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"The Korbelian view" of politics: what changed? ALBRIGHT TO CONDI both E.Euro/USSR/IRAQ

A short background on one family, the Korbels, that make (and warp) your world. This is a very eerie high-level political continuity for over 100 years--or more?

KORBELLIANS, AND STRAUSSIANS, AND MARSHALLITES....AND MEROVINGANS?

all neocons
Korbel One: Madeline Korbel Albright, CFR, U.Denver; ex-Secretary of Hate
Korbel One: Madeline Korbel Albright, CFR, U.Denver; ex-Secretary of Hate
Korbel aristocratic coat of arms, Bohemia-Moravia, Merovingan 'bee' on it
Korbel aristocratic coat of arms, Bohemia-Moravia, Merovingan 'bee' on it
Korbel Two: Condi Rice, Korbel sponsored,CFR,U.Denver;Albright's Policies onward
Korbel Two: Condi Rice, Korbel sponsored,CFR,U.Denver;Albright's Policies onward
summary:

-------------------------------------

And just what is that Korbelian view?

intergenerational INTERNATIONALIST politics, wine/drug trade, sends FDR some champagne after Prohibition; ancestor in failed 1848 Bohemian revolution in Prague, 100 years later exactly, another Korbel a U.N representative,1948; a WWII art thief of Jewish treasures, flees to the US; father to Madeline Albright, who is, later, another U.N. representative; then what follows: Albright's foreign policy post as Clinton's Sec. of Defense overseeing invasion of Yugoslavia (the US 'ultimatum of Rambouillet'), a little bit south of Prague. Then we have Condi who was the 'change of face to maintain policy' --because like Albright Condi specialized in USSR/Czech relations, and was taught and sponsored by Korbel: full circle. Even Korbel Champagne admits as much about the Korbel family political revolutionary origins.

Albright was born in Czechoslovakia in 1937, shortly before the country's dismemberment by the Nazis. But although they belong to different generations and different political parties, Rice and Albright seem to share a similar "Korbelian" view of the world. As Albright left, Condi was put in a similar place, with a similar speciality: Czech/USSR area relations.

Under Korbel's guidance, both Albright and Rice made Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union their principal field of study, almost to the exclusion of other important regions, such as the Middle East and China. Both wrote books inspired by, and dedicated to, Korbel. Albright wrote her doctoral
dissertation [under her own father...] on the role of the press in Communist-dominated Czechoslovakia; Rice studied the relationship between the Soviet and Czechoslovak armies [as her father worked at the same university as Korbel as well.]

Not the least of Korbel's contradictions was his attitude toward women wanting to make a career in foreign policy. The founder of a graduate school for international studies at the University of Denver, Korbel initially was reluctant to accept female students and professors. Over time, however, he
became a champion of "women such as Rice." [In my opnion, that means a problem he had with Black Americans. After all, he taught his own daughter and had little problem with it.] Rice's father was a member of the same university's faculty as Korbel. [read that last sentence once more.]

When the Czechoslovak Communists staged a coup in 1948 [centennial to the 1848 failed Prague revolution, which a Korbel was involved with], toppling a democratic government, Korbel was Czech ambassador to....Yugoslavia. [even more eerie, because his own daughter was in charge of the US/NATO attack on Yugoslavia in the 'ultimatum' of Rambouillet.]


---------------------------------


1.

Origin of KORBEL FAMILY: German

Spelling variations include: Korb, Korrb, Korbb, Korbe, Korrbe, Korbbe, Korbes, Korbee and many more.
First found in Bavaria, where the name Korb was anciently associated with the tribal conflicts of the area.

Some of the first settlers of this name or some of its variants were: settlers who travelled to the New World and established themselves along the eastern seaboard of the United States in Canada in the 18th and 19th centuries.


2.


Two Views of Joseph Korbel
Father of Madeleine Albright, Mentor of Condoleeza Rice
and the Washington Post on Bended Knee
<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<


Contents:

a.) London Times < "Art Theft": Joseph Korbel Steals Jewish
Art Treasures at the End of WW II, Flees to the U.S.

b.) Washington Post < Lavish praise for Joseph Korbel
<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

1.) ART THEFT
UNITED STATES
In the London Times
Albright's father
'took war loot to America'
by Matthew Campbell, Washington

March 30, 1999 - A WEALTHY Austrian family is threatening legal action
against Madeleine Albright, the American secretary of state, in an
acrimonious row over a priceless collection of paintings and antiques that
has its roots in the chaotic aftermath of the second world war.
In a hitherto unpublicised dispute, descendants of Karl Nebrich, an Austrian
industrialist, claim that Albright's father, Josef Korbel, a former Czech
foreign ministry official who was Jewish, stole millions of dollars' worth
of art and furniture from them, then fled with it and his family to America
at the end of the war.

Tired of endless brush-offs from an American lawyer acting for John Korbel,
Albright's brother, Nebrich's heirs are considering legal proceedings to
reclaim the property - including a collection of old masters - in what risks
becoming an embarrassing distraction for America's first female secretary of
state.

"I cannot believe the American secretary of state enjoys eating with my
family's silver," Philip Harmer, a great-grandson of Nebrich, said last
week. "These things must be handed over to my family."

Albright fled from Nazism and then Stalinism as a child and has cited these
events as having shaped her world view. After escaping to London when the
Germans marched into Prague in 1939, her family returned to the Czech
capital in 1945, when Albright was eight. They found that several of the
family's Jewish relatives who had stayed behind had died in concentration
camps.

A luxurious first-floor flat at 11 Hradsanke Street in Prague was
assigned to Albright's father as a reward for his services to the Czech
foreign ministry.

It had been expropriated from the Nebriches, who, although
not members of the Nazi party, had lived comfortably as citizens of the
Reich during the war but then found themselves out of favour with the Czech
authorities when the war ended.

The Nebriches allege that Korbel took possession of paintings, silver and
antique furniture, though these were not included in the expropriation
order. "He took the lot, even the nails from the wall," said Doris Renner, a
daughter of Nebrich. When Korbel was appointed ambassador to Yugoslavia, he
moved his family - and, allegedly, the treasure trove of art - to Belgrade.

Three years later, however, Czechoslovakia's communists staged a coup and
Korbel, an opponent of the communists, was in danger.

The family fled to America, where he became a professor at the University of Denver.

The Nebrich family tried for decades to track a "Dr Korbel" in America. But
it was not until 1996, when Albright - then America's ambassador to the
United Nations - revisited her childhood home in Prague and spoke of her
happy memories, that the Nebrich family realised she was Korbel's daughter.

Harmer, acting for Nebrich's two surviving children - Renner, his
great-aunt, and Ruth Harmer, his grandmother - began bombarding Albright's
office with faxes, letters and lists of items allegedly taken by Korbel.

Among them were 20 paintings - including one by Tintoretto, the Venetian
master, and one by Andrea del Sarto, another of the most important artists
of the 16th century.

"You lived in our flat as an eight-year-old child and I am sure you will
remember some of the paintings mentioned on the attached list," Harmer wrote
to Albright in February 1997. He suggested a meeting. The response was not
promising. "You may wish to raise this matter with the government of the
Czech Republic," a State Department official wrote back.

After more faxes from Harmer, Albright handed the file to John Korbel, her
younger brother.

Michael Jaffe, his lawyer, wrote to Harmer in October, 1997, saying: "There is
no basis whatever for thinking that any artworks of the late Ambassador Korbel
came to him improperly."

Undeterred, Harmer flew to Washington last year to see the lawyer.

"Essentially he said we have no case and warned us not to make a noise since
this powerful woman is involved," Harmer alleged. The lawyer declined to discuss
the case last week and Korbel, who works for the accounting firm Price Waterhouse
Coopers in Arlington, Virginia, was unavailable for comment.

Harmer is considering taking Albright, Korbel and their sister, Kathy, to
court.

He was heartened recently by Korbel's reported acknowledgment to a
journalist writing a biography of Albright that at least some works on the
Nebrich list belong either to him or to Kathy. None of the paintings is
believed to be hanging in Albright's home in Georgetown, Washington.

Harmer said the family believed that Korbel Sr might have sold some of the
paintings to finance his start in America. "We accept that Josef Korbel's
children are not responsible for their father's activities," he wrote in
another fax to Korbel's lawyer last week. "However," "we definitely expected
them to list any items honestly and to hand them over."

Renner says she recalls Josef Korbel arguing that he was entitled to take
the Nebriches' belongings as compensation for having lost everything to the
Nazis.

"All his relatives died in concentration camps," she said last week from her
home on the shores of Lake Wolfgang near Salzburg. "That is very sad. But it
doesn't justify him taking everything from us."

To verify, go to www.the-times.co.uk/back issues/March28/1999/world.
back

<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

b.) Josef Korbel's Enduring Foreign Policy Legacy

By Michael Dobbs
Washington Post Staff Writer
Thursday, December 28, 2000; Page A26

As a junior at the University of Denver, Condoleezza Rice was all set to
pursue a career in music, helping children appreciate Mozart and Beethoven.

Then the future national security adviser to President-elect Bush took a
course in international politics under a professor named Josef Korbel.

Suddenly, almost overnight, she found her vocation. "It was like love at
first sight," she recalls. Prodded by Korbel, a refugee from communism, she
became fascinated by the Soviet Union, and eventually decided to teach
international relations herself. She describes her old professor as "one of
the most central figures in my life, next to my parents."

Like Rice, Madeleine K. Albright depicts Korbel, who died in 1977, as the guiding intellectual influence on her life. "A good deal of what I did," she once told an interviewer, "I did because I wanted to be like my father."

On the surface, it is difficult to imagine two more different women than
Rice and Albright, the first female national security adviser and the first
female secretary of state. Rice is a Republican, Albright a Democrat.
[Who could tell? All neocons. Gotta love that phrase "on the surface..."]

Rice is the granddaughter of an Alabama cotton farmer, Albright the granddaughter of a Czech Jewish businessman who died in a Nazi concentration camp. [notice the article establishes 'credibility' by leaping back to grandfathers, though their fathers (who BOTH KNEW EACH OTHER AND BOTH TAUGHT AT THE UNIVERSITY OF DENVER] Rice was born in Alabama in 1954, just as the Supreme Court was desegregating American education.

Albright was born in Czechoslovakia in 1937, shortly before the country's dismemberment by the Nazis. But although they belong to different generations and different political parties, Rice and Albright seem to share a similar "Korbelian" view of the world. Like their mentor, they see America as a moral beacon to the rest of the world ­ "the indispensable country," in Albright's words.

At the same time, their ideology is tempered by [what is a diplomatic word....] pragmatism. In a 1998 interview, Rice described Korbel as a "moderate conservative" in foreign policy, a description that could apply to Albright or herself. [ha ha, pick up jaw off floor]

***Under Korbel's guidance, both Albright and Rice made Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union their principal field of study, almost to the exclusion of other important regions, such as the Middle East and China. Both wrote books inspired by, and dedicated to, Korbel. Albright wrote her doctoral dissertation on the role of the press in Communist-dominated Czechoslovakia; Rice studied the relationship between the Soviet and Czechoslovak armies.***

As both women have testified, Korbel was a remarkable teacher, with a gift for communicating his enthusiasm to others. But he was also an extraordinarily complicated personality: a man of great moral principle who felt it necessary to hide his Jewish background, an exuberant character
forever struggling with an ingrained European pessimism, a naturally gregarious man who could be rude and high-handed.

Not the least of Korbel's contradictions was his attitude toward women wanting to make a career in foreign policy. The founder of a graduate school for international studies at the University of Denver, Korbel initially was reluctant to accept female students and professors. Over time, however, he
became a champion of women such as Rice, whose father was a member of the university's faculty.

"He was nothing but supportive and insistent, even pushy, about me going
into this field," said Rice, recalling how Korbel dissuaded her from
becoming a lawyer and insisted she take a course in comparative communism.

It was the same way with Albright, who became a foreign policy aide to Sen.
Edmund S. Muskie (D-Maine) at the time that Rice was studying under her
father. "He was as proud of her, and as aggressive about her prospects, as
he was about me," Rice added.

Former associates say that Korbel's attitudes about women reflected the
spirit of the times and his own difficulty in adjusting to American
egalitarian ideas. According to his former graduate school deputy, Arthur
Gilbert, Korbel at first was reluctant to take female graduate students
because he thought "the women would not get jobs and it would not redound to
the credit of the school he was trying to build."

By the late '60s, however, Korbel had changed his mind. "It was like that
with everything. He would take stands, and then he adjusted," Gilbert said.

A former diplomat forced to flee Czechoslovakia after the 1939 Nazi
takeover, Korbel spent the war years in London, as an adviser to Eduard
Benes, the exiled Czechoslovak president. His early writings suggest that he
was sympathetic to left-wing, socialist ideas but, as he later put it, "I
lost my faith" as a result of the Soviet takeover of Eastern Europe.

[sounds eerily familiar? This is the international, revolutionary, anti-democratic, 'leftism' origins of many of the Bushite Zionist hard right neocons. Regarding that, see IMAGE: The Bastard Children of Leo Strauss, The History and Geneology of NEOCONS
 http://portland.indymedia.org/en/2004/02/280598.shtml ]

When the Czechoslovak Communists staged a coup in 1948 [centennial to the 1848 Prague revolution... ANOTHER Korbel was involved in 1848...], toppling a democratic government, Albright's father Korbel was serving as his country's ambassador to Yugoslavia. [even more eerie, considering his daughter's connection in dismantling that same country for the US/NATO/World Bank/IMF, etc.]

This time, he and his family found refuge in America. They ended
up in Denver, ***where Korbel set about trying to build an international
relations school capable of competing with East Coast institutions such as
Columbia, Georgetown and Johns Hopkins.***

Despite his background, Korbel had little time for emigre» politics. "He was
not a traditional anti-communist hard-liner," recalled a University of
Denver colleague, Karen Feste. "He was skeptical and hardheaded, but he was
also in favor of the policy of detente [with the Soviet Union]. He was not
an ideologue."

Granted U.S. citizenship in 1957, Korbel was fiercely loyal to his adopted
country and was reluctant to criticize U.S. foreign policy, even when it was
being assailed from all sides. He supported American intervention in Vietnam
until the 1968 Tet offensive, when ­ together with his daughter Madeleine ­
he reluctantly concluded that it was time for U.S. troops to leave.

"He really saw America as a bastion of freedom in the world, in an
unvarnished, very patriotic, almost unquestioning way," said Rice.

She recalled Korbel's dismay on seeing television images of delegates to the
1976 Republican National Convention walking around with elephant headgear.
"That kind of thing was a great embarrassment to him. He thought it beneath
the dignity of a great country."

While Korbel inspired loyalty from students and associates, he also
antagonized some people. One former Denver professor, Vince Davis, described
him as a "control freak." Another, Ron Krieger, thought of Korbel as "very
off-putting, very unctuous."

"He was obsequious to his superiors and authoritarian to his inferiors, of
whom I was certainly one," Krieger said.

Rice, by contrast, has only praise for her former mentor, although she
describes him as "probably more liberal on domestic politics than I was."

"He was a wonderful storyteller and very attentive to his students. It was
that attentiveness, plus his ability to weave larger conceptual issues
around very interesting stories, that made him such a powerful teacher," she
said.

Although Korbel never really achieved his ambition of creating a world-class
international relations institute in the American West, his influence lives
on through his two star pupils, who set out to follow in his footsteps. When
Albright arrived at the United Nations as U.S. ambassador, practically the
first thing she did was to take out a framed portrait of her father as a
member of a U.N. mission to Kashmir in 1948 and set it up on her desk.

As for Rice, she said she might never have pursued a career in international
relations had it not been for Korbel. After abandoning her plans to become a
concert pianist and earning a master's degree at Notre Dame, she thought
about law school. But Korbel took her aside and told her, "You are very
talented, you have to become a professor."

"When I think back on that moment, I don't know if it was a subliminal
message," she said, "but I had such respect and admiration for him that I
took the idea seriously for the first time."

<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< Alex Constantine

 http://alexconstantine.50megs.com/two_views_of.html

2.

Anyone see some major parallels with Albright and Condi?


Madeleine K. Albright
(Redirected from Madelaine K. Albright)

Madeleine Korbel Albright, former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations and former Secretary of State, is considered to be a "neo-con" (neo-conservative). She is reputed to be a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and she is a member of the Board at the Aspen Institute.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
According to Albright's USIA Biography:
Madeleine Korbel Albright was nominated by President Clinton on December 5, 1996 as Secretary of State. After being unanimously confirmed by the U.S. Senate, she was sworn in as the 64th Secretary of State on January 23, 1997. Secretary Albright is the first female secretary of state and the highest ranking woman in the U.S. government.

Prior to her appointment, Secretary Albright served as the United States Permanent Representative to the United Nations (presenting her credentials at the UN on February 6, 1993) and as a member of President William Jefferson Clinton's Cabinet and National Security Council.

Secretary Albright formerly was the President of the Center for National Policy. The Center is a non-profit research organization formed in 1981 by representatives from government, industry, labor and education. Its mandate is to promote the study and discussion of domestic and international issues.

As a Research Professor of International Affairs and Director of Women in Foreign Service Program at Georgetown University's School of Foreign Service, she taught undergraduate and graduate courses in international affairs, U.S. foreign policy, Russian foreign policy, and Central and Eastern European politics, and was responsible for developing and implementing programs designed to enhance women's professional opportunities in international affairs.

From 1981 to 1982, Secretary Albright was awarded a fellowship at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars at the Smithsonian following an international competition in which she wrote about the role of the press in political changes in Poland during the early 1980's.

She also served as a Senior Fellow in Soviet and Eastern European Affairs at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, conducting research in developments and trends in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe.

From 1978-1981, Secretary Albright was a staff member on the National Security Council, as well as a White House staff member, where she was responsible for foreign policy legislation. From 1976-1978, she served as Chief Legislative Assistant to Senator Edmund S. Muskie.

Awarded a B.A. from Wellesley College with honors in Political Science, she studied at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) at Johns Hopkins University, received a Certificate from the Russian Institute at Columbia University, and her Masters and Doctorate from Columbia University's Department of Public Law and Government.

Secretary Albright is fluent in French and Czech, with good speaking and reading abilities in Russian and Polish.

Selected writings include Poland, the Role of the Press in Political Change (New York: Praeger with the Center for Strategic and International Studies, Georgetown University, Washington D.C. 1983); The Role of the Press in Political Change: Czechoslovakia 1968 (Ph.D. Dissertation, Columbia University 1976); and The Soviet Diplomatic Service: Profile of an Elite (Master's Thesis, Columbia University 1968).


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Albright is a Principal in her firm the Albright Group, LLC:
"Madeleine Albright served as the 64th Secretary of State of the United States. She was the first woman Secretary of State and the highest-ranking woman in the history of the United States government. As Secretary, Dr. Albright reinforced America's alliances, advocated democracy and human rights, and promoted American trade and business, labor and environmental standards abroad. Serving as a member of the President's Cabinet and National Security Council for eight years, Dr. Albright was the United States Permanent Representative to the United Nations from 1993 to 1997. Dr. Albright is the first Michael and Virginia Mortara Endowed Professor in the Practice of Diplomacy at the Georgetown [University] School of Foreign Service and the first Distinguished Scholar of the William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan Business School. Dr. Albright is the Chairman of The National Democratic Institute for International Affairs and also serves on the Board of Directors of the New York Stock Exchange."[1]


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1976-78: Chief Legislative Assistant to Senator Edmund S. Muskie.
1978: staff member on National Security Council.
1987: campaigns for presidential candidate Michael Dukakis
1992: U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations.

12 May 1996: Lesley Stahl at "60 Minutes" interview, speaking of US sanctions against Iraq: "We have heard that a half million children have died. I mean, that's more children than died in Hiroshima. And -- and you know, is the price worth it?"

Madeleine Albright: "I think this is a very hard choice, but the price -- we think the price is worth it."

1996: becomes U.S. Secretary of State under President William Jefferson Clinton.


 http://www.disinfopedia.org/wiki.phtml?title=Madelaine_K._Albright



3.

ANOTHER BRANCH OF THE KORBELS IMMIGRATED TO AMERICA MUCH EARLIER

Scandal in Bohemia

Korbel means "goblet, drinking cup" in Czech. And so begins the story of Frantissek (Francis) Korbel, who was born in the early 1830s in a small village in southern Bohemia, which today is the western Czech Republic. As a young man in Prague in 1848, Francis was rumored to have fired the shot that started a revolution against the ruling monarchy, the Hapsburgs, taking part in the uprising against Prince Windiszcrec. Francis was detained in Daliborka prison, but escaped one day by [being released from the inside] calmly walking out an unlocked gate, smoking a cigar and wearing civilian clothes brought to him by his grandmother.

Francis fled Bohemia for New York, where he began learning the art of cigar making.

Cigars and San Francisco [KORBELS PART OF ORIGINAL BOHEMIAN GROVERS? WAIT AND SEE...]

After a few years in New York, Francis became captivated by the bold and booming city of San Francisco, so Francis moved to the city and opened a storefront repairing cigar boxes. He could not afford to set up production to make new boxes, so he sent for his brothers Joseph, a metallurgist, and Anton, a forger. By 1862, F. Korbel & Bros. was so successful that the brothers began to import exotic veneers from around the world, shipping via their schooner, The Bohemia.

They built a successful manufacturing business producing materials for the building industry in San Francisco.

In the first of many setbacks from which the Korbels would rebuild and triumph, the storefront burned down and the brothers struggled to start again. Eventually, the lumber business in northern California boomed, and the Korbels invested in a number of projects, including a sawmill and property near the town of Guerneville in the Russian River Valley of Sonoma County.

In the early 1870s, Francis purchased the property in partnership with a fellow entrepreneur, and brought another brother, Winsel, from Bohemia to run the business. Winsel fell ill immediately upon arriving, and died before he could begin the enterprise. So the remaining brothers bought out the partner and ran the business.



Lumber to grapevines

Once the lumber boom slowed, the brothers researched other uses for their ranch. The land was good for agriculture, including dairy, prunes, and olive trees, and was similar in nature to the Champagne region in France. In short, perfect for wine growing and making.

In addition to raising prunes, beets, wheat, corn, alfalfa, and operating a commercial dairy, the Korbel brothers planted their first vineyards and began experimenting with different grape varieties, including Pinot Noir, an unusual variety for California, but the principal grape of the Champagne region of France. They began as provider of grapes for winemakers in the region, but soon the market was saturated with growers and so, ever resourceful, the Korbels began production of their own champagne.

By 1882, the three brothers had begun a small winemaking operation at their ranch and produced some 20,000 to 30,000 gallons of wine from their vineyard yields. Korbel wines were so well received that two years later the brothers closed their dairy, converted all of their ranch lands to vineyards, and devoted all of their energy to winemaking. A tradition that was to become a legacy was well under way.

The Tower and the Wasp
It was during this time that Francis Korbel built the "Brandy Tower," an exact replica of the tower he could see from his Daliborka prison cell back in Prague in 1848. The tower represented freedom from oppression for Francis, and true to his early activist origins, he also began publishing "The Wasp," which delivered pointed political satire and commentary.

The First Korbel Champagnes

The Korbel winery continued to grow throughout the 1880s. It was during this time that the Korbels sent for winemaker Frank Hasek in Prague to come to the United States to be their champagne master. Employing the time-honored French method of producing champagne, méthode champenoise, the Korbels quietly, but aggressively, experimented with cuvées. By the mid-1890s, the Korbels shipped their first champagnes, and by the turn of the century Korbel was an internationally known, award-winning label.

Korbel Survives Prohibition

Prohibition in the 1920s forced the permanent closing of many wineries across the country. The era tested the family's ingenuity, but the Korbel winery survived by depending on the brothers' other business ventures and accumulated resources. Sadly, Francis, Joseph and Anton all passed away before Repeal in 1933, and none of them lived to see champagne production resume at the winery. They died not knowing their champagne creation had become an enduring legacy.

Fortunately, a second generation of Korbels successfully carried on the family's commitment and produced méthode champenoise champagnes from the late 1930s to 1954. By the 1950s, the large winery building constructed from the Korbel brothers' own hand-made bricks nearly 70 years earlier had been expanded, and more vineyards had been planted. The homeplace that had once been the center of the family's life was still standing - a quiet reminder of the early days of ranch life at Korbel.

Eventually, each of the seven Korbel cousins who owned Korbel Champagne Cellars agreed it was time to sell the winery and vineyards, but only on certain terms. The surviving Korbels, seeking to preserve the legacy begun by their fathers, would insist that the buyer carry on the Korbel tradition of producing fine champagne by the méthode champenoise. They would also insist that the winery must operate as a family business, and that the company would be forever known as Korbel Champagne Cellars.

The one buyer who satisfied all of those conditions was a determined young winemaker named Adolf Heck. In 1954, 72 years after it was founded by the Korbel brothers, Korbel Champagne Cellars was sold to Heck, thus introducing a new chapter and a new family into the Korbel story.

 http://www.korbel.com/modules/content/?sid=19&cid=52

4.

[INTRO: The cigar/tobacco issue is particularly interesting, because all of America was basically a monopoly under the Duke Family by then with its globalizing American Tobacco Company. This company was a cover for large scale illicit drug running globally as well. Both British Tobacco and the American versions of the monopoly were drug smuggling, using 'tobacco' as the front. This is the origin of their huge wealth, in addition to the tobacco monopoly they had. [Duke Family is Camel cigarettes.] So, asking the question granting the high level politics of both the Duke and the Korbel families (and the Korbel family having an aristocratic crest--with the Merovingan bloodline bee on it], let's look for connections between Korbels and the Dukes. Actually, there are some faint trails here. In this article:



The performer lost in her performance

Condoleezza Rice was my graduate student, and a woman raised to excel. But she failed the American people because she forgot a higher duty than excellence: Truth.

- - - - - - - - - - - -
By Alan Gilbert



April 9, 2004 | The official story about Condi Rice, supported by her current tęte ŕ tęte status with President George W. Bush, is that she is a conservative political activist born and bred, raised by a Republican father, whose intellectual development was formed by conservative scholars. There is obviously some truth in this story, because she has indeed joined the right wing. But there's another side to her history. As her former professor, who taught her at the University of Denver between 1975 and 1979, I am familiar with some of it.

As I watched her performance Thursday before the 9/11 commission, I struggled to reconcile the speaker with the thoughtful young student I knew. But then it struck me that perhaps she had not changed at all.

The glamorous outlines of Condi's life are well known. She grew up with a father who told her she was a "little star." She was a concert pianist, a debutante in Denver, and a student of Josef Korbel, the refugee from Communist Czechoslovakia and father of Secretary of State Madeleine Albright. Condi has always been a dazzling performer. And as her father John Rice predicted, she has risen.

Her intellectual trajectory, however, has not followed the simple, ever-rightward course that the White House myth proclaims.

In fact, both Korbel, and especially I, with whom she worked closely, were not only not conservatives, we were quite radical.

Korbel was a lawyer and diplomat in the Czech Republic. Unlike many East European émigrés, he grew up a left-wing Social Democrat. Many of his friends were Communists. As Hitler threatened war, he was Czech ambassador to Yugoslavia. From his window, he told me, he would watch working-class marches against Nazism. He feared the workers, he said, but the Communists were the ones who really fought Hitler.

He spent World War II in London working for the Czech resistance, writing pro-Stalin press releases: It was, of course, Stalin's armies that inflicted the decisive defeat against Hitler on the Eastern Front.

After the war, Korbel said, his communist friends told him it was all right "to move up the hill." Under Stalin, communist officials received high wages compared to ordinary communists and other workers.

He thought -- as did I -- that this practice was corrupt. If communists require special monetary motivation, what is the difference between a communist and a capitalist?

If Jan Masaryk had become president of Czechoslovakia, Josef Korbel would have been secretary of state.

The Communist coup of 1948 resulted in his exile. He was the protégé in the United States of the Council on Foreign Relations, who arranged a position at the University of Denver. [his daughter Madeline Albright is CFR as well.]

another example of a rich Jewish left radical turned 'neocon ideologue', in the exact same period as Zionist Leo Strauss who seeding similar ideologies at the University of Chicago.] Korbel wrote four quite anticommunist books of diplomatic history. But his thoughtfulness and complexity were never far from the surface.

When I came to Denver, Korbel adopted me. After reading my first article in the journal Political Theory, "Salvaging Marx from Avineri," he had lunch with me, and said, "You are in exile, too."

He did not know the details. As a leader of the 1969 Harvard strike against the Vietnam War, I had been expelled for two years. Korbel liked the idea that there were always countries of exile one could go to, empires one could escape.

Condi took seminars with me on Marx and Marxism, explanations of Nazism and the resistance to it in World War II, Ancient Political Thought, Justice in War, and the like. In a class, Korbel and I co-taught on the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact between Nazi Germany and Russia, she spoke up in the discussions, but hardly from a conservative point of view.

Korbel had designed the Graduate School of International Studies for 25 Ph.D. students.

He created a Korbel Plan for a master's student to work with two advisors on a yearlong independent project instead of taking courses. The only student who did this was Condi. She wrote a long paper with me and Korbel on "Music and Politics in the Soviet Union."

The main purpose of my teaching is to get people to read carefully. I ask questions about striking evidence that conventional views do not explain. Condi offered her own versions of radical criticisms of mainstream views. She was, and is, unusually thoughtful.

In short, the White House story that she learned Soviet diplomacy from a conservative -- Korbel -- and that her views, as a student, augured an extreme conservative approach is simply false.

Condi and her friend Chris Gibson had been undergraduates at D.U. At that time, the political science department had a racist on the faculty, of whom they told me a story. At the first class, he had announced: "It is my duty to tell you that Arthur Jensen is right and that blacks are genetically inferior in intelligence to whites." Condi had stood up and argued with him. Faltering, he said, "You must have a lot of white blood in you."

Condi comes from the black middle class in Birmingham, Ala. Her family, she said recently, had the attitude that "racists are dumb; I am smart." She has humiliated other racists who, like this political scientist, have attacked her. But she does not directly attack racist ideology. She adduces herself as evidence of its error. To add to this picture, her father, John Rice, became a vice chancellor at the University of Denver. In the late 1970s, I organized support for Joe Patterson, a black union leader and electrician who was fired by the university. During the campaign, Rice told Jim Singleton, a black painter who supported Patterson, to drop out. "There are whites in the campaign," he said. Singleton ignored him. These stories suggest the smart and striving Rices.

But John Rice's story, too, has another side.

In 1963, the Ku Klux Klan blew up a church in Birmingham and murdered four schoolgirls. John Rice, the minister, patrolled his neighborhood with a shotgun to prevent further Klan attacks. He had called Condi "little star," had her taught the piano -- she is an excellent pianist -- and to be a debutante.

She became, in every area, a magnificent performer. But by example, he also taught her how to stand up against racism.

The University of Denver administration of the 1970s permitted John Rice only a narrow scope. "Cooling out" black militancy was part of it. But he also taught a course on Black Nationalism. He invited Minister Louis Farrakhan of the Nation of Islam. Farrakhan is an anti-Semite; he inverts racism by criticizing all whites. Yet, Farrakhan and, in a different way, John Rice were very critical of a racism which means that blacks are twice as likely as whites to die at birth, to be unemployed, or to be in the front lines in Iraq. John Rice, too, was a more complex figure than the White House fable about Condi allows.

Two of my students, Condi and Heraldo Munoz, the current Chilean ambassador to the United Nations and recently president of the Security Council, applied for internships with senators. Heraldo worked for Tim Wirth and Condi for Gary Hart, both Democrats.

In 1984 and 1988, Condi worked on Hart's presidential campaigns. Today's story that she has always been a Republican is simply a myth.

When Condi finished at D.U., my fellow political theorist and friend at Stanford, Nannerl Keohane -- ***now president of Duke University*** [built from Duke money, without direct Korbel link from early 20th centuty in evidence, though definitely a link between these "Korbelian" friendships, Stanford, and Duke/Duke University] -- recruited her to be head of the Arms Control and Disarmament Center. Condi and I joked over the phone about how she had been counted six times for affirmative action purposes -- as a black and a woman in the Center, the political science department, and another division which I have now forgotten.

She also told me about what a foolish man Casper Weinberger, Reagan's secretary of defense, was. At Stanford, the main figures in the administration came through. Her job was to show them around. But we then lost touch.

At Stanford, Condi taught students like Jendayi Frazier. After working on Africa for Condi at the National Security Council, Jendayi has recently been appointed American ambassador to South Africa.

Jendayi was a candidate for a position in African politics at the Graduate School of International Studies. I strongly supported her. After she was hired, we became friends. According to Jendayi, Condi continued to recommend my book "Marx's Politics: Communists and Citizens," because it gave students a careful picture, of Marx's surprising, flamboyant public action in the German democratic revolution of 1848.

Initially, Condi and Jendayi were critical of liberal politicians who, needing funds from the rich and support from the mainstream press, compromised their fundamental principles and harmed ordinary people. They were also critical of conservatives. But that position has been subtly inverted over time. A scathing critique of liberal hypocrisies has now become support of, sadly, even more outrageous conservative ones -- such as the current American occupation of Iraq in the name of "liberation."

Condi rose in Washington as an expert in Soviet and East European military positions. She became a protégé of Brent Scowcroft, eventually serving on the National Security Council in George H.W. Bush's administration. With her new Republican contacts, she was also appointed to the board of Chevron. Chevron named an oil tanker the Condoleezza Rice. It weighs down one's soul, I suspect, to have a namesake oil tanker -- perhaps the next Exxon Valdez -- floating heavily somewhere in the ocean. Apparently, she didn't feel good about it. Since her appointment as national security advisor to the second Bush, the name has been changed.

The official story about Condi Rice, supported by her current tęte ŕ tęte status with President George W. Bush, is that she is a conservative political activist born and bred, raised by a Republican father, whose intellectual development was formed by conservative scholars. There is obviously some truth in this story, because she has indeed joined the right wing. But there's another side to her history. As her former professor, who taught her at the University of Denver between 1975 and 1979, I am familiar with some of it.

As I watched her performance Thursday before the 9/11 commission, I struggled to reconcile the speaker with the thoughtful young student I knew. But then it struck me that perhaps she had not changed at all.

The glamorous outlines of Condi's life are well known. She grew up with a father who told her she was a "little star." She was a concert pianist, a debutante in Denver, and a student of Josef Korbel, the refugee from Communist Czechoslovakia and father of Secretary of State Madeleine Albright. Condi has always been a dazzling performer. And as her father John Rice predicted, she has risen.

Her intellectual trajectory, however, has not followed the simple, ever-rightward course that the White House myth proclaims.

....

 http://www.salonmag.com/opinion/feature/2004/04/09/performer/index_np.html



5.


ANOTHER BRANCH OF KORBEL FAMILY: U.S. WEST COAST KORBELS


History of Korbel

A Case of Korbel Champagne was sent to FDR at the end of Prohibition

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Korbel was started on 1882 by three brothers who emigrated from Czechoslovakia. They had a dairy farm in the bottom lands of the Russian River [THAT IS WHERE BOHEMIAN GROVE IS] Valley near Guerneville in Sonoma County. They also devoted some space to grow wine grapes. Their wines were so well received that they closed the ranch and converted all the land to vineyards.

They employed the Method Champenoise Process, a time honored French method to produce champagne. In the 1890's, the Korbels shipped their first champagnes. By the turn of century, Korbel was internationallly known.

Prohibition in 1920 came and went, but Korbel survived. However, the original three Korbel brothers did not, and ownership passed to their sons, who operated it until 1954, when it was sold to Adolf Heck. Heck revived Korbel with new products and by updating facilities and planting methods. He reintroduced Korbel Brut in a style making it lighter and drier than any American Champange on the market. He later introduced Korbel Natural from Sonoma County's high quality Pinot Noir and Chardonnay grapes. After that came Blanc de Blancs (100% Chardonnay) and Blanc de Noirs (100% Pinot Noir)

In 1966, Mr. Heck invented and patented the first automatic riddling machine. In the past, riddling (the turning of the champagne bottles to move the yeast down the neck of the bottle so it can be removed) was done by hand, a method that was costly and time consuming. Sometimes the champagne's quality suffered from being turned by so many different hands. Heck's invention allowed each bottle of Korbel to undergo exact turns at precise times, thus ensuring consistent taste and quality in every bottle.

At present, Korbel is under the guidence of Adolf's son, Gary Heck, who has been President since 1982. Since then, the company has enjoyed double-digit growth, and the brand currently sells more than 1.1 million cases per year.


5.

YES, A BOHEMIAN GROVE CONNECTION TO THE KORBELS

KORBEL-relative PROPERTY RIGHT NEXT TO BOHEMIAN GROVE. Claude Milleresch's REDWOODS, FELLED FOR THE NEXT-DOOR BOHEMIAN GROVE GOLF COURSE. Claude Milleresch married a Korbel daughter. Claude Milleresch sells the property to Les Korbel, the next owner, then it goes through a series of other owners.


History of Northwood Course--A Synopsis
by
Lewis Don Bale
March, 2000

Northwood Golf Course was the product of the imagination of three men. The first to conceive the idea a golf course could be built on seventy wooded acres of land, across the Russian River from the world famous Bohemian Club Grove, was a Bohemian Club member, Jack Neville.

Neville was eminently qualified as a golfer and architect. He was California Amateur golf champion in 1912-13-19-22-29 and a member of the Walker Cup team in 1923.

He and Douglas Grant had designed The Pebble Beach Golf Links on the Monterey Peninsula in 1919.

In 1925 Neville presented his concept of a golf course to Claude Milleresch, owner of this wooded land. Milleresch, who was married to a Korbel daughter, agreed to the use of his land for the development of a golf course.

Neville then interested Dr. Alister MacKenzie in the challenge to design a nine hole golf course on this seventy acres.

MacKenzie had come from his native Scotland in 1918, after designing courses in the British Isles, to consult with H. S. Holt and C. H. Alison on the revision of the Chevy Chase Golf Course near Washington D. C. He then went on to design several courses in New York, Michigan and Ohio.

At the urging of Robert Hunter, MacKenzie moved to California.

Hunter, who was a professor of Sociology at the University of California at Berkeley, was an avid enthusiast of golf and golf course architecture. In 1925, he had written one of the classic books on golf course architecture with dramatic drawings of genuine golf links, entitled "The Links".

MacKenzie and [a sociologist designing golf courses...what is going on here?] Hunter collaborated in the design of many California courses including Meadow Club in Marin County in 1927, the remodeling of Pebble Beach Golf Links in 1927-28, The Valley Club of Montecito in Santa Barbara and Northwood Golf Club in 1928 and Green Hills Golf Club in Millbrae in 1930. Their most famous, which firmly established their reputation, was the design of the Cypress Point Club at Pebble Beach in 1928.

In 1933, MacKenzie was asked by Bobby Jones to assist in the design of the Augusta National Golf Course in Georgia. From there he went on to design courses in Australia, South America and New Zealand.

MacKenzie and Hunter employed the American Golf Construction Company, William Selkirk in charge, to do the construction on the Meadow Club, Cypress Point and Northwood Golf Club.

Following construction in 1928, Northwood had a succession of owners.

After Milleresch there were Les Korbel, Ormsby, Stibbe and Northwood Development Corporation, J. Benton Bostick Jr. president and John Bancroft treasurer and resident manager in 1959. It was this corporation who subdivided the property and began selling lots in 1960.

Had the plans of Bostick and Bancroft reached fruition, even the perimeter of the playing area of the golf course would have been sold as building lots.

It is probable they were not aware of the illustrious past of Northwood and their plans would have led to the loss of what we now enjoy.

Conditions placed on Northwood Development Corporation by the mortgage lender made it impossible to financially survive. The lender demanded, that as lots were sold, the proceeds be kept by them and applied to the loan. Being cash poor as a result, the property was traded to Ray Beach for some South San Francisco apartment property in 1966.

Beach suffered the same fate as Northwood Development Corporation and escaped by selling to a naive buyer, Jack Yates. Jack had neither the capital or the know-how to survive and, in 1970, the lending company foreclosed on him.

Northwood Recreation, Inc.

On foreclosure, a group of property owners and interested parties bought the property and incorporated on June 19, 1970. After a rocky start this group, headed by Dr. Charles Schaap, began to solve the problems of a run down golf course blanketed by hundreds of gopher mounds and a profuse crop of daisies.

It is now financially solvent and a beautifully maintained, challenging nine hole golf course.

There are three beautiful buildings of coordinated design, by architect Edward A. Bonelli, housing a pro shop, a restaurant, a social service office, a post office and a barber shop.

We invite you to come and enjoy what we have created.

 http://www.northwoodgolf.com/history.htm .


6.

September 19, 1999: John Korbel, brother of U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, unveiled a bronze plaque to commemorate their father, the late Josef Korbel, former Czechoslovak diplomat who would have turned 90 on September 20, at Korbel's native house in Letohrad. During WWII, Josef Korbel participated in the foreign resistance movement in London, where he headed the BBC station's Czechoslovak service. [Actually according to someone who knew him above, he was in the Czech underground: "He spent World War II in London working for the Czech resistance, writing pro-Stalin press releases: It was, of course, Stalin's armies that inflicted the decisive defeat against Hitler on the Eastern Front."] After the war, he was appointed Prague's Ambassador to Yugoslavia and Albania. After the Communist coup in February 1948 he took his family to the US, where he taught international relations at the University of Denver in Colorado. John Korbel noted that neither of his parents lived to see the fall of Communism in Czechoslovakia. Mr. Korbel died in 1977, while Mrs. Korbel died only one month before the changes of November 1989.

 link to 216.239.41.104

7.

KORBEL FAMILY HAS TOWNS IN CALIFORNIA NAMED AFTER THEM

Korbel, Humboldt Co.
ZP: 95550
HN: Named for Czech-American entrepreneur Frantisek Korbel
RF.: USGS

Korbel, Sonoma Co.
HN: Named for Frantisek Korbel
RF.: USGS

OTHER CZECH SETTLEMENTS

LOUISIANA

Bohemian, Plaquemines Co.
HN: Named after the Czech province of Bohemia.
RF: USGS

MONTANA

Bohemian Corners, Ferguson Co.
RF: USGS

and "Bohemian" names in TEXAS as well--I believe these may be the particularly leftleaing liberal counties that have been noted by political scientists; they seem to be "Czech"/(1848's revolutionary Bohemian groups) coming to the US after the 1848 revolution in Prague.

 link to 216.239.41.104

8.


Would Korbels be active in the 1600s? They have an aristocratic coat of arms after all. Read about the Bohemia of Rudolf's Prague in the 1500s and the early 1600s. There was a Palantine attempt of the son-in-law of James I of England to take the 'King of Bohemia' crown---away from the Hapsburgs. There is a lot of occultism associated with these networks that drape over Prague, Rudolf II, Hesse-Cassel, Bohemia, Frankfurt, Oppenheim, and the Palantine. All these areas are a nexus connected/associated with the court environment of unattributed "Rosicrucian" texts published in the preceeding 5 or so years...There was an attempted coup by Palitinate/English of Heidelberg to take the Hapsburg crown area in 1620 (they were actually Protestant King/Queen for a bit of a year in 1620, until the failed battle of the White Mountain, which soon led to the famous Defenestration of Prague when Catholic moderates were thrown out the windows by the Hapsburg minions.) The events of 1620 were the flashpoint that commenced 30 years of religious (and high elite) warfare in Europe. However, there were earlier attempts to set up wars-- that failed...


The Occult Philosophy in the Elizabethan Age (Routledge Classics)
by Frances Amelia Yates
 link to www.amazon.com

Rosicrucian Enlightenment (Routledge Classics)
by Frances Amelia Yates
 link to www.amazon.com


9.

even more

Bohemian Spring : An excerpt from Seasons of Her Life, a biography of Madeleine Korbel Albright
by Ann Blackman


Bohemian Spring : An excerpt from Seasons of Her Life, a biography of Madeleine Korbel Albright

by Ann Blackman

Bohemia, the ancient seat of kings, is splendid in springtime. Creamy white blossoms of towering chestnut trees stand proud and tall, straight as toy soldiers. Yellow flames of forsythia and lacy bushes of fragrant, violet lilacs line well-worn roadways that wind from village to village through sugar beet and rapeseed fields. Storks making their trip north from central Africa dot the skyline, and ravens begin repairing their twisted nests in church belfries.

By early June, bright red poppies and delicate strands of Queen Anne's lace fleck the rolling countryside as far as the eye can see. Along the paths that lead through the low mountain range dividing Bohemia from Moravia, purple and yellow irises flutter in the wind like miniature flags raised to celebrate another winter gone by. The network of roads, in place since the thirteenth century, is lined with flowering trees: cherry, pear, walnut, and apricot -- all originally planted in the eighteenth century by Austrian empress Maria Theresa. She also ordered a fish pond built in every village square, along with a bell, in case of fire.

On June 7, 1878, Arnost Körbel, Madeleine Albright's paternal grandfather, was born in the small country village of Kuncice, outside the town of Kysperk, now called Letohrad. It is a centuries-old farming community, set in a pass between the Eagle Mountains and the Bohemian-Moravian Uplands, some ninety miles east of Prague.

Arnost married Olga Ptácková from the nearby town of Kostelec nad Orlicí. The couple had three children: a daughter named Markéta, the oldest; a son, Jan, who followed his father into the building materials business; and Josef, the youngest and most intellectual of the three. Born September 20, 1909, Josef was described on his birth certificate as "Jewish and legitimate." He was also left-handed.

Josef was nine years old when World War I ended. On October 28, 1918, the Republic of Czechoslovakia grew out of the remnants of the Austro-Hungarian empire, and with it came the dreams of a nation for democratic rule. Witnessing the birth of democracy had a momentous effect on young Josef, who would identify himself with the national spirit of Czechoslovakia throughout his life.

The Körbels were prominent and hard-working, one of only about a dozen Jewish families in the town that, at the time, was home to about three thousand inhabitants. The umlaut over the o in their name, which was pronounced "KUR-bel," suggests a German origin. Arnost Körbel owned a neat, three-story row house that stood across the street from the Kysperk railway station at No. 305 Tyrsová. Built in 1909, the year Josef was born, it was one of only two houses on the street, which was lined with sturdy maples. A sign painted on the front advertised wares sold by the family business: tile, mortar, caulk, and sand. It was written entirely in Czech, which was unusual and showed that the family was fully assimilated into Czechoslovak society. A quarter of the population was German, and most Jewish merchants advertised in both languages.

Arnost Körbel was a tall, outgoing chap with wide-set eyes, a straight nose, and a dimpled chin. He was a prosperous businessman who provided timber to Jan Reinelt's match factory, the principal industry in the area. In back of his house, Körbel had a stable where he kept two teams of horses that he used to haul cartloads of wood from the railway station to the factory. Körbel was astute at marketing, and by working together, he and Reinelt sold matches as far away as Prague. Körbel and Reinelt were close friends as well as business partners. They sat frequently in the early evenings in Reinelt's dining room, going over their books, which they kept in a long wooden chest. Carefully crafted from local oak, the chest still stands in the same place today.

Vera Ruprechtová, Reinelt's granddaughter, a chirpy, excitable woman with soft, curly hair and tiny, cornflower-blue eyes, still lives in the family homestead, where Körbel spent many hours discussing business. It is a large, ochre-colored house with high ceilings and long windows covered with bobbin lace curtains that hang from intricately carved wooden valances. The kitchen, heated with a small woodstove, also serves as Vera's bedroom. In the dining room she keeps a table filled with family pictures, a shrine to days gone by. There is an aging photo of Arnost, wearing a double-breasted suit and fedora, sitting in a wooden cart parked next to the house. Outside, an overfed brown bulldog named Dingo, friendly and outgoing like Vera, patrols the fence line, keeping watch over the family property. The house and chest are important to Vera, a touchstone with her family's history.

Clearly enjoying the momentary fame that comes with having known the Korbels, Vera Ruprechtov holds court in her kitchen, her thoughts tumbling out in no particular order as she lays out plates full of powdery Czech cookies called koláce. As she talks, she peels hot boiled potatoes to serve with stewed chicken legs and big bowls of creamy, sliced cucumbers. As was common in the war years, she insists on sending visitors back to the city with fresh country eggs.

Arnost Körbel, she says, was like a member of her family. He was a thoughtful employer whose workers were grateful for the more than a hundred jobs he provided in the area. Religion did not appear to figure strongly in the Körbel family life, she says. Körbel celebrated the Christian holidays with the rest of the community, singing Christmas carols with his workers and accepting the loaves of Christmas bread they gave him as gifts. Vera did not know Körbel was born Jewish and did not think his workers did either. "If he were Jewish, they wouldn't have liked him as much," she says with a crisp conviction that suggests she feels the same way. "There was nothing Jewish about him."

Arnost Körbel was insistent that his children get a good education. Josef's fifth-grade report card for the school year 1919-20 shows that he was a fine student, getting all 1s and 2s in his subjects, on a scale of 5. His best subjects that year were the Czech language, civics, math, religion, and music. He was also a conscientious student. The report card shows that he missed only two days of school. It lists his religion as Jewish.

There was no secondary school in Letohrad, so at the age of twelve Josef Körbel began attending classes in the nearby town of Kostelec nad Orlicí, a prosperous community where he boarded. A serious student, Körbel was active in the cultural and political life of the school. He belonged to its theater group and, even at his young age, aspired to be a diplomat, newspaperman, or politician.

It was here that he fell in love with Anna Spiegelová, a student in the same school. She came from a comfortable family. Her father, Alfred Spiegel, owned a general store.

Her mother, Ruzena Spiegelovö, had given birth to Anna in 1910, at the age of twenty-three. They called their daughter by the Czech diminutive, Andula. The daughter of assimilated Jews, Andula was a pretty young woman, about five feet tall with brown hair and green eyes. She was energetic, a bit offbeat, quick to laugh at jokes made by those around her but not one to tell them herself. She was the kind of person who said exactly what she thought. When Josef once called Andula "the most talkative woman in eastern Czechoslovakia" she slapped him. Andula was bright. When she was a teenager, her family sent her to study business secretarial skills at a school called Les Hirondelles (The Swallows) in Geneva, Switzerland, where Andula learned to speak French.

Les Hirondelles was a ***family-run finishing school*** for girls from "good families" that wanted their daughters to become cultured brides for husbands of great promise. Situated in a residential part of Geneva overlooking the old town, the school encouraged the girls to have an active, but protected social life. Courses included languages, art history, music, world history, and letter writing. Good table manners and proper dress were encouraged. Students came from all of Europe, North and South America, England, and the "Colonies." They were expected to get to know the world through friendship. [that is very suspicious to me how international this 'Geneva finishing school' was....]

In 1928, when Arnost Körbel became the director of a building materials company, the family moved to Litice, which was five train stops from Letohrad. Josef, who by that time had completed secondary school, went to Paris for a year, where he studied French and liberal arts at the Sorbonne.

[wait a minute, the author fails to mention how he ever got sponsored into such positions...] On his return to Prague in 1929, Körbel began his training for life as a diplomat, studying international law and economics at the prestigious Charles University, one of the oldest schools in Central Europe.

Because he knew that foreign languages would be an important tool for a diplomat, he studied German and French with private tutors during his vacations. He also made a point of spending time in the Sudetenland section of Czechoslovakia, where he could practice speaking German. He completed his doctorate in May 1933, then spent two months working for a law firm in Prague. After obligatory military service as a lieutenant in the Czechoslovak army, Körbel worked briefly in another law firm.

He also used this time to study English and Russian. On November 22, 1934, Körbel joined the Czechoslovak Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

He was twenty-five years old. [this is ridiculous. That's like FDR in WWI, who was in his late 20s and made Assistant Secretary to the Navy.]

Josef Körbel was a handsome man. He stood five feet nine inches and had thick chestnut hair. His jaw was square, like his father's, with the same distinctive, dimpled chin. Körbel dressed like a gentleman, usually wearing a suit and dark tie, and he carried himself with his shoulders high. Women found him attractive.

On April 20, 1935, seven years after they met, Körbel married Andula, his high school sweetheart. The ceremony took place in Prague. On their marriage certificate, there was a blank to be filled in for each partner's religion. Both gave the same answer: bez vyznání, or, roughly translated, "without denomination" or "without confession."

Josef called his bride Mandula -- Ma Andula, "My Andula" -- a diminutive she kept throughout her life. She called him Jozka. The late Jan Stránsky, a lifelong friend of the Körbels, who lived in Connecticut, called theirs "an ideal marriage." Mandula must have agreed. "He was certainly a man worth waiting for," she penned more than four decades later, after her husband died. "Very often I was wondering what I admired most in his personality. Was it his perseverance, which he probably inherited from his father...or did I love him because of his big heart, gentleness, unselfishness and loyalty to his family which he inherited from his lovely mother?"

After they were married, the Körbels lived in an art nouveau apartment in Prague, where they had lots of friends. Josef was a junior diplomat with the Czechoslovak Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which kept him working long days at the office. Mandula spent her time keeping house and enjoying the city's buoyant café society. Josef was the more intellectual of the two, but he appreciated his wife's intuitive sense of people. She was not just compassionate, she was also street smart, and he depended on her.

In January 1937, Josef Körbel was assigned to the Czechoslovak embassy in Belgrade as a junior press attaché. It was a relatively minor position, but the exposure to the inner workings of a key embassy was good training for a young, ambitious diplomat. Mandula, who was six months pregnant, went with him. She and Josef began learning Serbian, the predominant language of the Balkans.

Shortly before she was due to give birth, Mandula returned to Prague, where her family could help care for the new baby. On Saturday, May 15, 1937, Marie Jana Körbelová was born in Prague's Smíchov Hospital, not far from the Bertrámka homestead where, a century and a half before in a valley of vineyards, Mozart completed his famous opera Don Giovanni. It was a warm day, interrupted by an occasional rain shower. In the distance, still audible over the din of a lively quarter of the city, the silver melody of church bells rang on the hour from the towers of St. Václav Church. On their daughter's birth certificate the Körbels again marked bez vyznání in the space reserved for religion.

The first child of Mandula and Josef Körbel was named after Mandula's sister, Marie. Her grandmother called the baby "Madla," which soon became "Madlenka." Although the world would later know her as Madeleine Korbel Albright, she would be called "Madlenka" throughout her childhood.

Despite growing restiveness in the neighboring countries of Eastern Europe, daily life in Prague was relatively cosmopolitan. The local cinemas featured Laurel and Hardy and Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, as well as Gary Cooper in Desire and Anna Karenina with Greta Garbo and Fredric March.
Newspaper headlines trumpeted the civil war in Spain and political trials in the Soviet Union. On a lighter bent, there was a national contest to choose the first Czech airline stewardess.

When Madlenka arrived home from the hospital, her presence created the kind of excitement and attentiveness that usually surrounds the birth of a first child, "the biggest addition to our happiness, not only to us, but to both our parents," her mother wrote years later. Madlenka was a good baby, a healthy embodiment of all their hopes and dreams for a happy and successful future. Visitors were chosen carefully and asked to keep their stays short so as not to tire the proud new mother.

One of the first to arrive was Madlenka's nine-year-old cousin Dagmar, known to the family as "D˙ca." She was the daughter of Josef Körbel's sister, Markéta. Dagmar's grandmother Olga Körbel brought Dagmar to the apartment. Peering into a bassinet, they saw a tiny baby tightly wrapped in soft white blankets with only her face and hands peeking through. "She was like a little doll," the elder cousin said. Not surprisingly, Dagmar was disappointed that she was not permitted to hold the new baby in her arms. "We were allowed to have a look and then we had to go next door," she said.

Dagmar attended primary school in Strakonice, a town about 80 miles (120 km) south of Prague, where her family lived before the war. For one hour a week she studied religion. "I went to the Jewish class, and the local rabbi, whom I loved, had a row with my father," Dagmar said. "I had invited him to come see our lovely Christmas tree, and he [became] furious with my father."

Dagmar said that on several occasions, her grandfather and grandmother joined her family for the holidays in Strakonice. "I knew we were Jewish, but we always celebrated Christmas," Dagmar said.

For centuries, Jews played an important role in Prague and the kingdom of Bohemia.

The earliest records of Jewish history show a well-informed Jewish adviser to the caliph of Cordoba, Ibrahim ibn Jacob, who traveled throughout western and central Europe and visited the Czech principality. In the ninth century, one of the most important trading routes crossed through central Europe, leading from the west and the Frankish river Rhone to Kiev.

For the merchants, among them Frankish Jews, the journey lasted eighteen months. By the tenth century, they shortened the trip by establishing a central meeting place. Frequently, they chose Prague.

In this era, Jews enjoyed the same rights and privileges as the Roman and German merchants. They were free to settle along trading routes or near marketplaces where they dealt in furs, grain, wool, fabrics, tin, and wax, as well as horses, cattle, and slaves. They imported exotic commodities: expensive textiles, jewels, weapons, salt, wine, and oriental spices. The most educated worked as office clerks and physicians.

Yet in 1096; when the Christian soldiers of the first crusade traveled through Prague, a pogrom was staged, an act unheard of until that time. By 1215, community life had become increasingly difficult. Jews were proclaimed prisoners and slaves of the Holy Roman Empire, the property of rulers whom they paid to protect them. The Hussite revolution in the fifteenth century made it possible for Jews to acquire some professional skills. But when they cooperated with the Hussites, they were expelled from Austria and Bavaria.

In 1454, they were banned from all royal towns in Moravia, a banishment that lasted four hundred years.

By the sixteenth century conditions had improved. One of the great scholars of the time, Rabbi Löw, was a friend of Rudolf II. Another Jew, Mordechai Maisel, was the king's banker. But by 1745 five years after Maria Theresa ascended the throne, Jews were banished from Prague for their support of the Russian army. It was only with the reign of her son, Joseph II, that they gained more rights. In 1786, Jews were permitted to settle outside the ghetto walls.

And in 1848, they were permitted to buy land and employ Christians. The constitution of 1867 proclaimed full civil and political emancipation for Jews in the Austro-Hungarian monarchy.

By 1890, there were 95,000 Jews living in Bohemia, 45,000 in Moravia. The majority considered the Czech language their official tongue. Yet German was the preferred language of the multilingual monarchy, and some of the most celebrated authors of German literature were Jewish: Franz Kafka, Franz Werfel, Max Brod, Oskar Baum, and Ludwig Winder, among many others. The Jewish intellectuals were a catalyst that linked the German and Czech communities, and they often acted as interpreters. The assimilation process continued and intensified after the declaration of the Czechoslovak Republic under the democratic leadership of President Tomás G. Masaryk. [Joseph Korbel was to be secretary of State under Masaryk.]

By the 1920s and 1930s, the Czechoslovak countryside was generally a comfortable place for Jews to live. There was little anti-Semitism. "You couldn't tell a Christian family from a Jewish one," says Hana Hanslová, who was born in 1912 in Náchod, some thirty miles from Kysperk, to a family that was half-Jewish. Oldrich Safár, the town historian for thirty-five years, says that while 8 percent of the Náchod population at this time was Jewish, there was only one Orthodox family. In fact, there were so few practicing Jews that local rabbis had trouble getting ten men together for a minyan, the quorum required by Jewish law to say certain prayers.

If families in the Körbels' village of Kysperk wanted to attend religious services, they had to go to the Jewish community of Zamberk, four miles away, which was the site of the closest synagogue. A small Jewish cemetery, set on a hillside overlooking the main street, served the chain of country villages.

Even in the major cities, many Jews had no attachment to the culture and ritual of the Jewish religion. Like the Körbels, many shared in Christmas celebrations with friends, not so much for the religious symbolism but for the joyous tradition. "I was the only Jew in my elementary school," says Michael Kraus, an architect in Cambridge, Massachusetts, who was born in Eastern Bohemia in 1930. "We had servants who were not Jews, and we had a Christmas tree for them." Kraus, whose father was a local physician, says his family also ate the traditional Christmas carp at holiday time: I remember it swimming around in the laundry pail before it was slaughtered." Although his father was not an observant Jew and did not attend synagogue, young Michael never had any question that he was born Jewish. "Your religion was marked on all your documents," he says, "even the school report cards you got every six months with your grades."

Another reason was that all Czechoslovak students were required to have an hour a week of religious education, and the program of study depended on the family's religion. Occasionally, a student would mark bez vyznání, but it was unusual because it stigmatized them. The others called them the "bez vyzánís."

When Madlenka was old enough to travel, Mandula returned to Belgrade to be with Josef. With a promising career ahead and a healthy new baby at home, Körbel's future looked bright. "Because we were young and happy, we...sometimes ignored the dark clouds which were forming on the political sky around us," Mandula wrote later. "We all were aware of it, but were hoping that somehow it [would] pass without catastrophe." Her husband was well-educated, and his parents had done everything possible to prepare him for the tumultuous years that lay ahead. Yet who could know the choices the young diplomat would face in the ten dramatic years between 1938 and 1948, fears that sealed Czechoslovakia's fate for half a century? The pathways were muddled, the stars unaligned. His would not be a world of black and white, but a panoply of grays, a constant tug between head and heart, where democracy and the balance of power pitched and yawed precariously like a sailboat running before the wind.

Copyright © 1998 by Ann Blackman. Seasons of HerLife is published by Scribner.

 http://www.womenof.com/Articles/p122898.asp



10.

Following the unsuccessful Prague revolution of 1848, a number of Czech political refugees began settling in New York. Among the most prominent ones were Vojta Naprstek (1826-1894) and Frantisek Korbel (1831-1920). Their New York phase was very difficult because they had to struggle just to stay alive. Naprstek later moved to Milwaukee, WI, where he opened his own bookstore and began publishing his famous newspaper. Korbel moved to California where he founded a factory for making cigar boxes and later established extensive vineyards and developed the famous American champagne bearing his name. According to available statistics, in 1852, fifty Czech families lived in New York. As far as we can determine, there were no Slovaks living there, as yet.

. . .

According to Habenicht,10Capek11 and other ethnic historians, the first Czech organization in New York was called "Cesko-Slovansky spolek" (Czech-Slavic Society), founded in 1849, under the chairmanship of Vaclav Pohl. From the initial 17 members it grew to 42 members by the end of 1849. The Society had a short life, becoming extinct in 1855. Actually, there is a record of the existence of an earlier mutual aid society of Bohemian Brothers, founded by Bohemian Jews in 1846.12 Simon Klaber was listed as President, Dr. Bruckmann as Treasurer and M. Opper as Secretary.

 http://www.jewishgen.org/BohMor/gateway.html





Academic Items — General Information
1st Annual Josef Korbel
Essay Competition
This essay contest is designed as a way for students to reflect on their time at GSIS and their future impact on the world as a result.

The essay will be evaluated anonymously by a panel of 3 GSIS staff members. The winners will be announced at the Student Appreciation Banquet.

Instructions:

Please write the essay on the following question. The essay should be NO MORE than 1000 words in length. (You can draw from general and personal experiences in crafting your essay.) DO NOT type your name on the essay. Only include your Banner ID # (e.g. 87xxxxxxx). You must turn in a hard copy - do not email the essay . There will be a box in Ben Cherrington 101 to drop them off.

Question:

As the world has become more globally connected, how does GSIS - its faculty, students and overall curriculum - fit into and help contribute to the ever increasing web of the global community?

Cash Award:
1 st Place : $75
2 nd Place : $50
3 rd Place : $25


DUE: APRIL 15, at 12pm

 http://www.du.edu/gsis/newsletter/academic/general.html


10.


NEWSMAKERS
Madeleine Korbel Albright

U.S. Secretary of State

MADELEINE ALBRIGHT keeps a bust of Adlai Stevenson in her office. On top of it, she has playfully perched a blue U.N. combat helmet and a green beret. The effect is a shrine of sorts to Albright's own intellect, faith in American ideals and zeal for U.S. activism abroad. Like Stevenson, Albright was a plainspoken, deeply thinking U.N. ambassador. As for the blue combat helmets, Albright has no qualms about deploying force to solve problems in the mixed-up, post-Cold War world. A former refugee, college professor, ambassador and legislative staff member, Albright brings an impressive mix of experience and expertise to her new post as secretary of state.




Albright's father was a Czechoslovakian diplomat. As a young girl, she learned to greet visiting European dignitaries with flowers and a smile. Twice, her family had to flee Czechoslovakia; first to London when the Nazis overran Czechoslovakia in 1938, then to the United States when the communists seized power 10 years later. Albright's father took a teaching post in international relations at the University of Denver.

In her Denver high school, Albright — then Madeleine Korbel — won a U.N.-sponsored competition by correctly naming all the agency's member states.

Though raised Catholic and later married into the Episcopal Church, reports in the wake of her nomination to secretary of state suggest Albright has Jewish ancestry. Birth certificates and records unearthed in Europe indicate that her father's parents probably died at Auschwitz.

Albright attended Wellesley College on a scholarship and later, while raising her twin daughters, earned a master's and a Ph.D. in public law and government from Columbia University. She went on to teach international affairs at Georgetown University and serve as president of the Center for National Policy, a member of the National Security Council staff and chief legislative assistant to U.S. Sen. Edmund Muskie before being appointed U.N. ambassador in 1993.

Albright has a reputation for shooting from the hip, a quality that wins instant friends — she forged an overnight bond with Barbra Streisand, a regular shopping partner. It also creates moments of legendary candor: She dismissed Iraqi complaints about U.N. sanctions as "laughable," savaged U.N. bureaucrats who criticized American policies by asking them to "remember where their salaries are paid," and once described as "cowardice, not cojones" the Cuban shooting down of a U.S. civilian Cessna.

Some pundits, like The Washington Post's Jim Hoagland, have criticized Clinton's choice of Albright for secretary of state, calling her "a token," "Hillary's friend," "too reckless."

Some feminist groups, such as the National Organization for Women, have tried to steal thunder from her nomination, calling Clinton's choice a kickback to the soccer moms rather than a recognition of Albright's talents.

Meanwhile, the Washington community has turned a deaf ear and with open arms embraced Albright from both [neocon] sides of the aisle.


 http://www.abcnews.go.com/reference/bios/albright.html





"What's the point of having this superb military you're always talking about, if we can't use it?"
Albright, as remembered in Colin Powell's memoir. Powell wrote that he almost had an aneurysm, he was so upset.



11.


Secretary of state discovers Jewish roots
WASHINGTON - When Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu meets with Madeleine Albright for the first time as secretary of state, they will have something besides Middle East peace to talk about - their Jewish roots.
America's top diplomat has termed "fairly compelling" newly uncovered information that at least three of her grandparents were Jewish. These grandparents, along with more than a dozen other relatives, died at the hands of the Nazis.

Albright's parents never told her of their Jewish roots and raised her as a Roman Catholic, she has said.

The revelations, prompted by extensive research in Europe by The Washington Post, come only a week before Netanyahu is set to kick off a procession of visits by Middle East leaders hosted by Albright and President Clinton. In meetings with Clinton, talks are expected to focus on solidifying the gains of the recent Israeli-Palestinian Hebron agreement, as well as on trying to restart Israeli-Syrian peace talks.

But another focus of the visit is to begin working relations between Netanyahu's government and the new secretary of state.

Stunning news
News of Albright's Jewish roots stunned many this week - most of all Albright herself. When she was first appointed, many people, especially in the Arab world, were certain she was Jewish. But Albright's office repeatedly confirmed that she was not.

According to information published in the Post that was given to Albright only last week, her paternal grandparents, Arnost and Olga Korbel, were Jews who died at Auschwitz. Albright's maternal grandmother, Anna Spieglova, was also killed by the Nazis. Other relatives died at Terezin, a holding camp for Czech Jews, before being sent to Auschwitz.

"Obviously it is a very personal matter for my family and brother and sister and my children," Albright told the Post. "The only thing I have to go by is what my mother and father told me, how I was brought up," the paper quoted her as saying.

Albright's father died in 1977. Her mother died in 1989.

History detailed
Albright gave the Post a copy of an 11-page unfinished family history written by her mother. The handwritten manuscript, written in 1977 after Albright's father's death, makes no reference to Judaism or relatives who died in the Holocaust.

The Post quoted Mandula Korbel as writing, "With the help of some good friends and lots of luck and a little bribery" the family "managed to get the necessary Gestapo permission to leave the country."

Albright's family fled Czechoslovakia in March 1939, days after Nazi forces occupied the country. Her father, a diplomat, took the family to London, where they stayed until after the war. The family returned, but again fled in 1948 after a Communist coup, and settled in the United States.

Albright's first cousin, Dagmar Simova, who lives in what is now the Czech Republic, told the Post that Albright's parents did not tell her about the fate of her relatives because she was only 8 years old at the end of the war.

A copy of Albright's father's birth certificate lists Josef Korbel as "Jewish," according to the Post. In addition, names of relatives reportedly appear on the list of 77,000 Czech Holocaust victims inscribed on the wall of the Pinkas synagogue in Prague.

The revelations about Albright's Jewish roots are expected to have little direct impact on relations between Washington and Jerusalem, diplomatic officials said.

 http://www.jewishaz.com/jewishnews/970207/secstate.html



12.

She was born "Korbel". Her fathers name was Josef Korbel. He was a member of the Czech diplomatic service and worked in Belgrade, London, and Prague before he fled with his family in 1948. She was actually brought up Catholic to avoid persecution. They fled from London when she was 2, 1939. They returned in 1945 and once again had to flee when she was 11, 1948. They were granted "political asylum" (they didn't immigrate) in the United States, and he began working at the University of Denver, where he founded a graduate school of international relations. She later married Joseph Medill Patterson Albright in 1959, a member of one of the nation's prominent newspaper dynasties. Her husband left her in 1982, and she divorced him in 1983


War criminal: Madeleine Albright
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

"DA BULL"
By Bob Djurdjevic
PHOENIX, Feb. 9 - It is not known if Madeleine Albright, the newly-confirmed Secretary of State, has paid much attention to American pro-sports. So the Chicago area phrases - "Da Bears," "Da Bulls"... - popularized on the Saturday Night Live show - may be lost on her.

Nevertheless, Albright still managed to produce "Da Bull" as if she were a Chicago native.

During the first week of February, faced with irrefutable evidence presented to her by the Washington Post that she was of Jewish heritage, she said that "all this was a major surprise to me."

Meanwhile, while Albright's "surprise" - Alzheimer-type at age 59, or feigned, O.J.-type - has caused some gut-wrenching reactions among the Jewish-Americans, it drew smirks and chuckles among the people who knew her father and the Korbel (her maiden name) family. The Korbels lived in Belgrade, Serbia, between 1936-1938 and 1945-1948.

When asked recently if he knew that Albright was of Jewish heritage, a Belgrade university professor replied: "Of course, I know that. 'Everybody and his uncle' in Belgrade knows that."

Except, it seems, for Madeleine Albright herself. And the gullible American media which are yet to print any details about Albright's stay in Belgrade. So "Da Bull" flourishes...

