Peru wants stolen Machu Picchu grave goods back from Skull & Bones--I mean, Yale Univ.
Something in the Binghams sound like a typical parasitial Yale/Bones family in their group career: sponsorship big time despite high level criminal behavior followed by public honor at death--a typical Ameican criminal occult class biography:
After Hiram Bingham III's bone and graverobbing thefts, Bingham turned to...politics funded by his Tiffany wealth. He served one day as Connecticut governor in 1925 before resigning to take a seat in Congress made available by the "untimely death" (a suicide, so the official history goes) of a Senator. (Same "untimely death"--or timely death--was the way another rich family elite Yale S&B grad, Prescott Bush, GHW Bush's father, "became a Senator" through death of a real one...)
Hiram Bingham III: censured by Congress, never really elected on his own, though buried in Arlington Cemetery! Two of his three sons are S&B--they go back to Yale of course like his political and wealthy father; the third becomes a diplomat, and later, an avowed anti-semite who is now being heralded as a Holocaust hero. Only in America I guess.
Seems that Peru wants back the grave goods taken by Hiram III all those years ago that have been at Yale illegally for generations. Sounds like the fate of other indigenous culture relics, like Geronomo's skull, eh? Suggestion: perhaps Peru could steal Hiram Bingham III's bones--just the thigh bones and skull of course--from his undeserved Arlington Cemetery gravesite in exchange?
history of BINGHAM FAMILY in Skull and Bones:
Bingham, Hiram (1789-1869), American Congregationalist missionary, b. Bennington, Vt. In 1819 the American Board of Missions sent him, with others, to found the first Protestant mission in the Hawaiian Islands. Bingham adapted the Hawaiian language to writing, published Elementary Lessons in Hawaiian (1822), and, with his associates, translated the Bible into Hawaiian. Bibliography: See his A Residence of Twenty-one Years in the Sandwich Islands (1847, 3d ed. rev. 1969).
Hiram Bingham II (b. 1831, d. 1908), American Congregationalist missionary, b. Honolulu; son of Hiram Bingham (1789-1869). In 1857 he founded a mission on Abaiang in the Gilbert Islands (now part of Kiribati). Bingham adapted the language of the Gilbert Islands to writing. He translated the Bible and also prepared in Gilbertese a Bible dictionary, a hymnbook, and a commentary on the Gospels.
Bingham, Egert Byron S&B of 1863 Ministry born, 2/17/1839 CT , dies 6/11/1891 CT, Congregrational Minister, a Skull and Bones relation of Hiram Bingham[?, perhaps second son of Hiram Bingham, Sr., who went to Yale instead of Hawaii]
BINGHAM, Hiram, III (1875 - 1956) graduated from Yale, likely candidate of other non-S&B allied secret senior societies at Yale, afterwards, married the Tiffany hieress; of their three sons--two of them become Skull and Bones (like their great-uncle)-- Charles Tiffany Bingham (S&B, 1928) and Jonathan Brewster Bingham (S&B, 1936); Hiram III born in Honolulu, Hawaii, November 19, 1875 to the missionary parents of Hiram II, likely his uncle[?] Egert was Skull and Bones; educated at Punahou School and Oahu College, Hawaii, then heads to New England and likely into his uncle's care: 1882-1892, Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass., 1892-1894, Yale University 1894-1898; Hiram Bingham III, as graduate of Yale, may be member of other S&B senior societies (like Book and Snake, etc.) After graduation, to University of California at Berkeley 1899-1900, and Harvard University 1900-1905; professor of history and politics at Harvard and then Princeton Universities; He taught history and politics at Harvard and then served as preceptor under Woodrow Wilson at Princeton University. South American explorer, credited with the "white man" discovery of the Incan ruins at Machu Picchu, that were known of course by the locals already; his exploring was funded by his Tiffany heiress-wife's family wealth; it was during Bingham's time as a lecturer — later professor — at Yale that he rediscovered the largely forgotten Incan city of Machu Picchu. In 1908, he had served as delegate to the First Pan American Scientific Congress at Santiago, Chile. On his way home via Peru, a local prefect convinced him to visit the pre-Columbian city of Choqquequirau. Bingham was thrilled by the prospect of unexplored Incan