portland independent media center  
images audio video
newswire article reposts global

human & civil rights | imperialism & war

U.S. Connection to Nazi Eugenics Programs

On Sunday, Nov 9, the San Francisco Chronicle published an extraordinary,
most informative article by Edwin Black, that sheds light on the role played
by the American eugenics movement in the Nazi extermination policy. Eugenics
is a pseudoscience whose purported aim is to "improve" the human race, while
eliminating that portion of the race that eugenicists deem "undesirable."
Subject: Eugenics: the California connection to Nazi policies
San Francisco Chronicle


ALLIANCE FOR HUMAN RESEARCH PROTECTION (AHRP)
 http://www.ahrp.org

On Sunday, Nov 9, the San Francisco Chronicle published an extraordinary,
most informative article by Edwin Black, that sheds light on the role played
by the American eugenics movement in the Nazi extermination policy. Eugenics
is a pseudoscience whose purported aim is to "improve" the human race, while
eliminating that portion of the race that eugenicists deem "undesirable."
The article is adapted from Black's recently released book, "War Against the
Weak," published by Four Walls Eight Windows.

Black shows that American eugenics played a decisive role in the adoption of
racist and even lethal public policies in the US and then in Germany. Black
writes: "Eugenics would have been so much bizarre parlor talk had it not
been for extensive financing by corporate philanthropies, specifically the
Carnegie Institution, the Rockefeller Foundation and the Harriman railroad
fortune. They were all in league with some of America's most respected
scientists from such prestigious universities as Stanford, Yale, Harvard and
Princeton. These academicians espoused race theory and race science, and
then faked and twisted data to serve eugenics' racist aims."

"Stanford President David Starr Jordan originated the notion of "race and
blood" in his 1902 racial epistle "Blood of a Nation," in which the
university scholar declared that human qualities and conditions such as
talent and poverty were passed through the blood."

"The Harriman railroad fortune paid local charities, such as the New York
Bureau of Industries and Immigration, to seek out Jewish, Italian and other
immigrants in New York and other crowded cities and subject them to
deportation, confinement or forced sterilization."

The influence of American eugenicists was even more sinister. American
eugenicists influenced the Nazi sterilization, experimentation, and
extermination policies--including the medical atrocities first conducted on
institutionalized disabled human beings--adults and children. What's more,
the scions of American philanthropy financed German eugenicists and actively
supported their pseudoscientific research institutes.

Therefore, no useful discussion about medical and behavioral research ethics
can take place without an examination of the American eugenics movement.
Yet, American bioethicists have studiously avoided a critical analysis of
the eugenics movement, its lethal ideology, and its inevitably lethal
"solutions." By their silence, American bioethics seem to be attesting to
the lingering, but covert influence of eugenics within the American
healthcare and research community.

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Long Island, was a eugenics center founded by
the Carnegie Institution. Among its activities was the stockpiling of
"millions of index cards on ordinary Americans, as researchers carefully
plotted the removal of families, bloodlines and whole peoples. From Cold
Spring Harbor, eugenics advocates agitated in the legislatures of America,
as well as the nation's social service agencies and associations." See also:
 http://nucleus.cshl.org/CSHLlib/archives/ciwfiles.htm

Black notes: " The superior species the eugenics movement sought was
populated not merely by tall, strong, talented people. Eugenicists craved
blond, blue-eyed Nordic types. This group alone, they believed, was fit to
inherit the Earth. In the process, the movement intended to subtract
emancipated Negroes, immigrant Asian laborers, Indians, Hispanics, East
Europeans, Jews, dark- haired hill folk, poor people, the infirm and anyone
classified outside the gentrified genetic lines drawn up by American
raceologists. How?

By identifying so-called defective family trees and subjecting them to
lifelong segregation and sterilization programs to kill their bloodlines.
The grand plan was to literally wipe away the reproductive capability of
those deemed weak and inferior -- the so-called unfit. The eugenicists hoped
to neutralize the viability of 10 percent of the population at a sweep,
until none were left except themselves."

Today's covert eugenicists are similarly "screening" for undetected
conditions. Children are especially screened for psychiatric and anti-social
"conditions" for which no cures exist. Others are engaging in genetic
manipulation experiments seeking to produce "perfect" babies.
Much of the spiritual guidance and political agitation for the American
eugenics movement came from California's quasi-autonomous eugenic societies,
such as Pasadena's Human Betterment Foundation and the California branch of
the American Eugenics Society, which coordinated much of their activity with
the Eugenics Research Society in Long Island. These organizations -- which
functioned as part of a closely-knit network -- published racist eugenic
newsletters and pseudoscientific journals, such as Eugenical News and
Eugenics, and propagandized for the Nazis.
Black provides compelling evidence showing that the ideological roots and
even the methods of extermination--including the gas chambers--were the
brain child of American eugenicists living in California. He reveals that
the Rockefeller Foundation financed the work of Josef Mengele, MD, Ph.D.,
before he went to Auschwitz where his
unspeakable medical experiments on twins earned him the epithet "Angel of
Death." See:
 http://www.crimelibrary.com/serial_killers/history/mengele/research_5.html?s
ect=6

More than just providing the scientific roadmap, America funded Germany's
eugenic institutions.

By 1926, Rockefeller had donated some $410,000 -- almost $4 million in
today's money -- to hundreds of German researchers. In May 1926, Rockefeller
awarded $250,000 toward creation of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for
Psychiatry. Among the leading psychiatrists at the German Psychiatric
Institute was Ernst Rüdin, who became director and eventually an architect
of Hitler's systematic medical repression.

Another in the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute's complex of eugenics institutions
was the Institute for Brain Research. Since 1915, it had operated out of a
single room. Everything changed when Rockefeller money arrived in 1929. A
grant of $317,000 allowed the institute to construct a major building and
take center stage in German race biology. The institute received additional
grants from the Rockefeller Foundation during the next several years.
Leading the institute, once again, was Hitler's medical henchman Ernst
Rüdin. Rüdin's organization became a prime director and recipient of the
murderous experimentation and research conducted on Jews, Gypsies and
others.

Perhaps the date of publication of Black's article was chosen to coincide
with Nov 9, 1938, Kristallnacht--the night the Nazi's unleased a diabolical
campaign of mass extermination.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Complete article See:

 http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/c/a/2003/11/09/ING9C2QSKB1.D
TL&type=printable

Eugenics and the Nazis -- the California connection
Edwin Black
Sunday, November 9, 2003
Page D - 1

EXCERPT:
Hitler and his henchmen victimized an entire continent and exterminated
millions in his quest for a so-called Master Race.

But the concept of a white, blond-haired, blue-eyed master Nordic race
didn't originate with Hitler. The idea was created in the United States, and
cultivated in California, decades before Hitler came to power. California
eugenicists played an important, although little-known, role in the American
eugenics movement's campaign for ethnic cleansing.

Eugenics was the pseudoscience aimed at "improving" the human race. In its
extreme, racist form, this meant wiping away all human beings deemed
"unfit," preserving only those who conformed to a Nordic stereotype.
Elements of the philosophy were enshrined as national policy by forced
sterilization and segregation laws, as well as marriage restrictions,
enacted in 27 states. In 1909, California became the third state to adopt
such laws. Ultimately, eugenics practitioners coercively sterilized some
60,000 Americans, barred the marriage of thousands, forcibly segregated
thousands in "colonies," and persecuted untold numbers in ways we are just
learning. Before World War II, nearly half of coercive sterilizations were
done in California, and even after the war, the state accounted for a third
of all such surgeries.

California was considered an epicenter of the American eugenics movement.
During the 20th century's first decades, California's eugenicists included
potent but little-known race scientists, such as Army venereal disease
specialist Dr. Paul Popenoe, citrus magnate Paul Gosney, Sacramento banker
Charles Goethe, as well as members of the California state Board of
Charities and Corrections and the University of California Board of Regents.
.....cut...
Eighteen solutions were explored in a Carnegie-supported 1911 "Preliminary
Report of the Committee of the Eugenic Section of the American Breeder's
Association to Study and to Report on the Best Practical Means for Cutting
Off the Defective Germ-Plasm in the Human Population." Point No. 8 was
euthanasia.
The most commonly suggested method of eugenicide in the United States was a
"lethal chamber" or public, locally operated gas chambers. In 1918, Popenoe,
the Army venereal disease specialist during World War I, co-wrote the widely
used textbook, "Applied Eugenics," which argued, "From an historical point
of view, the first method which presents itself is execution . . . Its value
in keeping up the standard of the race should not be underestimated."
"Applied Eugenics" also devoted a chapter to "Lethal Selection," which
operated "through the destruction of the individual by some adverse feature
of the environment, such as excessive cold, or bacteria, or by bodily
deficiency."
Eugenic breeders believed American society was not ready to implement an
organized lethal solution. But many mental institutions and doctors
practiced improvised medical lethality and passive euthanasia on their own.
One institution in Lincoln, Ill., fed its incoming patients milk from
tubercular cows believing a eugenically strong individual would be immune.
Thirty to 40 percent annual death rates resulted at Lincoln. Some doctors
practiced passive eugenicide one newborn infant at a time. Others doctors at
mental institutions engaged in lethal neglect.
Nonetheless, with eugenicide marginalized, the main solution for eugenicists
was the rapid expansion of forced segregation and sterilization, as well as
more marriage restrictions. California led the nation, performing nearly all
sterilization procedures with little or no due process. In its first 25
years of eugenics legislation, California sterilized 9,782 individuals,
mostly women. Many were classified as "bad girls," diagnosed as
"passionate," "oversexed" or "sexually wayward." At the Sonoma State Home,
some women were sterilized because of what was deemed an abnormally large
clitoris or labia.
In 1933 alone, at least 1,278 coercive sterilizations were performed, 700 on
women. The state's two leading sterilization mills in 1933 were Sonoma State
Home with 388 operations and Patton State Hospital with 363 operations.
Other sterilization centers included Agnews, Mendocino, Napa, Norwalk,
Stockton and Pacific Colony state hospitals.
......cut.......

Eighteen solutions were explored in a Carnegie-supported 1911 "Preliminary
Report of the Committee of the Eugenic Section of the American Breeder's
Association to Study and to Report on the Best Practical Means for Cutting
Off the Defective Germ-Plasm in the Human Population." Point No. 8 was
euthanasia.

The most commonly suggested method of eugenicide in the United States was a
"lethal chamber" or public, locally operated gas chambers. In 1918, Popenoe,
the Army venereal disease specialist during World War I, co-wrote the widely
used textbook, "Applied Eugenics," which argued, "From an historical point
of view, the first method which presents itself is execution . . . Its value
in keeping up the standard of the race should not be underestimated."
"Applied Eugenics" also devoted a chapter to "Lethal Selection," which
operated "through the destruction of the individual by some adverse feature
of the environment, such as excessive cold, or bacteria, or by bodily
deficiency."

Eugenic breeders believed American society was not ready to implement an
organized lethal solution. But many mental institutions and doctors
practiced improvised medical lethality and passive euthanasia on their own.
One institution in Lincoln, Ill., fed its incoming patients milk from
tubercular cows believing a eugenically strong individual would be immune.
Thirty to 40 percent annual death rates resulted at Lincoln. Some doctors
practiced passive eugenicide one newborn infant at a time. Others doctors at
mental institutions engaged in lethal neglect.

Nonetheless, with eugenicide marginalized, the main solution for eugenicists
was the rapid expansion of forced segregation and sterilization, as well as
more marriage restrictions. California led the nation, performing nearly all
sterilization procedures with little or no due process. In its first 25
years of eugenics legislation, California sterilized 9,782 individuals,
mostly women. Many were classified as "bad girls," diagnosed as
"passionate," "oversexed" or "sexually wayward." At the Sonoma State Home,
some women were sterilized because of what was deemed an abnormally large
clitoris or labia.
........cut......

Edwin Black is author of the award-winning "IBM and the Holocaust" and the
recently released "War Against the Weak" (published by Four Walls Eight
Windows), from which this article is adapted.

©2003 San Francisco Chronicle

Dead Link 11.Nov.2003 11:23

New Link

The SF Chronicle link included for the story is dead
 http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/c/a/2003/11/09/ING9C2QSKB1.D

Use this one instead:
 link to www.sfgate.com

'High-risk' AIDS groups targeted for Eugenics programs? 11.Nov.2003 12:17

open mind

Think about the similarities.

- The groups considered at "high risk" for AIDS are practically the same groups the Nazis sought out for rounding up and/or extermination. Initially, people were considered at high risk for AIDS solely because of lifestyle, environmental, and health conditions, such as drug addicts and haemophiliacs. Today's "high risk" groups are, surprise surprise, gays, African Americans of child-bearing age (how convenient), and all sub-Saharan Africans. This list of undesirables...er...um..."at risk" groups continues to expand as more Asian countries are added to the "at risk" list.

