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legacies selection 2004


John Dean, who knows a few things or two about the TRUE nature of American
Politics offers these comments...well worth considering!
The Coming Post-Election Chaos by John Dean


Friday, Oct. 22, 2004

This next presidential election, on November 2, may be followed by post-election chaos unlike any we´ve ever known

Look at the swirling, ugly currents currently at work in this conspicuously close race. There is Republicans´ history of going negative to win elections. There is Karl Rove´s disposition to challenge close elections in post-election brawls. And there is Democrats´ (and others) new unwillingness to roll over, as was done in 2000. Finally, look at the fact that a half-dozen lawsuits are in the works in the key states and more are being developed.

This is a climate for trouble. A storm warning is appropriate. In the end, attorneys and legal strategy could prove as important, if not more so, to the outcome of this election as the traditional political strategists and strategy.

Let´s go over each factor that spells trouble - and see how they may combine.

A GOP Disposition For Nasty Campaigns

Before this year´s race, the 1988 presidential race between George H. W. Bush and Michael Dukakis was well-known as the most foul of modern campaigns. The Bush campaign used Willie Horton to smear their way to the White House - with Lee Atwater playing the hardest of hardball.

Horton was a convicted murderer. Massachusetts Governor Dukakis gave him a prison furlough. Once furloughed, Horton held a white Maryland couple hostage for twelve hours, raping the woman and stabbing the man. By using these facts - and Horton´s mug shot - in a heavy-handed negative advertisement, Atwater turned the election for Bush. As a Southerner, especially, he must have understood how the ad catered to racial prejudice.

In the 2000 Republican primary race, George W. Bush used similar tactics against Senator John McCain. That´s no surprise: Bush´s political strategist Karl Rove, and Bush himself, were protégées´ and admirers of Lee Atwater. To my knowledge, all of Rove´s campaigns have accentuated the negative - often dwelling exclusively on nasty attacks. This one is no exception.

Thus, if Bush narrowly prevails on Election Day, the Democrats are likely to be in a less than congenial mood - and especially likely to go to court. And there will doubtless be fodder for litigation, given the GOP´s propensity to try to disqualify votes and voters.

The GOP´s Campaign Tactic Of Attempting to Disqualify Votes And Voters

In 1986, former Assistant United States Attorney James Brosnahan (today a noted San Francisco trial attorney) testified - based on an investigation the Justice Department had dispatched him to conduct - that as a young Phoenix attorney, Justice William Rehnquist had been part of conservative Republicans´ 1962 efforts to disqualify black and Hispanic voters who showed up to vote. Brosnahan´s testimony was supported by no less than fourteen additional witnesses. Rehnquist nevertheless became Chief Justice - thanks to the continued support of conservative Republicans.

During the 1964 Goldwater versus Johnson race, when I first heard of such tactics, I was appalled to hear friends bragging about excluding Johnson supporters from voting. Later, when I found myself working at the Department of Justice for Richard Kleindienst, we discussed such tactics.

Kleindienst served as director of field operations for Goldwater in 1964, and for Nixon in 1968. Remarkably, Kleindienst confided that he had engaged in fewer dubious tactics in 1968 than in 1964. If such efforts were mounted by the Nixon campaign in 1972, when I had a good overview of what was going on, I am not aware of it.

Even Nixon had his limits, and he was more interested in wooing white Southerners into the Republican ranks. He did so, successfully, when such Southern Democratic stalwarts and pillars of bigotry and racism as Senators Strom Thrumond and Jesse Helms joined the GOP. They renewed the party´s effort to disqualify voters who, and votes that, did not see the world as Republicans did. The racism became less blatant. After all, it had become a crime -- which called for new tactics. Yet the revised stratagems were (and remain) anything but subtle.