cities, and in 1911 returned to the Andes with the Yale Peruvian Expedition of 1911. On 24 July 1911 a mestizo guide led Bingham to Machu Picchu, which had been largely forgotten by everybody except the small number of people living in the immediate valley, and the young explorer had his "lost city." Bingham returned to Peru in 1912 and 1915 with the support of Yale and the National Geographic Society. Machu Picchu has become one of the major tourist attractions in South America, and Bingham is recognized as the man who brought the site to world attention, although many others contributed to the archaeological resurrection of the site. The switchback-filled road that carries tourist buses to the site from the Urubamba River is called the Hiram Bingham Highway. Bingham has been cited as one basis for the 'Indiana Jones' character. Hiram was delegate to the First Pan American Scientific Congress at Santiago, Chile, in 1908; captain, Connecticut National Guard 1916; became an aviator in the spring of 1917; organized the United States Schools of Military Aeronautics in May 1917; served in the Aviation Section, Signal Corps, and attained the rank of lieutenant colonel; commanded the flying school at Issoudun, France, from August to December 1918; lieutenant governor of Connecticut 1922-1924; elected Governor of Connecticut on November 4, 1924 but served only briefly--one day, then he resigned when elected as a Republican to the United States Senate on December 16, 1924, to fill the vacancy caused by the death (said to be suicide...or murder?) of Senator Frank B. Brandegee in the term ending March 3, 1927; reelected in 1926 and served from December 17, 1924, to March 3, 1933; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1932; chairman, Committee on Printing (Seventieth Congress), Committee on Territories and Insular Possessions (Seventieth through Seventy-second Congresses); censured by the Senate in 1929 on charges of placing of a lobbyist on his payroll; appointed a member of the President's Aircraft Board by President Calvin Coolidge 1925; engaged in banking and literary work in Washington, D.C.; during the Second World War, lectured at naval training schools 1942-1943; chairman of the Civil Service Commission's Loyalty Review Board 1951-1953; died in Washington, D.C., June 6, 1956; interment in Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va. [Perhaps Peru could steal his bones from Arlington Cemetery in exchange?] [ http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=b000470]
Hiram III was son and grandson of New England (some Skull and Bones) missionaries in the Pacific, and was raised to carry on the family tradition within the church. But rebelling against the piety and poverty of his background, he chose instead an academic career and married an heiress, a grand-daughter of the founder of Tiffany and Co. His overnight acquisition of great wealth opened many opportunities to Bingham. During his career as an academic specializing in Latin American history, the Tiffany money helped support five scientific expeditions, one of which led to Machu Picchu and his lasting fame. Later it also facilitated a political career, culminating in his serving two terms as a U. S. Senator from Connecticut. [ http://www.ifip.com/Bingham.htm]
of Yale grad Hiram III's three sons, two of them were Skull and Bones:
1. Bingham, Charles Tiffany, S&B of 1928 x Medicine born, 08/31/06 CT CT married Howell, Kathleen W; Assoc Attending Physician, 49-60, Hartford Hospital, other medical pstns, many about alcholism; Clinical Instructor, 48-49, Medicine, Yale Medical School; Cmdr, 43-46, (MC) USN
2. Bingham, Jonathan Brewster S&B of 1936 x Senator/Congress, like his father, Government born, 04/24/14 CT/NH NY, Bronx, [J.B. Bingham was the Skull and Bones son of Hiram Bingham, Yale University antiquities thief, graverobber, and CT crony politician buried in Arlington Cemetery] J.B. Bingham married Rossbach, June Y Mbr 1965-, Congress, 23rd Dist of NY; 61-64 Alternative Representative to four UN General Assemblies, other UN positions; Sec during 55-58 to the Governor, NY (Governor Harriman (S&B himself)); Ptnr, 39-41, 46-51, 53-54, 59-60 law practice, last, Goldwater & Flynn, NYC; Alumni Fellow 49-51, Yale Corporation; Exec comm 51-53, Yale Law Schl Assn; Head Alien Enemy Control Section 45, u/Braden, State Dept; Legal Advisor 41, Machinery Branch of the