Oregon's own Scientology School - The Delphian School in Sheridan
The entertainment newswires have been buzzing recently with a story that is actually of some social significance. Hollywood movie star Will Smith is founding an elite new private school in the Los Angeles suburbs, to be called the New Village Academy (NVA). NVA will emphasize something called "Study Tech," a mode of instruction developed by L. Ron Hubbard, founder of the Scientology cult. We have our own Scientology School in Oregon -- The Delphian School in Sheridan, Oregon.
Scientology tries to give the impression that Study Tech is simply a hands-on, engaging way to inspire young minds. Also, of course, they insist that it is entirely "secular," not related to Scientology teachings, etc. People who don't know any better accept their assurances uncritically. The reality of Study Tech, however, is much more disturbing. There is a reason that Study Tech methodology and materials are used in no other schools than the Scientology schools managed by "Applied Scholastics," one of the cult's many front groups. The reason is that it has been rejected as "deceptive" and "garbage" by nearly every Board of Education in the United States and Canada.
David Touretzky, PhD, is Professor of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, USA. He is a long-time critic of the Scientology cult, and in 2003 wrote an exceptionally useful essay about Study Tech: "The Hidden Message in L. Ron Hubbard's "Study Tech." Touretzky's analysis explains not only the hidden Scientology doctrine within Study Tech, but also addresses the question of whether or not it is effective. (SPOILER: It's not effective.) Touretzky says that Study Tech "was designed for indoctrination, not education. While it may be good at producing obedient Scientologists, it is completely at odds with promoting the ability to think independently. It quite deliberately aims to reduce a student's ability to think critically. Students are taught to distrust their own intelligence and background knowledge, passively and uncritically accepting whatever they are being told."
Study Tech is founded on three principles. 'Mass,' 'Gradients,' and 'Misunderstoods.' All three terms are very significant in the Scientology cult. Touretzky cites the Study Tech materials in their claim that ONLY pictures can provide the "mass" required to understand a concept.
"If you are studying about tractors, words on a page or someone telling you about tractors is no substitute for having an actual tractor there. Photographs or motion pictures are helpful because they at least give the hope of the mass of a tractor." (Study Skills for Life, p. 21.)
"But reading books or listening to someone talk does not give you mass." (Learning How to Learn, p. 70).
Study Tech books claim that several 'nonoptimum physical reactions' are associated with 'absence of mass.'
"Such an absence of mass can actually make a student feel squashed. It can make him feel bent, sort of spinny, sort of dead, bored, and exasperated." (Basic Study Manual, pp. 25-30)
Scientology teachers are quick to declare that a bored or exasperated student may have learning difficulties.
'Gradient,' a definition comes from Scientology's official glossary:
"Gradient: a gradual approach to something, taken step by step, level by level, each step or level being, of itself, easily surmountable -- so that, finally, quite complicated and difficult activities or high states of being can be achieved with relative ease. This principle is applied to both Scientology processing and training."
The very same definition is given in the Study Tech glossary, only omitting the final sentence.
Touretzky explains how Scientology "turns this sensible advice into rigid dogma, with a warning that violations can have unpleasant consequences." For example, one finds a cartoon with a picture of a boy who skipped a step in building a dog-house, and now he is seeing stars and feeling woozy.
"If you have skipped a gradient you may feel a sort of confusion or reeling." (Learning How to Learn, p. 84.)
Touretzky notes: "Within Scientology, the gradient doctrine is an important tool for controlling the flow of information. It discourages beginning students from looking too closely into Scientology's claims. Students are told to accept things on trust and to wait until they are deemed ready for the facts. This is the bait used to attract many a new member."
On the principle of 'Misunderstoods':
"The third principle of Study Tech centers on the concept of misunderstood words. They're called 'misunderstoods' in the books, and abbreviated as M/U or Mis-U in Scientology. Misunderstoods can be 'cleared' by looking up the word in a dictionary. This is fine as far as it goes; students should certainly learn to use a dictionary."
"But according to Hubbard, misunderstood words are not a minor problem; they are in fact "the most important barrier to study" (Learning How to Learn, p. 101; Basic Study Manual, p. 49), and "the only reason a person would stop studying or get confused or not be able to learn" (Learning How to Learn, p. 114; Basic Study Manual, preface). In fact, "THE ONLY REASON A PERSON GIVES UP A STUDY OR BECOMES CONFUSED OR UNABLE TO LEARN IS BECAUSE HE HAS GONE PAST A WORD THAT WAS NOT UNDERSTOOD" (How to Use a Dictionary, p. 282; capitalization as in the original.)"
"This sentence also appears in the frontmatter of all Scientology religious volumes."
"Students are told explicitly that when they have a problem with understanding, "It's not a misunderstood phrase or idea or concept, but a misunderstood WORD" (Basic Study Manual, p. 153, emphasis as in the original.)"
"The Study Tech materials claim that a single misunderstood word can cause a student to completely forget everything read so far, or make them want to stop learning. Among other bizarre notions, it can also cause "a sort of nervous hysteria.""
What Others Have Said:
"In my opinion, they are involved in the worst kind of deception. They make grandiose claims about the effectiveness of their methods and materials ... with data that has never been published in a legitimate educational research journal." - Scot Danforth, who oversees teacher education for the University of Missouri at St. Louis.
"[They] violate everything we know about how children learn, and appropriate pedagogy. In short, these books should be carefully placed in the cylindrical file." Johanna Lemlech, Professor of Education at the University of Southern California.
"In many cases, lack of comprehension is not because of a misunderstood word," says Sidnie Myrick, who leads a UCLA research group on early literacy, teaches a master's course in reading at Cal State L.A., and also teaches a class of first, second and third graders at Thomas Edison Elementary School in Glendale (she was Glendale's 1993 Teacher of the Year). "In fact," she says, "in many cases the student won't get the meaning until the material is presented in a completely different way."
Myrick also finds the books' illustrations "cutesy and condescending," the explanations "stilted and manufactured," and study technology, all in all, "woefully inadequate."
One member of the Los Angeles school board is unimpressed. A former high school history teacher, David Tokofsky calls the books "remedial" and says they would be of little use to any but the lowest-performing students. "If you walked into an eighth-grade class and tried to use these books on kids who are at the proper level, you'd kill them," says Tokofsky, who coached the Marshall High School Academic Decathlon team to a national championship in 1987. "They're not even good comic books."
"But there is a whole other aspect of the reading process that is ignored," added Ms. Vogt, who is a former president of the California Reading Association and a past board member of the International Reading Association.
"For older readers, we sometimes say, 'Skip a word you don't understand and try to gain comprehension from the whole context,'" she said. "We don't say that for young readers. But for older readers, it is extremely cumbersome to try to attend to every word."
Scientology and Dianetics
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