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imperialism & war

Rescind Bush's War Powers!

A proposal to focus the peace movement on the House resolution to rescind its October vote to grant Bush war powers.
I hope it's not too late to propose a practical objective for the peace movement to which we can devote our now considerable resouces and political weight. Last October, Congress gave Bush pretty much a blank check to establish a puppet government in Iraq via a massive military invasion and occupation, although a majority of House Democrats voted against what is to Bush what Tonkin Gulf was for Johnson. By now, about 20 of those who voted for it have had second thoughts. If we invest sufficient political efforts in their home districts it's possible enough members could be persuaded to bring HJR 20 to a floor vote and even pass it. If the House rescinds its delegation of war power, Bush's invasion without UN cover could subject him to impeachment on the constitutional ground that he violated the separation of powers that gives Congress the sole authority to declare an unprovoked war.

So if the peace movement united around demanding that each member of the House declare where they stand on rescinding the October resolution, we would provide an immediate and practical goal for each member of the constituency. This means that every anti-war action--petitions, letters, demos, media ads, etc-- includes smoking out our elected representatives on where they stand on HJR 20.

Here's a list of the members who have signed on so far, including John Lewis (D-GA) just today. Where is your Representative? For example: Mine, David Wu (D-OR) voted against the October resolution but hasn't signed on. I'm calling him to ask why not.

Mike Munk

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H.J.RES.20
Title: To repeal the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002.
Sponsor: Rep DeFazio, Peter A. [OR-4] (introduced 2/5/2003)
Latest Major Action: 2/5/2003 Referred to House committee. Status: Referred to the House Committee on International Relations.

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COSPONSORS(35), BY DATE [order is left to right]: (Sort: alphabetical order)
Rep Paul, Ron - 2/5/2003 [TX-14] Rep Woolsey, Lynn C. - 2/5/2003 [CA-6]
Rep Kucinich, Dennis J. - 2/5/2003 [OH-10] Rep McDermott, Jim - 2/5/2003 [WA-7]
Rep Sanders, Bernard - 2/5/2003 [VT] Rep Baldwin, Tammy - 2/5/2003 [WI-2]
Rep Lee, Barbara - 2/5/2003 [CA-9] Rep Grijalva, Raul M. - 2/5/2003 [AZ-7]
Rep Owens, Major R. - 2/5/2003 [NY-11] Rep Jones, Stephanie Tubbs - 2/5/2003 [OH-11]
Rep Oberstar, James L. - 2/5/2003 [MN-8] Rep Waters, Maxine - 2/5/2003 [CA-35]
Rep Schakowsky, Janice D. - 2/5/2003 [IL-9] Rep Carson, Julia - 2/5/2003 [IN-7]
Rep Conyers, John, Jr. - 2/5/2003 [MI-14] Rep Towns, Edolphus - 2/5/2003 [NY-10]
Rep Farr, Sam - 2/5/2003 [CA-17] Rep Olver, John W. - 2/5/2003 [MA-1]
Rep Norton, Eleanor Holmes - 2/5/2003 [DC] Rep Serrano, Jose E. - 2/5/2003 [NY-16]
Rep Watson, Diane E. - 2/5/2003 [CA-33] Rep Kleczka, Gerald D. - 2/5/2003 [WI-4]
Rep Davis, Danny K. - 2/5/2003 [IL-7] Rep Filner, Bob - 2/5/2003 [CA-51]
Rep Frank, Barney - 2/5/2003 [MA-4] Rep Rush, Bobby L. - 2/5/2003 [IL-1]
Rep Jackson, Jesse L., Jr. - 2/5/2003 [IL-2] Rep Stark, Fortney Pete - 2/5/2003 [CA-13]
Rep Capuano, Michael E. - 2/5/2003 [MA-8] Rep Clay, Wm. Lacy - 2/11/2003 [MO-1]
Rep Honda, Michael M. - 2/25/2003 [CA-15] Rep Blumenauer, Earl - 2/27/2003 [OR-3]
Rep Hinchey, Maurice D. - 2/27/2003 [NY-22] Rep Fattah, Chaka - 3/6/2003 [PA-2]
Rep Lewis, John - 3/12/2003 [GA-5]

phone: phone: 503 227 3334
address: address: 3808 SW Mt Adams Dr, Portland 97239

A war why? 14.Mar.2003 06:53

Stod the mad man

On Feb. 25, Reps. Sherrod Brown, Joseph Hoeffel and Ellen Tauscher introduced legislation [H. J. Resolution 24 (2/20/03)] questioning the President. They would like the president to report publicly to Congress about questions regarding a potential war on Iraq. What is left to question about Iraq?

