A model of particles is useful to nuclear reaction models, but not useful in regard to either describing material interactions or, subsequently, in regard to describing the stable properties of material systems, eg the spectra of general nuclei. The media and high-positioned administrators are able to destroy knowledge, and this is done for corporate interests, while the professional experts actually do the damage, since they were guided by the propaganda-education system into participating in a process of narrowing the reach of knowledge.
People who are placed in subservient social roles, ie the public, insist on the truth which comes from authority... , to which they believe they serve (they internalize the authority which they are forced to serve)... , be addressed to their satisfaction, ie the ideas expressed need to be consistent with the authority to which they (the public) are forced to follow.
Thus, one must deal with particle-physics in regard to the particles themselves (and the math theories [quantitative containment structures] within which they are interpreted).
However, the dogma of particles has to do with the relation which the probability of particle-collisions have in regard to nuclear reaction rates for systems transitioning, "within a chaotic state, which exists between two different, but relatively stable states," and the real issue is that "neither of these two relatively stable states have valid measurable descriptions," ie the math containment constructs do not really apply to the world's observed properties.
Properties of (high-energy) particle-collisions are not even remotely related to properties of stability, but rather are believed to identify a stable pattern (which is random) associated to all types of particle-collisions, upon which to place a probability based descriptive context of material interactions (based on random particle-collisions, so that these particle-collisions have a fixed set of possible outcomes).
But since the stable states of fundamental physical systems are not defined, such a description as particle-physics, which is based on indefinable randomness, cannot have any relation in regard to "using the random properties (structures) of particle-physics" to identify stable patterns, which are observed in the world. That is, the program of particle-physics has failed, eg it has failed to identify the stable spectral structures which are observed in general nuclear systems. But the propaganda system makes sure that the public is unaware of these failures.
Why does propaganda work?
Propaganda works because the instruments (the media) through which ideas are expressed in the US society are owned and controlled by "the owners of society," and thus the voice is the sole voice of authority which expresses the interests of "the owners of society" to the public, and the method of repetition of the same ideas is the central technique used within this propaganda system. However, because the US public has been forced by the extreme violence of both the justice system and the governing system to become wage-slaves, the US public is also easy to manipulate by means of behavior modification, ie incentives and hidden coercive acts.
This extreme violence is similar to the violent actions used by the Puritans against the native peoples around the Massachusetts area in the 1600's, where their extreme violence was justified based on an arbitrary belief system (which excluded other ideas), eg the Quakers lived in relative peace with the native people in Pennsylvania in the 1600's.
Particle-physics comes out of regular quantum physics,
where regular quantum physics is about finding the spectra of a quantum-system, which is assumed to be composed on very small components, wherein these components possess random spatial-spectral-particle event properties (associated to measuring and wave-function (or system) collapse of a global function to a local event).
That is, quantum systems are modeled as a "function-space and set of operator" pair, where a (the) set of local Hermitian operators (Hermitian so that the energy-wave-equation is unitary invariant) is to be "found," which allow for a spectral representation of the quantum system, ie diagonalize the function-space.
Unfortunately, for real (general) systems, this can never be done, wherein the math context stays non-commutative.
Particle-physics is about quantum interactions of (what are assumed to be) quantum components, and it is based on adding-on a (new) unitary, non-linear, connection term to the energy operator, which now models the changes of internal particle-state properties of the interacting particles during a collision-interaction (or during a virtual field-particle exchange, and subsequent change in a particle's internal state, during a particle-interaction) and this requires that one add onto the (spectral) wave-function an internal particle-state vector structure, in a similar way in which the Dirac operator "adds onto a quantum wave-function" the vector of spin-states.
The big contrast
is about the local linear properties of motion related to a mass's spatial position which are related to a local force-field caused by the geometry and motions of the material geometry (both mass and charge-and-current) surrounding the moving mass. This law applies to a wide range of systems so as to provide sufficiently accurate descriptions of system properties, and this, in turn, can be related to a wide range of practical creative uses. It is a descriptive context which begins locally and (when solvable) finds global solution functions, ie it increases one's information about the system's properties.
