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Lebanon, Iran, Syria, Sudan: coldly premeditated neocon wars

Before emotions and disinformation gain the upper hand, consider what General Wesley Clark wrote in 2003--that by late 2001, the Neocon-led Pentagon was planning a five-year campaign of wars against seven countries: Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Libya, Iran, Somalia and Sudan. (And don't expect to hear about this from Lieberman, McCain, Pelosi, Feinstein, Howard Dean, or the Clintons.)
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[This is an updated version of an Indymedia article titled "Lebanon, Iran, Sudan: Three more premeditated Neocon wars," which was posted in mid-June.]

Before worldwide emotions get whipped into a frenzy over the Israel/Lebanon situation, let's catch our collective breath. Let's understand that a series of wars have been premeditated and planned, in detail, by those who prefer--and profit from--war. Let's recognize that most of our Democratic Congresspersons are proving they're just as committed to war as are the Republicans. Let's recognize that there's nothing "anti-Jewish" about critiquing the Neocons in the U.S. or elsewhere; many Neocons are not Jewish, and many Jews (in Israel, the U.S., and elsewhere) strongly disagree with the Neocons' plans and values.

And let's consider a few facts.

Facts such as this: Lebanon is just one of seven countries against which the Neocon-led Pentagon was, by late 2001, planning war. The other countries were Iraq, Syria, Libya, Iran, Somalia and Sudan. These seven countries were to be attacked over the course of five years; Iraq was the first of the seven premeditated wars.

(As for Sudan, it has not only the tragedy of genocide, but also the riches of oil and uranium reserves--not to mention a strategic location for future warmaking in Africa.)

Don't take my word for it; take it from retired General Wesley Clark--the recently-former Republican who became a "Democratic" Presidential hopeful, the Arkansas pal of Bill and Hillary Clinton, NATO's former Supreme Allied Commander, and CNN's "military analyst" from 2001 to 2003.

Clark writes on page 130 of his 2003 book, "Winning Modern Wars":

"As I went back through the Pentagon in November 2001, one of the senior military staff officers had time for a chat. Yes, we were still on track for going against Iraq, he said. But there was more. This was being discussed as part of a five-year campaign plan, he said, and there were a total of seven countries, beginning with Iraq, then Syria, Lebanon, Libya, Iran, Somalia and Sudan.

...He said it with reproach--with disbelief, almost--at the breadth of the vision. I moved the conversation away, for this was not something I wanted to hear. And it was not something I wanted to see moving forward, either. ...I left the Pentagon that afternoon deeply concerned."

So there we go. Five years; seven premeditated wars.

The hostile takeover (and dismantling) of Iraq was merely step one in the plan.

(Curious why General Clark never mentioned all this in his pre-Iraq war commentary on CNN? Read Sydney Schanberg's 9/29/03 analysis of Clark's comments in "The Secrets Clark Kept: What the General Never Told Us About the Bush Plan for Serial War" at www.villagevoice.com/news/0340,schanberg,47436,1.html)

THE NEOCONS, PNAC, AND THE "CLEAN BREAK" VISION FOR A MILITARIST/CORPORATIST ISRAEL

All of this is consistent with the US Neocons' master plan, "Rebuilding America's Defenses," written in 2000 by PNAC, the Project for the New American Century led by Rupert Murdoch-funded William Kristol. And as PNAC's website (www.newamericancentury.org) notes, the lead author of that plan was a top official of Lockheed Martin--a company well acquainted with war and its profit potential.

George W. Bush is not, apparently, a member of PNAC. But his brother Jeb Bush is; he's a signer of PNAC's 1997 founding Statement of Principles. Other signers include Don Rumsfeld, Dick Cheney, Paul Wolfowitz, I. Lewis Libby, Dan Quayle, Steve Forbes, the Religious Right's Gary Bauer, and Zalmay Khalilzad (the current U.S. Ambassador to Iraq). The full list of signers is at  http://www.newamericancentury.org/statementofprinciples.htm.

