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Press Statement: Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) Central Committee

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Press Statement: Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) Central Committee

Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)

Central Committee

Press Statement

A Plenum of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), a great and glorious vanguard of the Nepalese proletariat, has been accomplished within a base area in countryside of the country, in a convention hall, specially decorated with various banners and canopies. This press statement has been issued in order to make the decisions public of that historic meeting which was held for ten days on the chairmanship of Chairman Prachanda within the circumstance of special security cordon of the People's Liberation Army and direct assistance of the broad masses of people, and with the full participation of all the comrades who have been fighting in all fronts and responsibilities except absence of those who have been under enemy arrest.



1. At the beginning of the meeting, which commenced with a brief inauguration speech by Chairman Prachanda, a tribute of honour was offered to innumerable immortal martyrs of great People's War including Central Committee member comrade Paribartan as well as innumerable known and unknown martyrs within the country and abroad by observing a minute silence.

2. In the Plenum of the Central Committee, the newly appointed Central Committee members have taken a grave and emotional oath towards their post and responsibility.

3. The central in-charges of different regional bureaus, military bureaus and the members of the Standing Committee have presented reports of their commands, bureaus as well as of their departments. At the end of the reporting, synthesising the report Chairman Prachanda, by accentuating that the reporting system need to be made more scientific in the future, concluded that with revolutionary transformation of this overall report, the ideological, political, organizational and military foundation has been built up in order to enter into strategic offensive from strategic equilibrium.

4. As a main agenda of the meeting Comrade Prachanda had presented a political and organizational document titled "Advance on the stage of strategic offensive raising the process of revolutionary transformation to a new height". The essence of that document which was adopted unanimously with miner edition after an intense and enthusiastic debate for six days reads below—

A. Having done a consigned and inspiring analysis of the present situation and having done an acute examination of the economic, political and strategic characteristics of the world imperialism, the document has drawn an objective synthesis that there is an inevitably irresolvable crisis before the imperialism and the development of raising wave of world revolution.



The document has accepted the challenges to develop on all the component parts of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, the Marxist Philosophy, the Political economy and the Scientific Socialism by applying dialectical materialism for the success of revolution as well as in the service of the world proletarian revolution and in resistance against imperialist erected ideological and cultural confusions including so called postmodernism in the 21st century, the economic colonialism and process of looting in the name of so called globalisation and privatisation, and against the modern military fascism waged in the name of war against terrorism. In this reference, welcoming the ideological debate led by the International Communist Movement, mainly by the Committee of the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement RIM, (on which our glorious party also constitutes a membership), the document has accentuated on the unified initiative of the whole Party for a developed and new ideological synthesis of Prachanda Path in Nepal.



B. The document has made a lengthy historical explanation over the process of expansionist intervention of the reactionary Indian ruling class over Nepalese nationality, geological integrity, economic self-dependency as well as over political and cultural freedom; over the national capitulationist character of the old feudal state, and the struggle of the Nepalese people against the expansionist intervention and national capitulationism. Along with the analysis, the document has clarified the fact that having backed by the US imperialism, the Indian expansionism is coming on the direct intervention against the great People's War. This has been further justified by the intervention and arrest of several responsible comrades including comrade Kiran, the veteran member of the standing Committee of our Party, in different cities of India recently targeting our Party Headquarter. Having following the expansionist doctrine of Neharu, that regards the Himalayan ranges as its boarder, the Indian ruling class is advancing with vicious intrigue and conspiracy with the strategy of either Bhutanise (Treating with Bhutan- Tr.) or Sickimmise (Treat as to Sikkim- Tr.) Nepal. The Indian monopoly capitalist rulers, who have always backed destabilisation and anarchy in Nepal, have now been openly threatening Nepal with their ill intention bringing Nepal under their control through military intervention and conduct massacre against the patriotic and self-respected Nepalese people in the name of so-called supporting to the war against terrorism. Indian expansionism has now stood as externally a main barricade for the creation of credible environment to find a forward-going political solution through peaceful negotiation. The chieftains of the old state of Nepal, in a daydream of lengthening the period of reactionary state, have been committing a heinous crime of mocking over the independent existence and self-respect of the Nepalese people by kneeling down in front of the Indian expansionism. Having made an afore said analysis, the document has called for all the self-respected and patriotic Nepalese people stand unified against the national capitulationism of the old state, Indian expansionist interventions and the danger of nearing military attacks. The document, in the new planning of the party, has emphasised to concentrate against the national capitulation and Indian interventions in all out ideological, political and military fields. The document has also emphasised that the independence of Nepal and Nepalese people can be preserved by turning the whole country to a war front, by militarising all people, and by raising the war strategy to a new height against military interventions of any imperialism and expansionism. Similarly, in the document it is believed that in the war against national capitulation and expansionist interventions, there will be support and sympathy not only of the broad patriotic Nepalese people (which also includes the patriotic personals within the so-called Royal Army of the old state) but also there will be a support and sympathy of just loving Indian masses as well as the masses of the world over.