Price Division, DC; Military Intel Service 42, War Dept; Pvt to Capt 43-45, AUS --- BINGHAM, Jonathan Brewster, 1914—1986)(son of Hiram Bingham), a Representative from New York; born in New Haven, Conn., April 24, 1914; attended Groton School; graduated from Yale University in 1936, Skull and Bones, and from Yale Law School in 1939; commenced practice in New York City; admitted to the New York bar in 1940; enlisted as a private in the United States Army in April 1943 and was discharged as a fast sponsored captain in October 1945 with War Department Staff Citation; special Skull and Bones sponsored assistant to Assistant Secretary of State in 1945 and 1946; deputy administrator, Technical Cooperation Administration, 1951-1953; secretary to Skull and Bones Governor Averell Harriman, 1955-1958; United States representative on United Nations Trusteeship Council with rank of Minister in 1961 and 1962 and serving as president in 1962; United States representative on United Nations Economic and Social Council with rank of Ambassador in 1963 and 1964; United States delegate to four United Nations General Assemblies; elected as a Democrat to the Eighty-ninth and to the eight succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1965-January 3, 1983); was not a candidate for reelection in 1982; was a resident of the Bronx, N.Y., until his death in New York City July 3, 1986. ---Bingham, Jonathan Brewster (1914-1986) — of Bronx, Bronx County, N.Y. Born in New Haven, New Haven County, Conn., April 24, 1914. Son of Hiram Bingham. Democrat. Served in the U.S. Army during World War II; U.S. Representative from New York, 1965-83 (23rd District 1965-73, 22nd District 1973-83). Member, Americans for Democratic Action; ***Council on Foreign Relations.*** Died in New York City (unknown county), N.Y., July 3, 1986. Interment at Bingham Family Cemetery, Salem, Conn. [an ancestor of this one is George Hutchins Bingham, (1864-1949), justice, New Hampshire State Supreme Court, 1902-13; Judge, U.S. Court of Appeals, 1st Circuit, 1913-39; Son of George Azro Bingham and Eliza I. (Woods) Bingham; married Cordelia Pearmain Hinckley]
3. Hiram (Harry) Bingham IV awarded US postage stamp for 2006...Colin Powell honors him...as part of the media disinfo campaign (more on that below)..
In his home state of Connecticut, the governor proclaimed more disinfo in creating "Hiram Bingham IV Day" in April 2000, 2001 and 2002; the Connecticut state legislature UNANIMOUSLY endorsed the HB4's stamp proposal; and the Secretary of State dedicated the 2001 state Register and Manual ("Blue Book") to Harry. Hiram Bingham IV, of Salem, Connecticut (who one of sons of Hiram Bingham III, the explorer who discovered Machu Picchu in Peru in 1911), died in 1988 at age 84. When he was the US vice consul in Marseilles, France from 1939 to 1941, he has been claimed by his still living family after his death that he had defied State Department's "killing Jews is O.K. by us" pro- Zionist policy by going out of his way to write visas for those fleeing the Holocaust, by hiding refugees in his diplomatic residence who were most wanted by Hitler, and by coordinating daring escapes to other countries from Southern France. These claims are overblown despite Harry did assist the real hero, named Fry (see below), who was the real force in rescuing renowned painter Marc Chagall, anti-Nazi author Leon Feuchtwanger, Nobel Prize physicist Otto Meyerhoff, and ordinary refugees. ... Harry's story is continually retold ad nauseum by the History Channel (see "History Under Cover - Diplomats for the Damned"), and by a world-traveling "Visas for Life" exhibit, which features several WWII "righteous diplomats" and has been exhibited by the UNITED NATIONS at both New York and Geneva. Museums around the world have sponsored the disinfo exhibit. Not surprisingly, the stamp proposal has received broad BIPARTISAN SUPPORT in the Congress ("from Senator Kennedy to [then] Senator John Ashcroft"). On June 27, 2002, Secretary of State Colin Powell praised Harry's presumed actions and presented a posthumous "constructive dissent" award to Harry's children at an American Foreign Service Officers Association awards ceremony at the State Department Headquarters. This was a FIRST TIME official U.S. recognition of Harry's family's attempt to get official recognition of his presumed life-saving activity, 62 years after the fact...
