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The Truth About North Korea

ideological and geopolitical contradictions culminate at korean peninsula, attack on the dprk expected.
General features. Contemporary history in nutshell.



Korean peninsula was divided after the Korean War in the early fifties. The imperialist forces with the arms of USA fighted under the flag of United Nations. In this war imperialist powers were defeated. However, the country was splitted. Two states were established, socialist North Korea and capitalist South Korea. The ideological contradiction between these countries still continues in spite of workers´ co-operation in both Koreas.

During the war the US with its allies committed serious war crimes. These crimes have come to daylight first in June 2001 in New York in the session of the Ttruth Commission Tribunal.

Listening intently to the evidence were over two dozen jurists from 17 countries. Twelve of these countries participated in the 1950-1953 war against Korea. After four sessions of deliberating over the testimony, this jury unanimously found the U.S. government and military guilty of 19 counts of war crimes committed against Korea from 1945 until 2001. See link in the end of this page.

Korean people on both sides would rather have only one state. The state of north Korea, North-Korean Workers´ Party of Korea, south Korean citizens´ movement National Democratic Front of south Korea and the Trade Unions of South Korea support the reunification. USA and their puppet regime in South Korea are the only obstacle in forming united Korea.

There is a heavily constructed military borderline between the Koreas. It has been built by Americans and south Koreans.

No peace agreement has been made after the Korean war.

The war continues in form of propaganda. North Korea appears as the first anti-imperialist force in the world. There is clear logicism in this idea. North Korea is a strong country and her political ideology is crucially based on anti-imperialism.

USA has blaimed north Korea for hiding some kind of superarms. North Korea produces and sells ordinary weapons in order to support its food supply. Other countries buy these weapons. The arms trade is nowadays a normal procedure. Also other countries have arms, especially NATO. NATO has also the most horrible mass destruction weapons. Accusations about superarms have been heard elsewhere and they sound amusing... It is more serious that imperialism uses commercial coercions against north Korea and searches for excuses to begin violence.

The DPRK has a strong people´s army. The army works mainly for welfare of civilians. The meaning of the army and purpose for investments to the army have got in the bourgeois media a completely distorted form.

North Korea excavates tunnels and builds other underground constructions. In the end of 1998 USA suspected on this basis the DPRK for dangerous military plans like it has done when Libya builds her water maintenance system. In January 1999 USA demanded for arms control in the underground srturctures. In March 1999 north Korea accepted the inspections because they have nothing to hide.

Nothing interesting was found. Yet the DPRK had already earlier promised to stop starting of their graphite-moderated nuclear plants in order to express goodwill. USA promised in an official agreement of 1994 to deliver oil or to build light water plants for DPRK. The promises were nothing but a fraud. Even the International Atomic Energy Agency is involved in this fraud.

Because of several successive bad years in the nineties and floods North Korea has had an emergency. A lot of people were starving. Exceptional weather conditions and bad productivity of soil may have been crucially caused artificially by enemies of North Korea. According to the big noise by the western media the poor productivity of agriculture is caused by socialism. Media does not pay attention on weather conditions or the criminal embargo manipulated by USA.

People of north Korea work efficiently for the agriculture. This efficiency has been noted also by the UN officials. People from towns and cities go regularly to countryside to work on fields for harvests.

The international relief fund systems are controlled by capitalism. Of course, they have not been interested in the emergency in this particular case. Both north and south Koreas have suffered because of weather conditions. South Korea gets the external aid automatically, north Korea not a all. In the eighties there was a correpongind emergency caused by floods in south Korea. North lent their hand immediately and unselfishly.

In case of any kind of help to north from governmental levels there have been efforts to connect it to political terms. Additionally, where were the declarations of the so called human right organizations in this situation?

Democratic People´s Republic of Korea has oil wells. Already for several years the country has offered oil resources to be used for the need of the world. No results so far. Capitalists would let people die sooner than have commercial relations with a socialist country.

The DPRK is a developed and industrialized socialist community with high standard of social knowledge and education.

The Korean socialism is based on the Juche ideology. Jucheism does not in every respect follow the traditional dialectical materialism. In the Marx´s Feuerbach-Hegel synthesis Juche shifts a bit towards Hegel. The traditional Marxim -Leninism may have turned a bit towards Feuerbach. The social psychological aspect is in Juche especially important. The Party officials in north Korea have strict rules not to set themselves above people. They must work among people, with them and at the same level, with help and advice if necessary.

General secretary Kim Jong Il´s Army-first -politics has made the country especially strong. Readiness for defence is on the anti-imperialist ideological basis and on military high-tech extremely high. At the same time soldiers work on farms and on different civil jobs and projects. The Army-first -politics has been succesful. It is not only a question of defense but of all the socialist building work. On the other hand, strong north Korean army has so far guaranteed peace at the Korean peninsula.

Democratic People´s Republic of Korea celebrated its 50years anniversary in August 1998 by launching a satellite. Parts of the carrier rocket dropped into sea without danger as it is planned to happen in this type of an operation. The western media began to fabricate propaganda about a missile test. Would the DPRK really test a missile towards Japan? An absurd idea.

In spring 2001 north Korean agriculture was damaged by draught. In summer 2001 there were floods in the northen part of the country. Foreign embassy staffs in Pyongyang have worked at several Korean farms and they have also given material aid. In 2003 the views of agriculture are better.

In 2003 views of north Korean economy are good. New power plant projects are going on. Agriculture has been intesified among other things with new Finnish potatoe species.

A new species of willow of high economic value is now being widely bred in different parts of the DPRK. Traditonal farms have been added with big ostrich farming and new goat cattles.

In January 2002 Norway informed that it will country will help develop hydroelectric power in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

In August 2002 the construction of Kumjingang Dam and Kumjingang Youth Power Station no. 6 was completed.



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On the DPRK economy 2002 - 2003.

North Korean Economy Improved In 2002.

Russian and Chinese oil supplies have helped the DPRK economy.

North Korea experienced severe electricity and food shortages, and other unprecedented hardships, for many straight years. But in the new century its economy is entering a new phase of progress.

Many factories and enterprises which suspended operations during those tough times have resumed their activities. By 1999, more than 5,100 such establishments across the country had been put back in normal operation.

According to the Korean Central News Agency, over 2,520 of them exceeded their annual targets.

More than 6,000 new industrial establishments have been completed over the last seven years, starting from the period of the "Arduous March", and begun to prove efficient. During those years nearly 40,000 buildings, including more than 1,500 cultural facilities, were built, and about 300,000 modern houses constructed in towns and rural areas.

Remarkable success has been registered in the effort to make up the shortfall in electricity generation capacity. The Anbyon Youth Power Station, the largest of its kind in the DPRK, has been placed in commission, and the project to increase the capacity of the Thaechon Power

Station in western Korea has been successfully concluded, enabling the production of far more electricity than before. Of particular note is the fact that more than 1,000 minor power stations have been built in a short period of time throughout the country thanks to an all-people campaign.

The north Korean government is focussing its efforts on reviving factories and enterprises, normalizing their production, implementing technical upgrading simultaneously, and building modem factories and enterprises so as to create new production activity. Typical examples are the basic food plants, and chicken and catfish farms recently built in the capital and the provinces. They are all of the highest standard.

Despite the dearth of funds, raw materials and all other supplies, the army and the people worked with invincible fortitude to build many monumental structures. They also carried out massive nature-transformation projects. During the "Arduous March" and the subsequent Forced March they built the 120-km-long Pyongyang-Hyangsan Motorway, the Youth Hero Motorway, the 100-odd-km Wonsan-Mt. Kumgang Youth Railway, Chon-gryu Bridge, Kumnung Tunnel No.2, the Kwangmyongsong Saltern, September 9 Street and the April 25 Hotel.