C. By analysing the present situation, the document has clarified the facts that the old state that is centred in the district headquarters and capital, has, instead of seeking for a historically inevitable reconstruction of the state power and qualitative political outlet, been adhering in one-point agenda of looting the national assets of the country and people on the back of imperialism and expansionism to the end hour of its existence. Submitting total reign of Nepalese economy to foreign comprador capitalists, the daily task of the old state has been to push and spread the unemployed Nepalese people through out the world in pitiful conditions, under the grand design of their imperialist masters. Having deeply concerned to this situation and expressed ferocity, the document has abrogated the meaningless and purposeless hullabaloo of negotiation rose by the flunkeys (so called government) of the feudal palace. Certainly, the document has not abrogated the question of negotiation with the old state. But the document has clarified that such negotiation could be held not with the flunkeys of the old state but with the master itself, along with the reliable international mediation, centring on the issues of making the Nepalese people fully sovereign power. Similarly, the document has also clarified that the negotiation and interactions will be held among the parliamentary political parties and the representatives of the civil societies.

D. In another very important section, the document has discussed achievements and weakness of the Party work in the past one year, and has drawn conclusion that the foundation in order to advance in the strategic offensives against the enemy has been built up. On the basis of the specific context of Nepal and in the present international situation, the document has presented an explanation of the strategic offensive and with a certain political and military target, it has also lay out a first plan of strategic offensive. In order to achieve a targeted aims, the document has stressed on developing resistance on the leadership of the Unified and Centralised Leadership to the level of Party, People's Liberation Army, United People's Revolutionary Council, various National and Regional Autonomous Governments, different fronts, departments, and broad masses of people. Similarly, in the new plan, keeping attention on the skill of the People's Liberation Army, the state of means, resources and qualitative growth on number and the necessity of strategic offensives, the formation of the PLA has been developed three Divisions with the formation of Central Division in addition to Eastern and Western Divisions. Hence, the regular force of the PLA has been organised on three Divisions, 9 Brigades and 29 Battalions. Similarly, it is also decided that altogether one hundred thousand (100,000) people's militias will also be organised under the formation of Company under the Districts and Regional Headquarters. Finally, the new plan has also clarified an aim to provide a military training on defensive and offensives to the broad masses of the people to fight a Tunnel War against foreign interventions.

E. In another important section of the document, a broad proposal on the organisational rectification is presented. Divided to two sections including ideological rectification and organisational and working style rectification, a concrete plan and programme has also been pointed out in the document. According to that, on ideological rectification, a concrete orientation has been laid out in the document on the problem of study and practice of the dialectical materialism about the correct Marxist-Leninist-Maoist conception on preservation, practice and development of Prachanda Path, importance of ideological struggle against individualist anarchism and the bureaucratic working style. About organisational and working style rectification, having learned from the past weaknesses, certain methodology has been pointed out mainly to make the relation with the friendly forces a respectful, lively and intense. The essence of the document is to aim to take the responsibility of the whole country. A certain methodology has also been laid out to initiate the rectification as a campaign from the centre to the bottom.



5. After the adoption of the political and organisational Document by the Central Committee, several important decisions on necessary organisational and military distributions have been made according to the new plan of strategic offensive.

6. At the final stage of the meeting, a conclusive session was organised on which various comrades have presented their feelings. While keeping their views, all of the comrades have said that this Central Committee Meeting remained important of far-reaching implication from the ideological, political, organisational and methodological standpoint.



At the end of the conclusion session, Chairman Comrade Prachanda defined the meeting as victory and unity in multiple important sections and concluded the meeting with his important speech. Immediately after the announcement of the conclusion of the meeting by Chairman Prachanda, all the comrades had loudly chorused the following thundering slogans standing on their seat and raising their fists.



- Strategic offensive - lets success 2

- Down with Imperialism and Indian expansionism—down with 2

- Long live Proletarian Internationalism - Long live 2

- Long live Marxism-Leninism-Maoism and Prachanda Path - Long live 2

- Long live Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) - Long live 2

- Long live great People's War - Long live 2

- Red Salute to brave martyrs - Red Salute 2





Date 16 Bhadra 2061

31 August 2004

Prachanda

Chairman

CC , CPN (Maoist)
Maiosts manufacture consent 10.Sep.2004 20:19

Migratory Bird

Amnest International Report 2004



Nepal

KINGDOM OF NEPAL
Head of state: King Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev
Head of government: Surya Bahadur Thapa (replaced Lokendra Bahadur Chand in June)
Death penalty: abolitionist for all crimes
UN Women's Convention: ratified
Optional Protocol to UN Women's Convention: signed


Take action!
Nepal: Protect human rights defenders from "disappearance"


Further information
Nepal: Widespread "disappearances" in the context of armed conflict
(AI Index: ASA 31/045/2003)

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All AI documents on Nepal



Covering events from January - December 2003

An escalation in arbitrary arrests, "disappearances", extrajudicial executions and torture by the security forces was reported following the breakdown of peace talks in August. This was in contrast to a marked improvement in the human rights situation in the first seven months of the year after the government and the Communist Party of Nepal (CPN) (Maoist) declared a cease-fire. Increasing human rights abuses by both sides contributed to the breakdown of the cease-fire. Despite repeated appeals for an effective human rights monitoring mechanism, including from the UN and the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC), no such mechanism was established.

Background

A cease-fire between the government and the CPN (Maoist) was declared on 29 January. In March both sides agreed to observe a "Code of Conduct" that contained several human rights provisions, but no monitoring mechanism was put in place to enforce them. Three rounds of peace talks between the government and the CPN (Maoist) took place in April, May and August. Prime Minister Chand resigned on 30 May, following criticism by the main political parties, and was replaced by Surya Bahadur Thapa, also from the monarchist Rastriya Prajatantra Party (RPP). In May, five main political parties began a campaign for the restoration of parliament. The peace process broke down on 27 August when the CPN (Maoist) declared it was withdrawing from the talks because the government had failed to implement agreements reached during the second round of talks and would not agree to setting up a constituent assembly.

The Women's Commission and the Dalit Commission, set up as governmental departments in 2002, prepared draft legislation for their formal establishment which was left pending. Eighty cases of women's rights violations, including property and inheritance rights and domestic violence, were registered with the Women's Commission. In February the Dalit Commission published a strategy paper aimed at promoting greater interaction with public bodies to eliminate racial discrimination and "untouchability" in the country. The Commission said that dalits were victims of human rights abuses by both sides in the conflict.

Extrajudicial executions

Reports of extrajudicial executions by the security forces were received during the cease-fire and increased following the resumption of hostilities. On 17 August the army surrounded a house in Doramba, Ramechhap district, where a Maoist meeting was taking place. They shot one person dead and took 19 others, including five women, into custody. The 19 were marched with their hands tied to Dandakateri, where they were alleged to have been summarily executed. An investigation team appointed by the NHRC found that the majority had been shot in the head at close range. The Royal Nepal Army (RNA), which initially claimed that the victims were rebels who had been killed during an ambush, said they would conduct an investigation but had not made public any conclusions by the end of the year.

