"S Africa grows despite Aids"
from the BBC News
More South Africans had access to education, clean water and electricity in
2001 compared to five years earlier.
Around 70% of homes had electricity in 2001 compared with 58% in 1996.
President Thabo Mbeki says that the results show that the country was 'not
However, the census shows enormous disparities between racial groups.
About 30% of white South Africans had a higher education qualification,
compared to just 5% of black South Africans.
The population shot up despite estimates that hundreds of thousands may
have died during the period from HIV/Aids.
South Africa has the largest HIV-infected population in the world, with
around 4.8 million people believed to have the HIV virus that causes Aids.
Unemployment remained a big problem despite an average economic growth
of 2.7% over the period.
The census put unemployment at about 42% of the total number of South
Africans who are eligible for employment.
The Statistician-General, Mr Pali Lehola, says the unemployment figure could
be lower because people in the informal sector and agriculture defined
themselves as unemployed.
The census also found out that the number of white people in South Africa,
where the white-ruled apartheid system operated until 1994, fell to 10% from
11% five years earlier.
Many white South Africans have emigrated in recent years.
But Mr Lehola also expressed uncertainty over figures for white South
Africans because of undercounting.
White South Africans live behind high security walls and keep fierce guard
dogs that could have kept away census officials.