During the last few years land has been realigned extensively in north Korea, giving a face-lift to three of its provinces. More than a million small patches of land have been analgamated to create standard-sized fields with an area of 2,645 to 4,960 square metres. An area of 200,000 hectares in all has been realigned. Another key project has been the building of a 160-km-long waterway so as to allow the use of water from the Taedong River to irrigatge about 100,000 hectares of farmland in the granary along the west coast of Korea.

The army has played a significant role in bolstering production by building new production centres and transforming the country's farmland. It has made key breakthroughs in difficult construction projects, setting an example to the nation.

The West declared that the north Korean economy would be unable to recover from its difficulties. But its prospects are now very good. There is no doubt that north Korea has enormous economic potential. Despite its great difficulties, it orbited a satellite by its own efforts, astounding the world.

The north Koreans are unanimous in accrediting the country's recent successes to the army-centred policy of Supreme Leader Kim Jong II. They are convinced that they will prosper under the policy and make their country a great economic power in the near future.

North Korea will continue to make every effort to develop its mining industry under a long-term plan to meet the demands of an independent economy. It will work with equal vigour to achieve breakthroughs in the electric power, coal-mining and metalworking industries and railway transportation. Kim Jong 11's policies, including the double-cropping policy and the policy of revolutionizing seed and potato culture, will be implemented thoroughly in the agricultural sector, with the aim of achieving a sharp increase in agricultural production. The correctness of these policies has already been shown in practice. In addition, the north Korean Government has declared that it will give priority to meeting the demands of the people in every domain, and settle the problems affecting their standard of living on a preferential basis.

What is of note here is that unlike other socialist countries, it will not encourage the development of a market economy but instead try to realise the greatest benefits by observing socialist principles from first to last. To this end, north Korea will firmly ensure the unified leadership of the state, give lower echelons the opportunity to harness their creativity, and strictly apply socialist principles in both the distribution of goods and in social policies.

Today, all the north Koreans are working with confidence and optimism to carry out the economic policies of their Government, making spectacular progress in their work from the beginning of this year.

The perfect unity of the army and the people, as well as their inexhaustible strength and ardent passion, will undoubtedly bear fine fruit.

Economic views in the beginning of 2003.

The Anju, Tokchon and Myongchon coal mining complexes and other coal mines have considerably boosted the production from the first day of the New Year.

Electricity producers in all parts of the country are increasing the production by fully exploiting their inner resources, determined to solve the shortage of electricity in the country, smashing the U.S. imperialists' vicious moves to stifle the DPRK.

Working people who built hundreds of minor power plants last year have pushed ahead with the construction of power stations as a mass movement from the beginning of the year.

Such innovations have been reported also from metal industrial and agricultural domains.

The land rezoning in South Phyongan Province, Pyongyang and Nampho is being successfully accelerated as part of the great nature-remaking projects under the grand land construction plan of the Workers' Party of Korea.

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In 2002 - 2003 there are plans to make some amendments in the internal economic system of the DPRK. These changes do not mean any kind of shifting to market economy, not to mention capitalism.

In September 2002 DPRK has designated Sinuiju, on the border with China, a Special Administrative District having its own independent administration, legislation and justice systems. This special area does not have anything to do with the north Korean political system. The Sinuiju project is targeted to advance DPRK´s western currency balance for foreign trade.

At the same time these type of arrangements - not new in north Korea - will strenghten security and stability in northeast Asia.

A similiar special administative region is in the end of 2002 coming true in Gaesong, especially for south Korean industrial enterprises. In November 2002 The Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly of the DPRK promulgated a decree on setting up Mt. Kumgang Tourist Zone.

In October 2002 the DPRK admitted that it has enriched uranium. Of course, because the DPRK was in the nineties about to start their own nuclear plants. The DPRK had stored the enriched nuclear fuel according to the IAEA norms as agreed in the agreement of 1994. No sensation.

The western media lifted up a story of "north Korean nuclear weapons" in October 2002. Yet the DPRK officials have never admitted that kind of a program to exist. The "sources" are nothing but American assumptions. On the other hand, the U.S. has betrayed the framework agreement of 1994.

The U.S. has nuke warheads in south Korea.

In October 2002 the DPRK was obliged to withdraw form the 1994 framework agreement and to begin plans for switching on their own nuclear plants.

In October 2002 The U.S. began to fabricate pretexts for attack on north Korea with an false issue of "the DPRK nuke program". The key word seems to be "enriching uranium". The DPRK has to make plans for starting their own graphite-moderated power plants and for that purpose it is necessary to enrich uranium more than there is stored. In February 2003 the U.K. joined the threatenings.

For their own propagandist purposes the US and the western media have created a lie: "North Korea has addmitted existence of their nuclear arms program". On October 17th, 2002, according to a south Korean newspaper, north Korea had emphasized that it has not violated the agreement of 1994.

The "evidence" for DPRK nukes consists of faked satellite photos. Almost all the heavy military equipment of the DPRK is deep in mountains. The Koreans hardly would keep them in sight for satellites.

The DPRK is ready to discuss about her nuclear weapons program, but all the issue concerns time before 1994 and future in case there will be no useful negotiations with the U.S.

In 2003 relations between the DPRK and the U.S. may be worse than for ever. The DPRK has obviously no other choice than to get ready for war.

In the official stament in October 2002 the DPRK made itself very clear to the special envoy of the U.S. President that the DPRK was entitled to possess not only nuclear weapon but any type of weapon more powerful than that so as to defend its sovereignty and security. This sentence did not mean that the DPRK has an ongoing nuke program.

The DPRK has all the time been ready for honest talks with the U.S.

The DPRK-Russia joint work started on December 3th, 2002 to survey railway structures between Wonsan and Mt. Kumgang according to a note of understanding concerning reconstruction and modernization of the east coastal railways of Korea signed between the DPRK Ministry of Railways and the Russian Ministry of Railway Transport.

In December 2002 the DPRK decided to start the operation of its nuclear facilities in Yongbyon to generate electricity as a result of the prevailing situation. Assembling the erlier stored fuel rods began immediately. The reactos began to run in February 2003.

The year 2003 means north Koreans optimistic views when building internal structures and working for the reunification. However, there is a shadow of fear of American threat. However, that threat is opposed in addition to DPRK and its military forces, also by crucial part of south Korean governmetal quarters and by the overwhelming majority of south Korean people. South Korean present and future presidents are with strong words condemned US pressure on north Korea.

Leaders of North and South want peace. However, they know that an appropriate discussion contact between the DPRK and the USA is the crucial key for stability and peace.

According to military experts a nuke attack on north Korea would automatically cause total destruction of US nuke missile bases on south Korean soil, disaster in south Korea and a catastroph everywhere at the Korean peninsula.

In January 2003 China and Russia recommended the US to give security guarantees to the DPRK. The US may even admit. However, north Koreans do not rely on the US, who has repeatedly betrayed their engagements and promises.

All international control systems have demanded north Korea to stop developing the necessary own energy production. At the same the US resolutions intend also to deny also energy import. The situation is absurd.

In January 2003 DPRK withdrew from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. This act may be seen as an honest answer to the "international community", who allows nukes for the U.S. in practice to all other countries except north Korea. The DPRK has no intention to produce nukes but it has the appropriate technical readiness for this purpose.