The NHRC also investigated and corroborated reports that the army had fired indiscriminately at a group of students attending a cultural program organized by the Maoists at the Sharada Higher Secondary School, Mudabhara Village Development Committee, Doti district, on 13 October. Four students, including three minors, were shot dead.

'Disappearances'

Following the breakdown of the cease-fire in August, more than 150 people were reported to have "disappeared" after arrest during counter-insurgency operations by the security forces in Kathmandu and other districts. Among them were seven women. Many were believed to be held incommunicado at army barracks throughout the country.

One woman, Nirmala Bhandari, and six men - Krishna Katri Chhetri, Min Kumar Koirala, Lokendra Dhwaj Kand, Prakash Chandra Lohani, Pradeep Adhikari and Amrit Kadel - were among several students who "disappeared" after arrest by security forces in Kathmandu in September. Some were alleged to belong to student unions affiliated to the CPN (Maoist).

Teachers and journalists were also targeted. Madhab Ghemere and Udaya Raj Gautam, members of the Nepal Teachers' Organization, which is close to the leftist political parties, "disappeared" after they were arrested in Kathmandu in late September. Tej Narayan Sapkota, an employee of the Sarbottam printing press, was arrested in late November and "disappeared".

Fifty-eight habeas corpus petitions were filed before the Supreme Court on behalf of people who "disappeared" after arrest following the resumption of hostilities. However, as in previous years, the security forces did not cooperate with the courts in cases involving Maoist suspects.

During the year AI submitted 42 "disappearance" cases to the UN Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances, which were forwarded to the government for clarification.

Torture and ill-treatment

Torture and ill-treatment of detainees in the custody of the RNA, Armed Police Force (APF) and civilian police continued to be reported regularly.

In April, seven men believed by police to be homosexuals were reportedly beaten with batons and gun butts, kicked and whipped with belts after they were taken into custody in Kathmandu.
Deepak Thapa was arrested after a fight with a taxi driver on 20 September by two policemen who beat him with a gun butt and kicked him to the ground. In custody at Hanuman Dhoka district police office, police allegedly beat him on the thighs and arms, the soles of the feet (falanga) and rolled a weighted stick across his thighs (belana). He was not provided with any medical treatment.
Om Bahadur Thapa was arrested on 11 September at his watch repair shop on suspicion of being a Maoist sympathizer. He was reportedly held at Singha Durbar army barracks, where he was blindfolded, beaten and denied food for several days.
Seven members of the civilian police from Kohalpur police station, Banke district, allegedly raped two girls aged 16 and 14 on 27 September. The police officers involved were arrested and remanded in custody, but there were concerns for the safety of the two girls who were threatened in order to induce them to retract their statements.

The UN Special Rapporteur on torture, the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression and the Chairperson-Rapporteur of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention issued a joint statement in November expressing their profound concern over reports that dozens of people were being detained secretly and were at risk of torture and ill-treatment.

Arbitrary arrests

More than 1,000 members and leaders of the five main political parties were arrested during demonstrations in Kathmandu between May and August. Most were released within 24 hours. The demonstrations were part of a campaign for the restoration of democracy. Those detained were prisoners of conscience. Following the breakdown of the cease-fire in August, several hundred people were arrested and held under the Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Control and Punishment) Act, which allows for preventive detention for up to 90 days.

Action on human rights violations and continuing impunity

A military court sentenced two soldiers to periods of imprisonment for human rights violations committed during 2002 and 2003 in Kathmandu and Bardiya districts. A further 10 cases were reported to be under investigation by the RNA human rights cell but details were not made public. The NHRC investigated allegations of extrajudicial executions by the army in Ramechhap and Doti districts and concluded that the army had committed serious human rights violations. Army investigations into the incidents were continuing.

An investigation by the RNA human rights cell into the alleged rape of two young Muslim women, Tabsum, aged 16, and Tarnum Maniyar, aged 18, concluded that the allegations of rape were unfounded but that one of the army officers involved was guilty of unlawful arrest. It was not clear what departmental action, if any, was taken against him.