The Pentagon's 2001 plan and PNAC's 2000 plan are also right in line with an even earlier plan. In 1996, prominent PNAC-affiliated Neocon Richard Perle led a team that wrote a policy paper intended to guide Israel's Prime Minister in shaping Israel's foreign and economic policy. Titled "A Clean Break: A New Strategy for Securing the Realm," it called for Israel to make a dramatic "clean break" from its history on many fronts. In foreign policy, it called for Israel to adopt the doctrine of "preemption" rather than mere "retailiation." It also called for Israel to radically restructure its economy, including sweeping privatization of public lands and publicly-owned enterprises. In a word, it appears to call for a newly corporatist/fascist Israel.

The "Clean Break" document is online at  link to www.iasps.org.

ISRAEL'S PRE-PLANNING FOR ITS ATTACKS ON LEBANON AND GAZA

In the past week, news reports have revealed that Israel's current military activities were pre-planned (and rehearsed) many months or even years ago; perhaps as long ago as in 2000. One report, from the July 21, 2006 San Francisco Chronicle, is titled "Israel set war plan more than a year ago." It's at  http://sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2006/07/21/MNG2QK396D1.DTL

(Two good sources for more articles are www.antiwar.com and www.globalresearch.ca)

MORE WARS TO COME...AND WHY

Perhaps we'd all be wise to take seriously the Neocons and their sympathizers when they speak of "redrawing the map of the Middle East"--and of waging "World War IV" (Some Neocons or their sympathizers consider the Cold War to have been "World War III"). Or perhaps we should realize that when Newt Gingrich and others proclaim "this is World War," it's not a word of caution; it's a marketing slogan and a sales pitch.

For now, it's possible that Libya has been taken off the premeditated war list. But do an Internet search on "Neocon Egypt Saudi Arabia," and you'll see that some of the world's Neocons want to conquer both Egypt and Saudi Arabia. Libya is just west of Egypt, Sudan is just south of Egypt, and Somalia is not far away.

As the frenzy builds and disinformation mounts regarding Iran, Syria, and Lebanon--and as many well-intentioned liberals are all but BEGGING the Pentagon, NATO, or the UN to go "stop the genocide" in Sudan--remember that ALL these wars were planned years ago.

When you consider Sudan and the situation in Darfur, also consider what Professor Richard Heinberg notes in "The Party's Over," his recent book on the energy situation; that the U.S. has enough uranium to power our CURRENT collection of nuclear power plants for only forty more years or so. Oil won't be the only energy resource over which wars will be fought.

STEALTH NEOCONS: PELOSI, LIEBERMAN, MCCAIN, AND FRIENDS

Don't be surprised when stealth Neocons, such as "liberal" Congresswoman Nancy Pelosi, publicly lead the charge for intervention in Sudan. But do realize that Nancy Pelosi (like her relative-by-marriage, San Francisco's multimillionaire "liberal" Mayor Gavin Newsom, and like Dianne Feinstein) was ABSENT EVERY TIME thousands marched and rallied in San Francisco to prevent and, later, to protest the war on Iraq. Nancy (and Gavin and Dianne) were absent even when other prominent politicians, including Democrats, were notably present.

Nancy may prefer "competently"-waged wars to incompentently-waged wars, but it seems that Nancy doesn't do peace rallies.

Don't be surprised when Pelosi and other stealth Neocons--including Joe Lieberman, John McCain, Hillary Clinton and Dianne Feinstein--do NOTHING to stand in the way of the premeditated war plans, do NOTHING to rally their constituents to support diplomacy and peacemaking, and do NOTHING to amplify the voices of restraint, diplomacy and common sense which are already coming from Congresspersons Barbara Lee, Dennis Kucinich, John Conyers, Cynthia McKinney, and other non-Neocon, progressive Democrats (and a few clear-headed Republicans, such as Texas Congressman Ron Paul).

