Health effects of vegan diets
Recently, vegetarian diets have experienced an increase in popularity. A vegetarian diet is associated with many health benefits because of its higher content of fiber, folic acid, vitamins C and E, potassium, magnesium, and many phytochemicals and a fat content that is more unsaturated. Compared with other vegetarian diets, vegan diets tend to contain less saturated fat and cholesterol and more dietary fiber. Vegans tend to be thinner, have lower serum cholesterol, and lower blood pressure, reducing their risk of heart disease. However, eliminating all animal products from the diet increases the risk of certain nutritional deficiencies. Micronutrients of special concern for the vegan include vitamins B-12 and D, calcium, and long-chain n-3 (omega-3) fatty acids. Unless vegans regularly consume foods that are fortified with these nutrients, appropriate supplements should be consumed. In some cases, iron and zinc status of vegans may also be of concern because of the limited bioavailability of these minerals.
Malnutrition in infants receiving cult diets: a form of child abuse.
Severe nutritional disorders, including kwashiorkor, marasmus, and rickets, were seen in four children and were due to parental food faddism, which should perhaps be regarded as a form of child abuse. All disorders were corrected with more normal diets and vitamin supplements. In view of the potentially serious consequences of restricted diets being fed to children, families at risk should be identified and acceptable nutritional advice given. When children are found to be suffering from undernutrition due to parental food faddism a court order will normally be a necessary step in providing adequate treatment and supervision.
Case report of 5 siblings: malnutrition? Rickets? DiGeorge
syndrome? Developmental delay?
Parents of six children are facing a trial on charges of aggravated manslaughter in
the care a 5 1/2 month old infant who died suddenly and neglect of their four older children for
causing them to be malnourished by feeding them all an exclusively raw foods vegan diet. Both
parents declined plea bargains and plan to defend themselves in court.
Irreversible subacute sclerotic combined degeneration of the spinal cord in a vegan subject
Subacute combined degeneration of the spinal cord in a vegan
SUBACUTE combined degeneration of the spinal cord
in nutritional vitamin B12 deficiency states, though a
rare complication, has been reported several times
(Badenoch, 1954; Wokes, 1956; Smith, 1962;
Connor & Pirola, 1963; Riley, 1966; Verjaal &
Timmermans, 1967), and its association with
veganism (vegans are people who exclude all forms
of animal products from their diet) has been duly
stressed by Wokes (1956) and Smith (1962).