Investigations by the army, APF and police human rights cells were criticized by observers as not being transparent and unlikely to address the impunity enjoyed by the security forces.

In September the Acting UN High Commissioner for Human Rights called on the government to act swiftly on the findings of the NHRC on the reported extrajudicial executions in Ramechhap district and urged both sides to abide by international humanitarian law.

Maoist abuses

Maoist abuses were reported during the cease-fire and escalated following the resumption of hostilities. Following the breakdown of the cease-fire, there were reports that 30 civilians had been killed by the Maoists. Maoists were also responsible for over 40 abductions and several reports of torture of abductees.

In June, four members of the Communist Party of Nepal-United Marxist Leninist were abducted by the Maoists from Jubithan village, Kalikot district, allegedly because they were "under investigation" by the local Maoist leadership. They were reportedly tortured by the Maoists who broke their arms and legs.
On 1 September Maoists responded to the alleged extrajudicial executions by the army in Ramechhap district by killing Reli Maya Muktan, a senior rural health worker in Doramba. The Maoists accused her of being an informant.
In late September and early October, 21 people from Bijuli, Pyuthan district, including several members of the Jana Morcha Nepal (People's Front, Nepal), were abducted by the Maoists. Most were released immediately, but six were held captive for 74 days.

Child soldiers

There were reports that the CPN (Maoist) continued to abduct and recruit children between the ages of 15 and 18. Reports were received that scores of secondary-school children were abducted from schools in mid-western and far west regions and held for short periods for "re-education". It was alleged that the CPN (Maoist) used the cease-fire to recruit more children into their ranks. The CPN (Maoist) denied that children aged under 16 were recruited into its army or trained in the use of guns.

Refugees

Eighteen Tibetan asylum-seekers, including eight children, were forcibly returned to China on 31 May, despite international appeals. They were among a group of 21 Tibetans detained by police in April and given prison sentences of up to 10 months for entering the country illegally.

Human Rights Watch issued a report in September which exposed how the registration policy in the refugee camps for Nepali-speaking refugees from Bhutan discriminated against women by denying them independent access to food, shelter and supplies and imposed particular hardship on women trying to escape domestic violence.

Human rights monitoring

No monitoring mechanism was put in place to implement the human rights provisions in the Code of Conduct governing the cease-fire. A Human Rights Accord drafted by the NHRC in May, mandating it to set up five regional offices to monitor human rights with technical assistance provided by the UN, was presented to the government and CPN (Maoist). Both sides agreed in principle to the Accord, although neither had signed up to it by the end of the year. The NHRC investigated cease-fire violations, including those in Ramechhap, Panchthar, Siraha and Doti districts, and concluded that serious abuses of international human rights and humanitarian law had occurred. In December the government established a Human Rights Promotion Centre to ensure that fundamental rights were adhered to. There were concerns that the centre might jeopardize the independence of the NHRC.

AI country visits

AI delegates visited Nepal in July. They met government ministers and facilitators involved in the peace process, and senior APF and police officers. The delegation regretted that the chief of the RNA and the leadership of the CPN (Maoist) failed to meet them.


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As you can see kidnapping young kids and brainwashing them to fight your dirty little wars is not proletariate values.

Rumor are that the Maoists are funded by the the British Indian Army.
"The most disturbing situation for the counter-insurgency planners is that many of the Maoist affected areas are inhabited by a large number of well trained retired Indian and British Army Gurkha soldiers. Authorities suspect that some of these retirees are providing training to Maoist guerrillas."

 http://www.saag.org/papers2/paper187.htm

US Creates Terror in Nepal 11.Sep.2004 02:36

Migratory Bird

 http://www.kantipuronline.com/kolnews.php?&nid=17078

The US is supplying weapons and is telling Nepal not to seek UN interference. Shhh, says the US embassy, we will sell you weapons, not let us take your land, and farm more gmo's. Nepal rely's 90% upon agriculture for it's industry.

Please write the US embassy to demand that they call for UN intervention. Tell them to stop supplying the army with Guns and training. Before we have another Guatemala on our hands!