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Tools for a Revolution

a must read
"From Dictatorship to Democracy: A Conceptual Framework for Liberation"
198 Methods
198 Methods
"From Dictatorship to Democracy: A Conceptual Framework for Liberation" by Gene Sharp.

Gene Sharp is the founder of the Albert Einstein Institution in Boston. He is a scholar on non-violent change and democratic process. His book was used as the blue print to oust Slobodan Milosevic in Serbia. Otpor, one Serbian opposition group to Milosevic, would spray paint "memes" or planned slogans to generate an atmosphere of collective resistance to the dictator. Otpor also used the tactic of organizing a youth movement via concerts and mass community projects. With lots of finacial help from Soros György (George Soros) and using Gene Sharp's manual opposition in Georgia (the former Soviet Republic) launch the Rose Revolution in November 2003 after election fraud on November 2, 2003. Gene Sharp's book was used again after the fraudulent election in November 2004 by Ukrainian opposition parties against a fraudulent election that supported a Russian backed leader. The Ukrainian revolution was called the Orange Revolution (named for the opposition party color). Using Otpor's techneques from Gene Sharp's book as well as employeeing graffiti artists from their Slavic brethren Ukrainian opposition was armed to combat non-violently the dictatorship. The youth movement, Pora ("its time"), made use of graffiti, polls, memes, stickers, concerts and even composed music. A polling company was used to plant the idea of organized disfavour the Russian backed candidate with carefully worded questions. The book again has been used as a model for democratic process for ousting a dictator in what is generally named the Tulip Revolution in Kyrgyzstan during March of 2005.

'The National Endowment for Democracy, which this fiscal year got $60 million from the U.S. Congress, says it has decided to stop funding a
Kyrgyz NGO called Civil Society Against Corruption because of its
pronounced opposition bent. The Civil Society, which in 2003 received a
$25,000 NED grant, is headed by Tolekan Ismailova, a veteran Kyrgyz
human-rights campaigner and opposition activist. Earlier this month, she
organized the local translation and distribution of a 1993 revolutionary
manual used in Serbia, Ukraine and Georgia. The manual, "From Dictatorship to Democracy," was written by Gene Sharp, a political scientist and senior scholar at the Albert Einstein Institution in Boston. It includes tips on nonviolent resistance -- such as "display of flags and symbolic colors" -- and civil disobedience.'

Ripple Effect: In Putin's Backyard, Democracy Stirs -- With U.S. Help ---
Before Kyrgyzstan Elections, Western-Backed Groups Offer Aid to Opposition
--- Mike Stone's Printing Press

By Philip Shishkin
25 February 2005
The Wall Street Journal
(Copyright (c) 2005, Dow Jones & Company, Inc.)

 link to www.kelkel-kg.org

Recently "From Dictatorship to Democracy" has been translated for the second time in to Farsi (Persian the dominant language of Iran). This book holds valuable inside to the student of geopolitics. I strongly recommend reading it as we watch democratic change happen across Eurasia, Africa and other places in the world.

The book is free online and has been featured on PBS as well.

"From Dictatorship to Democracy: A Conceptual Framework for Liberation" by Gene Sharp
 link to www.aeinstein.org

PBS HTML version of "From Dictatorship to Democracy: A Conceptual
Framework for Liberation" by Gene Sharp

Other related interesting links:

Otpor  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otpor
Rose Revolution  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rose_Revolution
Kmara  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kmara
Orange Revolution  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orange_Revolution
Pora  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pora
Cedar Revolution  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cedar_Revolution
Tulip Revolution  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tulip_Revolution
Color revolution  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colour_revolution
Non-violent revolution  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-violent_revolution

Links related to manufactured paradigm shifts in relationship to Iraq:

Army report confirms Psy-ops staged Saddam statue toppling
by Jon Elmer  http://newstandardnews.net/content/?action=show_item&itemid=641
How PR Sold the War in the Persian Gulf
Hill & Knowlton  http://www.corporatewatch.org.uk/profiles/hk/hk4.htm
The photographs tell the story...
Is This Media manipulation on a grand scale?
The Toppling Of Saddam Statue: An Eyewitness Report

audio of Gene Sharp's 1983 lecture

homepage: homepage: http://www.fragmentsweb.org/fourtx/sharplec.html

50 crucial points 02.May.2007 10:48

enemy of the state

Nonviolent Struggle - 50 Crucial Points
A Strategic Approach to Everyday Tactics

Authors: (CANVAS) Srdja Popovic, Andrej Milivojevic and Slobodan Djinovic [Available for download - see below]


This book is a field guide for waging a strategic nonviolent struggle - it offers a rich and diverse array of practical information that nonviolent activists need to know. The user-friendly format of the book complements the presentation of the content in thematic chapters, which are organized around answering key questions that range from techniques of daily management to strategic planning. Written by those who successfully fought against repressive regimes using strategic nonviolent action, the book is designed as a ready-to-use tool for front-line practitioners who work in nondemocratic, and sometimes violent environments, as well as those who work in established democracies. It is based on firsthand experience from the struggles in Serbia and Georgia, and the lessons learned in Ukraine, Belarus, Zimbabwe and other countries.

The book fills the gap between the tremendous theoretical insights about strategic nonviolent conflict developed by scholars over the past several decades and the accumulated experience of front-line practitioners. This is achieved by creating a synergy between, on the one hand, academic knowledge and the expertise of authors and of outside participants in the project, and, on the other hand, the lived experience of successful activists and leaders. Likewise, the book's content and format build a bridge between the strategic level and the often "heavy" book design of theoretical works, and the "cook-book" approach of existing manuals for political and public-interest campaigns, which mostly focus on tactical issues.

The focus is firmly on practical questions. Crucial points about waging strategic nonviolent struggle appear as "how to" questions:

How do you plan symbolic public actions successfully with just a few supports?
How do you recruit, train, and retain pro-reform activists?
How do you manage scarce assets, such as volunteers and material resources?
How do you plan your campaign and run it with constant feedback-loop management?
How do you prepare to overcome the powerful influence of fear?
How do you minimize the effectiveness of repressive mechanisms, including contaminants, surveillance and police repression?
From this book, those considering launching a strategic nonviolent struggle in any environment will find enough information to steer away from making the most common mistakes and refocus towards selecting realistic objectives, structuring an organization efficiently, and effectively influencing public attitudes to the point where ordinary citizens are willing to participate in the struggle.

The topics covered include the theory of political power, fundamentals of strategic and detailed tactical planning, message development and management of nonviolent actions and campaigns.

The book is compatible with already existing and readily available resources for use in this field, such as the writings from the Albert Einstein Institution and the new computer game, "A Force More Powerful".

In short, this book takes a strategic approach to the problems of day-to-day implementation of nonviolent struggle encountered by pro-reform movements in all environments, from those working for justice in established democracies to those working to end repression or occupation.