In January 2003 the U.S. promised oil to the DPRK in case the DPRK gives up its "nuclear weapon program" which is nothing but a product of American imagination. Quite a peculiar situation.

It is hard to anticipate how the contemporary problematic geopolitical situation on Korean penisula ends or will be solved. The U.S. may offer a new agreement to replace the 1994 agreement , but nortkoreans do no easily rely on U.S. sigantures in any paper.

The DPRK has rejected the idea of negotiating its nuclear problem in a new Five-plus-Five format. Face-to-face negotiations between the United States and the DPRK on an equal basis is the fairest way to resolve the nuclear issue on the Korean Peninsula, the Korean Central News Agency reported on January 29th, 2003.

In order to protect its loaded and running reactor the DPRK has been obliged to issue right for first-strike attack in case guarantees for peace are not confirmed.

The IAEA reports North Korea to Security Council. This means a possible prelude to sanctions that Pyongyang said would be a declaration of war. However, neither China nor Russia as permanent members of the Security Council will quire obviously not accept any hard acts on the DPRK.

Direct dialogue between the parties concerned is the only effective solution to the nuclear issue of the DPRK, a Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman reiterated in Beijing on February 13th, 2003, saying the UN Security Council should not get involved in seeking a solution to the DPRK nuclear issue at the current stage.

In February 2003 the DPRK informed about its intention to gave up the armistice agreement because of the increased military, economic and political pressure by the U.S. That act is not targeted against South Korea.

The US has said not to use violence against the DPRK. However, the north Korean intelligence services have revealed ready plans for US nuke attack.

The U.S. is busy forward-deploying long-range fighter bombers to mount preemptive attacks on the DPRK. A spokesman for the U.S. Department of Defense on March 4th, 2003 said that 24 fighter bombers are moving to Guam Island.

In Mach 2003 the DPRK has been obliged to begin some military maneuvers because of the sharpening confrontation with the US. However, these maneuvers are very small compared with the contemporary joined US-South Korean military activities.

US carrier Carl Vinson arrives in south Korea waters in March 2003.

UN special envoy visited Pyongyang in March 2003. Yet the problem is pushing ahead direct talks between the DPRK and the US.

April 5th, 2003. The Democratic People's Republic of Korea will not accept any resolution the United Nations Security Council might adopt on its nuclear issue.The DPRK has among many other countries lost its confidence on the UN because of the Iraqi war.

The DPRK has all the time demanded for mutual talks with the US. However, the DPRK wants security guarantees, which may be provided by Russia and China. US position in world´s politics has weakened because of the unlegal war on Iraq. The talks began on April 23rd, 2003 in Beijing. Obviously the negotations concluded without results on Arpil 25th, 2003.

According to US officials the DPRK admitted existence of their nuke program. They lie.

The US propaganda tries to create an idea of the DPRK being a nuke attack threat. This is an absolutely absurd idea. North Korea would never hurt its Chinese, Russian or south Korean friends and, in fact, not any other country. The DPRK has always been a victim of attacks, never an aggressor.

Up to the beginning of May 2003 it seems apparent that strong north Korean politics is going to win the American agressions. The nuclear problems will be solved peacefully. This result has been all the time the goal of the DPRK and all Korean people.



Foreign politics.

The DPRK has activated a lot of political and commercial relations around the world.

In June 1999 high level officials of Democratic People´s Republic of Korea and People´s Republic of China had a meeting. They undesigned a pact of mutual aid. USA´s effort so flatter north Korea during the fiasco of the war in Yugoslavia led just to the opposite result.

In October 1999 Democratic People´s Republic of Korea and People´s Republic of China have normalized their mutual diplomatic, political and economic relations.

In June 2000 a top meeting between Democratic People´s Republic of Korea and People´s Republic of China came true when Kim Jong Il suddenly met Chinese leaders in Beijing. This meeting has general political signifigance and it is remarkable also in military sense.

Russian president visited Pyongayag in July 2000. The visit has special geopolitical signifigance, especially when connected with corresponding Russian visits to India and China. Now there is an agreement of military readiness between Russia and the DPRK. This pact makes it possible for north Korea to diminish their own missile projects. The Russia - DPRK economic co-operation will rise to new remarkable level in 2001. There are important common interests in forestry and in different technical education projects. Russia supplies oil to north Norea.

In January 2000 the DPRK has established diplomatic relations with Italy. DPRK has diplomatic relations among other European countries also with Sweden. In March 2000 the relations between DPRK and Sweden have been developed further in foreing ministry level meetings. Canada and New Zealand recognized DPRK in July 2000.

In the end of July 2000 north Korea participated the meeting of ASEAN-countries in Bangkok.

DPRK and People´s Democractic Republic of Vietnam instensified their co-operation in a minister-level meeting in August 2000.

The UK Embassy was opened in Pyongyang in July 2001.

Diplomatic relations between the DPRK and Netherlands came true in January 2001, with Canada and Spain in February 2001, with Brazil and New Zealand in March 2001, with Kuwait in April 2001, with Bahrain in May 2011. Relations between Czechoslovakia and DPRK have been updated by a new agreement between Slovakia and the DPRK.

EU delegation visited Pyongyang in February 2001. In March 2001 diplomatic relations with Germany, Luxembourg and Greece are facts. There are now diplomatic relations with thirteen EU-countries. The EU delegation led by Patrick Van Haute, director of the department for Asian Affairs of the Foreign Ministry of Belgium which chairs the EU, visited Pyongyang in October 2001 to discuss the issue of the development of the relations between the DPRK and the EU.

Top level EU- delegation´s visit to the DPRK in May 2001 has special signifigance. By new commercial and diplomatic relations with EU and EU-countries it is possible to break further the commercial embargo farbricated by the US. Hence this incident pushes undirectly forward also the reunification process. In the talks between the EU and the DPRK the principle of self-determination has been emphasized.

The European Union decided to establish diplomatic relations with the DPRK at a meeting of foreign ministers held in Brussels on May 14 and officially informed the DPRK of it, said the spokesman of the DPRK Ministry of Foreign Affairs in an answer given to a question raised by KCNA on May 16th, 2001.

Talks were held on May 9th 2001 in Pyongyang between the delegations of the Workers' Party of Korea and the People's Democratic Party of Nigeria. At the talks both sides informed each other of their parties' activities and exchanged views on the need to develop the friendly relations between the two parties and a series of issues of mutual concern. An agreement on bilateral cooperation in the fields of economy and technology was signed in Pyongyang in June 2001 between the DPRK and Ministry of Foreign Trade and the Gombe state government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. A Nigerian parliamentary delegation headed by president of the Senate Anyim Pius Anyim arrived in Pyongyang in the end of July 2001.

The Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the Republic of Turkey have decided to establish diplomatic relations at ambassadorial level in June 2001.

The Korean - Australian joint press statement said in June 2001 that the DPRK would open its embassy in Canberra in 2001 and Australia its embassy in Pyongyang in the fiscal year 2002/2003.

General Secretary of the Workers' Party and Chairman of the National Defense Commission Kim Jong Il On July 1st, 2001 attended the banquet given by Chinese Ambassador Wang Guozhang to mark the 80th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China (CPC).

New forms of foreign trade. Premier of the DPRK cabinet had a talk with the delegation of the Swiss ABB ltd. headed by its senior group officer Sune Karlsson on a visit to the DPRK at the Mansudae Assembly Hall in June 2001. Several German trade delegations have visited north Korea in 2000 and 2001.

An agreement on establishment of a friendly city between Wonsan, Kangwon Province, the DPRK, and Puebla, Puebla state, the United States of Mexico was inked in the beginning if August 2001.

British commercial delegation visited DPRK in August 2001.

Chairman of the DPRK Supreme People's Assembly, met and conversed with the French delegation in September 2001 of members of the parliament of different political parties headed by Christian Martin.

The DPRK condemned with strong words the terror attacks in September 2001 in USA. Yet the DPRK includes into the concept "terrorism" all types of terrorist activities, also state terrorism. DPRK signs the international convention against terrorism. Yet north Korea does not accept any kind of orders from USA.

The European Commission said on March 4th, 2002 that it has approved a policy document for the Democratic People's Republic of Korea which sets out the framework for a two-year period of technical cooperation between the European Union (EU) and the DPRK. In addition to existing assistance programs, a further indicative budget of 15 million euros (13 million U.S. dollars) is planned for the period 2002-2004 in the DPRK.

An inter-governmental agreement on cultural cooperation between the DPRK and Malaysia and an inter-governmental memorandum of understanding on the use of credit for Malaysia's export of palm oil to the DPRK were signed in Pyongyang in March 2002.

An agreement on cooperation between the DPRK ministry of city management and the Kuwait fund for Arab economic development was signed at the People's Palace of Culture on March 28.

The chairman of the DPRK Supreme People's Assembly, met and had a friendly talk with the delegation of the German-Korean parliamentary friendship group led by chairman Hartmut Koschyk, member of the German bundestag in May 2002.

The DPRK and Indonesia have developed their mutual relations and signed commercial agreements in summer 2002.

July 25th, 2002. President of the Presidium of the DPRK Supreme People's Assembly, met and had a friendly talk with the visiting Spanish economic delegation.

A 2002-2003 protocol on scientific and technological cooperation was signed between the DPRK Academy of Sciences and the Tesco International Cooperation and Consulting Services Company of Hungary in Budapest on July 24, 2002.

Japanese Foreign Minister met her counterpart from Pyongyang on the sidelines of a regional security forum to be held in Brunei on July 31st, 2002. Asian ministers rounded off the annual security talks with their Western counterparts with Pyongyang's active diplomacy stealing the spotlight at the one-day gathering.

In the Brunei summit DPRK´s relations with other Asian countries and with the UN were briskly promoted. Relations with China were especially emphasized. Discussions with representatives of the EU took place, too.

The Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the United Nations Command (UNC) have agreed to hold a military generals meeting at the truce village of Panmunjeom in the beginning of August 2002.

The Democratic People's Republic of Korea decided to participate in the14th Asian Games in 2002 South Korea's city Busan.

The DPRK Red Cross Society and the Japan Red Cross agreed t hold the talks in Pyongyang on August 18 and 19, 2002.

A DPRK delegation visited in August 2002 Namibia, Angola and South Africa and participated the world summit on sustainable development held in South Africa.

Japanese prime minister Junichiro Koizumi visited the DPRK in September 2002 to meet and have talks with Kim Jong Il, Chairman of the National Defence Commission of the DPRK. Kim Jong Il wants to establish good relations with Japan. However, the previous crimes by Japanese soldiers against Korean people should be confessed.

The results of the talks between Kim Jong Il and Junichiro Koizumi succeeced better than ever expected. Japan expressed sincere apologies for the crimes of Japanese colony era in Korea. Japan promised also monetary compensations. The DPRK regretted previous mishandlings against Japanese nationals. The DPRK promised to freeze her missile test program beyond 2003. Relations between the DPRK and Japan will be normalized quickly on the contemporary basis. Unfortunaltely, tke talk tackle in the end of 2002.

US special envoy´s visited in the DPRK in October 2002. Yet Bush regime´s representative approached north Korea as an enemy state. Hence the visit had no constrictive signifigance. Just on the contrary. After the visit US envoy James Kelley spreaded lies of the talks.

On March 1st, 2003 Kim Yong Nam, President of the Presidium of the DPRK Supreme People's Assembly, met and had a talk with Glyn Ford, member of the European parliament from the British Labor Party, and his party at the Mansudae Assembly Hall.

In March 2003 the DPRK strongly condemned the unlegal US/UK attack on Iraq.

In April 2003 a DPRK diplomatic delegation visited England.



Anti-imperialism.

The DPRK works in order to create large co-operation all around the world with the peoples exploited by imperialism.

North Korea´s signifigance in the worldwide struggle against imperialism has been widely understood. The Peruvian coastal town of Huacho presented Democratic People's Republic of Korea Party leader Kim Jong Il with a certificate of honorary citizenship

The President of the presidium of the DPRK Supreme People's Assembly, attended the NAM summit in Havana and paid an official visit to Cuba on the invitation of Fidel Castro Ruz, President of the Council of State of the Republic of Cuba. A high level Libyan delegation visited Democratic People´s Republic of Korea in July 2000.

On Kim Jong Il´s birthday in February 2001 a high level Libyan delegation visited Pyongyang.

Palestinian ambassador to the DPRK Shaher Mohammed Abdlah hosted a reception at his embassy on April 12, 2001 on the occasions of Sun's Day, the birth anniversary of President Kim Il Sung. The ambassador in his address said that the president set forth a correct ideology which serves as a guideline for the Korean people and the world people. According to the representative of Workers´, Party of Korea the DPRK will as ever extend positive support to the Palestinian people's just struggle to retake legitimate national rights including the right to repatriation, the right to self-determination, the right to establish an independent state with Kuds as its capital.

In April 2001 Workers´ Party of Korea participated as an invited visitor with Chinese, Cuban, Lao and Cambodian parties the ninth national congress of Communist Party of Vietnam. In his speech the Korean representative congratulated Vietnam for her success in socialist construction work. He emphasized importance of co-operation with different countries on their way to socialism and each nation´s right to self-determination.

Foreign minister of Lao People's Democratic Republic and Namibian delegation visited the DPRK in April 2001.

In May 2001 the DPRK sent a message of greetings to secretary general of the organization of African unity, on the start of the formal work of the African Union. The message expressed the belief that the union would ensure peace and stability in this region and greatly contribute to achieving common prosperity of the African continent by mobilizing and utilizing great potentials and rich natural resources. The message wished the union a great success in its work for peace and progress on the continent.

Chief of general staff of KPA met Cuban military delegation in July 2001. Vice marshal Kim Yong Chun, chief of the general staff of the Korean People's Army, met and had a talk with the Cuban military delegation led by colonel general Alvaro Lopez Miera, vice-minister of the revolutionary armed forces and chief of the general staff, which paid a courtesy call on him. Present there were colonel general O Kum Chol, lieutenant general Pak Sung Won and military attache Eduardo Sanchez Pena of the Cuban embassy here.

Visible mutual friendship delegation visits have been implemented between the DPRK and PR China in July 2001.

President of the DPRK has in July 2001 visited officially to Socialist Republic of Vietnam and to Lao People´s Democratic Republic. Presidents of the countries have discussed in friendly and constructive spirit of issues of common future interests. The Korean state visit serial continued to Cambodia. The first result is the visit of Korean commercial delegation to Laos in the turn of July-August 2001. More corresponding boosting of commercial relations will no doubt occur.

July 2001. DPRK and Russia boost their mutual co-operation. The DPRK has steadily strengthened cooperation and relations in various fields including politics, the economy, military affairs, culture and sports in the spirit of the DPRK- Russia joint declaration during the past one year.

Russian Federation is paying great attention to peace, stability and detente on the Korean Peninsula. Russia supports the aspiration of the Korean people for peaceful and democratic reunification reflected in the North-South Joint declaration.