The 2000 presidential race in Florida is an excellent example. Reportedly, Bush´s Florida victory came courtesy of 537 votes out of some six million. It´s plain from this slim margin that the GOP´s voter and vote disqualifying tactics cost Vice President Al Gore the presidency. (In the October 2004 issue of Vanity Fair, an excellent article entitled "The Path To Florida" explains how the Republicans nullified and disqualified literally hundreds of thousands of Florida votes.)

This lesson has not been lost on the Democrats - who are likely to refrain from conceding if they are losing in 2004 until all of the dubious disqualifications in closely-won swing states are sorted out.

Rove´s Refusal To Accept Defeat: The Knee-jerk Response of Suing

And it won´t only be the Democrats heading to court. Indeed, in Florida in 2000, it was Bush who sued first -- while later falsely accusing Gore of starting the litigation.

Contrary to popular belief, it wasn´t merely the closeness of the tallying in what appeared to be unique circumstances in Florida that spawned litigation. To the contrary, suing is a standard operating procedure for Karl Rove when he is losing (or has lost) a race.

A recent profile of Karl Rove in the November 2004 Atlantic Monthly, entitled "Karl Rove In A Corner," examines how Rove operates in a close race. While Rove has had only a few, his tactics are never pretty.

The article describes "Rove´s power, when challenged, to draw on an animal ferocity that far exceeds the chest-thumping bravado common to professional political operatives" - and notes that "Rove´s fiercest tendencies have been elided in national media coverage."

Consider Rove´s role in a 1994 judicial campaign for the Alabama Supreme Court. Election returns showed his candidate had lost by 304 votes. But Rove went to court - not only suing to overturn the election, but at the same time, further campaigning to garner support for these efforts.

These maneuvers went on and on and on. Rove´s candidate and his opponent both appeared for Inauguration Day ceremonies, although neither was seated. Rove moved the matter from state to federal courts. And he appealed whenever he could - all the way up to the U. S. Supreme Court, which stayed the case almost a year after the election. In the end, Rove´s man won -- purportedly by 262 votes.

Doubtless, Rove was similarly prepared to take Bush´s 2000 lawsuits as far as necessary. Had the U.S. Supreme Court bumped the case back to the Florida Supreme Court, and allowed the recount to conclude, doubtless Rove would have again challenged the recount - all the way back up to the U.S. Supreme Court if necessary.

Make no mistake: If Bush loses, and it is very close, Rove will want to litigate as long as possible, going to the U.S. Supreme Court (again) if possible.

Still Too Close To Call: The Conspicuous Closeness Of The 2004 Race

So far, no incumbent modern president has won or lost in a squeaker. Even races that looked close in the polls were subject to a last-minute surge in one direction. But we are now ten days away from the 2004 election, with no surge yet in evidence.

A late "October Surprise" might change that. Osama´s arrest would likely cause a surge for Bush. New and unequivocally damning evidence about the justification for the Iraq war could create a surge for Kerry. (Suppose, for instance, it became incontrovertible that, for instance, Bush and Cheney knew that Saddam not only did not have WMD but also had terminal cancer.)

Still, without such a surprise, this race may be an historical photo finish. The electorate is deeply divided. Most of the undecided are now decided. So a true surge for either candidate is unlikely.

There is one wild card: Both sides - as well as many independent groups -- have recently registered hundreds of thousands of new voters. Historically, newly registered voters have often not voted in the first election for which they were eligible. But that could change; it´s impossible to know.

Exactly how close will the race be? Of course, polls are an imperfect measure, and they tend to be less reliable the closer it is to Election Day. Still, as I write, and based on the consensus of polls I believe (historically) to be the most reliable, the situation appears to be this:

There are a total of 538 electoral votes. A simple majority of 270 wins. (If the candidates tie at 269, the tie is broken by the House of Representatives.)

President Bush seems to have a lock on 176 electoral votes from twenty states: AL-9, AK-3, AZ-10, GA-15, ID-4, IN-10, KS-6, KY-8, LA-9, MS-6, MT-3, NE-5, ND-3, OK-7, SC-3, TN-11, TX-34, UT-5, VA-13 and WY-3. Senator Kerry seems to have a lock on 153 electoral votes in ten states and the District of Columbia: CA-55, CT-7, DE-3, HI-4, IL-21, MD-10, MA-12, NY-31, RI-4, VT-3 and DC-3.