NOW, THE REST OF THE STORY...
Holocaust Survivors' Network
An Invitation To The Hiram Bingham IV Debate
Thank you for coming here and hopefully being part of this important historical debate. What is this debate all about? Well, Robert Kim Bingham of Salem, Connecticut, USA, and a son of the late Hiram "Harry" Bingham IV is in the midst of an ongoing campaign to convince the world that his father was an unsung World War II hero, who at his own personal risk, saved from the Nazi Holocaust thousands of lives in general, and Jews in particular, among them some of the most prominent artists, writers, and scientists of Europe. Based on his purported conviction and belief, as expressed in considerable detail in his website, Mr. Bingham has petitioned
* the State of Israel (through Yad Vashem, The Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority, in Jerusalem) to award his father with the medal and title of "Righteous Among the Nations" --this being the highest award that Israel can bestow; and also has petitioned
* the United States Postal Service for the issuance of a commemorative stamp for his father.
We respectfully oppose the issuance of both these awards as being, in our considerate view, without merit or ground of support. Our accumulated evidence points into a different direction far from the one that is currently being portrayed by Mr. Bingham.
The late Hiram Bingham IV was for sure no hero, not by a long shot. What he was and what he had been transformed into, by his Marseille experience, are two different and startling things.
The late Hiram Bingham IV, in 1940-41, happened to be an American vice-consul in Marseille, France, doing his "ordinary" job --that of issuing visas. At that time when everybody was trying to leave France that had just surrendered to Nazis, an American journalist from New York, named Varian Fry, had arrived in August 1940 in Marseille with a list of some 200 prominent artists, scientists, writers and other well-known intellectuals with one and only one mission in mind: that of rescuing them at any cost. For that intended operation, the late Fry was able to recruit a number of people --one of which was the late Bingham IV. Yes, Bingham IV cooperated fully with Fry's crusade. That cooperation of Bingham IV with Fry's campaign as commendable as it was, fell short, far short, of an act of heroism as Bingham IV's life never was in peril as a result of his action (as oppose to Fry's life that was, as he, in fact, was arrested by the Vichy Government) because of these two important things:
i) one, because of his diplomatic immunity that the newly formed Vichy Government were zealously observing towards the United States, and
ii) second, because of his considerable wealth that could have bought, in the corrupt Vichy Government, anything that he wanted including his freedom if that was necessary.
When Bingham IV's actions had began to annoy the Vichy Government, the United States was informed about it and because of the desire of the United States to maintain good relationships with the Vichy Government, Bingham IV was transferred from the Marseille post to a nearby post in Portugal. From there after a short stay, he was transferred to a post in Argentina. All this traveling was rather taxing for the Bingham IV family as they had now eleven children. As a result of this, Bingham IV asked the State Department to give him a job in US preferably in his home state Connecticut. When his request was denied, and instead he was assigned to the important post in Cuba, Bingham IV submitted his resignation.
Upon his resignation from the diplomatic corps, Bingham IV returned back to his home state in Connecticut as a completely transformed man by the Marseille experience: he become a disillusioned man, a very bitter man that drifted aimlessly in life and living off his family's huge inheritance. He become profoundly disenchanted with life. His sad and unhappy face never left him for the rest of his life. But this was not all from his profound transformation. The most shocking aspect of this staggering transformation was that he began profoundly disliking Jews and in fact, for the rest of his life, he became transformed into a Holocaust denier!
We have asked and asked ourselves repeatedly: How in God's name such a horrendous transformation could have taken place? Transformations like that could not happen without some powerful underlying cause. And because of this quandary, we have continued relentlessly to find out, if we could, an event of some sort in Marseille that could have triggered such a transformation in Bingham IV's outlook on life. We needed for sure finding such a primary cause in order to have a rational explanation for Bingham IV's profound transformation.