In July-August 2001 leader Kim Jong Il met high level politicians in Moscow at the invitation of the president of Russia. In this context he represented at the first place the highest defence leadership.

Media highlighted the north Korean promise to freeze missile tests up to 2003. This is in fact no news. DPRK has already earlier informed this deadline which is connected with US willingness for honest talks on general level and especially concerning the interrupted LWR-project.

The tour in Russia continued in the first week of August in order to promote economic and cultural relations between the two countries. Practical economic co-operation plans have already been fixed. Building of railway connections begun immediately.

The visit to Russia has got worldwide attention. DPRK and Russia want to keep the world missile stability on the level of AMB-treaty and they resist the US new missile "shield" plan. This is the main contents of the Moscow declaration by Kim Jong Il and V.V. Putin on August 4th, 2001.

President of the Presidium of the DPRK Supreme People's Assembly met special envoy of Guinean President in July 2001.

Chinese military attache visited Pyongyang in July 2001.

A government delegation of the Democratic Republic of Congo visited to Pyongyang in August 2001.

A friendly gathering was held at the DPRK-Libya friendship Aeguk Moran Garment Factory on August 30th 2001 to mark the 32nd anniversary of the Great September First Revolution of Libya. Invited to the gathering were Ahmed Amer al Muakkaf, secretary of the people's bureau of the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya here, and members of the bureau.

Jiang Zemin , General-Secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and Chinese President, paid an official goodwill visit to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea from September 3 to 5, 2001. The successful visit promote peace on regional level and globally.

Official top visits between the DPRK, China and Russia change power stability of the world.

In connection of the terrorist hunt in Asia in autumn 2001 the CIA was reported to have published a report in which it absurdly asserted that the DPRK, China and Russia continue exporting weapons of mass destruction, missile technology and their parts to different countries. This absurd report shows what the US politics really means. The goal is not to destroy terrorism but to start war.

In its official statement on October 8th, 2001 the DPRK resists both terrorism and state terrorism. DPRK will further strenghten its readiness for defence. The Korean stance does not fit with the US demandings. Hence the US began immediately new threatenings.

A Vietnamese government economic delegation led by vice-minister of trade, arrived Pyongyang on October 15th. 2001.

An economic delegation of the Cuban government headed by minister of the government Ricardo Cabrisas Ruiz arrived Pyongyang in the end of November 2001 to participate in the 21st meeting of the inter-governmental economic and scientific and technological consultative committee of the DPRK and Cuba.

Delegation of Lao People´s Republic visited Pyongyang in November 2001.

In January 2002 common anniversaries of anti-imperialist fight have been celebrated on foreign ministry levels both in the DPRK and in PR China.

In February 2002, after new US president´s threatenings against the DPRK, the Chinese foreign ministry has very clearly stated China´s support for north Korea also in possible military conflict.

In the beginning of 2002 co-operation at foreign ministry level between the DPRK and Russia has intensified and become still more efficient because of the US threatenings. Quite obviously the US has to think once more about their absurd plans in northeast Asia.

In March 2002 the attituides of Northkorean media have become still more determined and sharp related with the US threatenings and proposals for "dialogue", which would be nothing but a demand to surrender.

DPRK Foreign Ministry delegation visited China in March 2002, after the US nuke threatenings concerning both countries.

A delegation of the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party visited the DPRK in March 2002.

The president of Indonesia visited the DPRK in March 2002.

An agreement on scientific cooperation between the DPRK Academy of Sciences and the Siberia branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences was signed in Novosibirsk in March 2002.

An agreement on friendship and cooperation between the Workers' Party of Korea and the People's Democratic Party of Nigeria was signed in Pyongyang in April 17th, 2002.

According to preliminary information leader Kim Jong Il will carry out another official state visit to Russia in 2002.

In April 2002 the DPRK and PR China Condemn Japanese PM for his visit to the fascist war monument Yasukuni Shrine.

Vietnam and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea signed in Pyongyang on May 3rd, 2002 a number of important economic co-operation agreements. These are an agreement on investment encouragement and protection, an agreement on the avoidance of double taxation, an agreement on marine transportation, an agreement on judicial assistance, a trade agreement and an accord on goods exchange.

The 70th anniversary of Korean People´s Army was celebrated on the April 25th, 2002. Especially China, Vietnam and Laos emphasized the signifigance of people´s army.

DPRK Supreme People's Assembly chairman met Syrian parliamentary delegation in Pyongyang in May 2002.

DPRK Foreign Minister arrived in Moscow on May 20th, 2002 for talks on relations between DPRK and South Korea and on business projects with Russia.

Kim Jong Il and high level army commanders met with Russian military delegation in Pyongyang in the beginning of June 2002.

Tajik delegation visited Pyongyang in June 2002.

In June 2002 a delegation of the Vietnam-DPRK friendship parliamentarians group in Vietnam's National Assembly has concluded a week-long visit to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

The world conference on the cause of anti-imperialism and independence in the 21st century was held in Sri Lanka in June, 2002. Present at the conference were the director general and the secretary general of the International Institute of the Juche Idea (IIJI), leading members of the international and regional institutes, the vice-president of the senate of Nepal, the general secretary of the Action Front for Revival, Democracy and Development of Benin, delegations and delegates of political parties, public organizations, academic circles of 50 countries and senior officials of the government and political parties of Sri Lanka.

In July 2002 north Korean number two Kim Yong-Nam visits Libya, Syria and Indonesia.

DPRK-Syria intergovernmental agreement was inked in July 2002.

The DPRK has congratulated the succesfull summit of the African Union.

A delegation of the International Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, headed by deputy head of the department Cai Wu, visited the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in the middle of July 2002.

DPRK-Libya talks took place in Tarabulus, July 13, 2002 between the sides of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya. The sides discussed developing, as required by the new century, bilateral relations of friendship forged in the anti-imperialist struggle for independence on the basis of the intimacy between President Kim Il Sung and Col. Moammer El Gaddafi.

The foreign minister of the Russian Federation visited the DPRK at the invitation of its government in July 2002.

A ceremony of signing the treaty of friendly relations and cooperation between the DPRK and Mongolia and the protocol between the DPRK and Mongolian governments on the effectuation of bilateral agreements in the DPRK-Mongolian relations was held in Ulaan Baatar on August 8. 2002

Kim Jong Il visited Russia in August 2002. Talks between him and the highest political leaders of Russia concerned mostly commersial issues. Yet the discussions had also extreme importance for geopolitics in Asia and even for world politics.

August 2002. The bilateral friendly relations based on the close friendship between President Kim Il Sung and colonel Moammer El Gaddafi are growing stronger under the deep care of General Secretary Kim Jong Il, said Ahmed Amer al Muakaff, secretary of the people's bureau of Libya to the DPRK.

Kim Yong Nam, President of the Presidium of the DPRK Supreme People's Assembly, met and had a friendly talk with the delegation of the national committee of the Chinese people's political consultative conference headed by its vice-chairman Zhou Tienong at the Mansudae Assembly Hall on September 3rd, 2002

Senior Lieutenant General Kim Yang Jom, deputy minister of the People's Armed Forces of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, visited Vietnam on September 18 and 19 at the invitation of Vietnam's Defence Ministry.

On October 3rd, 2002 Kim Yong Nam met and had a talk with a delegation of the people's committee of the sciences and research general bureau of Libya headed by Mohamed Ennami, director of research affairs of the committee, at the Mansudae Assembly Hall.