The particle-interaction descriptive context is based within the wave-function of a quantum system, and is about the internal particle-properties of: charge, flavor, color (analogous to the property of mass in the classical description) related to one another (in regard to particular energy levels) by virtual energy transfers (by field-particles), where internal particle-states are transformed, and this is caused by the energy-transfer, so that all of the possible particle-changes and energy transfers together perturb the internal particle-state structure of the quantum system's wave-function, so as to adjust the energy-spectral properties of a quantum system's wave-function.
However, the descriptive context is, itself, deformed by the high-value of the local-energies of the interactions, so that the values upon which the description is based are distorted, and thus it is supposed that a readjustment to the quantitative structure of the containment set must be done, ie the results of the perturbation must be renormalized.
(even if one allows for renormalization, which, in fact, means the quantitative construct has no validity)
There is still the problem that there are virtually no real quantum systems... ,
(other than the H-atom) (where real quantum systems have many-(but-few)-bodies [most often charged bodies] which form into a stable system)
... , whose energy-wave-functions are at all close to the observed properties of a general physical system.
Thus, a perturbed wave-function (given an internal-particle-state structure) is not relevant.
Thus, it is a description which does not have a wide range of sufficiently accurate descriptions, and it is very-very limited in regard to practical creative usefulness.
However it is a descriptive structure which is related to large amounts of, essentially, useless technical literature.
Furthermore, this internal-particle-state and field-particle-transfer context of particle-physics is best suited for determining cross-sectional properties of the elementary particles, so as to be able to determine collision rates (or collision probabilities) for elementary-particles in nuclear reactions.
Particle-physics is about the patterns of particles usually found in high-energy particle-collision experiments. These particle properties are, in turn, related to non-linear operators. Fundamentally, these ideas emerged from the Dirac operator, which identified (whose interpretation was used to identify) both the opposite metric-space states of matter and anti-matter, as well as the spin-rotation states of material particles.
The new, high-dimensional macroscopic and microscopic, ideas, concerning discrete hyperbolic shapes, have matter and anti-matter as fundamental, in regard to the physical properties associated to the metric-spaces themselves, and a set of different metric-spaces to properly contain the different physical properties, and a subsequent need to identify an opposite-state (or opposite metric-space property) within each type of metric-space, while the spin-rotation is a spin-rotation of metric-space states, which are present in stable constructs of system-components, but in such stable components these opposite states stay in a permanent orthogonal relation to one another, and spin-rotate so as to be relevant only in a locally symmetric manner, ie in regard to dynamical changes within a greater context of a orbit defining metric-space shape, which determines the orbits of (lower-dimensional) condensed material components.
Either the local symmetry of opposite displacements, or the orthogonal opposite-state relations on stable shapes, only exist in stable components associated to the spin-rotation of these opposite metric-space states ie the opposite states are mixed in discrete intervals to allow local opposite dynamic changes, but the nature of the "real" state of the metric-space is maintained within the component, or within the physical system.
Particle-physics is based on extending the idea of spin particle-states to general internal particle-states, where the internal particle-states include anti-particles, and the particles also possess spin properties.
In the new ideas, there are stable components, which are, in fact, stable metric-spaces, and these components do interact with one another in the characteristic types of dynamical patterns (or second-order (partial) differential equations of simple dynamical systems) of:
1. elliptic (stable orbits),
2. parabolic (free, angular momentum [and this would be the context of quantum energy-waves but this is no longer necessary]), and
3. hyperbolic (collisions),
as well as
4. in regard to hyperbolic (and mechanical) wave-equations.
Note: For components, which are most often charge-neutral, the interaction is most often collisions, while elliptic orbits are associated with angular momentum properties, where angular momentum can couple to either a distance structure or to a containment space.
The approximate structure of particle-physics is that spin distinguishes
from fields (Bosons),
where spin is incorporated into the Dirac operator,
while the internal particle-states are incorporated into a non-linear unitary connection term of the wave-operator for quantum interactions... , in regard to the energy operator (or set of operators) which is (are) supposed to identify the spectral structure of the (a ) quantum-system... , where the non-linear connection term transforms between particle-states when collisions (or energy transfers) occur.
These collision-related transformations of the connection term are the, so called, (particle) symmetries of the system of colliding particles which possess internal particle-state vector-structures. These symmetries are low-dimensional unitary transformations.