By contrast, here is what this writer wrote on Feb. 4 - the day before he saw the Washington Post or the New York Times stories about Albright - to a media editor in Washington, DC:

"...In the meantime, thought you may be interested in the enclosed letter (about Clinton and Albright letting down a Marine beaten by Milosevic's police) which I sent today to all U.S. Senators and Congressmen who have e-mail addresses.

I also thought that it was quite disgraceful for Madeleine Albright suddenly to 'discover' her Jewish heritage today, when this was commonly known by everybody who knew her family, who moved from Czechoslovakia to Belgrade, Serbia, in 1936 partly to avoid the Nazis' persecution.



Which is why I thought that she had deliberately withheld that information from her "official bio," maybe so that she would not have to explain that she got to go to school in Serbia, or that her father (a former Czech ambassador in Belgrade) was a great Serbophile.



Now that she admitted her Jewish background, plus that she was raised a Roman Catholic before becoming an Episcopalian, my... she may be only the second U.S. government official after Clinton to qualify for my 'Nothing-nothing' liberal nirvana award. Heck she is half way there now! With three religions in her bag already, she only has to convert to Islam, Buddhism and the Orthodox Christianity and she'd be a model of a liberal nihilist-globalist - Ms. Halfbright Nothing, 'citizen of the world,' who believes in nothing." [smiley face] (except money and power).

As more details about Albright's character emerged over the following several days, her lust for money and power, and her disdain for her own heritage became even more evident.

On Feb. 25, 1994, the mayor of Letohrad (a Czech town from which the Korbel family hails) wrote to Albright that her Jewish father came from this small Bohemian town, and that her grandparents and other close relatives had died in Nazi camps, the New York Times reported from the Czech Republic on Feb. 7:

"...Other extensive details of Albright's family are then related by Silar and other people in the town, including how Josef Korbel and his brother Jan later studied in Prague; how Josef Korbel's sister married a man named Rudolf Deml; how the Demls then had a daughter named Dagmar -- Madeleine Albright's first cousin -- who went to England "before the Nazi occupation", the NYT reported. "If she ever received and read this material, the details about her cousin Dagmar must have been particularly compelling. As a young girl - she was born in 1937 - Albright knew Dagmar very well in London."

So how did Albright treat Dagmar, her first cousin and her childhood chum after Maria Jana (the latter day Madeleine) became a "hot shot?"

In two words - "like dirt."

Albright's cousin said on Thursday (Feb. 7) in an interview with the NYT that, after various attempts to make contact, she also had the impression that the Secretary of State wanted, for some reason, to sever ties with her Czech family.

"Obviously, she does not want a relationship with me," Dagmar said. "It did hurt. But I got over it. It can't be helped. I have other relatives and many friends."

On recent visits to the Czech Republic in 1994 and 1995, Albright made no effort to contact her cousin and did not respond to a letter Dagmar handed to one of her bodyguards.

Dagmar's young sister, Milena, also died in WW II. At the age of 12, also the first cousin of Albright, was killed at Auschwitz in 1944. Similarly, the article which the mayor of Albright's home town sent with his letter in 1994 said, "Mrs. Deml and her parents Arnost Korbel and his wife, Olga, died in the gas chambers" -- a clear statement of the fact that Albright's aunt and her grandparents were killed by the Nazis.

The Jan. 18, 1997 issue of Belgrade's weekly, VREME published an excerpt from Madeleine Albright father's 1951 book - "Tito's Yugoslavia" In it, this distinguished Czech diplomat and a great friend of the Serbs, according to those who knew him, described how he handled a similar situation involving another woman who was embarrassed of her Czech roots. It happened at a diplomatic cocktail party in 1945 in Belgrade given by the Yugoslav communist dictator, Josip Broz Tito: "...I was in the company of some Yugoslav generals when my former friend (Vladimir Ribnikar - an heir to the oldest Serbian publishing house - POLITIKA), and his Czech wife passed by."

(Earlier on in his book, Ambassador Korbel talked about how these close Serbian family friends, dating back to his 1936-1938 years in Belgrade as the Czech cultural attachi - the Ribnikars, used to visit each other at least once a week, ignored him after he arrived as a Czech ambassador to Belgrade in 1945).

"This time, they could not avoid seeing me. Yet, without a word of welcome, she (Mrs. Ribnikar) said: 'Don't consider me a Czech anymore. I have become a Yugoslav. I am full of the 'partisan' (communist) spirit, and I have forgotten my Czech ancestors."

The (Yugoslav) generals were surprised by such an undiplomatic comment. I was also ashamed. But I managed to reply: "I am sorry to hear that. But we have in our country so many good women that we'd be glad to let our Yugoslav friends have one of them."

Just as Albright's cousin, Dagmar, seemed disappointed but ready to move on ("it did hurt. But I got over it. It can't be helped. I have other relatives and many friends") - so does the ambassador Korbel's dignified answer reveal similar sentiments. He'd be probably turning in his grave if he were to see what has come of his daughter.

One cannot help but wonder what it is about some people that makes them so anxious to give up their national or ethnic identity for money and power? Is that why the Czech Republic became the darling of foreign multinationals? (In 1995, for example, this country with the population of only 10 million received as much in foreign investments as did the four times larger Poland - $2.5 billion each, and MORE than Russia, a country with the population 14 times that of the Czech Republic).

Whatever the answer to this question, there is a more important matter about which we, the American citizens, must be concerned about. Madeleine Albright, alias Maria Jana Korbel, born a Jew, baptized a Catholic, now an Episcopalian, appointed to the Secretary of State post by a godless draft-evading President, is now in charge of our foreign policy.

If Albright was so eager to dump her Czech roots and her Jewishness for money and power, how can we be sure that this Secretary of State won't do the same with the American national interests? Or perhaps was that, in fact, the whole point and the main criterion for selecting her for the top foreign policy post?

Maybe our ruling elites, the establishment plutocrats who decide whom to send to Washington, only pick the people like Clinton or Albright who "believe in nothing" except in money and power. Maybe only unscrupulous candidates who are willing to sell out principles and protect their sponsors', rather than our national, interests are "good enough to serve our country" - another "Da Bull" establishment line .

As we wrote in the Truth in Media Bulletin 96-08, 8/29/96, having people like that "in charge of the U.S. national security is like hiring a fox to guard a chicken coop. With the American people inside."

 http://www.srpska-mreza.com/library/facts/Mad.html



13.




For Immediate Release
Attention: Assignment Editor
Contact: Deirdre Sinnott or Sara Sloan (212-633-6646)

PROTEST U.S. SECRETARY OF STATE MADELINE ALBRIGHT AND THE U.S. GOVERNMENT'S GENOCIDAL POLICY AGAINST IRAQ

STOP THE WAR AGAINST IRAQ! END U.S./UN SANCTIONS!

The International Action Center, with many anti-war organizations, will stage a protest in Seneca Falls, New York, on July 11, 1998, beginning at 10:30 a.m., at the New York Chiropractic College Athletic Center on East Bayard St. They will demonstrate against U.S. Secretary of State Madeline Albright who promotes the genocidal policies against Iraq perpetrated by the U.S. government.

"The International Action Center is in solidarity with the organizers of the 150th anniversary of the first women's rights convention being commemorated in Seneca Falls, New York. We consider the fight for women's rights to be a fundamental struggle," explained Lydia Bayoneta, coordinator of theRochester chapter of the International Action Center and an organizer of this protest.

"However," Bayoneta continued, "as U.S. Secretary of State, Madeline Albright is one of the architects of U.S. foreign policy against Iraq. In an interview with Leslie Stahl of CBS on May 11, 1996, U.S. Secretary of State Madeline Albright was asked whether the over half a million children killed by the sanctions were "worth it." Her response was: "It's a hard choice, but I think, we, think, it's worth it."

"The U.S./UN economic sanctions which have been imposed on Iraq are now in their eighth year. They have brought about a catastrophic economic situation in that country, resulting in the deaths of an estimated 1.5 million Iraqi children, women and men."

Organizations co-sponsoring the protest on July 11, 1998 include Pax Christi, Rochester, Voices of the Wilderness, Rochester Voices for Iraqi Children, and the

Spirituality Group of Non-Violence.

The International Action Center is dedicated to opposing U.S. policy which amounts to genocide against the Iraqi people, and protests any U.S./UN aggression against Iraq.

To speak to organizers of the July 11 protest, call the International Action Center at ( 716) 436-6458 or (212) 633-6646.


 http://www.iacenter.org/albright.htm


AND MADELINE WAS AFTER IRAQ for Clinton/Bush AS WELL.

SO IN THE 'MOVE' FROM MADELINE TO CONDI--WHAT HAS CHANGED IF ANYTHING IN KORBELIAN POLITICS?





"However," Bayoneta continued, "as U.S. Secretary of State, Madeline Albright is one of the architects of U.S. foreign policy against Iraq. In an interview with Leslie Stahl of CBS on May 11, 1996, U.S. Secretary of State Madeline Albright was asked whether the over half a million children killed by the sanctions were "worth it." Her response was: "It's a hard choice, but I think, we, think, it's worth it."




SUMMARY IN ONE LINE: I'm pretty confident you are looking at sponsored/inducted or straight bloodline Illuminati family. Madeline Albright shows up in MKULTRA relations as well.



related post:

STRAUSSIANS
IMAGE: The Bastard Children of Leo Strauss, The History and Geneology of NEOCONS
 http://portland.indymedia.org/en/2004/02/280598.shtml

MARSHALLITES
Title: Climate Change,Pentagon's Weather Nightmare,& ANDREW MARSHALL as OZ WIZARD OF 9-11
Author: various
 http://portland.indymedia.org/en/2004/02/281049.shtml

KORBELLIANS: ANOTHER NEOCON BRANCH

"MKULTRA Madeline" is in the book....
Confessions of a WHITE HOUSE SEX SLAVE, '81-'88 [CIA/DIA MKULTRA trauma mind control]
by: Cathy O'Brien
 http://portland.indymedia.org/en/2004/02/280183.shtml

correction, Korbel coat of arms 15.Apr.2004 03:26

.

"Beyond here be dragons."
Korbel aristocratic coat of arms, Bohemia-Moravia, Dragon & Fleur-de-lys
Korbel aristocratic coat of arms, Bohemia-Moravia, Dragon & Fleur-de-lys