Widespread international opposition to a U.S.-led invasion of Iraq, mainly from countries that gain oil from Iraq or have extensive business ventures with Iraq and therefore do not want to spoil the flow. Countries such as France that continually ignore what Iraq has done to human rights and aids in building Saddam's regime.



-= A Short History of Frances involvement with Iraq =-


• By 1970, France was one of Iraq's main trading partners.

• In December 1974, then Vice President Saddam Hussein invited then French Prime Minister Jacques Chirac to Baghdad. Chirac accepted and visited Iraq in 1975.

• 1975 Saddam Hussein approved a deal granting French oil companies a number of privileges plus a 23 percent share of Iraqi oil.

• Chirac agreed to sell two reactors to Iraq. The Iraqis purchased a 70-megawatt reactor, along with six charges of 26 points of uranium enriched to 93 percent -- in other words, enough weapons-grade uranium to produce three to four nuclear devices. Iraq also purchased a one-megawatt research reactor, and France agreed to train 600 Iraqi nuclear technicians and scientists -- the core of Iraq's nuclear capability today. One of the reactors, at Al-Toweitheh, 40 km south of Baghdad, was named Al-Tammuz or Osirak in reflection of its French predecessor, (Tammuz and Osiris are the names in Babylonian and Egyptian, respectively, for the same god in ancient pantheons.) Al-Tammuz emerged as the core of Iraq's efforts to develop nuclear weapons

• In 1976, Saddam Hussein made his first and only visit to a western capital. At a Paris airport, Chirac called Hussein his "personal friend." Hussein agreed to sell France huge quantities of oil.

• French arms sales and infrastructure projects in Iraq continued apace through the remainder of the 1970s. By the late 1970s, France was second only to the Soviet Union as a supplier of both civilian and military equipment to Iraq.

• In the 1980s, the French socialist government continued the trend.

• France strongly backed Iraq in its war against Iran.

• France and Russia provided the bulk of Iraq's war support.

• France supplied Iraq with sophisticated weaponry, including Mirage F1 fighter-bombers, Super Etendard aircraft equipped with Exocet anti-ship missiles, and equipment to improve the accuracy and range of Scud missiles. The sales are estimated at $20 billion.

• When Iraq had trouble paying, France rescheduled its debt and included long term oil contracts.

• In a 1986 report about Chirac's attempt to return to the premiership, the New York Times reported that the French official "has said many times that he is a personal friend of Saddam Hussein of Iraq."

• In 1987, the Manchester Guardian Weekly quoted Chirac as saying that he was "truly fascinated by Saddam Hussein since 1974."

• Iranians referred to Chirac as "Shah-Iraq" and Israelis spoke of the Osirak reactor as "O-Chirac."

• When Iraq invaded Kuwait in 1990, France took a lukewarm approach to the Kuwait's liberation.

• President Francois Mitterand sent emissaries to 24 countries to assure their governments French participation was purely defensive.

• Just a few days before Operation Desert Storm began in 1991, French envoys in Baghdad tried to find a diplomatic solution.

• Only after the French Embassy in occupied Kuwait was raided and four French citizens kidnapped did Mitterand take a firmer line against Saddam Hussein.

• After helping Saddam Hussein build airports, factories and weapons, France is saddled with $4 billion in unpaid bills.

• In 1994, when American troops were rushed to the region after Iraq massed two divisions of Republican Guards near the Kuwaiti border, French Defense Minister Fran‡ois Leotard came to Iraq's defense. He said Iraq had not violated any U.N. resolutions, and he accused the United States of playing election-year politics.

• When Chirac became president, he followed his avowed model, General de Gaulle, to promote Gaulist power against U.S. power and support for Arab nations against Israel.

• In 1996 Chirac delivered a speech at Cairo University where he forwarded France as an alternative to the U.S. as Middle East peace broker.

• Chirac said Arabs would benefit from the change because the U.S. was to pro-Israeli.

• In 1995, France reopened its embassy in Baghdad at the charg‚ d'affaires level.

• In 1998, when the U.N. arms inspection effort in Iraq was collapsing, the French and Russians worked to head off an American attack. France denounced an American-British operation when it was staged.