The standard model divides the particles into "distinguishable particle types" associated to
U(1) x SU(2) x SU(3),
1. where supposedly SU(2)-particles interact with both the charges of U(1) and the quarks of SU(3),
2. while SU(3) is about how quarks build other particles, eg protons neutrons (and many more), plus all the anti-particles of this type,
3. while the electron is mostly related to the neutrino and their anti-particles of SU(2),
4. and, where electrons must be able to interact with the photons of U(1) etc.
This context describes a few particle interactions, which may (or may not) be related to particle or nuclei disintegrations,
the authors of this descriptive context, claim it to be related to three or four very precise measurements of stable states of electrons and the H-atom,
... ., but the calculations of spectra of: general atoms, nuclei, molecules, crystals, etc, are not sufficiently accurate so as to claim that these local models about particle-physics have any relation to the observed stable properties of general material systems, eg the stable states, which characterize the beginning and ending physical states of a nuclear explosion, while the probabilities of particle-collisions are (only) related to the rates of nuclear reactions and subsequent explosion sizes.
The particle-physicists often say that the standard model accounts for all the data that is seen in the lab, by this they really mean that it accounts for a great deal of the data which comes from particle-accelerator experiments, but that data, other than being useful for determining particle cross-sections (rates of nuclear reactions), has no relation to valid descriptions of the stable properties possessed by fundamental physical systems of: nuclei, general atoms, molecules crystals, etc.
That is, they ignore the fact that the stable states of material systems, which are so prevalent a part of material system structure, all go without valid measurable descriptions, or their descriptive contexts are not even considered.
This seems to imply that this is a professional community of a set of overly obsessive types of people who are separated from reality
This type of social construct, isolating and protecting obsessive people who command intellectual discourse about science within society, can only be related to the non-stop repetition and great authority associated to the propaganda system, and that the personal who are picked to work on these narrow problems are people who rely most on a picture of the world which is not full of "a general world reality," but rather hold in their minds a distorted world picture, which can be a reality which results from participating in "narrowing competitions" based on authoritative dogmas and associated memorized models of "reality."
The context of orthodoxy is questioned
Many of the elementary-particles observed in high-energy particle-collisions in particle accelerators are unstable, with particle-lives which are only small-fractions of seconds, while on-the-other-hand the electron and the proton are relatively stable material components, yet they also seem to need some further stable context.
What is that further context of stability? ie a stable context is defined by the stable shapes contained in stable metric-spaces. These stable shapes are the substructures to which stable charges are related. (see below)
What characterizes particle-physics theories?
They are about collisions (or close-by energy transfers between elementary-particle which are assumed to be the components of which quantum systems are composed) represented as invariance's, where the invariance is a unitary invariance (the system's over-all energy is supposed to remain invariant in a unitary-invariant transformation).
Note: Quantum representations of quantum-systems are about "operators acting on function spaces" the local operators, which are Hermitian are, in turn, related to operators which are unitary, and these unitary operators are energy-invariant operators,
ie particle-physics is a model of particle-collisions which are energy invariant,
ie the pattern is the pattern of conservation of energy which is consistent with the descriptive context wherein the function-space is made into a "Hermitian space," upon which act local Hermitian operators, in turn, related to (global) unitary operators, eg the energy equation (which has unitary invariance).
However, renormalization assumes that energy is locally changed (ie does not stay in equilibrium) so that only after the perturbation process is complete does the system (miraculously) comes back to a state of energy-conservation.
That is, the mathematical containment context becomes completely invalid until after the interaction process is complete.
So, why even have a myth of mathematical containment?
The descriptive structure as a math structure is a fraud.
Yet it is complicated, so as to filter-out people looking at these systems from a rational point-of-view, and it forms the dogma of professional physics journals.
To summarize particle-physics findings:
Particle-physics is based on material particles, and field particles (causing [during a particle-collision] internal particle-state changes and energy changes),
and all the associated anti-particles.
There are the particle-types of... :
3. families (where, apparently, these lepton families, associated to flavors, are energy hierarchies), and
4. color (quarks)
... , are all particle-state types which are related to symmetries or unitary changes in these types of particle states.
(these particle-type symmetries [or local unitary matrix transformations of internal particle-states, caused by their collisions with field particles]) are associated to internal particle-states of:
(1) electromagnetism (charge, U(1)) (where the particle-state change is either energy-change or spatial-displacements) [this is an extremely limited model for describing electromagnetic properties],
(2) electron-nucleon (flavor, SU(2)) [this is supposed to model certain types of nuclear decay processes], and
(3) pure nucleon (gluons, SU(3)) [and energy-hierarchies of nucleon particles], this pattern deals only with creating nucleons, but it is claimed to also be related to the so called strong nuclear force, but it provides no valid models of nuclei and their associated stable spectral properties.)
where each particle-type is associated to particular types of field-particles (where the field-particles "cause" the changes in internal-states),
The field-particles are:
Photons (related to charge),
(Weird) Field particles (W(+),W(-),Z(0)) (associated to flavors)
Gluons (associated to color),
and where the field-particles of the color-symmetries also have color themselves (and thus they have an associated set of color symmetries associated with the colored-gluons)
Particle-collisions (or almost collisions) take place wherein (virtual) field-particles are (miraculously) transferred between the material-particles (even though the model is based at a single point in space) and the internal particle-states of the material particles are transformed, so that these "energy transforms" and "changes of particle-states" affect the internal particle-state structure of the quantum system's wave-function so that the energy of the quantum-system (associated to the wave-function) is perturbed by this process, and when the math containment structure is ignored so as to allow for a math method of renormalization to take place which then allows the "perturbed and renormalized" quantum-system to be energetically consistent with the observed values of the system's spectra (sometimes to 16-significant digits). This method is claimed to be significant since it has been applied to three or four such quantum-systems which do possess a wave-function which is already close to the observed spectral values of the system. This is not widely applicable, nor is it of any practical value, other than being related to particle-collision cross-sections (ie probabilities of particle-collisions) related to nuclear reactions. Ie the weapons industry is determining the structure of physics.
There is also the, so called, scalar-particle with zero-spin, the Higg's particle, which is supposed to give the property of mass to the particles (this is caused by a degree-4 polynomial, ie a scalar-function, with obvious symmetries about zero), the solutions to the Higg's mechanism, is claimed to possess mass, but apparently, the symmetries of the particle interactions of (regular) particle-physics equations have zero mass (or some such fanciful model of: charge, flavor, and color), inventing scalar fields to artificially change the position of zero, where apparently, mass has lost its relation to "changes in motion," since the descriptive context of particle-physics is supposed to be about energy.
But the formula,
Apparently, does not work,
thus the need for a scalar field. (does one detect more epicycle structures)
That is, there is an epicycle structure (and a deception) at every turn in quantum-physics and particle-physics.
Note: The acquisition of mass by "charged" components is related to resonances between hyperbolic space and Euclidean space, and this would instantaneously occur for each period of a spin-rotation of metric-space state. Thus, this could be modeled as a collision event, and thus could also be associated to an apparent constant, H, ie "charge" = H x mass, defined between hyperbolic and Euclidean spaces (where "charge" in case of a particular high-energy Higg's-particle might be "color," where "color" would be associated to an unstable discrete hyperbolic shape within the 3-space the color-component has entered in its decay process. That is, flavor and color are unstable 2- and 3-dimensional component-shapes, of the equivalent of charge, which are transitioning [or decaying] within the particular 3-space subspace of our material-3-space.).
None of these quantum interaction models provide any added ability to enhance (or understand) the quantum wave-equation model, and whereas the quantum wave-equation fails to provide valid models (to sufficient precision) of the very stable properties of: nuclei, atoms, molecules, and crystals. That is, this descriptive structure is a failure.
Furthermore, a probability model of a system with many, but few, components has virtually no "informational relation" to practical usefulness of such a probability based precise descriptive model (or structure). Yet these systems are very stable, which implies that they are formed under controllable conditions.
It is a particle-state context of local symmetry within which the equations of material interactions in quantum systems are to be described, but in quantum-interactions material-interactions are not about local measures (in turn, related to a global solution function), but rather they are an artificial process which conserves energy in a non-local, discrete [but distant] change (or virtual field-Boson exchange), but the field-Bosons are basically non-linear adjustments to the (energy) spectral properties of a wave-function.
However, if one desires to have quantitative consistency in a math description then the local measures (in a math containment context) for a measurable description need to be linear. The interpretations and models of quantum interactions are such that they assure the fundamental stability of quantum systems will not have a valid description.
It is surprising that the unstable particle products of particle-collisions in particle-accelerators do so closely follow a unitary pattern of particle-compositions.
New interpretations of the particle-physics Orthodoxy
The descriptive context of particle-physics still leaves indescribable the properties of
"original stable state"
"final stable state"
... , adding no useful information to this more pressing descriptive context.