The DPRK delegation led by Yang Hyong Sop, vice-president of the Presidium of the DPRK Supreme People's Assembly, paid an official goodwill visit to China from Oct. 15 to 19 2002 at the invitation of the standing committee of the National People's Congress and the State Council of China. China and the DPRK shared a profound traditional friendship, which had developed thanks to the care and promotion of the CPC Central Committee General Secretary Jiang Zemin and Workers' Partyof Korea (WPK) Central Committee General Secretary Kim Jong Il, hesaid.

A delegation of the general political department of the Vietnam People's Army led by its director Le Van Dung, secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam visited the DPRK in the end of October 2002.

In the end of October 2002 north Korean and Russian northeast region military delegations have carried out mutual meetings in both Pyongyang and Khabarovsk.

In November 2002 DPRK government delegation visited Cuba.

In November 2002 General Secretary Kim Jong Il received a certificate of honorary citizenship and a gift from the Canar provincial council of Ecuador.

In November 2002 Choe Thae Bok, secretary of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea, met with the friendship delegation of the Communist Party of China. The Sino-Korean friendly relations are growing stronger under the leadership of the CPC headed by Jiang Zemin and the WPK headed by Kim Jong Il, he said.

November 2002. General Secretary Kim Jong Il sent a congratulatory message to Jiang Zemin upon the success of the 16th Congress of the Communist Party of China and his reelection as Chairman of the Party Central Military Commission. Kim Jong Il congratulated also Hu Jintao on the success of the 16th Congress of the Communist Party of China and his election as General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPC.

Thai political party leader, Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra met WPK delegation in Thailand in November 2002 in order to boost the relations between the Workers' Party of Korea and between the Thai people and the Korean people.

Talks between the delegations of the Workers' Party of Korea (WPK) and the Communist Party of Cuba (CPC) took place in Havana on Dec. 3, 2002.

In December 2002 Jiang Zemin, Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China (CPC), and Hu Jintao, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPC, said that it is a steadfast policy of the party and government of China to boost the traditional friendship between China and the DPRK.

Foreign Minister of the DPRK, met with Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Cambodia, and his party who paid courtesy call on him on Dec. 14th, 2002

Kim Jong Il met the Mayor of Moscow in Pyongyang in the end of December 2002. A protocol on cooperation between Pyongyang and Moscow was signed.

In January 2003 the talks between Russian president´s special envoy and political leaders of the DPRK may be seen in the first hand as an expression of common anti-imperialist interests in spite of the fact that the discussions concerned the nuclear energy problematics of Korean peninsula.

In January 2003 representatives of north Korean and Mongolian foreign administration discussed in Pyongyang in anti-imperialist spirit.

Political advisor to the President of Indonesia, who is a special envoy of the president, and his party visited Pyongyang in February 2003.

The party, the government and the people of Vietnam will positively support the Korean people's just efforts for socialist construction and national reunification and hope that the traditional friendly relations between the two countries will steadily grow stronger and develop. Vietnamese President Tran Duc Luong said this when receiving credentials from new DPRK Ambassador to Vietnam Pak Ung Sop on Feb. 17th, 2003

In February 2003 Kim Yong Nam, President of the Presidium of the DPRK Supreme People's Assembly, participated in the 13th Non-Aligned Summit Meeting in Malaysia.

An annual meeting of the Korea-Cuba Solidarity Committee was held in Pyongyang in March 2003.

March 2003. The North Korean crisis should be resolved through diplomacy, by providing security guarantees for the countries of the region and keeping the Korean Peninsula free of nuclear weapons, says a joint communique signed by the Foreign Ministries Igor Ivanov of Russia and Felipe Perez of Cuba following their meeting in Moscow.

In April 2003 Ugandan government delegation visited Pyongyang.

Choe Thae Bok, secretary of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea, on April 16 2003 met and had a conversation with Jose Roa Rosas, member of the National Executive Committee of the Workers' Party of Mexico.

First vice-chairman of the DPRK National Defence Commission Jo Myong Rok visited the People's Republic of China from April 21 to 23 2003. He met also the Chinese President Hu Jintao.



Reunification.

In April 2000 north and south Korea at last agreeded to arrange a meeting in order to advance the reunification. The historical top level negotiations were held in June in Pyongyang. The Koreas agreed to advance their mutual economic an cultural co-operation. This may me a step towards reunification to a federation of two states and two governments in future. The new situation is not pleasant for USA, what ever they say. United Korea means doubling of anti-imperialist powers in that area.

All-Korean negotiation bodies have been established in order to handle practical common issues. A paper for media co-operation between north and south was undersigned in August 2000. A railway connecting Koreas is under construction in September 2000. The Korean Olympic teams appeared as one nation in Sydney. Even military co-operation has been up in the end of 2000. In 2001 - 2002 there have been working consultations between inter-Korean trade unions and peasants´ organizations. At the same time south Korean minister of culture and tourism and his party have visited north Korea.

The technic formula of reunification is a federation of two systems, two governments and two capitals. This formula is useful and realistic in economic and cultural sense of peaceful co-operation. Thus the Koreans may feel their country again united and strong.

The south Korean industry groups Huyndai and Samsung have expressed their interest to industrial projects in Democratic People´s Republic of Korea. The north Korean work motivation and high level of education combined with the south Korean practical technology would no doubt be a fruitful combination.

According to the power media south Koreans want American military to stay. Yet the large demonstrations against the US military precence in south Korea do not give much possibilities for interpretations. People at the Korean peninsula know that there is no reason to be afraid for the DPRK army. Just on the contary. Koreans in north and south have enough experiences of the massacres and violences by the US armed forces.

A massacre committed by the US army during the war has come to publicity. This massacre hardly promotes good relations. In August 2000 several south-Korean civic groups have demanded the American units to leave. In addition to political arguments there are also environmental reasons. The American military bases have spoiled rivers´ water which has before been drinkable. Additionally, there is a fear that there are nuclear weapons in south Korea.

The south headquarters of the National Alliance of Youth and Students for the Country's Reunification (Pomchonghakryon) made public an appeal headlined "Let's foil the U.S. plot to frustrate the June 15 2000 Joint Declaration with anti-U.S. resistance under the uplifted banner of the June 15 joint declaration" to young people of different social standings on March 29 2001, according to a news report. The appeal castigated the Bush administration for running amuck to derail the declaration and ignite a war in Korea, openly advocating the policy of confrontation with the north.

The central committee of the National Democratic Front of South Korea (NDFSK) released a statement in June 2001 as regards the lapse of 51 years since the U.S. imperialists provoked the Korean War of aggression, Seoul-based radio Voice of National Salvation reported. The statement said the June 25 war unleashed by the U.S. imperialists was the most shameless and brigandish war of aggression and the most criminal and barbarous war in the world history of war.

Instead of drawing a due lesson from it and withdrawing its aggression forces from South Korea, the United States has committed shocking criminal atrocities against the Korean people, the statement recalled, and said:

The U.S. should properly understand the steadfast anti-U.S. will of the Korean people and immediately withdraw its troops from South Korea since there is no ground for their presence. With the U.S. imperialist aggression forces left intact in this land, is it impossible to expect sovereignty, the life and soul of our people, democracy and civil rights, the elementary human rights, and the national reunification, their cherished desire.

The people from all walks of life should intensify the anti-U.S. resistance across South Korea to drive out the U.S. aggression forces, a root cause of all evils.

The possible reunification is a victory also to the Juche-ideology. In Juche the struggle against imperialism has a very special signifigance. New Juche study groups have been established all around the world.

International Liaison Committee for Reunification and Peace in Korea is a worldwide organization advancing the peaceful reunification in Korea. Their last meeting was held in Paris in February 17th, 2001. CILRECO declared worldwide campaign against US threatenings and aggressions on north Korea in March 2001.

The world got a good evidence of the real aims of US policy on September 4th, 2000. The American authorities carried out a brigandish act by stopping the DPRK delegetion on their way to the new millennium UN summit in New York. The Americans fear the world to hear truth about Korean peninsula. Stopping the delegation to come to an UN summit is an unique act in the entire UN history.

In October 2000 foreign minister of USA visited Pyongyang. The character of the visit was more or less formal, but it might have had positive affects for maintaining peace. No joint declaration was published. There were no principal results, However, maybe Americans now realize better that a military attack is an impossible idea.

According to the Chinese People´s Daily the first reaction seems to be even more intensive military co-operation between People´s China and People´s Korea.

In the end of October 2000 USA arranged provocatory maneuvers near the Korean demarcation line. Also air space violations began again. Provocations continue in 2001 - 2003.

In connection of the top level EU delagtion´s visit in May 2001 north Korea promised to freeze her long range missile program for the present. Yet the condition is that USA shows something concrete in order to withdraw her troops from Korean peninsula.

In 2001/2003 the situation worsens further. USA threatens openly and makes plans for the NMD missile system, which is quite apparently targeted against north Korea. A storm of resistance has risen in Asia, especially also in south Korea.

Korean Central News Agency, April 2001: If the United States takes a hardline stand towards the DPRK, resorting to the "policy of strength", it will react to it with the toughest position, warns Minju Joson in a signed commentary. It says:

The U.S. imperialists announced that they would deploy 4 sophisticated helicopters "MH-47E" for special operation in South Korea. They are contemplating the delivery of various type war means including fighter-bomber "F-15K" to South Korea.

USA has arranged several large maneuvers in South Korea. After all kinds of threatenings the DPRK has clearly informed that she is ready to handle north Korea - US relations either with talks or with weapons.

The political Nobel peace prize was in 2000 granted to the south Korean president. At the same time south Korea accelerates militarization. Thus one can say that the peace prize money will be used for weapons.

In January 2001 the highest level talks were held in Beijing between DPR Korea and PR China. The co-operation between the countries strenghtens further.

China will add essentially oil export to DPRK. Many interests were noted to be common. East-Asian anti-imperialism grows stronger in this type of contacts.

The American propaganda is targeted to disturb developing of the DPRK relations with other states in the world.

US foreign politics intends to stop the reunification process at Korean peninsula. The possible new geopolitical arrangements would not serve USA´s interests in Asia.

The world has woken up to resist the new US aggression on north Korea. Among others the parliament of UK expressed in April 2001 their deep concern on the issue.

Meeting of the International Communist Seminar in Brussels in May 2-4, 2001 published a statement for the reunfication of Korea without foreign interference.

Inter-Korean meeting of peasants for reunification was held in July 2001 on the basis of the June 15 2000 joint declaration.

Like many other countries also Russia promised in August 2001 to support the reunification process and to resist any foreign interference.

In August 2001 civil and public organizations inaugurated a joint headquarters for the implementation of the June 15 Joint Declaration in Taejon, South Korea. The headquarters comprises the solidarity council of Taejon-South Chungchong Province civil and public organizations, the reunification solidarity for the implementation of the June 15 South-North Joint Declaration and peace on the Korean peninsula and 52 other organizations.

In August 2001 Korean NGOs had a meeting in Pyongyang. South Korean government hesitated when admitting South Koreans to travel to north. Yet it granted the permit. However, upon their return sixteen participants were immediately arrested.

The 5th minister level meeting was carried out in Seoul September 15th - 18th 2001. There vere promising practical results for further steps among other things in promoting connecting railways, motorways ant other transport facilities . The 6th inter-Korean ministerial talks took place in November 2001. The meaning was among other things to unite families. The meeting failed partially because of the strange declaration of alert in South Korea.

North Korea agreed in September 2001 to allow a feasibility study into laying a gas pipeline through its territory from Russia to the South.

In October 2001 the CILRECO called on the governments, political parties and organizations of all countries, international organizations and non-governmental organizations to join in the struggle to realize as early as possible the proposal for founding the DFRK, the only way of putting an end to the U.S. interference in Korea which has lasted for more than half a century and the Korean people's tragedy of national division.

The reunificaltion process suffered a defeat by the south Korean military provocation in the end of November 2001. Japanese uncredible violent attack on Korean community in Japan in December 2001 did not help the situation.

Militarization of Japan and South Korea by US support in the beginning of 2002 is a negative impact on all construtive aims in Korea and in northeast Asia

In February 2002 the south Korean government openly began to resist co-operation between NGO:s of both Koreas. The order has no doubt come from USA.

The US president visit to south Korea took place in February 2002. This political visit may have been a symptom of endangering of the idea of reunification because of unscrupulous and uncivilized behaviour by the US president. Even southKoreans were astonished.

In March 2002, a bit surprisingly, the DPRK and Korean Republic began to resume the negotiations for reunification.

In April 2002 south Korea´s presidents´s special envoy visited Pyongyang for talks with Kim Jong Il. Quite obviously also south Korea is concerned of the possibility of nuclear war, which would directly or undirectly destroy also Korean Republic. The result was crucial improvement of relations between the two Koreas at least at this very moment. Hence the US divide et impera -politics led to an absolutely opposite result compared with the US real aims.

The inter-Korean press co-operation agreement was confirmed once more in April 2002.

The reunion of 100 persons from each side, the fourth of its kind since the publication of the historic June 15 joint declaration, was made according to the joint press release agreed and published at the time when the special envoy of the south side visited Pyongyang early in April 2002 at its own request.

At the same time when some progressive steps were taken in spring 2002 a new provocation occurred in June. Four South Korean sailors were killed as North and South Korean warships exchanged gunfire near the western sea border. One South Korean sailor is missing and 18 others were injured in the 20-minute clash near Yeonpyeong island in the Yellow Sea.

The south Korean frigate sunk and the north Korean vessel suffered casualities. It is an absurd idea that the DPRK would ever spark that type of an aggression. All proposals for peace and reunificaltion in the divided Korea have come from north, not a single one from south.

Afterwards the DPRK has expressed her regrets for the sea clash. Of course, regretting that incident does not mean apologization, because there is nothing to be apologized

After that incident south Korean warships violated north Korean waters several times in July 2002.

The DPRK expressed its strong condemnation and asked for explanation from south. No answer.

The DPRK's Central Radio announced on July 9th, 2002 that the DPRK would not oppose the raising of the sunken south Korean high-speed patrol boat 357 in the coast of north Korea, but insisted that it be notified in advance of the ships and equipment to be used, and the date and position of the operation. The south Korean logics is amazing. South Koreans still say that the battle took place at their waters...

"Somebody" wanted to damage the reunification process.

In the beginning of July 2002 The US arranged military provocations also in Pamjungjong.

The US withdrew form the DPRK-US talks by the pretext of provocations arranged by the US itself.

The working contact of representatives of the north and the south was held in Mt. Kumgang between August 2 and 4, 2002 to make arrangements for the seventh inter-Korean ministerial talks.

DPRK foreign minister Paek Nam Sun attending the ministerial meeting of the 9th ASEAN Regional Forum on July 31 met U.S. State Secretary Powell in Brunei and discussed the issue of resuming the U.S.-DPRK dialogue at the proposal of the U.S. side.