• France's best friends in the Middle East are Syria, Iraq and Iran.

• While anti-war personalities claim the U.S. wants war for oil, France may want no war for oil.

• In December 1996, the Jerusalem Post quoted Iraq's Oil Minister Amir Rasheed as saying: "'Friendly countries who have supported us, like France and Russia, will certainly be given priority" when the lucrative contracts for the reconstruction of Iraq are awarded after the oil embargo is lifted.

• In December 1996, the London Mail reported that Western intelligence services had learned French companies had signed multi-million dollar contracts to help rearm Iraq, among other things, in exchange for oil.

• At the 35th annual Baghdad international trade fair in November 2002, France was represented by 81 firms. Saddam Hussein gave the French and Germans priority in entering the Iraqi market. Regarding the Germans, this commercial priority was granted as a result of "the firm positive stand of Germany in rejecting the launching of a military attack against Iraq by the U.S," according to Al-Iraq, a government-run newspaper. "The importance of this fair is that it is a clear message that despite the risk of bombing, all these companies and all these countries still believe in peace," said Jihad Feghali, the managing Director of France's Nutris Company. The sanctions committee at the U.N. that reviews contracts between Iraq and international companies is constantly delaying and holding up Feghali contracts for review of dual-usage i.e. military value.

• On February 14, 2003, The Irish Examiner reported that Richard Perle, a former U.S. Assistant Secretary of Defense, said the French anti-war stance was driven by economic interests. French state controlled oil giant TotalFinaElf has exclusive exploration contracts worth $60 billion to $75 billion to develop the massive Majnoon and Bin Umar oilfields in southern Iraq, he said. Perle said oil experts who had analyzed the deal described it as "extraordinarily lopsided" in favor of the French company.

• CIS Paris, a Parisian broker that is active in dealings of many kinds with Baghdad, brokered a deal among the Chinese producer, the Syrian land transporter and the Iraqi buyer of a chemical that is among the best binders for solid propellant in long range surface-to-surface missiles. The chemical is a transparent liquid rubber called hydroxy-terminated polybutadiene, familiarly known in the advanced-rocket trade as HTPB. This is not for the short-range Al Samoud 2 or old mobile Scuds. The Chinese producer was Qilu Chemicals, 116 DaWu Road in Zibo, Shandong province, China. A shipment of 20 tons of HTPB, the sale of which to Iraq is forbidden by U.N. resolutions and the oil-for-food agreement, left China in August 2002 in a 40-foot container. It arrived in the Syrian port of Tartus (the Mediterranean terminus for an Iraqi oil pipeline today) and was received there by a trading company that was an intermediary for the Iraqi missile industry. The HTPB was then trucked across Syria to Iraq. William Safire, French connection to Iraqi weapons reveals dubious motive, The New York Times, March 13, 2003

• In 2003, beginning in January, a French company sold aircraft and helicopter parts to Iraq for its French-made Mirage jets and Gazelle attack helicopters. This was amidst coalition preparations to militarily disarm Saddam Hussein and debates on U.N. resolutions to authorize that action.


Some in Congress want the Administration to lay down choosing to let Saddam further build his war machine by not getting aggressively involved in disarmament. They seem not care about terrorism in the world and appear as if never to read the history of Saddam and its likeness to Hitler. Saddam has continually violated UN resolutions and lied to the world.

Saddam Hussein has repeatedly violated sixteen United Nations Security Council Resolutions (UNSCRs) designed to ensure that Iraq does not pose a threat to international peace and security. In addition to these repeated violations, he has tried, over the past decade, to circumvent UN economic sanctions against Iraq, which are reflected in a number of other resolutions.

As noted in the resolutions, Saddam Hussein was required to fulfill many obligations beyond the withdrawal of Iraqi forces from Kuwait. Specifically, Saddam Hussein was required to, among other things: allow international weapons inspectors to oversee the destruction of his weapons of mass destruction; not develop new weapons of mass destruction; destroy all of his ballistic missiles with a range greater than 150 kilometers; stop support for terrorism and prevent terrorist organizations from operating within Iraq; help account for missing Kuwaitis and other individuals; return stolen Kuwaiti property and bear financial liability for damage from the Gulf War; and he was required to end his repression of the Iraqi people. Saddam Hussein has repeatedly violated each of the following resolutions:

* UNSCR 678 - November 29, 1990
• Iraq must comply fully with UNSCR 660 (regarding Iraq's illegal invasion of Kuwait) "and all subsequent relevant resolutions."
• Authorizes UN Member States "to use all necessary means to uphold and implement resolution 660 and all subsequent relevant resolutions and to restore international peace and security in the area."

* UNSCR 686 - March 2, 1991
• Iraq must release prisoners detained during the Gulf War.
• Iraq must return Kuwaiti property seized during the Gulf War.
• Iraq must accept liability under international law for damages from its illegal invasion of Kuwait.

* UNSCR 687 - April 3, 1991
• Iraq must "unconditionally accept" the destruction, removal or rendering harmless "under international supervision" of all "chemical and biological weapons and all stocks of agents and all related subsystems and components and all research, development, support and manufacturing facilities."
• Iraq must "unconditionally agree not to acquire or develop nuclear weapons or nuclear-weapons-usable material" or any research, development or manufacturing facilities.
• Iraq must "unconditionally accept" the destruction, removal or rendering harmless "under international supervision" of all "ballistic missiles with a range greater than 150 KM and related major parts and repair and production facilities."
• Iraq must not "use, develop, construct or acquire" any weapons of mass destruction.
• Iraq must reaffirm its obligations under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
• Creates the United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM) to verify the elimination of Iraq's chemical and biological weapons programs and mandated that the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) verify elimination of Iraq's nuclear weapons program.
• Iraq must declare fully its weapons of mass destruction programs.
• Iraq must not commit or support terrorism, or allow terrorist organizations to operate in Iraq.
• Iraq must cooperate in accounting for the missing and dead Kuwaitis and others.
• Iraq must return Kuwaiti property seized during the Gulf War.

* UNSCR 688 - April 5, 1991
• "Condemns" repression of Iraqi civilian population, "the consequences of which threaten international peace and security."
• Iraq must immediately end repression of its civilian population.
• Iraq must allow immediate access to international humanitarian organizations to those in need of assistance.

* UNSCR 707 - August 15, 1991
• "Condemns" Iraq's "serious violation" of UNSCR 687.
• "Further condemns" Iraq's noncompliance with IAEA and its obligations under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
• Iraq must halt nuclear activities of all kinds until the Security Council deems Iraq in full compliance.
• Iraq must make a full, final and complete disclosure of all aspects of its weapons of mass destruction and missile programs.
• Iraq must allow UN and IAEA inspectors immediate, unconditional and unrestricted access.
• Iraq must cease attempts to conceal or move weapons of mass destruction, and related materials and facilities.
• Iraq must allow UN and IAEA inspectors to conduct inspection flights throughout Iraq.
• Iraq must provide transportation, medical and logistical support for UN and IAEA inspectors.

* UNSCR 715 - October 11, 1991
• Iraq must cooperate fully with UN and IAEA inspectors.

* UNSCR 949 - October 15, 1994
• "Condemns" Iraq's recent military deployments toward Kuwait.
• Iraq must not utilize its military or other forces in a hostile manner to threaten its neighbors or UN operations in Iraq.
• Iraq must cooperate fully with UN weapons inspectors.
• Iraq must not enhance its military capability in southern Iraq.

* UNSCR 1051 - March 27, 1996
• Iraq must report shipments of dual-use items related to weapons of mass destruction to the UN and IAEA.
• Iraq must cooperate fully with UN and IAEA inspectors and allow immediate, unconditional and unrestricted access.

* UNSCR 1060 - June 12, 1996
• "Deplores" Iraq's refusal to allow access to UN inspectors and Iraq's "clear violations" of previous UN resolutions.
• Iraq must cooperate fully with UN weapons inspectors and allow immediate, unconditional and unrestricted access.

* UNSCR 1115 - June 21, 1997
• "Condemns repeated refusal of Iraqi authorities to allow access" to UN inspectors, which constitutes a "clear and flagrant violation" of UNSCR 687, 707, 715, and 1060.
• Iraq must cooperate fully with UN weapons inspectors and allow immediate, unconditional and unrestricted access.
• Iraq must give immediate, unconditional and unrestricted access to Iraqi officials whom UN inspectors want to interview.

* UNSCR 1134 - October 23, 1997
• "Condemns repeated refusal of Iraqi authorities to allow access" to UN inspectors, which constitutes a "flagrant violation" of UNSCR 687, 707, 715, and 1060.
• Iraq must cooperate fully with UN weapons inspectors and allow immediate, unconditional and unrestricted access.
• Iraq must give immediate, unconditional and unrestricted access to Iraqi officials whom UN inspectors want to interview.