FIVE THINGS WE ALL CAN DO NOW

1. Spread the word about premeditated war. Call in to talk radio. Write letters to the editor. Fax your Congresspersons. Rally your city council and state legislators to oppose the premeditated war plans.

2. Protest and/or hold vigils OUTSIDE YOUR CONGRESSPERSONS' HOMES. Help their well-heeled neighbors understand that "World War" is unnecessary, unacceptable, and immoral.

3. Work to elect non-Neocon, non-stealth-Neocon, progressives to Congress--and strongly support the reelection campaigns of Barbara Lee, Dennis Kucinich, John Conyers, Cynthia McKinney, and their fellow peacemakers in Congress.

4. If you want clues as to the stealth Neocons's values and motivations, go to www.opensecrets.org and check out their personal financial holdings, their list of campaign donors, and the activities of their own "Leadership PACs" (Political Action Committees). Check to see if stealth Neocons' PACs are funding your own Congresspersons' campaigns--and urge your Congressperson to REJECT such funds.

5. Be aware that if a military draft becomes necessary to carry out the premeditated wars, in World War II maximum "draft age" was not 25 or 29 years, it was 39 years of age. Anyone young enough to be drafted but not medically fit to serve was virtually REQUIRED to abandon their career and find work in the military-industrial sector. Consider how this might impact you and those you care about.

Above all, keep in mind Webster Tarpley's observation in his 2005 book "9/11 Synthetic Terror: Made in USA"; the observation that "NEOCONS PREFER WAR TO PEACE." (For more on Tarpley, visit www.tarpley.net)

Clean Break from Peace Process-Self confessed Fascists 27.Jul.2006 17:08

Steinberg in Executive Intelligence Review

This article appears in the October 17, 2003 issue of Executive Intelligence Review.
Cheney Behind New
Mideast War Drive:
Return of `Clean Break'


by Jeffrey Steinberg
With very little fanfare, in September David Wurmser moved over from the State Department office of arms control chief and leading war-party agitator John Bolton, to the Old Executive Office Building, working directly under Vice President Dick Cheney and his chief of staff Lewis "Scooter" Libby. Wurmser's move was highly significant, given that the former American Enterprise Institute and Washington Institute for Near East Policy neo-conservatives was one of the primary authors of the now-infamous 1996 "A Clean Break" document, which spelled out the current joint Mideast war strategy of the Ariel Sharon government in Israel and the Cheney cabal inside the Bush Administration in the United States.

Just days after Wurmser joined the Vice President's "shadow national security council," the Bush Administration—at Cheney's urging—made an abrupt shift in policy towards Syria, a shift that has now brought the entire Mideast region to the brink of war and chaos—worse, even, than the fiasco of the American occupation of Iraq, which military experts are increasingly describing as "our new Vietnam" (see page 60).

At an American Enterprise Institute event on Oct. 7, Leo Strauss acolyte William Kristol, the publisher and editor of the Weekly Standard, candidly admitted that he was miffed that the United States had not already moved beyond the Iraq war to the "next regime change" of "the next horrible" Middle East Arab "dictator"—Syrian President Bashar Assad.

`A Clean Break' Revisited
Turn the clock back seven years. On July 8, 1996, Richard Perle, currently a member, and formerly the head of the Defense Policy Board in the Don Rumsfeld Pentagon, delivered a document to the new Israeli Prime Minister, Jabotinskyite Benjamin Netanyahu. Perle, and a team of American neo-cons, had been tasked by Netanyahu—through the Israeli think tank, the Institute for Advanced Strategic and Political Studies (IASPS)—to draft a strategy for abrogating the Oslo Accords and overturning the entire concept of "comprehensive land for peace," in favor of a jackboot policy of U.S.-Israeli-Turkish raw military conquest and occupation.

The short policy memo, which Netanyahu, and his successor-Likud Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, totally adopted as the core strategy of their administrations, spelled out a four-pronged attack on the peace process and the entire Arab world. It has become a self-evident truth that, since the Bush "43" and Sharon governments came into power simultaneously in early 2001, "A Clean Break" has been the guiding strategic doctrine of both—particularly following the irregular warfare attacks on New York and Washington on Sept. 11, 2001.

