portland independent media center  
images audio video
newswire article

imperialism & war

Over 5000 children died in Iraq today!

Over 5000 children died in Iraq today!
Over 5000 children died in Iraq today!

but this was from Saddam starving his own population while he fattened his own wallet (5 billion dollars worth or more), however President G. W. Bush is saving them from this fate.
sanctions etc 21.Mar.2003 21:10

anaon

12 years of sanctions have helped starve the Iraqui people.

And nobody thinks Saddam is a cudly nice feller, either. Shall we begin to tick off the names of other horrendous dictators the United States has supported that have watched their people starve and slave as they got rich?!

Do you think about the Imperialist-symp Iraquis who will be in charge when "democracy" is installed? Will they get rich at the expense of the Iraqui people in exchange for most favored trade sweetening for their Anglo-American bosses?

And how many people are going to die to make this fantastic change in the lives of Iraquis... oh... Kurds too. Their lives are going to be great. Turkey just loves them some Kurds.

Screw the kids, Saddam needs a new palace 21.Mar.2003 21:13

Oz

Sadam was more interested in building palaces in honor of himself (a couple of B-52s took care of some of them today) and developing VX gas and God know what else, than taking care of the people of Iraq.

The money spent on the palaces alone would have fed, housed, and educated every single child in that country. All you peaceniks would be well served to just understand that one thing, before you start droning on about the U.N. sanctions.

We can only hope that Saddam and his goons have gone a very special place in hell reserved just for them.

check your facts 22.Mar.2003 02:09

someone

5000 children under the age of 5 die every month in Iraq due to the sanctions, not due to Hussein. Most of them do not starve, they die of malnutrition and preventable disease, largely caused by a lack of clean water due to the US and allies destroying water treatment centers during the first gulf war (in violation of the geneva convention). Hussein has certainly done his best to amass as much wealth as possible from his people (just like the current US administration) but he's not the one preventing his people from having clean water and medicine; the United States and the United Kingdom are. You can keep believing whatever you want, but any investigation into the situation of Iraq for the past 12 years will show that what I'm saying is accurate. Don't believe the rhetoric; do the research yourself.

what the fuck is the difference. 22.Mar.2003 04:09

??

they didn't starve, they died of lack of proper food.

flush out your head gear dumbshit!

America's Genocidial Sanctions 22.Mar.2003 09:24

Propaganda Killer

Ha. Ha. More American Propaganda. Just who is it that is administering and enforcing those sanctions to begin with? The USA of course. Is is America which is maintaining those genocidial sanctions for the past 12 years. The same American which claims it wants to "liberate" Iraq is the same one who has been killing Iraqis for the past decade. This is American Liberty as its best--liberating you from your life that is.

Ultimately, this original message is typical of Reverse American Logic at its worst. The more people that America kills around the world, the more Americans try to blame someone else for their own crimes. This is called Blaming the Victim--a time honored American tactic.

Indeed, even former UN Humanitarian Coordinator for Iraq, Denis Halliday has said that IRAQ HAS HAD ONE OF THE BEST FOOD DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS IN THE WORLD UNDER SADDAM HUSSEIN'S ADMINISTRATION. No amount of Blame Saddam propaganda can obscure this fact.

It is America which is responsible for the genocidial sanctions--even as they cynically try to Blame Saddam.

Saddam's dick suckers... 22.Mar.2003 10:07

hhb

Saddam had all of his palaces redone in gold inlay light switches, wall sockets, ceilings, etc.

his 2 mile long palaces costs billions.

but, its the US's fault that he spends his money on this and not food for people.

well, all that will change, and basically has changed.

Just something most don,t care to hear 27.Mar.2003 00:43

west side

Our support and heart with the Armed forces of US , Britain and other
nations who are fighting against Saddam & his regime..



Iraq denounces symbolic US Senate vote to indict Saddam

Iraq has denounced a symbolic resolution passed by the American Senate
calling for the Iraqi leader, Saddam Hussein, to be tried by an
international war crimes tribunal.
A spokesman in Baghdad said the president had defended the independence
and the legitimate interests of the Iraqi people.
He said the real criminals were the American and British leaders for
waging war on Iraq in the 1991 Gulf War.