* UNSCR 1137 - November 12, 1997
• "Condemns the continued violations by Iraq" of previous UN resolutions, including its "implicit threat to the safety of" aircraft operated by UN inspectors and its tampering with UN inspector monitoring equipment.
• Reaffirms Iraq's responsibility to ensure the safety of UN inspectors.
• Iraq must cooperate fully with UN weapons inspectors and allow immediate, unconditional and unrestricted access.

* UNSCR 1154 - March 2, 1998
• Iraq must cooperate fully with UN and IAEA weapons inspectors and allow immediate, unconditional and unrestricted access, and notes that any violation would have the "severest consequences for Iraq."

* UNSCR 1194 - September 9, 1998
• "Condemns the decision by Iraq of 5 August 1998 to suspend cooperation with" UN and IAEA inspectors, which constitutes "a totally unacceptable contravention" of its obligations under UNSCR 687, 707, 715, 1060, 1115, and 1154.
• Iraq must cooperate fully with UN and IAEA weapons inspectors, and allow immediate, unconditional and unrestricted access.

* UNSCR 1205 - November 5, 1998
• "Condemns the decision by Iraq of 31 October 1998 to cease cooperation" with UN inspectors as "a flagrant violation" of UNSCR 687 and other resolutions.
• Iraq must provide "immediate, complete and unconditional cooperation" with UN and IAEA inspectors.

* UNSCR 1284 - December 17, 1999
• Created the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspections Commission (UNMOVIC) to replace previous weapon inspection team (UNSCOM).
• Iraq must allow UNMOVIC "immediate, unconditional and unrestricted access" to Iraqi officials and facilities.
• Iraq must fulfill its commitment to return Gulf War prisoners.
• Calls on Iraq to distribute humanitarian goods and medical supplies to its people and address the needs of vulnerable Iraqis without discrimination.



-=Additional UN Security Council Statements =-


In addition to the legally binding UNSCRs, the UN Security Council has also issued at least 30 statements from the President of the UN Security Council regarding Saddam Hussein's continued violations of UNSCRs. The list of statements includes:

• UN Security Council Presidential Statement, June 28, 1991
• UN Security Council Presidential Statement, February 5, 1992
• UN Security Council Presidential Statement, February 19, 1992
• UN Security Council Presidential Statement, February 28, 1992
• UN Security Council Presidential Statement, March 6, 1992
• UN Security Council Presidential Statement, March 11, 1992
• UN Security Council Presidential Statement, March 12, 1992
• UN Security Council Presidential Statement, April 10, 1992
• UN Security Council Presidential Statement, June 17, 1992
• UN Security Council Presidential Statement, July 6, 1992
• UN Security Council Presidential Statement, September 2, 1992
• UN Security Council Presidential Statement, November 23, 1992
• UN Security Council Presidential Statement, November 24, 1992
• UN Security Council Presidential Statement, January 8, 1993
• UN Security Council Presidential Statement, January 11, 1993
• UN Security Council Presidential Statement, June 18, 1993
• UN Security Council Presidential Statement, June 28, 1993
• UN Security Council Presidential Statement, November 23, 1993
• UN Security Council Presidential Statement, October 8, 1994
• UN Security Council Presidential Statement, March 19, 1996
• UN Security Council Presidential Statement, June 14, 1996
• UN Security Council Presidential Statement, August 23, 1996
• UN Security Council Presidential Statement, December 30, 1996
• UN Security Council Presidential Statement, June 13, 1997
• UN Security Council Presidential Statement, October 29, 1997
• UN Security Council Presidential Statement, November 13, 1997
• UN Security Council Presidential Statement, December 3, 1997
• UN Security Council Presidential Statement, December 22, 1997
• UN Security Council Presidential Statement, January 14, 1998



I say the Bush Administration is doing every thing it can to avoid war and stop the horrors of Saddam's Iraq from continuing. For example, Iraq now has a small drone plane that could spray WMD on his neighbors or be deployed abroad on other populations.

I do not like a representative that would allow today's Iraq to continue. That includes a horrific history of chemical weapons used against humanity.