The Perle-Wurmser policy document demanded: 1) Destroy Yasser Arafat and the Palestinian Authority, blaming them for every act of Palestinian terrorism, including the attacks from Hamas, an organization which Sharon had helped launch during his early 1980s tenure as Minister of Defense. 2) Induce the United States to overthrow the Saddam Hussein regime in Iraq. 3) Launch war against Syria after Saddam's regime is disposed of, including striking Syrian military targets in Lebanon, and targets in Syria proper. 4) Parlay the overthrow of the Ba'athist regimes in Baghdad and Damascus into the "democratization" of the entire Arab world, including through further military actions against Iran, Saudi Arabia, and "the ultimate prize," Egypt (see Documentation following for the "Clean Break" report).

On Oct. 5, for the first time in 30 years, Israel launched bombing raids against Syria, targetting a purported "Palestinian terrorist camp" inside Syrian territory. The bombing immediately raised fears that Sharon is preparing a nuclear strike, most likely against Iran. A senior Israeli intelligence source told EIR that Sharon's action was clearly backed by the "pro-Sharon" crowd in Washington, led by Vice President Dick Cheney and Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz: "They continue to be committed to their basic plan: Destroy Iran and Syria, and make Israel the dominant power in the region, and drive the Palestinians across the Jordan River." The source added that there "is obviously an agreement in Washington to do nothing." In a press conference a day after the Israel attack on Syria, President George W. Bush said Sharon had the right to "defend his own people," and then added, "We would be doing the same thing."

'Clean Break' Who's Who
In addition to arch-chicken-hawk Richard Perle, the other participants in the "Clean Break" exercise now constitute the hard core of the neo-con apparatus poisoning the Bush Administration.

The principal author of "Clean Break" and a series of follow-on IASPS strategy papers elaborating the new balance of power schema for the Middle East, was David Wurmser, now in the Office of Vice President Cheney. Wurmser's wife, Meyrav Wurmser, another of the "Clean Break" authors, is the head of Middle East policy at the Hudson Institute, a neo-con hotbed, heavily financed by Lord Conrad Black, owner of the Hollinger Corporation and sugar-daddy to Richard Perle, who was installed by Black on the Hudson Institute board as soon as the London-based publisher poured a pile of cash into the think tank at the start of the Bush "43" Presidency. Meyrav Wurmser received her doctorate at George Washington University, by researching the life and works of Vladimir Jabotinsky, the founder of Revisionist Zionism and a self-professed fascist. Before coming to Hudson, she headed the Washington office of the Middle East Research and Investigation Project (MERIP), of Col. Yigal Carmon, a retired Israeli Army Intelligence careerist, who is hard-wired into the U.S.A. neo-con gang.

Meyrav Wurmser has taken the point in promoting the overthrow of the House of Saud and the American military occupation of the Saudi Arabian oil fields, through a string of Hudson Institute policy papers, commentaries, and seminars.

Hudson has also played a pivotal role in the drive for war against Syria and Lebanon, as spelled out in "Clean Break." On March 7, 2003, Hudson sponsored a forum addressed by Gen. Michel Aoun, who was Prime Minister of Lebanon from 1988-1990, and who is pushing a military action against Syria, right out of the pages of "Clean Break."

Other authors of the 1996 war scheme were: Douglas Feith, now Assistant Secretary of Defense for Policy, and the overseer of the Office of Special Plans "information warfare" unit, which was instrumental in the black propaganda campaign to sell President Bush and the U.S. Congress on the Iraq war; and Charles Fairbanks, Jr., a longtime friend and disciple of Deputy Defense Secretary Paul Wolfowitz, dating back to their graduate studies under Leo Strauss at the University of Chicago. Fairbanks is now at the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies.

