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Heads of State Removed by Popular Uprising

Here is a list of the principal popular uprisings that have led to the overthrow of heads of state since 1989:
Forced out of office
AFP
Sunday 23 November 2003, 23:15 Makka Time, 20:15 GMT


POLAND, April 1989: The Soviet-backed regime bows to massive street-level pressure from trade union Solidarity, organises elections and non-Communists sweep to power.


EAST GERMANY, Oct 18, 1989: The fall of the Berlin wall and massive demonstrations in favour of reform and freedom prove too much for East German leader Erich Honecker, who resigns.


CZECHOSLOVAKIA, Nov 1989: Hundreds of thousands of Czechs conduct a "Velvet Revolution" that leads to the collapse of the Communist regime.


ROMANIA, December 1989: Riots break out in Timisoara, triggering a mass uprising. Troops fire on protesters, killing over 1,000. Despotic president Nicolae Ceausescu is summarily executed.


MALI, March 1991: President Moussa Traore is toppled in a coup and thrown into jail after dozens are killed in a popular insurrection.


INDONESIA, May 1998: A month of demonstrations and rioting, in which 1,200 people are killed, forces Indonesian dictator General Suharto to step down.


YUGOSLAVIA, October 9, 2000: Autocratic Yugoslav president Slobodan Milosevic meets crushing defeat in an election and is driven from power in a huge popular uprising.


ECUADOR, January 21, 2000: President Jamil Mahuad finally loses the support of the army and is forced to resign after disastrous economic policies send thousands onto the streets.


PERU, Nov 19, 2000: President Alberto Fujimori flees to Japan after a massive political corruption scandal causes uproar. He announces his resignation by fax.


THE PHILIPPINES: January 20, 2001: Former movie idol Joseph Estrada sees his star wane when the army backs mass street protests against widespread corruption within the regime.


MADAGASCAR, Dec 16, 2001: A popular revolt over the first round results of a presidential election drags on for seven months and eventually leads to downfall of longtime head of state Didier Ratsiraka.


ARGENTINA, Dec 20, 2001: A desperate economic crisis provokes huge demonstrations, rioting and looting in which 27 people are killed. President Fernando de la Rua is forced to step down.


BOLIVIA, Oct 17, 2003: President Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada resigns after a month of demonstrations over a controversial gas export deal. The protests paralyse the country and 80 people die.


GEORGIA, November 23, 2003: Georgia's veteran President Eduard Shevardnadze has resigned amid scenes of wild jubilation in the streets of Tbilisi. In a climax to weeks of angry protests disputed elections, which have been denounced as rigged by the opposition and foreign governments.
The Answer 23.Nov.2003 14:45

Is Accountability

The Government is accountable to the citizens or it is tyranny. Don't think about it, ask a professional. Leaders have become MISLEADERS. It's time reform corruption out of this government . Not quick enough for you? Involve yourself in community, government, and media to get us there.