-= Documented Iraqi Use of Chemical Weapons =-


• Aug 1983 in Hajj Umran used Mustard gad on 100 Iranians/Kurds.
• Oct-Nov 1983 in Panjwin used Mustard gas on 3,000 Iranian/Kurds.
• Feb-Mar 1984 in Majnoon Island used Mustard gas on 2,500 Iranians.
• Mar 1984 in al-Basrah used Tabun on 50 to 100 Iranians.
• Mar 1985 in Hawizah Marsh used Mustard/Tabun on 3,000 Iranians. • Feb 1986 in al-Faw used Mustard/Tabun on 8,000 to 10,000 Iranians.
• Dec 1986 in Umm ar Rasas used Mustard gas on thousands of Iranians. • Apr 1987 in al-Basrah used Mustard/Tabun on 5,000 Iranians.
• Oct 1987 in Sumar/Mehran used Mustard/nerve agents on 3,000 Iranians.
• Mar 1988 in Halabjah used Mustard/nerve agents on hundreds Iranians/Kurds.


Notes on gases:

[1] Mustard is a blister agent that causes medical casualties by blistering or burning exposed skin, eyes, lungs, and mucus membranes within hours of exposure. It is a persistent agent that can remain a hazard for days.

[2] Sarin, cyclosarin, and tabun are G-series nerve agents that can act within seconds of absorption through the skin or inhalation. These agents overstimulate muscles or glands with messages transmitted from nerves, causing convulsions and loss of consciousness. Tabun is persistent and can remain a hazard for days. Sarin and cyclosarin are not persistent and pose more of an inhalation hazard than a skin hazard.

[3] VX is a V-series nerve agent that is similar to but more advanced than G-series nerve agents in that it causes the same medical effects but is more toxic and much more persistent. Thus, it poses a far greater skin hazard than G-series agents. VX could be used for long-term contamination of territory.

[4] Bacillus subtilis is commonly used as a simulant for B. anthracis.

[5] An infectious dose of anthrax is about 8,000 spores, or less than one-millionth of a gram in a non immuno-compromised person. Inhalation anthrax historically has been 100 percent fatal within five to seven days, although in recent cases aggressive medical treatment has reduced the fatality rate.

[6] Ricin can cause multiple organ failure within one or two days after inhalation

Iraq has continued its weapons of mass destruction (WMD) programs in defiance of UN resolutions and restrictions. Baghdad has chemical and biological weapons as well as missiles with ranges in excess of UN restrictions; if left unchecked, it probably will have a nuclear weapon during this decade.

Baghdad hides large portions of Iraq's WMD efforts. Revelations after the Gulf war starkly demonstrate the extensive efforts undertaken by Iraq to deny information.

Since inspections ended in 1998, Iraq has maintained its chemical weapons effort, energized its missile program, and invested more heavily in biological weapons; most analysts assess Iraq is reconstituting its nuclear weapons program.

Iraq's growing ability to sell oil illicitly increases Baghdad's capabilities to finance WMD programs; annual earnings in cash and goods have more than quadrupled.

Iraq largely has rebuilt missile and biological weapons facilities damaged during Operation Desert Fox and has expanded its chemical and biological infrastructure under the cover of civilian production.

Baghdad has exceeded UN range limits of 150 km with its ballistic missiles and is working with unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), which allow for a more lethal means to deliver biological and, less likely, chemical warfare agents.

Although Saddam probably does not yet have nuclear weapons or sufficient material to make any, he remains intent on acquiring them.
How quickly Iraq will obtain its first nuclear weapon depends on when it acquires sufficient weapons-grade fissile material.

If Baghdad acquires sufficient weapons-grade fissile material from abroad, it could make a nuclear weapon within a year. Does this wake anyone up?
Without such material from abroad (France?), Iraq probably would not be able to make a weapon until the last half of the decade.

Iraq's aggressive attempts to obtain proscribed high-strength aluminum tubes are of significant concern. All intelligence experts agree that Iraq is seeking nuclear weapons and that these tubes could be used in a centrifuge enrichment program. Most intelligence specialists assess this to be the intended use, but some believe that these tubes are probably intended for conventional weapons programs.

Based on tubes of the size Iraq is trying to acquire, a few tens of thousands of centrifuges would be capable of producing enough highly enriched uranium for a couple of weapons per year.

Baghdad has begun renewed production of chemical warfare agents, probably including mustard, sarin, cyclosarin, and VX. Its capability was reduced during the UNSCOM inspections and is probably more limited now than it was at the time of the Gulf war, although VX production and agent storage life probably have been improved.