From Words to Warfare
On Sept. 16, just as David Wurmser was going to Cheney's office to replace Eric Edelman, a longtime Wolfowitz protégé now tapped to be the new U.S. Ambassador to Turkey, the Syria war drive was seriously launched. Chief arms control provocateur John Bolton was given the green light to testify before a House International Relations subcommittee hearing on Syria and Lebanon. That testimony had been held up for several months, as the result of a direct intervention by the Central Intelligence Agency, which issued a highly unusual white paper challenging many of Bolton's planned allegations of Syrian current involvement in terrorist operations and pursuit of weapons of mass destruction.

The fact that Bolton was given the go-ahead to Capitol Hill signalled that Cheney had scored a tactical victory over those in the Bush Administration who were promoting a dialogue with Damascus. In fact, Bolton's provocative testimony undercut quiet efforts, then under way, to establish fresh channels of cooperation between the United States and the Assad government.

The day after Bolton's appearance, the same House subcommittee continued the anti-Damascus rant, by hosting General Aoun and rabid chicken-hawk Daniel Pipes, who demanded an immediate confrontation with Syria.

This public display of venom in Washington was all the signal that Ariel Sharon needed. On Oct. 5, Israeli Air Force jets bombed a Palestinian camp deep inside Syrian territory, ostensibly in retaliation for an Islamic Jihad suicide bombing in Haifa the day before. However, the Sharon war cabinet had approved a Syrian bombing six weeks earlier. The Bolton appearance and the promotion of Wurmser into Cheney's inner sanctum just served as the green light.

To make the linkage between the Israeli actions and the Cheney-led Bush Administration tilt even even more transparent, on Oct. 8 the White House announced that it would no longer oppose Congressional passage of the Syrian Accountability and Restoration of Lebanese Sovereignty Act, the equivalent to the 1998 Iraq Liberation Act which set in motion the drive towards war against Saddam Hussein.

This time, Sharon and Cheney do not intend to wait five years to get their war. Unless they are stopped, their timetable is to have Israel launch war on Syria by November 2003. And heaven help the American GIs in Iraq if Sharon and Cheney get their way. As Lyndon LaRouche has demanded, "Beast-man" Cheney needs to be dumped from power within the next 30 days; and, along with him, the entire neo-con cabal. As Bush "41" and Karl Rove must understand by now, Cheney and his gang of "Clean Break" fanatics are the albatross around George W. Bush's neck, and time is running out.

did someone mention Lord Conrad Black (the scum) 27.Jul.2006 17:36

black-bought up newspapers in Northamerica-hates medicare

Conrad Black
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Conrad Moffat Black, Baron Black of Crossharbour PC (Can.), OC, KCSG, (born 25 August 1944, in Montreal, Quebec), is a British biographer, financier and newspaper magnate. He is married to Barbara Amiel, a well-known columnist.

Black was born in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, but renounced his citizenship in 2001 in order to become a life peer in the British House of Lords.

He subsequently described his former Canadian citizenship as "an impediment to my progress in another more amenable jurisdiction."

With the growth of his business and legal difficulties, since 2003 he is believed to have spent much of his time at his Bridle Path mansion in Toronto, Ontario.

It was reported in the National Post on 18 November 2005, that Black had recently applied for permanent residency status in Canada. If convicted of the serious crimes of which he is accused in the United States, Black might be unable to permanently return to his native Canada, since Canada rarely allows entry to non-citizen felons.


[edit]
Early life and career
Conrad Black was born into a wealthy Toronto family. His father, George Montegu Black, Jr., was the president of Canadian Breweries, an international brewing conglomerate. Conrad Black was first educated at Upper Canada College from which he was expelled for selling stolen exams. What led to Black's exposure was that he sold the exams at different prices according to the purchaser's social status.

He then attended Trinity College School, the alma mater of his older brother Montegu Black. Black lasted less than a year. He eventually graduated from another private school in Toronto called Thornton Hall.

