of two Americans needing mental health care can afford treatment.

Grimmer still is the growing suicide rate, also linked to unemployment and declining wealth. The rate has accelerated since the 2008 recession.

The facts show that we were a relatively healthy people until unregulated free-market capitalism began to disrupt our lives. Now, because of its winner-take-all profit motive, we're literally fighting for our lives.

http://www.commondreams.org/view/2013/11/11
Published on Monday, November 11, 2013 by Common Dreams