Saddam probably has stocked a few hundred metric tons of CW agents.
The Iraqis have experience in manufacturing CW bombs, artillery rockets, and projectiles, and probably possess CW bulk fills for SRBM warheads, including for a limited number of covertly stored, extended-range Scuds.

All key aspects—R&D, production, and weaponization—of Iraq's offensive BW program are active and most elements are larger and more advanced than they were before the Gulf war.

Iraq has some lethal and incapacitating BW agents and is capable of quickly producing and weaponizing a variety of such agents, including anthrax, for delivery by bombs, missiles, aerial sprayers, and covert operatives, including potentially against the US Homeland.

Baghdad has established a large-scale, redundant, and concealed BW agent production capability, which includes mobile facilities; these facilities can evade detection, are highly survivable, and can exceed the production rates Iraq had prior to the Gulf war.

Iraq maintains a small missile force and several development programs, including for a UAV that most analysts believe probably is intended to deliver biological warfare agents.

Gaps in Iraqi accounting to UNSCOM suggest that Saddam retains a covert force of up to a few dozen Scud-variant SRBMs with ranges of 650 to 900 km.
Iraq is deploying its new al-Samoud and Ababil-100 SRBMs, which are capable of flying beyond the UN-authorized 150-km range limit.

Baghdad's UAVs—especially if used for delivery of chemical and biological warfare (CBW) agents—could threaten Iraq's neighbors, US forces in the Persian Gulf, and the United States if brought close to, or into, the US Homeland.

Iraq is developing medium-range ballistic missile capabilities, largely through foreign assistance in building specialized facilities.
Wake up people please if you read all of the above that little drone is a big deal.


Iraq is one of seven countries that have been designated by the Secretary of State as state sponsors of international terrorism. UNSCR 687 prohibits Saddam Hussein from committing or supporting terrorism, or allowing terrorist organizations to operate in Iraq. Saddam continues to violate these UNSCR provisions.



• In 1993, the Iraqi Intelligence Service (IIS) directed and pursued an attempt to assassinate, through the use of a powerful car bomb, former U.S. President George Bush and the Emir of Kuwait. Kuwaiti authorities thwarted the terrorist plot and arrested 16 suspects, led by two Iraqi nationals.

• Iraq shelters terrorist groups including the Mujahedin-e-Khalq Organization (MKO), which has used terrorist violence against Iran and in the 1970s was responsible for killing several U.S. military personnel and U.S. civilians.

• Iraq shelters several prominent Palestinian terrorist organizations in Baghdad, including the Palestine Liberation Front (PLF), which is known for aerial attacks against Israel and is headed by Abu Abbas, who carried out the 1985 hijacking of the cruise ship Achille Lauro and murdered U.S. citizen Leon Klinghoffer.

• Iraq shelters the Abu Nidal Organization, an international terrorist organization that has carried out terrorist attacks in twenty countries, killing or injuring almost 900 people. Targets have included the United States and several other Western nations. Each of these groups have offices in Baghdad and receive training, logistical assistance, and financial aid from the government of Iraq.

• In April 2002, Saddam Hussein increased from $10,000 to $25,000 the money offered to families of Palestinian suicide/homicide bombers. The rules for rewarding suicide/homicide bombers are strict and insist that only someone who blows himself up with a belt of explosives gets the full payment. Payments are made on a strict scale, with different amounts for wounds, disablement, death as a "martyr" and $25,000 for a suicide bomber. Mahmoud Besharat, a representative on the West Bank who is handing out to families the money from Saddam, said, "You would have to ask President Saddam why he is being so generous. But he is a revolutionary and he wants this distinguished struggle, the intifada, to continue."

• Former Iraqi military officers have described a highly secret terrorist training facility in Iraq known as Salman Pak, where both Iraqis and non-Iraqi Arabs receive training on hijacking planes and trains, planting explosives in cities, sabotage, and assassinations.


Is it possible that some in congress are also blind to history or gaining finical and/or political favors by opposing the White House and therefore supporting Iraq? It seems that Saddam's Iraq has been very skillful at playing politics to support his regime why then would it not surprise me if he has done the same with some of the United States leadership.

Congress has a responsibility to ensure that the Administration is safe from this brutal dictator and producer of terror.

Please contact your representative and tell them you are concerned