Six states with 51 electoral votes tilt toward Bush: AR-6, CO-9, MO-11, NV-5, NC-15 and WV-5. But six states with 63 electoral votes lean toward Kerry: ME-3 (note that Maine apportions its four electoral votes, and one vote still appears to be up for grabs), MI-17, MN-10, NJ-15, OR-7 and WA-11.

Suppose all the tilting states indeed go in the direction in which they are tilting. That gives Bush/Cheney 227 electoral votes, and Kerry/Edwards 216 votes.

There are still eight true swing states. In total, they have 95 electoral votes: IA-7, FL-27, ME-1, NH-4, NM-5, OH-20, PA-21, and WI-10.

It is in these states that election 2004 will ultimately be resolved - either in the voting booths, or in the courts. And note that none of these states, alone - even Florida, with its 27 votes - will give either candidate a win.

That means we could see simultaneous litigation in a number of states - chosen either because the polling was especially close, or because there are significant numbers of vulnerable votes to try to disqualify. It will be recalled that the possibility for multi-state litigation arose in 2000, before Florida became the focus; it could easily become a reality in 2004.

An Election For Attorneys: Neither Side Will Budge If Litigation Begins

When I discussed this situation with several attorneys on both sides, I realized none are likely to back down. The Democrats intend to play hardball to win this time; the Republicans feel that Democrats aren´t adhering to the letter of the law in registration efforts - and want to hold them to it.

It is impossible to get a complete count, but it appears that at least 10,000 - and possibly as many as 150,000 -- attorneys, paralegals and law students will be working as observers, or handling election problems, on November 2-- just in the swing states. They have been trained in the relevant state´s election laws, and they will focus on the casting and counting of votes.

With so many legal minds looking for problems and such combative attitudes on both sides, litigation seems inevitable - especially if the November 2 tally is close. And if litigation starts, it won´t stop soon: A game of litigation chicken -- testing who will fold first - seems likely, with each party bent on holding out.

The Nightmare Scenario: An Election Up in the Air For Months

It may be days or weeks, if not months, before we know the final results of this presidential election. And given the Republican control of the government, if Karl Rove is on the losing side, it could be years: He will take every issue (if he is losing) to its ultimate appeal in every state he can.

The cost of such litigation will be great - with the capital of citizens´ trust in their government, and its election processes, sinking along with the nation´s (if not the world´s) financial markets, which loathe uncertainty. After Bush v. Gore, is there any doubt how the high Court would resolve another round? This time, though, the Court, too, will pay more dearly. With persuasive power as its only source of authority, the Court´s power will diminish as the American people´s cynicism skyrockets.

It does not seem to trouble either Rove or Bush that they are moving us toward a Twenty-first Century civil war -- and that, once again, Southern conservatism is at its core. Only a miracle, it strikes me, can prevent this election from descending into post-election chaos. But given the alternatives, a miracle is what I am hoping for.
lest we forget about the dirty trickster! 24.Oct.2004 13:05


John Dean, former White House Counsel to Richard Nixon and Author of "Worse Than Watergate: The Secret Presidency of George W. Bush" (This guy should know all about dirty tricks and inside jobs and chaos and corruption!).

More on the Same Topic 24.Oct.2004 13:23

see also

Biggest legal battle in US election history looms


It is nine days until America goes to the polls, and already an army of lawyers working for President Bush and his opponent John Kerry are engaged in an intense legal battle in what is shaping up to be the most litigious election in US history.

Across the country, an unprecedented number of lawsuits have been filed, challenging basic election rules. Lawyers are flooding into Florida, Ohio, Pennsylvania and other battleground states to prepare the ground for victory.

The lesson both sides learned from the disputed result of 2000, and the protracted legal battle that followed, is that if November 2 doesn't deliver a decisive result, the election could again be decided in court.