He continued his education at Carleton University (History, 1965) and Université Laval (Law, 1970), later completing a master's degree (MA) at McGill University.

He became involved in a number of businesses, mainly newspapers, but including mining and publishing.

His family founded the Ravelston Corporation in 1969 as an investment vehicle. Together with friends, David Radler and Peter G. White, Black purchased and operated the Sherbrooke Record, the small English daily in Sherbrooke, Quebec.

In 1971, the three formed Sterling Newspapers Limited, a holding company that would acquire several other small newspapers.

Black, a Roman Catholic convert, is married to Barbara Amiel, who is Jewish, and he has two sons, Jonathan-David and James Patrick Leonard Black, and a daughter, Alana Whitney Elizabeth Black, from a previous marriage to Joanna Hishon, of Montreal.

Conrad Black was taken under the wing of Bud McDougald and E. P. Taylor, two of the most powerful businessmen in Canada.

Following the death of McDougald, in 1978 Conrad Black acquired the shares owned by McDougald's widow in the Argus Corporation, a mammoth Canadian holding company. Some say he swindled the poor grieving widow.

Argus' holdings at the time Black took it over included some of Canada's finest blue-chip companies such as Dominion Stores, Canada's largest supermarket chain, Massey Ferguson, Canada's large multi-national farm machinery corporation, Hollinger Mines, an important gold-mining company in Timmins, Ontario, and Norcen Energy, an energy and pipeline operation.

His record in managing these operations is deemed by most financial experts as less than successful.

In 1990, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada. He was ranked 235th in the Sunday Times Rich List 2004, with an estimated wealth of £175m.

[edit]
Becoming a press lord
Black is the latest in a series of Canadian-born British press lords—his predecessors were Max Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook, Hugh Graham, 1st (and last) Baron Atholstan, and Roy Thomson, 1st Baron Thomson of Fleet.

In 1985, Black was approached by Andrew Knight (then the Editor of The Economist), and invited to finance a take-over of the ailing Telegraph Group. By buying into the Telegraph group, Black made his entry into the British press.

By 1990 his companies ran over 400 newspaper titles in North America. Many of these were disposed of towards the end of the 1990s with around 150 titles being sold in a single deal with CanWest Global Communications Corp.

He launched the National Post in 1998 but sold his interest in 2001. He gave up the majority of his remaining Canadian media interests in 2001.

Through his Ravelston Corporation he had an 82-per-cent share-holding in the Toronto-based Hollinger Inc. group which, through Hollinger International, owned or controlled several newspapers, notably in the United States, including the Chicago Sun-Times (1994).

He also held a minority interest in the New York Sun (2002). Hollinger once owned a large number of Canadian newspapers, accounting for a plurality of that country's daily newspaper circulation, and acquired and relaunched the Financial Post as a section of the National Post (1998), in large part to get a foothold in the competitive Toronto newspaper market.

Until his media empire came crashing down, he also owned Israel's Jerusalem Post, turning its editorial outlook from centrist to pro-Likud.

In 2004 his Telegraph Group in the United Kingdom was sold to David and Frederick Barclay, after the accounting practices of Black and his board came under intense scrutiny by Hollinger shareholders and the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

Today, Black and his former associates have been removed from the boards of Hollinger International and Hollinger Inc., his Ravelston Corporation is under court protection against its creditors in Canada and he has been indicted by the US Department of Justice.

Black's lieutenant and closest confidante, David Radler, has pleaded guilty to charges of mail fraud in the US and is expected to testify against Black, whose future and reputation remain clouded pending investigation by the U.S. Justice Department and numerous lawsuits filed by Hollinger shareholders.

[edit]
The peerage controversy
Black's initial attempt to assume a British peerage was thwarted by Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chrétien, who invoked the 1919 Nickle Resolution which disallows Canadians from holding British titles.

Black attempted to work around the Nickle Resolution by taking dual British and Canadian citizenship. However, this tactic was unsuccessful and Black then initiated a lawsuit against Chrétien, arguing that Chrétien's strict interpretation of the Nickle Resolution was payback for Black's political opinions and past criticism of Chrétien.

Black lost the lawsuit on the first instance and on appeal (as per[1]). Therefore, in 2001, Black gave up his Canadian citizenship, and became Baron Black of Crossharbour.

Even without his Canadian citizenship, Black continues to enjoy the privileges of membership in the Queen's Privy Council for Canada, such as use of a special passport.

[edit]
Other controversies surrounding Black
Black has made several controversial statements, including the suggestions that Canada should join the United States and abandon its universal health care system, Medicare.

On 17 November 2003, it was announced that Black would be resigning as chief executive of Hollinger after an internal inquiry alleged that he had received more than $7 million in unauthorized payments of company funds. The SEC had launched an investigation of his company's affairs.

On 17 January 2004, Hollinger International reported that the executive committee of the board of directors obtained Black's resignation as chairman. At the same time the special committee in Hollinger already investigating the unauthorised payments filed a lawsuit in New York for the recovery of the money.

Hollinger International also filed a $200 million (USD) lawsuit against Lord Black and his former top lieutenant David Radler as well as the companies Black has used to control the publishing it.

On 15 November 2004, the SEC filed civil fraud lawsuits against Lord Black and several others (as per[2])

On 17 November 2005, eleven criminal fraud charges were brought by U.S. Attorney Patrick Fitzgerald against Black and 3 former Hollinger executives. Eight of the criminal fraud charges are against Black and a warrant has been issed for his arrest.

On 15 December 2005, four new federal charges were laid against Black by U.S. Attorney Patrick Fitzgerald in Chicago.

The new counts include racketeering, obstruction of justice, money laundering and wire fraud. Under the racketeering count, Fitzgerald is seeking forfeiture of more than $92,000,000 (USD).

The obstruction count against Black relates to the video that appears to show Black illegally removing more than a dozen boxes from the Toronto office of Hollinger Inc. (see[3]).

Black was also involved, albeit tangentially, in a controversy in December 2001 when the then-French ambassador to the UK, Daniel Bernard, called Israel a "shitty little country" in a conversation the two had at a private dinner party. The resulting scandal led to Bernard being reassigned to Algeria the following year.

Earlier, in the 1980s, Black appropriated over $62,000,000 from the Dominion workers' pension fund over the opposition of his employees before divesting himself of the grocery store chain.

Indeed, many of his critics have pointed out that most if not all of his acquisitions had been financed by money belonging to shareholders or employees rather than by the risk of his own funds. He does not dispute this and noted that he made his early purchases of brokerages and newspapers by borrowing half the money from a bank and the other half from the seller.

The media watchdog group Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting criticised an incident in which Black paid the erudite but conservative American columnist, George Will, $25,000 for a single day of consulting, after which Will wrote favourably about Black without disclosing the payment (see[4]).

Conrad Black purchased at auction a collection of US President Franklin D. Roosevelt's private papers. With the assistance of his wife, a conservative political columnist and other American conservative writers, he produced a 1,280 page biography, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Champion of Freedom, in 2003.

The book relies heavily upon the narrow information in the FDR collection he owns, emphasizing small, sometimes very personal details of FDR's life.

The book is a thorough account which shows that FDR was neither the guileless, patrician altruist that his admirers would like to portray, nor was he the dupe for Stalin at Yalta that his opponents portray, but was rather a mysterious and complex individual who was able to marshall the forces that saved the United States from the Great Depression and the world from totalitarianism in World War II, leading it to greatness.

Black the conservative, is also Black the admirer of FDR. He also wrote a book about Quebec's longest serving premier, Maurice Duplessis.

As Black has often been a controversial figure in Canadian life, he has been lampooned by the Canadian humour magazine Frank as "Lord Tubby."

Black was the subject of the 2004 documentary film Citizen Black which premiered at the Montreal and Cambridge Film Festivals.