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imperialism & war

Bush is lying about the Authorization to Use Force

Bush says Public law 107-40 authorized him to spy on Americans and violate the 4th amendment. It doesn't.
After you wade through the whereas stuff this is what the authorization says:

SEC. 2. AUTHORIZATION FOR USE OF UNITED STATES ARMED FORCES.
(a) IN GENERAL- That the President is authorized to use all necessary and appropriate force against those nations, organizations, or persons he determines planned, authorized, committed, or aided the terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001, or harbored such organizations or persons, in order to prevent any future acts of international terrorism against the United States by such nations, organizations or persons.

Public law 107-40 authorizes the use of ARMED FORCES, in a very broad way I'll concede. But it DOES NOT authorize the use of NSA or any other NONMILITARY body by the president. It also specifically limits the authorization to those involved in 9/11 or associated with an organization involved with 9/11. The organization they claim were involved with 9/11 was limited to al Quaeda as far as I've heard them say. So unless those surveilled were in al Quaeda or associated with al Quaeda I'd say Bush is in deep trouble if he's relying on this law as the legal basis for his authority to spy on Americas. In other words - IMPEACHMENT proceedings should be commenced at the earliest opportunity.


Full text from the White House website:

September 11, 2001 : Attack on America
S.J. Resolution 23 - Authorization for Use of Military Force (Enrolled Bill); September 18, 2001

Latest Major Action: 9/18/2001 Became Public Law No: 107-40.
Authorization for Use of Military Force (Enrolled Bill)
--S.J.Res.23--
S.J.Res.23
One Hundred Seventh Congress
of the
United States of America
AT THE FIRST SESSION
Begun and held at the City of Washington on Wednesday,
the third day of January, two thousand and one

Joint Resolution
To authorize the use of United States Armed Forces against those responsible for the recent attacks launched against the United States.

Whereas, on September 11, 2001, acts of treacherous violence were committed against the United States and its citizens; and

Whereas, such acts render it both necessary and appropriate that the United States exercise its rights to self-defense and to protect United States citizens both at home and abroad; and

Whereas, in light of the threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States posed by these grave acts of violence; and

Whereas, such acts continue to pose an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States; and

Whereas, the President has authority under the Constitution to take action to deter and prevent acts of international terrorism against the United States: Now, therefore, be it
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This joint resolution may be cited as the `Authorization for Use of Military Force'.

SEC. 2. AUTHORIZATION FOR USE OF UNITED STATES ARMED FORCES.
(a) IN GENERAL- That the President is authorized to use all necessary and appropriate force against those nations, organizations, or persons he determines planned, authorized, committed, or aided the terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001, or harbored such organizations or persons, in order to prevent any future acts of international terrorism against the United States by such nations, organizations or persons.

(b) War Powers Resolution Requirements-

(1) SPECIFIC STATUTORY AUTHORIZATION- Consistent with section 8(a)(1) of the War Powers Resolution, the Congress declares that this section is intended to constitute specific statutory authorization within the meaning of section 5(b) of the War Powers Resolution.

(2) APPLICABILITY OF OTHER REQUIREMENTS- Nothing in this resolution supercedes any requirement of the War Powers Resolution.

Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Vice President of the United States and
President of the Senate.