Prepare for litigation-filled post-election
Legal scholars say Supreme Court's 2000 action paved the way


It's dawning on Americans that they may go to sleep Election Night, Nov. 2, and not know for weeks who won the presidency.

Close polls, technical glitches, human error and legal challenges threaten a nightmare replay of the 2000 race.

"We could have five or six Floridas including Florida itself, given the number of legal issues surfacing in one state or another so far in the 2004 race," says law professor Burt Neuborne, who spearheads voting reform efforts at New York University.

Bring It On 24.Oct.2004 14:08


"It does not seem to trouble either Rove or Bush that they are moving us toward a Twenty-first Century civil war."

Bring it on, fuckers.

having seen the direction America is 24.Oct.2004 16:32

moving towards

(i.e...a civil war) I've renigged on paying my debts last month and bought lot's of ammo/guns and food!

Batten down the hatches and get ready to fight in the streets and take back America!

Folk's...we've been living our lives for these days...the days of redemption is at hand! Be ready!

Portrait of a country on the verge of a nervous breakdown 24.Oct.2004 16:51

Andrew Gumbel

With only nine days to go and the polls showing Bush and Kerry still neck and neck, the result is once agin likely to turn on the minutiae of the voting system. But this time the whole country seems poised to descend into post-election chaos. Andrew Gumbel reports on the traumatising effects of this bitter campaign and how, as the world's most powerful democracy talks of exporting freedom to Iraq, it is at risk of becoming an object of international ridicule

Victory for Dixie? 25.Oct.2004 10:24


"they are moving us toward a Twenty-first Century civil war -- and that, once again, Southern conservatism is at its core."

Is this the final out come of the Civel War???????

Did the civil war ever end? 25.Oct.2004 18:43

Dan S.

Following the North's victory in 1865, the reunited U.S. embarked on a program of Reconstruction which failed miserably after a few years due to lack of support from the North. Hence the crucial social issues which had been festering since Independence from Britain were not resolved, only resubmerged, after the 1861-1865 period of hostilities ended. Hostilities flared again and again through the mid 1930's, generally over civil rights issues (race riots, disproportionately initiated by whites) and labor issues (when labor unions did have the power to take over entire cities and the near revolutions in 1877 and throughout the 1890's and early 1900's). Following World War II and the 1950's, the same issues of civil rights and liberties (as well as the obvious hypocrisy represented by the Vietnam War) reemerged in the turbulent 1960's, which set many political and cultural precedents making America a bright spot for the rest of the world. The 1980's saw considerable regression back to a status quo which the Clinton years merely slowed down but did not stop. Bush has accelerated things back towards the right wing, cast this time in the ideologies of neoconservatism and Christian-nationalism and centered most heavily in the South. Of course, the liberal/left leaning American cultures have awakened since the late 1990's, and though still rather unorganized and fractious, have made a committment to a decentralized resistance often visible in the forms of intentionally disruptive street protest and other forms of direct action (many of the tactics offspring from the models developed for shutting down the WTO in 1999).

Southern fundamentalist Christianity and the various green/anarchist/libertarian cultures are as distinct and uncompatible as slave and free. It's not a matter of if, but when. Although the "dixie" could win independence this time if they cared to (they certainly have developed the demographic, political, and industrial might to do so), it is likely that the underdog challenge would come from northern and western states whose cities, counties, and legislatures have passed resolutions condemning and threatening non-cooperation against the Patriot Act and terroristic invasion of Iraq.

Cascadia may exist someday as a result, and sooner than one might think. This may be good for the Northern and Western States which would be free to take a radically liberal direction if they so chose, but will suck for the liberals and conservatives who are living hundreds if not thousands of miles on the wrong side of the red versus blue borders (I'm a greenertarian living in Northern Georgia).

Again this is all very hypothetical, a clean majority may end up picking one candidate anyway, making of all of this seem rather high-strung and pointless.