What can be taken from this unitary context of unstable particles, with internal particle-states, is that the context should be unitary, and that since most of these particles are unstable, though some are stable... , namely, the electron and (in all likelihood the) proton
... , that is, there is a good possibility that the model of unstable "particles" in 3-dimensions are unstable component-shapes which are unitary, composed of opposite states which might be associated to higher-dimensional energetic properties but which are unstable after the particle-collision, ie not in resonance with the containment space's finite spectra.
Thus, these can be unstable:
3-dimensional components (shapes),
2-dimensional components (or 2-dimensional faces of unstable 3-shapes), and
1-dimensional components (shapes).
These (various dimension, 1-, 2-, or 3-dimensional) component shapes are unstable, since they are not in resonance with the containing space's finite spectral set which defines the stable patterns within the high-dimension containing hyperbolic metric-space, but these unstable (inertial component shapes) do seem to descend from higher-dimensional (stable) structures, apparently the stable shapes are decomposed during the collision.
An inertial shape (stable or unstable), which is 3-dimensions or less, will be related to the type
SU(3) or SU(2) or U(1)
... , fiber groups, defined on complex coordinate spaces of:
C(3,0), or C(2,0), or C,
and where the real shapes would be related to
SO(3), or SO(2),
fiber groups on real spaces:
R(3,0), or R(2,0).
Thus, the unstable inertial remnants... , of what were stable shapes, which have been decomposed by a (high-energy) collision... , would be unstable shapes, within the (unstable) geometric-patterns defined by SU(3), or SU(2)... , or SO(3), or SO(2), etc.
That is, in 3-space these unitary (or the "real" metric-invariant) fiber groups would be related to the natural patterns of disintegration for unstable shapes which are contained within 3-space.
That is, the fixed set of particle-collision patterns, seen as data in particle-accelerators, is the natural low-dimension decay structure of unstable shapes. It is not related to an interaction process other than these unstable patterns briefly existing in an unstable context of transition characterized by the random collisions of components, either stable or unstable components.
The new descriptive context agrees with particle-physics that the description is unitary, due to metric-space containing opposite metric-space states, these opposite states are related to spin properties of material components, and that the containment space is an 11-dimensional hyperbolic metric-space, but that such an 11-dimensional hyperbolic metric-space can be related to other such 11-dimensional hyperbolic metric-spaces, and that the stable properties of "material" which are contained in each such a space must be in resonance (and in the correct dimension) with the finite spectral set defined by the metric-space subspace-partition of each of the over-all containing 11-dimensional hyperbolic metric-spaces.
In the new descriptive structure there is a new context for angular momentum.
That is, angular momentum is defined on the various toral components of the stable shapes, which are allowed by the containment set (where the high-dimension containment set defines a finite set of stable spectra-geometric measures, to which the existing stable shapes must be in resonance), and on possible links, defined by angular momentum.
There are unbounded stable discrete hyperbolic shapes, which exist on all dimensional levels, and these unbounded shapes are associated to stable material components, ie stable discrete hyperbolic shapes defined by their being resonant with the finite spectra of the various subspaces of the containing space [which is partitioned by (into) a finite set of stable discrete hyperbolic shapes of all the dimensional levels of the over-all containment set].
On the other hand the 2-, 3-, and 4-dimensions are relevant to the descriptions of "material" components contained in hyperbolic 3-space, where these stable shapes are also related to both bounded and unbounded, or semi-unbounded, discrete hyperbolic shapes, where an example of a semi-unbounded shape would be the neutrino-electron structure of an atom's (2-dimensional) charged components (which is also called an electron-cloud of an atom, eg for an atom the nuclei are bounded shapes while the electron-clouds are semi-unbounded), so that all "material" systems are linked to an infinite-boundary of the over-all high-dimension containing space. Thus, one can think of angular momentum as a controlled (or controllable) link between the many different 11-dimensional hyperbolic containing metric-spaces, by means of such unbounded and associated bounded (angular momentum) links (between 11-dimensional hyperbolic metric-spaces).