Well, continuing with our research, we have stumbled over an event in Bingham IV's life while he was stationed in Marseille that cannot be ignored and perhaps is in part responsible for his extraordinary transformation. While in Marseille, the young Bingham IV was a tall and quite handsome man, extremely elegant and with a lot of money at his disposal. He was not a saint by any means, and had at least one extramarital affair. That documented affair cost him plenty: to be exact a cool one hundred thousand dollars! This is as much as that female companion was able to smuggle from him. We do not know if that woman was a high-class prostitute or not but we do know that she was intimately acquainted with Bingham IV and his money. It is also a distinct possibility that she was a Jewish woman, and that could explain why Bingham IV had began disliking Jews so much after his return from Marseille. Another factor that cannot be ignored in attempting to understand the enigmatic Bingham IV, is the fact that he most certainly attributed his misfortunes in life to the Holocaust itself and this, in addition, may have been a contributing factor in understanding why Bingham IV upon his return from Marseille became also a Holocaust denier. We have uncovered such a record to be presented herein with additional analysis on this subject.
Many, if not all, of Bingham IV's children were puzzled (if not embarrassed) by their father's aimless life as they could not make sense of their father's life as he remained for all of them a most enigmatic and reclusive person. Then, as the Bingham family story goes, in 1996 or so, some eight years after Bingham IV's death, one of the Bingham's seven sons (we believe his first name to be William) was said to have discovered a large package beyond a fireplace in Bingham IV's house in Connecticut with many documents revealing the great heroic and humanitarian deeds that their father did while in Marseille. From that alleged moment on, the Bingham family began a coordinated campaign of resurrecting the late Bingham IV with Mr. Robert Kim Bingham being at its helm. As our evidence is going to show, we have asked Mr. Bingham some three weeks ago to provide to us some first-hand evidence to support any of his outlandish claims that are posted in his website and in a number of newspaper articles (that with ease can be discredited) with respect to his father's purported humanitarian deeds and acts of heroism. In response to this , we received from Mr. Bingham an evasive answer that our request for documentation has been forwarded to a third party, a Holocaust research expert, for a reply. We have yet to receive that reply...
Let there be no mistake: none of the grandiose claims advanced by Mr. Bingham in his website and in a number of newspapers can be supported or corroborated by any credible evidence. In fact, all the credits attributed to Mr. Bingham's father have long been recognized as belonging to our true national hero, Varian Fry --the only American to be honored by the State of Israel with the "Righteous Among the Nations" title, and the only American honored by the US Consulate in Marseille with naming its plaza after his name.
It is our contention that the Bingham IV's case, as presented by Mr. Bingham in his website, is a case built up with distorted and fabricated evidence that was blown out of proprtion with considerable skill and zeal. In addition, we found another type of evidence that is being implanted into the Bingham IV's case --that of distorted association. Although Varian Fry was the brain and the head of that rescuing operation, he has been pushed aside by Mr. Bingham as now all the credit is being attributed to Mr. Bingham's father as clearly one can see from his elaborate website.
Let this be clear from the outset: we view Mr. Bingham's push for recognizing his father as a hero, an odious act. It is odious because he is using the Holocaust, in a cynical way, as a tool to advance his family's personal agenda, an agenda that is being disguised, in a grotesque manner, as a worthy and just cause.
So here we come, after this outlined presentation of our side to this case, to the crux of the debate at hand:
to scrutinize the available evidence that is to be presented herein, by both camps, on the late Bingham IV's deeds, actions and risks involved, and make an informed judgment for or against the posthumous awards for the late Bingham IV that his son, Mr. Bingham, is so adamantly pursuing.
We will do our very best to create herein a conducive place for a vigorous but dignified debate where the two opposite camps will be able to present their respective case, in the best possible light, fairly and as complete as desired. Anybody can embrace a particular side and participate in this debate as long as you have been approved by either camp that you can make a meaningful contribution to this debate.
In addition, it is important to stress that even if you are not participating directly in the debate, your voice can and should be heard as each and every opinion counts, for a final judgment of the Bingham IV case to be rendered by the respective two agencies in question.
* For the "Righteous Among Nation" title that is pending, write your view (for or against) to
Righteous Among the Nations
* For the Stamp Petition that is pending, write your view (for or against) to
Manager, Stamp Development
Citizens' Stamp Advisory Committee
US Postal Service
475 L'Enfant Plaza, SW (Room 5670)
Washington, DC 20260-2437.
