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Urge UN Security Council to Invoke Resolution 377 To Stop War

I urge the UN Security Council to invoke the "Uniting for Peace Resolution (UN Resolution 377)," which empowers the General Assembly
to act to keep or restore the peace when the Security Council, due to lack of agreement among the permanent members, is not able to
do so.

invoke UN Resolution 377.
Urge UN Security Council to Invoke Resolution 377 To Stop Wa
Tue Mar 18 21:52:24 2003
208.152.73.172

Re: Resolution 377 - The Forgotten Power
 http://disc.server.com/discussion.cgi?id=149495;article=38371


Norma J. F. Harrison wrote:

----- Original Message -----
From: "Norma J. F. Harrison"  normaha@pacbell.net
Sent: Tuesday, March 18, 2003 4:32 PM
Subject: Fw: PLEASE Urge UN Security Council to Invoke Resolution 377 To Stop War !




Dear Ambassador,

As you are the representative of a nation sitting on the UN Security Council, I request that you ask the General Assembly to invoke
the 'Uniting for Peace Resolution' (UN Resolution 377), which empowers the General Assembly to act to keep or restore the peace when
the Security Council, due to lack of agreement among the permanent members, is not able to do so.

The UN has now reached that stage. If there is a veto in the Security Council today, the issue may and should be sent to the GA. An
immediate vote by the General Assembly is necessary in order to prevent a war of aggression from being waged against Iraq.

Within 24 hours of a stalemate in the Security Council, the General Assembly can meet to consider the matter. This can happen if
seven members of the Security Council or 50% of the General Assembly requests an emergency meeting for that purpose. The General
Assembly can recommend collective measures, including the use of armed force to
"maintain or restore international peace and security". The 'Uniting for Peace Resolution' has been used ten times since 1950.

The General Assembly should vote to prohibit an invasion of Iraq, and immediately to send peacekeepers to station themselves in the
demilitarized zone between Kuwait and Iraq. Mandatory trade sanctions on all goods and all air traffic to and from the US should be
required of all members of the UN if the US were to stage an attack in violation of the General Assembly's resolution.

I believe that such action would be supported by the vast majority of the citizens of all UN member nations. Please, the fate of
the world is in your hands.

Norma J F Harrison
1312 Cornell
Berkeley 94702 Ca
 normaha@pacbell.net
510-527-9584 non-business
510-526-3968 Summit Bay Realty/& facs
866-264-9029 toll free
L.A.U.G.H. O.E. Let's All Unite to Gain Heaven On Earth
__________
more info on 377

"How to use UN security council resolution 377 and the General Assembly to override a veto and stop the war."
Bob Reuschlein

What Can the World Do if the US Attacks Iraq?

by Jeremy Brecher

If the US attacks Iraq without support of the UN Security Council, will the world be powerless to stop it?
The answer is no. Under a procedure called "Uniting for Peace," the UN General Assembly can demand an immediate
ceasefire and withdrawal. The global peace movement should consider demanding such an action.

When Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal in 1956, Britain, France, and Israel invaded Egypt and began advancing on the Suez Canal.
U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower demanded that the invasion stop. Resolutions in the UN Security Council called for a
cease-fire -- but Britain and France vetoed them. Then the United States appealed to the General Assembly and proposed a resolution
calling for a cease-fire and a withdrawal of forces. The General Assembly held an emergency session and passed the resolution.
Britain and France withdrew from Egypt within a week.

The appeal to the General Assembly was made under a procedure called "Uniting for Peace." This procedure was adopted by the Security
Council so that the UN can act even if the Security Council is stalemated by vetoes.
Resolution 377 provides that, if there is a "threat to peace, breach of the peace, or act of aggression" and the permanent members
of the Security Council do not agree on action, the General Assembly can meet immediately and recommend collective measures to U.N.
members to "maintain or restore international peace and security." The "Uniting for Peace" mechanism has been used ten times, most
frequently on the initiative of the United States.

The US would undoubtedly use its veto should the Security Council attempt to condemn and halt its aggression. But the US has no
veto in the General Assembly.

Lawyers at the Center for Constitutional Rights
(www.ccr-ny.org) have drafted a proposed "Uniting for Peace" resolution that governments can submit to the General
Assembly. It declares that military action without a Security Council resolution authorizing such action is contrary to the UN
Charter and international law.

The global peace movement should immediately mobilize pressure on governments that claim to oppose the war -- the great majority of
UN members -- to demand that they initiate and support such a resolution.