Thus, one can consider a "possible consciousness" for people (or their realm off creative intent) would be to examine the different creative structures of these different universes, where the individual 11-dimensional containment sets for the different universes (or perhaps different galaxies) might be perceived as intricate bubbles of different types of perceptions, through which we can control our journey, since we are in touch with the infinite reaches of these types of separate existences. (see below for a high-dimensional model of life-forms, eg models which allow all life-forms to possess a mind)
Is this the true context within which the human life-force is to develop knowledge and intend creative
expansion of such a context?
** Though charge is likely not a 1-dimensional construct, but rather a set of charged 1-flows which fit into a 2-dimensional discrete hyperbolic shape, so as to allow spin-rotations of opposite pairs of time-states.
On-the-other-hand mass (or inertia) can be 1-dimensional, a circle, since a circle's center is a distinguished point, in regard to position in space, for translations or rotations, but any point on the circle could be a distinguished point for rotations, or a pair of opposite points, a diameter, or two pairs of opposite points so that each diameter is orthogonal to the other diameter, and furthermore, the orthogonal pair identify the circle's center. Thus, such an orthogonal pair represent both rotation frames (rotating stars) and translation frames (fixed stars).
So that, the circle and its center can be mapped into one another so as to represent the map between translational and rotational frames of the circle on the plane.
That is, the different 11-dimensional "bubbles of hyperbolic metric-spaces," ... .
... ., between which human life might be able to use (travel between [or link between] with intended purpose) if one's higher-dimensional structure is understood and/or perceived,
... ., seem to depend on sets of 2-planes which can carry the essential inertial orbital-structure of various bounded regions of 11-space wherein the pairs of opposite states on inertia (matter and anti-matter) which can be defined for each of these particular regions sliced by 2-planes which determine the organization of inertial properties of the region (or for these particular bounded regions). These sets of 2-dimensional regions are bounded since inertia is defined in relation to only the bounded shapes of discrete Euclidean shapes, and Euclidean space is the space of position and spatial displacement, ie Euclidean space is the space in which inertial properties are contained. That is, these sets of 2-dimensional regions could be used to map the different 11-dimensional "bubbles of hyperbolic metric-spaces."
There are natural stable shapes, those of odd-dimension (3,5,7,9) and with an odd-genus (where genus is the number of holes in the shape, eg the torus has one-hole, or a genus of one, ie the genus is the number of toral components of a discrete hyperbolic shape) which when fully occupied by its orbital charged flows are charge imbalanced and thus would begin to oscillate, and thus generate their own energy. This would be a simple model of life.
Thus such a shape which possesses a higher-dimension could cause the lower dimensional components to, in turn, possess an order which can be controlled by the higher-dimensional shape, through angular momentum states (properties).
Down in 3-dimensions this control by a higher-dimensional structure could be the complicated microscopic-and-macroscopic structure of life, which appears to be run by complicated molecular transformations.
This is simply about assuming that stable shapes determine the underlying order and stability which is observed, and the fact that these stable shapes (mathematically) have a dimensional structure associated to themselves.
However, according to the currently accepted laws of physics both the stable properties of quantum systems and the stable control which is possessed by life are unexplained (or unexplainable).
The patterns of stable physical systems are unexplainable within the current dogmas about the material world, since the current dogma is based on the dimensionally-confining idea of materialism, and within such a confinement, descriptions seem to be based on indefinable randomness and non-linear systems (or patterns) defined on a (quantitative or coordinate) set which assumed to be a continuum.
Such patterns are fleeting and unstable, though the decay times can, sometimes, be of relatively long duration.
Suppose human life is associated to a 9-dimensional shape of an odd-genus, then such a shape is an unbounded shape (noted by Coxeter), and thus it could well be relatable to many such 11-dimensional hyperbolic metric-spaces (why should an unbounded 9-dimensional stable shape, generating its own energy, be confined to any particular unbounded 11-dimensional containing space?) wherein the living system's lower dimensional (material) structure may be quite different (in the new containment structure), and thus the living system's perceptions and interactions could also be quite different within other 11-dimensional containing spaces.
Note: The authors of M Gell-Mann (at least his "quark and the jaguar" book) and Y Manin, are a very small handful of authors who can provide clear descriptions of the essential models of particle physics. S Weinberg is mostly confusing, but he does emphasize the properties of equations in his popular works, which Gell-Mann does not do. Yet, Gell-Mann goes through the details of particle-physics; internal-particle-states and their relation to matrices, and their relation to field-particles, in about 10-pages, which are easy to read.
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