The more recent inclusions of racial groups and sexual orientation as "high risk" are not based on comparing a cross section of all people within those categories to other categories. The racialization and sexual orientation of AIDS, while deliberately ignoring other factors, is a way for Eugenicists and other opportunists to steer the focus away from lifestyle, social and environmental causes of disease and then pathologize, stigmatize, test, and administer the most deadly, toxic substances to the people of color, and gays, as well as drug addicts and any group deemed undesirable by the power elite under the guise of "public health". Those who interpret the actual raw numbers of reported AIDS cases do not control for things like lifestyle, class, and the way in which AIDS is diagnosed i.e., the fact that reported AIDS cases are skewed by doctors who use race and sexual orientation as factors in determining how to diagnose certain conditions. If they did, the results would show things like poverty and deprivation being more relevant, not one's ethnic background and sexual orientation. But the coming up with solutions to the real, underlying problems of these diseases looks way too much like communism to them, so they opt for the race/sexual orientation route.

- NGOs, many of them funded by the very foundations noted in the above article or similar wealthy foundations, are the most vocal advocates for HIV testing and treatment of many of the same groups considered inferiors by the Nazis, Eugenicists, and other racial/ethnic cleansers, with known deadly toxic experimental drugs. The exact same type of testing and experimentation was used against the Jews in Germany during the Third Reich who the Nazis considered a "public health threat".

- Pharmaceutical companies based in Germany? Nazi connections?

pharmaceuticals, IG Farben and fluoride 11.Nov.2003 16:02

water drinker

Connex of pharmaceutical corporations in Nazi Germany, check "Crimes and Punishment of IG Farben"

IG Farben was the large chemical conglomerate in Germany that researched the effect of fluoride compounds on the brain. Germany was the first country to fluoridate the drinking water of concentration camps and the occupied nations of Poland and others..

Fluoride is a byproduct of aluminum industry, American Alcoa aluminum (connex to Rockefeller) was trading info with IG Farben as the effect of using the fluoride waste products on human subjects..

The fluoride compound from aluminum waste is often hydrofluosilicic acid, and the effect on the brain is a weakening of the basic survival instinct. It produces symptoms of lethargy and apathy, common 9in many people who drink fluoridated water..

Many psychiatric pharm products also contain fluoride compounds and produce similar effects..

This may seem a far fetched "conspiracy theory", but it would be advised to take this matter into serious consideration..

For more info visit fluoride action network;


No my friend... 12.Nov.2003 04:34

z

IG Farben IS the large conglomerate... They´re still around. Just like BMW, Thyssen, Krupps, and the other companies that made a "killing" out of WW2 are still around. And let´s not forget US companies ITT and Ford, who were vital to the Nazi war effort. Fuck ´em all.

I WONDER IF PORTLAND'S WATER HAS THIS STUFF? 12.Nov.2003 07:29

newcomer

Enlightened people everywhere know the truth about fluoride. As a relative newcomer to Portland, I now wonder if there is fluoride in the drinking water here? I assumed since the place is full of really sharp people, that they'd dealt with all that controversy in intelligent manner long since. But, after reading this, and taking into consideration the Gestapo Kops, the lilly White ZOGish power structure, and that ugly old bull dyke of a Mayor...I'm beginning to wonder???? Seriously, I don't know. So, someone write here just what the deal is here with this nasty stuff.

yeh!, that's a good question there... 12.Nov.2003 11:09

do we?

You know, I'm not sure either whether we have fluoride in the local water. Sure tastes pretty good and quenches a
thrist! But, as you've said, given the type of nasty bad-actors running this town, one has to wonder what kind of evil
and wickedness they'd sneak in on us via the water. Maybe this why their so hot to cover Mt. Tabor? They can put
all sorts of stuff in the water and people won't see 'em do it? Lot's of questions here? Someone, tell us if there is
fluoride in the local water or not. Thanks!

Portland's municipal water is not flouridated 12.Nov.2003 12:18

CaptainPlanet

This is from the City of Portland Bureau of Water Works website:


 http://www.water.ci.portland.or.us/faqquality.htm


Does Portland add fluoride to drinking water?

No fluoride is detected in Bull Run water. Portland does not add fluoride to the water. At low levels, fluoride helps prevent dental cavities. The US Public Health Service and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) consider the fluoride levels in Portland's water sources to be lower than optimal for helping to prevent dental decay. You may want to consult with your dentist about fluoride treatment to help prevent tooth decay, especially for young children.

A better way to avoid tooth decay 13.Nov.2003 11:53

open mind

is avoiding the consumption of refined carbohydrates.

Fluoridation -  http://www.garynull.com/Issues/Fluoridation.htm