Finally, you may ask yourself: Why do I need to be involved in all this? Why is this my concern? Well, Holocaust is a much too important subject for one to remain silent or indifferent to it. Indifference was in fact the principal factor that had led to the existence of the Holocaust in the first place. As Sir Ian Kershaw put it "the road to Auschwitz was built by hate, but paved with indifference." No one perhaps gave us a better warning on the danger of staying indifferent than the late Yiddish poet and Holocaust survivor Edward Yashinsky who warned us:
"Fear not your enemies, for they can only kill you.
Fear not your friends, for they can only betray you.
Fear only the indifferent, who permit the killers and betrayers
to walk safely on the earth."
Thank you so much for your consideration. We look forward to your active participation.
K. K. Brattman
Holocaust Survivors' Network
NatureQuest Publications, Inc.
Harvard Square Station
PO Box 381797
Cambridge, MA 02238-1797
Dated: June 4, 2003
...and the Skull and Bones daisy chain keeps going on into the next generation...
Zorthian, Gregory Jannig a S&B of 1975 x Publishing 07/23/53 NY NYC, New Business Mgr, Circulation, Fortune Magazine, Time Inc ( NYC); ***Legislative Aide, to S&B US Rep Jonathan Bingham, the Representative son of Senator Hiram III;*** Dir, Deer Island Corp
with that background, the main article:
Peru wants its Machu Picchu stuff back from Yale (and the Binghams)
Last update: November 30, 2005 at 12:50 PM
LIMA, Peru — Peru is preparing a lawsuit against Yale University to retrieve artifacts taken nearly a century ago from the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu, a government official said Wednesday.
Peru has held discussions in recent years with Yale seeking the return of nearly 5,000 artifacts, including ceramics and human bones that explorer Hiram Bingham dug up during three expeditions to Machu Picchu in 1911, 1912 and 1914.
"Yale considers the collection university property, given the amount of time it has been there,'' said Luis Guillermo Lumbreras, chief of Peru's National Institute of Culture, in an interview with The Associated Press.
"This is something we do not recognize because the pieces were legally granted in a temporary loan. That is the reason it will be necessary to air this in the courts and no longer simply on the level of diplomatic conversations.''
Peru's Foreign Ministry was preparing the legal case and would likely present it in Connecticut state court, Lumbreras said. He said it was not clear when the lawsuit would be filed.
Richard Burger, chairman and director of graduate studies at Yale's Council on Archaeological Studies, did not immediately return telephone messages seeking comment.
Lumbreras said former President Augusto B. Leguia gave Bingham "permission to temporarily export the objects for scientific ends,'' with the agreement that the artifacts would be returned after one year. That later was extended by 18 months.
"Theoretically, they should have been returned after Jan. 27, 1916,'' Lumbreras said. "The fact is, they weren't returned.''
For decades, Peru did not pursue the matter, he said.
"It stayed that way for nearly 100 years,'' Lumbreras said. "The 100th anniversary of the scientific anniversary of Machu Picchu is coming. We believe it is time to return the collection.''
The Incas ruled Peru from the 1430s until the arrival of the Spaniards in 1532, constructing incredible stone-block cities and roads and developing a highly organized society that extended from modern-day Colombia to Chile.
The reconstructed ruins at Machu Picchu, located on a craggy mountaintop above a lush valley about 310 miles southeast of Lima, are Peru's top tourist attraction.
Bingham, the first foreigner to reach Machu Picchu, had multiple theories about Machu Picchu: that it was perhaps a religious estate inhabited mostly by women, a last Inca stronghold abandoned as the Spanish invaded or the Incas' city of origin.
Experts now say Bingham was wrong on all counts. Machu Picchu was, in fact, a summer estate for royalty, a sort of Camp David for the Inca ruler Pachacuti, Yale's Burger told AP in 2003. About 600 people, mostly royalty and their servants, are believed to have lived there during the summer.
After his explorations, Bingham turned to politics. He served one day as Connecticut governor in 1925 before resigning to take a seat in Congress.
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