Countries opposed to such a war can be asked to state now that they will convene the General Assembly on an emergency basis to
condemn the attack and order the US to cease fire and withdraw. Wide public advocacy will help governments overcome their probable
reluctance to take such a step. Further, the threat of such global condemnation may help deter the Bush administration -- and to a
much greater extent deter its wobbling allies -- from launching such an attack in the first place.

Prepared by Jeremy Brecher ( jbrecher@igc.org).
Information on Uniting for Peace based on "A U.N. Alternative to War:
'Uniting for Peace'" by Michael Ratner, Center for Constitutional Rights
and Jules Lobel, University of Pittsburgh Law School


 http://www.ccr-ny.org
 http://www.plainviewpress.com
Plain View Press
P O 33311
Austin, TX 78764
512-441-2452
1-800-878-3605


cut and paste into your bcc, or, into your To, or your Cc address space - copy at once, not each, for ease of use of this mailing.
This is just one of doing everything we can - being U.N. we don't hold out much hope... N.

 france-presse@un.int
 rusun@un.int
 chinamission_un@fmprc.gov.cn
 bulgaria@un.int
 info@cameroonmission.org
 guinea@un.int
 mexico@un.int
 syria@un.int
 ang-un@angolamissionun.org (needs correction. N.)
 chile@un.int
 contact@germany-un.org
 Pakistan@un.int
 remote-printer.Kofi_Annan@12129637055.iddd.tpc.int

=========================================================

Resolution 377 - The Forgotten Power
 http://disc.server.com/discussion.cgi?id=149495;article=38371

The Forgotten Power Of The General Assembly
By Robert Fisk
The Independent - UK
3-15-3

For 30 years, America's veto policy in the United Nations has been central to its foreign policy. More than 70 times the United States has shamelessly used its veto in the UN, most recently to crush a Security Council resolution condemning the Israeli killing of the British UN worker Iain Hook in Jenin last December.
Most of America's vetoes have been in support of its ally Israel. It has vetoed a resolution calling for the Israeli withdrawal from the Syrian Golan Heights (January, 1982), a resolution condemning the killing of 11 Muslims by Israeli soldiers near the al-Aqsa mosque (April, 1982), and a resolution condemning Israelis slaughter of 106 Lebanese refugees at the UN camp at Qana (April, 1986).

The full list would fill more than a page of this newspaper. And now we are told by George Bush Junior that the Security Council will become irrelevant if France, Germany and Russia use their veto? I often wonder how much further the sanctimoniousness of the Bush administration can go. Much further, I fear.

So here's a little idea that might just make the American administration even angrier and even more aware of its obligations to the rest of the world. It's a forgotten UN General Assembly resolution that could stop an invasion of Iraq, a relic of the Cold War. It was, ironically, pushed through by the US to prevent a Soviet veto at the time of the Korean conflict, and actually used at the time of Suez.
For UN resolution 377 allows the General Assembly to recommend collective action "if the Security Council, because of lack of unanimity of the permanent members, fails to exercise its primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security".

This arcane but intriguing piece of UN legislation - passed in 1950 and originally known as the "Uniting for Peace" resolution - might just be used to prevent Messrs Bush and Blair going to war if their plans are vetoed in the Security Council by France or Russia. Fundamentally, it makes clear that the UN General Assembly can step in - as it has 10 times in the past - if the Security Council is not unanimous.

Of course, the General Assembly of 1950 was a different creature from what it is today. The post-war world was divided and the West saw America as its protector rather than a potential imperial power. The UN's first purpose was - and is still supposed to be - to "maintain international peace and security".

Duncan Currie, a lawyer working for Greenpeace, has set out a legal opinion, which points out that the phrase in 377 providing that in "any case where there appears to be a threat to the peace, breach of the peace or act of aggression", the General Assembly "shall consider the matter immediately" means that - since "threat" and "breach" are mentioned separately - the Assembly can be called into session before hostilities start.

These "breaches", of course, could already be alleged, starting with the American air attack on Iraqi anti-ship gun batteries near Basra on 13 January this year.
The White House - and readers of The Independent, and perhaps a few UN officials - can look up the 377 resolution at  http://www.un.org/Depts/dhl/landmark/amajor.htm If Mr Bush takes a look, he probably wouldn't know whether to laugh or cry. But today the General Assembly - dead dog as we have all come to regard it - might just be the place for the world to cry: Stop. Enough.

2003 Independent Digital (UK) Ltd
 http://argument.independent.co.uk/commentators/story.jsp?story=386906
=====================================================
United Nations General Assembly Resolution 377
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 http://www.mnstate.edu/conteh/uniting%20for%20peace.htm - 14 KB

Uniting for peace, General Assembly Resolution 377 (C)
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CCR
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