However, in August 2002 the U.S. blaimed the DPRK for selling weapons to other "rogue states" and to "terrorists". This type of absurd accusations do not create any basis for developing relations between the two countries.

In these circumstances real constructive mutual talks between the DPRK and the U.S. are in practice impossible.

The seventh inter-Korean ministerial talks ended with a joint statement covering most of the pending issues between the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) and the Republic of Korea (ROK). The ten-point joint statement was released after the two delegations took long time to coordinate their stands on those pending issues between them, especially on whether to fix the date for the inter-military talks.

The statement was as a new sign of reviving the inter-Korean ties, which have been occasionally in trouble to some extent because of many interior and exterior reasons.

August 2002. In pledging to strengthen ties with both north and sSouth Korea, Russia boosted its diplomatic profile on the highly volatile peninsula and presumably considering whether to seek a larger mediation role there.

In a remarkable step to the inter-Korean sports exchanges, DPRK and South Korea marched together at the opening and closing ceremonies of the Busan Asian Games in September 2002 in the same uniform and under the same "One Korea Flag".

In the end of August 2002 DPRK and South Korea neared an agreement to start construction of the Gyeongui rail line linking Seoul to the North's Sinuiju next month in order to complete the project within this year.

The three-day inter-Korean economic cooperation talks in the end of August 2002 concluded with an eight-point joint statement.

North-south football match for reunification took place in Seoul in September 7th, 2002 midst the keen interest of all the Koreans.

Pyongyang, September 8th, 2002. An agreement was published at the fourth north-south Red Cross talks held in Mt. Kumgang in which they decided to set up and operate a house for the reunion of separated families and relatives in the area of Mt. Kumgang.

The second inter-Korean government-level talks plenary session took place at Mount Geumgang in Democratic People's Republic of Korea September 11th - 12th 2002.

A group of 455 South Koreans returned from Mount Geumgang in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) on September 15th, 2002 to the port of Sokcho, Gangwon Province in South Korea, after reunions with their relatives in the DPRK.

A military wire connection has been established in September 2002 between Koreas in order to avoid misunderstandings in future.

An agreement between both Koreas´ militaries has been inked in September 2002 in order to promote road and railway reconnection operations.

In October, 2002 the eighth inter-Korean ministerial talks took place at the People's Palace of Culture in Pyongyang. The main topic of discussions were rebuilding of railway connections. The north and the south shall hold the 9th inter-Korean ministerial talks in Seoul in mid-January 2003.

South Korea has provided oil to north Korea. In the end of 2002 the amount of oil will be increased.

In the end of 2002 The U.S. had used several types of tricks to hinder railway contruction works between north and south. The projects are often interrupted because of "military inspections".

Representatives from the Democratic People's Republic of Korea arrived in Soul on December 11th, 2002 to attend working level talks with South Korea on setting up organizational and legal infrastructure for inter-Korea cooperation.

South Korea and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea cleared all land mines in the sections of the demilitarized zone (DMZ) for the reconnection of two sets of cross-border railways and roads on December 14th, 2002.

The US wanted to break the reunification process by pressing on in the presidential elections in south Korea in December 2002. The plan failed. Roh Moo-hyun's triumph marked steady continuance in all the peaceful reunification activities.

In the end of December 2002 South Korea has expressed her will to take care of the Korean nuclear problem without US involvement.

In spite of the nuclear problematics the two Koreas continue the reunification process. The ministerial level delegation of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea to the ninth inter-Korean ministerial meeting arrived in South Korea in Jan 21, 2003. The four-day successful ninth Inter-Korean Ministerial Meeting concluded in Seoul early on January 24th, 2003 with a four-point joint statement.

In January 2003 South Korea and the DPRK reached agreement on construction of family reunion center.

South Korean delegation to railway talks visited for Pyongyang in order to settle practical issues for reconnecting roads and railroads. The inter-Korean talks on construction of cross-border railways and roads ended on January 25h, 2003 in Pyongyang with a five-point practical agreement.

Military authorities of South Korea and Democratic People's Republic of Korea reached in Jnuary 27th, 2003 a four-point agreement on the personnel transit of the military demarcation line (MDL) which divides the Korean Peninsula. Such an agreement paves the way for the long-awaited linkage of cross-border railways and roads.

A spokesman for the Committee for the Peaceful Reunification of the Fatherland issued a statement on Feb. 6, 2003 denouncing the United States for its moves to massively beef up its armed forces around the Korean Peninsula.

The road connecting Koreas was reopened on February 11th, 2003.

The 4th meeting of the north-south committee for the promotion of economic cooperation was held in Seoul from Feb. 11 to 14. 2003. At the meeting both sides proposed an action program of the committee and technical ways of carrying it out and discussed them, sharing the view that the Korean nation can successfully solve any problem if they pool their energy and wisdom no matter how the situation may change.

The north side's delegation participated in the March 1st, 2003 National Meeting for Peace and Reunification in Seoul.

Re-linking work of two sets of inter-Korean railways resumed in March 2003 in the demilitarized zone.

A delegation of trade unions of South Korea visisted Pyongyang in March 2003. The delegation was seen off at the airport by Ryom Sun Gil, chairman of the central committee of the General Federation of Trade Unions of Korea, and other officials concerned.

According to the DPRK proposal the 10th ministerial talks between north and south will be arranged in Pyongyang on April 27 - 29, 2003.



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Features and propaganda.

According to the bourgeois propaganda Christian people are persecuted in north Korea. In May 2000 an American religious leader - Franklin Graham, famous Bill Graham´s son, visited Pyongyang and met top leaders of the DPRK.

In 2001 and 2002 there have been constructive contacts between the DPRK and different western Christian societies.

A delegation of the United Methodist Church of the U.S. led by its bishop Joel Martinez arrived Pyongyang in July 2002. The delegation was greeted at the airport by Kim Ki Hyong, vice-chairman of the central committee of the Korean Christians Federation.

The power media has distorted the picture of north Korea. The country goes on well. The Juche political idea has a large support and the spirit in building the country is good. There have been problems, but they have been and they will be overcome. People in north Korea are optimistic.

North Korean economy is not based on money. Yet in this particular situation the Korean funds unlegally freezed by USA in American banks were useful in order to handle the energy problem and to improve the food maintenance.

The DPRK will not be led to a western-type high mass consumption. The planned Korean economy is directed to produce welfare by saving, not by wasting. On the other hand, there are neither unemployment nor drug problems in north Korea.

North Korean foreign politics is civilized. The DPRK sends systematically polite and friendly congratulations to state level election winners and political appointments to all countries in the world. Internal affairs of other countries are not criticized. Unfortunately, this high level of handling reciprocally People´s Korea does not come true in the west. Especially US and Finnish media stir up intentionally bad-will against north Korea by dishonest articles and TV-programs. Level of this obscenity is so low that Korean officials do not descend down to reply.

The bourgeois propaganda uses to call the DPRK a "Stalinist" country. Some questions occur What is "Stalinism". It is hard to understand the contents of this word. Is it something like "Castroism"?

Korean revolution began independently in 1925.

Lenin was a great person. Kim Il Sung was also a great person. Yet the SU does not exist any more. The DPRK exists.

North Korea and the USSR did not have close ties. No high level SU leader never visited the DPRK. Instead, Mr. Putin visited the DPRK in 2000.

So... where is the connection between the DPRK and comrade Stalin?

The DPRK never joined the SEV. That is why the north Korean socialism did not collapse with east European socialisms. In spite of the weather circumstances and commercial blockade problems in the nineties the north Korean country, the nation and the system go strong.