CONTENT
Executive Summary
Impact of Sanctions
Iraqi Obstruction of Oil-for-Food
Misuse of Resources by the Regime
Repression of the Iraqi People
Evading U.N. Resolutions and Failure to Disarm
Iraq is a Regional Threat
U.S. Policy







Executive Summary
The purpose of this report is to present the facts concerning Iraq under
Saddam Hussein.
There are a wealth of charges and counter-charges concerning actions
undertaken by Saddam and by the international community towards Iraq.
Based on publicly available information, the facts contained in this
report demonstrate that under the regime of Saddam Hussein, Iraq continues
to repress its people, threaten the region, and obstruct international
efforts to provide humanitarian relief.
We are helping the Iraqi people in their efforts to bring about a regime
that is committed to living in peace with its neighbors and respecting the
rights of its citizens.
We want to see Iraq return as a respected and prosperous member of the
international community, and as the evidence shows, this is unlikely to
happen as long as Saddam Hussein is in power.
As long as Saddam Hussein is in power, we are determined to contain the
Iraqi regime and prevent it from threatening the region or its own people.
We will also continue our efforts to increase humanitarian relief for the
people of Iraq, over the obstructions of the regime.




Impact of Sanctions
Summary
Sanctions were imposed on Iraq by the international community in the wake
of Iraq's brutal invasion of Kuwait. They are intended to prevent the
Iraqi regime access to resources that it would use to reconstitute weapons
of mass destruction. Sanctions can only be lifted when Iraq complies fully
with all relevant UN Security Council resolutions.
Saddam Hussein's regime remains a threat to its people and its neighbors,
and has not met any of its obligations to the UN that would allow the UN
to lift sanctions.
The international community, not the regime of Saddam Hussein, is working
to relieve the impact of sanctions on ordinary Iraqis.

Impact of Sanctions
Sanctions are not intended to harm the people of Iraq. That is why the
sanctions regime has always specifically exempted food and medicine. The
Iraqi regime has always been free to import as much of these goods as
possible. It refuses to do so, even though it claims it wants to relieve
the suffering of the people of Iraq.
∙ Iraq is actually exporting food, even though it says its people are
malnourished. Coalition ships enforcing the UN sanctions against Iraq
recently diverted the ship M/V MINIMARE containing 2,000 metric tons of
rice and other material being exported from Iraq for hard currency instead
of being used to support the Iraqi people.
∙ Baby milk sold to Iraq through the oil-for-food program has been found
in markets throughout the Gulf, demonstrating that the Iraqi regime is
depriving its people of much-needed goods in order to make an illicit
profit.

∙ Kuwaiti authorities recently seized a shipment coming out of Iraq
carrying, among other items, baby powder, baby bottles, and other nursing
materials for resale overseas
Saddam Hussein's priorities are clear. If given control of Iraq's
resources, Saddam Hussein would use them to rearm and threaten the region,
not to improve the lot of the Iraqi people.
There is ample proof that lifting sanctions would offer the Iraqi people
no relief from neglect at the hands of their government
∙ Sanctions prevent Saddam from spending money on rearmament, but do not
stop him from spending money on food and medicine for Iraqis.
∙ Saddam's priorities are clear: palaces for himself, prisons for his
people, and weapons to destroy Iraq's citizens and its neighbors. He has
built 48 palaces for himself since the Gulf War. He would not use Iraq's
resources to improve the lives of Iraqis. Saddam Hussein would use them to
rearm and threaten the region.




Iraqi Obstruction of Oil-For-Food
Summary
Thanks to the oil-for-food program, the people of Iraq, especially those
in the north, are getting needed foods and medicines.
The program would be even more effective if the Iraqi regime were
cooperating. Iraqi obstruction of the oil-for-food program, not United
Nations sanctions, is the primary reason the Iraqi people are suffering.

Oil-for-Food Program Helps Iraqis

∙ Iraqi oil exports are now at near pre-war levels and revenues are above
what Iraq was receiving during the Iran-Iraq war. For the six-month period
June-November 1999, Iraqi oil exports are projected to exceed $6 billion

∙ Previously Iraq had said it was unable to produce enough oil to meet
oil-for-food ceilings because the UN refused to approve contracts for
spare parts for its petroleum industry. The facts demonstrate otherwise.
∙ In the two and a half years that the oil-for-food program has been
functioning, Iraq has been able to sell over $14.9 billion in oil. Iraqi
oil exports are near pre-war levels, and rising world oil prices are
allowing more oil-for-food goods to be purchased.
∙ The oil-for-food program has delivered $3.7 billion worth of food, $691
million worth of medicine, and more than $500 million worth of supplies
for electrical, water/sanitation, agricultural, education, oil industry,
settlement rehabilitation and defining projects.
∙ Despite Iraqi obstructionism, oil-for-food has raised by 50% the daily
caloric value of the ration basket and has steadily improved health care
for Iraqis. Infrastructure repair in areas such as agriculture,
electricity, and water and sanitation is being undertaken.
Iraq has claimed it was unable to produce enough oil to meet oil-for-food
ceilings because the UN refused to approve contracts for spare parts for
its petroleum industry. The fact is that hundreds of millions of dollars
of spare parts have been delivered and Iraqi oil production is expected to
exceed pre-Gulf war levels.
∙ Since the start of the oil-for-food program, of the 7,560 contracts
received, 5,901, or 78.1%, have been approved. Their total value is $7.7
billion.
∙ The 448 contracts on hold as of August 1999 include requests for items
that can be used to make chemical, biological and nuclear weapons. Many of
these items are on the list described in UNSCR 1051, the list of goods
which must be notified to and inspected by UNSCOM and the IAEA. As Iraq is
not permitting either organization to perform its UN-mandated functions,
there can be no assurance that Iraq would not divert these dual-use items.

Iraqi Obstruction, not Sanctions, Hinders Effectiveness
For five years, Iraq resisted international efforts to establish the
oil-for-food program.
∙ Concerned about the welfare of the Iraqi people, the Security Council
attempted to create an oil-for-food program in 1991 that would allow Iraqi
oil to be sold, with proceeds deposited in a UN-controlled account and
used to purchase humanitarian goods for the Iraqi people. Iraq rejected
the Security Council's original proposal.
∙ In 1995,-over Iraq's protests--the Security Council adopted another
oil-for-food resolution. Again, Iraq refused to accept it. It was only
after another year and a half of Iraqi delays and international pressure
that the Iraq regime agreed to accept oil-for-food.
The August 1999 UNICEF Report on Child Health demonstrates that Iraqi
mismanagement, -- if not also deliberate policy -- not sanctions, is
responsible for malnutrition and deaths.
∙ In Northern Iraq, where the UN administers humanitarian assistance,
child mortality rates have fallen below pre-Gulf War levels. Rates rose in
the period before oil-for-food, but with the introduction of the program
the trend reversed, and now those Iraqi children are better off than
before the war.

∙ Child mortality figures have more than doubled in the south and center
of the country, where the Iraqi government -- rather than the UN --
controls the program. If a turn-around on child mortality can be made in
the north, which is under the same sanctions as the rest of the country,
there is no reason it cannot be done in the south and center
The fact of the matter is, however, that the government of Iraq does not
share the international community's concern about the welfare of its
people. Baghdad's refusal to cooperate with the oil-for-food program and
its deliberate misuse of resources are cynical efforts to sacrifice the
Iraqi people's welfare in order to bring an end to UN sanctions without
complying with its obligations.
∙ The UN has reported that, despite Iraqi claims of infant malnutrition,
the government of Iraq has ordered only a fraction of the nutrition
supplies for vulnerable children and pregnant and nursing mothers
recommended by the UN and for which money has been set aside under the
oil-for-food program. Only $1.7 million of $25 million set aside for
nutritional supplements has been spent by Iraq. In the past eighteen
months, Iraq has ordered no nutritional supplements.
∙ The United Nations has reported that $200 million worth of medicines and
medical supplies sit undistributed in Iraqi warehouses. This is about half
the value of all the medical supplies that have arrived in Iraq since the
start of the oil-for-food program. Saddam can move his troops and missiles
around the country, but claims that he doesn't have enough transportation
to distribute these medicines, even as he alleges that children are dying
due to sanctions.
∙ Despite a 50% increase in oil revenues, Iraq has increased the amount
earmarked for food purchases by only 15.6%.
∙ Baghdad has reduced from $8 million to $6 million the amount allocated
to the supplemental nutritional support program for malnourished children
and pregnant and lactating mothers.






Misuse of Resources by the Regime
Summary
Rather than spend money to help its people, Iraq's leaders enrich
themselves.

Mismanagement
With Iraqi oil revenues burgeoning, it's hard to understand why the people
of Iraq aren't better off. The reason is because the government of Iraq is
mismanaging the oil-for-food program, either deliberately or through
incompetence.
∙ Despite reports of widespread health problems, the government has still
not spent the full $200 million for medical supplies allocated under phase
five of the oil-for-food program (which ended in May). Only 40% of the
money was used to purchase medicines for primary care, while 60% was used
to buy medical equipment.
∙ While the average Iraqi needs basic medicines and medical care, the
government of Iraq spent $6 million on a gamma knife, an instrument used
for complicated neurosurgery that requires extremely advanced training to
use. Another several million was spent on a MRI machine, used for
high-resolution imaging. Such exotic treatment is reserved for regime
bodyguards and other members of the elite. This total of $10 million could
instead have benefited thousands of Iraqi children if it had been spent on
vaccines, antibiotics, and the chemotherapeutics necessary to treat the
large numbers of children that are allegedly dying due to lack of
medicine.
Personal Enrichment
While the people of Iraq go wanting, their leaders enrich themselves.
∙ In July 1999, Forbes Magazine estimated Saddam Hussein's personal wealth
at $6 billion, acquired primarily from oil and smuggling.
∙ Medicines received through the oil-for-food program are sold by the
regime to private hospitals at exorbitant prices.
∙ Members of the government and top military and security officials are
provided with extra monthly food rations, Mercedes automobiles, and
monthly stipends in the thousands of dollars. By comparison, the average
monthly government salary is 6,500 dinars, or about $3.50.
Saddam's Excesses
In addition to the revenues generated under the oil-for-food program, the
government of Iraq earns money from other sources which it controls.
Rather than spend these funds to help the people of Iraq, Saddam Hussein
chooses to build monuments to himself. In addition, he deprives those in
need of water and other scarce resources in order to favor elites and
other supporters of the regime.
∙ Saddam celebrated his birthday this year by building a resort complex
for regime loyalists. Since the Gulf War, Saddam has spent over $2 billion
on presidential palaces. Some of these palaces boast gold-plated faucets
and man-made lakes and waterfalls, which use pumping equipment that could
have been used to address civilian water and sanitation needs.

∙ In April 1999, Iraqi officials inaugurated Saddamiat al Tharthar.
Located 85 miles west of Baghdad, this sprawling lakeside vacation resort
contains stadiums, an amusement park, hospitals, parks, and 625 homes to
be used by government officials. This project cost hundreds of millions of
dollars. There is no clearer example of the government's lack of concern
for the needs of its people than Saddamiat al Tharthar
∙ In July, Baghdad increased taxes on vehicle ownership and marriage
dowries, after earlier increases in taxes, fees, and fuel and electricity
prices. This is in part what pays for Saddam's palaces. Saddam also uses
food rations, medical care, and other state resources to buy the loyalty
of his inner circle and security forces.
∙ Iraq is facing its worst drought in 50 years. As a result, the
government is restricting the planting of rice and told farmers not to
plant summer crops without permission from the Ministry of Irrigation. The
water levels of the reservoirs supplying Saddam Hussein's region of
Tikrit, however, were at normal seasonal levels, while the flow of water
to the southern cities was dramatically lower than during the previous two
years. Saddam is diverting water to serve his political objectives, at the
expense of the general population.




Repression of the Iraqi People
Summary
Saddam Hussein's repression of the Iraqi people has not stopped.
He is draining the southern marshes, causing grave environmental damage
and forcible relocation of civilians in an attempt to eliminate opposition
to the regime.
He is murdering Shi'a clerics.
He is destroying villages and forcibly relocating people in both the north
and the south and destroying villages in the south.
International human rights groups and others are gathering evidence and
working to establish an international criminal court to try Saddam and his
senior aides for war crimes and crimes against humanity.
He has used chemical weapons against his own people.

UNSC Resolution 688
In Resolution 688 (1991), the UN Security Council condemned the Government
of Iraq's repression of the Iraqi civilian population, which it concluded
threatened international peace and security in the region.
The Council demanded that Iraq immediately end this repression and allow
immediate access by international humanitarian organizations to all those
in need of assistance in all parts of Iraq.
Iraq has neither ended the repression of its civilian population nor
allowed outside organizations access to help those in need. The government
of Iraq uses military force to repress civilian populations throughout the
country, resulting in the deaths of thousands and the destruction of
entire villages.
∙ Iraq has refused to allow the UN's Special Rapporteur for Human Rights
to return to Iraq since his first visit in 1992. The government of Iraq
has refused to allow the stationing of human rights monitors as required
by the resolutions of the UN General Assembly and the UN Commission on
Human Rights. The regime expelled UN personnel and NGOs who, until 1992,
ensured the delivery of humanitarian relief services throughout the
country.
∙ Iraqi authorities routinely practice extra judicial, summary or arbitrary
executions throughout those parts of the country still under regime
control. The total number of prisoners believed to have been executed
since autumn 1997 exceeds 2,500. This includes hundreds of arbitrary
executions in the last months of 1998 at Abu Ghraib and Radwaniyah prisons
near Baghdad.

∙ In the 1970s and 1980s, the Iraqi regime destroyed over 3,000 Kurdish
villages. The destruction of Kurdish and Turkomen homes is still going on
in Iraqi-controlled areas of northern Iraq, as evidenced the destruction
by Iraqi forces of civilian homes in the citadel of Kirkuk
∙ In northern Iraq, the government is continuing its campaign of forcibly
deporting Kurdish and Turkomen families to southern governorates. As a
result of these forced deportations, approximately 900,000 citizens are
internally displaced throughout Iraq. Local officials in the south have
ordered the arrest of any official or citizen who provides employment,
food or shelter to newly arriving Kurds.

∙ Iraq's 1988-89 Anfal campaign subjected the Kurdish people in northern
Iraq to the most widespread attack of chemical weapons ever used against a
civilian population. The Iraqi military attacked a number of towns and
villages in northern Iraq with chemical weapons. In the town of Halabja
alone, an estimated 5,000 civilians were killed and more than 10,000 were
injured

∙ The scale and severity of Iraqi attacks on Shi'a civilians in the south
of Iraq have been increasing steadily. The Human Rights Organization in
Iraq (HROI) reports that 1,093 persons were arrested in June 1999 in
Basrah alone. Tanks from the Hammourabi Republican Guards Division
attacked the towns of Rumaitha and Khudur on June 26, after residents
protested the systematic maldistribution of food and medicine to the
detriment of the Shi'a. Iraqi troops killed fourteen villagers, arrested
more than a hundred more, and destroyed forty homes. On June 29, the
Supreme Council for the Islamic Resistance in Iraq reported that 160 homes
in the Abul Khaseeb district near Basra were destroyed
∙ In March 1999, the regime gunned down Grand Ayatollah al Sayyid Mohammad
Sadiq al Sadr, the most senior Shi'a religious leader in Iraq. Since 1991,
dozens of senior Shi'a clerics and hundreds of their followers have either
been murdered or arrested by the authorities,and their whereabouts remain
unknown.

∙ In the southern marshes, government forces have burned houses and
fields, demolished houses with bulldozers, and undertaken a deliberate
campaign to drain and poison the marshes. Villages belonging to the al
Juwaibiri, al Shumaish, al Musa and al Rahma tribes were entirely
destroyed and the inhabitants forcibly expelled. Government troops
expelled the population of other areas at gunpoint and also forced them to
relocate by cutting off their water supply
The nature and magnitude of the crimes committed by Saddam Hussein and his
regime since 1980 demand that all efforts be made to hold those
individuals accountable for their crimes. We believe that Saddam Hussein
and key members of his regime should be brought to justice for their past
and current crimes.





Evading U.N. Resolutions and Failure to Disarm
Summary
While its repression of the Iraqi people continues, the Iraqi regime still
is far from complying with its obligations under United Nations Security
Council resolutions.
It has not fully complied with a single resolution.
It has not fully declared and destroyed its WMD programs. It has not
ceased concealment of its WMD. It has not responded fully to questions
from UNSCOM and the IAEA. (UNSCRs 687, 707, 715, 1051)
It has not returned Kuwaiti and Third Country POWs and Missing Persons
(UNSCRs 686 and 687). 605 Kuwaiti POW/MIAs and 34 Saudis remain
unaccounted for.
It has not returned all stolen Kuwaiti property (UNSCR 686). In fact, some
is still deployed with Iraqi military units
It has not stopped repressing its civilian population (UNSCR 688).

What Disarmament Means
UNSCR 687 and related resolutions 707, 715, and 1051 stipulate that Iraq
must provide full, final and complete disclosure of all aspects of its
nuclear, chemical, biological, and long-range missile weapons programs;
allow unconditional inspection access by international monitors; cease any
attempt to conceal, move, or destroy any material or equipment related to
these programs; and cooperate with UN monitoring of relevant Iraqi
facilities and trade activities.
What Iraq Has Done
When these resolutions were passed, it was expected that compliance would
require no more than 90 days. Instead, nine years later, sanctions remain
in place because Iraq has decided to (1) hide weapons and major components
of these programs, (2) secretly destroy older, less-capable weapons and
equipment, and (3) give UN inspectors fraudulent declarations to mask
weapons and equipment that are still hidden.
∙ Iraq began playing hide-and-seek with UN inspectors in 1991. In December
1998, Saddam stopped all cooperation with the UN, refusing to let any
weapons inspectors into the country.
∙ In July 1998, Iraq seized from the hands of UNSCOM inspectors an Iraqi
Air Force document indicating that Iraq had misrepresented the expenditure
of over 6,000 bombs which may have contained over 700 tons of chemical
agent. Iraq continues to refuse to provide this document to the UN.
∙ Iraq continues to deny weaponizing VX nerve agent, despite the fact that
UNSCOM found VX nerve agent residues on Iraqi SCUD missile warhead
fragments. Based on its investigations, international experts concluded
that "Iraq has the know-how and process equipment, and may possess
precursors to manufacture as much as 200 tons of VX ... The retention of a
VX capability by Iraq cannot be excluded by the UNSCOM international
expert team."
∙ Iraq has refused to credibly account for 500 tons of SCUD propellant,
over 40 SCUD biological and conventional warheads, 7 Iraqi-produced SCUDs,
and truckloads of SCUD components.
∙ Iraq refuses to allow inspection of thousands of Ministry of Defense and
Military Industries Commission documents relating to biological and
chemical weapons and long-range missiles.
∙ In 1995, Iraqis who conducted field trials of R-400 bombs filled with
biological agents described the tests to UNSCOM experts in considerable
detail, including the use of many animals. These field trials were
reflected in Iraq's June 1996 biological weapons declaration. Yet,
amazingly, Iraq now denies that any such trials were conducted at all.
∙ In September 1995, Iraq finally declared the existence of two projects
to disseminate biological agents from Mirage F-1 and MiG-21 aircraft, yet
there is no evidence that the prototype weapons and aircraft were ever
destroyed. There is also no evidence that the 12 Iraqi helicopter-borne
aerosol generators for biological weapon delivery were ever destroyed.
∙ Apart from one document referring to a single year, no Iraqi biological
weapon production records have been given to the UN -- no records of
storage, of filling into munitions, or of destruction. This is why UNSCOM
refers to Iraq's biological weapons program -- which deployed SCUD missile
warheads filled with anthrax and botulinum toxin to be ready for use
against Coalition forces -- as a "black hole."
∙ The Iraqis have repeatedly changed their story about their biological
weapons warheads. Iraq has revised several times its declarations
regarding the precise locations of warhead destruction and the fill of
warheads. The movements of concealed warheads prior to unilateral
destruction, claimed by Iraq, have been proven to be false.
∙ At the request of the UNSC, Brazilian Ambassador Amorim led a review of
the mechanisms designed to ensure Iraqi disarmament. His 7 April 1999
report affirmed that future work "should be based on the full
implementation of the plans for ongoing monitoring and verification
approved by Security Council Resolution 715 (1991)" and called for Iraq to
provide UNSCOM and IAEA inspectors with all the rights called for by UNSC
resolutions 687, 707, and 1051." Rather than do so, Saddam has refused to
allow weapons inspectors into Iraq.




Iraq is a Regional Threat
Summary
Iraq under Saddam Hussein remains dangerous, unreconstructed, and defiant.
It has not disarmed. It has never apologized or expressed regret for the
invasion of Kuwait. It continues to repress its people.
This is a dangerous regime that threatens its neighbors, has a long
history of aggression, has ambitions to dominate the Gulf by force, and
retains the capability to do so.

History of Aggression
Far from apologizing for its invasion of Kuwait, Iraq continues to assert
that its actions were justified.
∙ On this year's ninth anniversary of the invasion of Kuwait, the
government newspaper Babel -- owned by Saddam's son Uday -- stated "We
still believe that what we did on August 2, 1990, was the right response
to foil a large and abortive conspiracy."
∙ In an editorial on August 2, 1999, al Thawra, the regime's mouthpiece,
referred to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait as, "the honorable day of the call."

∙ In 1994, Saddam attempted to blackmail the UN Security Council into
lifting sanctions by massing his forces for another invasion of Kuwait. In
response, the UNSC passed Resolution 949, ordering Iraq to withdraw its
Republican Guard forces from southern Iraq.
Not only does Baghdad consider its invasion of Kuwait "honorable," but
Saddam Hussein has gone so far as to call for the overthrow of fellow Arab
leaders and to attempt to murder the Emir of Kuwait and former president
George Bush.
∙ In Saddam's Army Day speech of January 6, 1999, he said: "Release your
anger and rebel against the defiled ones who are playing with your fate
and the fate of the nation.... Rebel against those who are proud of the
friendship of the United States, those who are proud of being U.S.
protégées..."
∙ In 1993, Iraq organized an attempt to assassinate former U.S. President
George Bush and the Emir of Kuwait.
∙ In August 1996, the regime's forces attacked the Kurdish-held city of
Irbil. Within hours, Iraqi secret police had swarmed over the city,
arresting hundreds and killing scores of suspected oppositionists
∙ Baghdad continues to harbor the Muhjahideen e-Khalq (MEK), Iranian
dissents who conduct a widespread terrorist campaign to support their
political agenda. In the past, the MEK has been responsible for attacks on
Americans, (including participating in the seizure of the US embassy in
Tehran in 1979), Iraqis, Iranians, and Europeans.
∙ Saddam continues to attack coalition aircraft enforcing the no-fly
zones, which were established to prevent Saddam from attacking Kurdish and
Shi'a civilians, in violation of UNSC Resolutions 688 and 949.
WMD Capability
Saddam retains the capability to inflict significant damage upon Iraq's
neighbors and its own civilian population.
∙ Since December 1998, Saddam Hussein has prevented UN weapons inspectors
from even entering Iraq. We do not know for sure what he is doing under
the roofs of the weapons factories they routinely monitored. So, in
addition to the weapons he has worked so hard to hide since 1991, Saddam
may well have his experts making chemical and biological weapons, and
pursuing nuclear weapon designs.
∙ Iraq is capable of assembling its prohibited Al-Hussein long-range
missiles with key parts known to have been stripped from destroyed
imported SCUDs.
∙ Iraq has refused to account for precursor chemicals capable of making as
much as 200 tons of VX nerve agent. Iraq has the know-how and equipment to
weaponize VX, despite its continuing denials.
∙ Iraq loaded VX, anthrax, botulism toxin, and other chemical and
biological agents into Al-Hussein missile warheads and deployed them
during the Gulf War.
∙ Iraq loaded thousands of munitions such as aerial bombs, tactical
rockets, and artillery shells with a variety of chemical and biological
agents similar to those used against Iran and against Iraqi civilians.
Without sanctions, Saddam would be free to use his resources to rearm and
make good on his threats against Kuwait and the region.





U.S. Policy
Summary
The United States wants to see Iraq return as a respected and prosperous
member of the international community. As long as Saddam Hussein is in
power, however, we don't believe that that's going to happen.


Containment
Given Saddam Hussein's long record of aggression against his neighbors and
repression of his own people, and absent any proof that he has in fact
disarmed, it is important that the international community remain united
in containing this dangerous regime.
∙ Sanctions will remain in place until UNSC requirements are fully met.
∙ Only a robust, fully empowered inspection regime can determine if Iraq
is fully disarmed. A weak inspection regime will not be effective.
∙ No-fly zones will be enforced to prevent Saddam from using his air force
and helicopters to slaughter his people, as he has repeatedly done in the
past. No-fly zones also contain Saddam Hussein's ability to threaten his
neighbors.
∙ The United States will use force if Saddam threatens Iraq's neighbors or
coalition forces, reconstitutes or deploys WMD, or moves against the
Kurds.
Humanitarian Relief
At the same time, we are working to relieve the suffering of the Iraqi
people by:
∙ Expanding Iraqi oil sales making more money available for oil-for-food.
∙ Working to get Iraq to order more food, especially nutritional
supplements for children and lactating mothers, which it has until now
refused to do.
∙ Expediting approval of contracts under oil-for-food.
∙ Supporting a draft UNSC resolution which proposes lifting the
oil-for-food ceiling on oil sales.
The international community, not Saddam Hussein, is caring for the Iraqi
people.
Regime Change
Saddam's record over the past 10 years, however, demonstrates that he will
never comply with UN resolutions and that he will continue to repress his
own people and threaten his neighbors. That is why we believe that the
only way to address the security needs of the international community and
the needs of the people of Iraq is through a new government in Baghdad,
one that is committed to living in peace with its neighbors and respecting
the rights of its citizens. Iraq, the region, and the world would be
better off with a new government in Iraq.
∙ We support the territorial integrity of Iraq. One nation, whole and
free. Saddam Hussein is not what's holding Iraq together; he's what's
breaking it apart.
∙ The United States believes that if there is to be change, it must come
from within Iraq, led by Iraqis. We do not seek to impose an American
solution or a foreign opposition on the people of Iraq.
∙ In a post-Saddam Iraq, the United States will take the lead to foster
economic development, restore Iraqi civil society, rebuild the middle
class, and restore Iraq's health and education sectors.

For those of you who think this is all about oil the U.S. only gets
3 percent of its oil from Iraq...I personally get tired of all the rhetoric
about how we want to get control in the middle east if we wanted that we would
have done that in Afghanistan after helping the rebels run out the Russians.
Had we done then what we wanted to help them rebuild their country we would now
already have a foot hold over their but we listened to the afghan people and
to the rest of the world and stayed out... Now every one blames us and the rebels they
hate us because we didn't give them lots of money and rebuild their country You can
go ahead and blame all you want but tell me where were you did you
rush in to help HELL NO because why should you care. Its easier to sit on your butts
and yell foul. so tough, poor babies oh you guys must think that the holocaust
was all propaganda too I suppose.