What is Songun?
Songun literally translates to "military first". This means the military and all partisans who support Kim Jong Il receive benefits, while Kim Jong Il enjoys a life in luxury. Because of the Songun military build-up there are not enough resources to feed all people. Therefore the government channels the food (even food aid) to those people who support the government. The others are discriminated and suffer from starvation. (1)
What about Juche?
Kim Il Sung died in 1994. And with Kim Il Sung the Juche-style socialism and all its achievements are gone. Kim Jong Il destroyed the inheritance of his father to keep his power. He replaced Juche-style socialism by Songun-style militarism. In no socialist nation the son inherited power from his father. In no socialist nation there is a personality cult as in the DPRK. The election results in the DPRK (ridiculous 100 % for Kim Jong Il) are fixed beforehand.
What are Kwanliso?
Kwanliso are "re-education centers", the North Korean type of concentration camps. There are at least 5 such camps in the DPRK, e. g. in Haengyong and in Yodok. 200000 people are tortured and exploited as slave workers in these horrible camps. Most of them are political prisoners, who criticized the government, practiced a religion, tried to flee the country or similar "crimes". (2)
What about Human Rights in the DPRK?
The working masses in the DPRK have almost no rights under Kim Jong Il's Songun politics. Critical remarks will get a person into a Kwanliso together with close family members. There is no opposition or criticism allowed. The mass media are totally controlled and must only praise the government and criticize the USA. People have no access to independent information. To leave the country is persecuted as treason. (3)
(1) Amnesty International
(2) Committee for Human Rights in North Korea
(3) United Nations Resolution on DPRK Human Rights
More Links on Songun-based human rights violations: