A realistic opportunity to avert war
Quick, things to do immediately!
Date: Mon, 10 Mar 2003 (updated)
From: Tom Atlee < firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: A realistic opportunity to avert war
As more people sent me bright ideas for dealing with the Iraq crisis,
I noticed a pattern of possibility emerging. It offers a realistic
opportunity to avert war, if we act fast enough, given that war could
be right around the corner.
Here are the highlights of this new set of possibilities:
** FIRST, IMMEDIATELY INVOLVE THE POPE (1 million signatures needed):
To make an attack virtually impossible have Pope John Paul II go to
Baghdad (as Helen Caldicott has suggested). It is highly unlikely
that Bush would bomb the Pope. If he can be joined by the many major
anti-war religious leaders and/or by other global religious leaders
like the Dalai Lama (as James Twyman has suggested: see his new
petition at the top of http://www.emissaryoflight.com -- he's seeking
a million signatures FAST.
-- Nelson Mandela, Kofi Annan, Jimmy Carter and Mikhail Gorbachev (as
Gar Smith has suggested), all the better. --
But the Pope, who has said
this war would be "a defeat for Humanity," is essential. ACTION:
Contact the Vatican: Email < email@example.com > // FAX [from
USA] 011-39-06698-85378 [from other countries replace the 011 prefix
with your appropriate international prefix] // phone [from USA] dial
011-39-06-69-82 [from other countries replace the 011 prefix with
your appropriate international prefix].
His Holiness John Paul II
00120 Vatican City State Europe
(THE VATICAN IS ITS OWN POLITICAL ENTITY. REMEMBER TO OMIT "ITALY" FROM THE
ENVELOPE; THE ITALIAN MAIL SYSTEM IS NOTORIOUSLY SLOW.)
** Because there is a chance the Vatican will activate an e-mail screen
after a certain point, THE VERY BEST ACTION YOU CAN TAKE WOULD BE A
HAND-WRITTEN NOTE SENT BY AIR MAIL.
Here are some other communication lines you could try. -- Tom
H.H. Pope John Paul II
Fax No. 011 396 6988536
Vatican Diplomatic Mission in the US
Apostolic Nuncio Archbishop Gabriel MONTALVO
Telephone:  (202) 333-7121
FAX:  (202) 337-4036
Chancery: 3339 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
François Xavier Nguyên van Thuân
Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace
Office of the Cardinal-Secretary of State:
Cardinal-Secretary of State
Contact info for Nobel Peace
Laureates (and the Dalai Lama) are given below. For more info on this approach, see
< http://www.co-intelligence.org/CIPol_IraqCrisisCaldicott.html >.
At the same time that we citizens worldwide are engaging the Pope in
a holding action, we need to also engage the U.N., as follows:
** SECOND, INVOLVE THE UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY:
It turns out there is a UN Resolution 377 -- aptly titled "Uniting
for Peace" -- that makes it possible for the UN General Assembly to
take collective security or peacekeeping action when the UN Security
Council is too divided to deal with urgent threats. The U.S. has
invoked Resolution 377 a number of times since it was passed in 1950.
Any member of the U.N. can call for an emergency session under
Resolution 377. If either seven Members of the Security Council or a
majority of the General Assembly agree, then such a General Assembly
session MUST be held, and can be held on 24-hour notice. Excellent
homework has been done on developing this option by the Center for
Constitutional Rights. They have drafted a letter that UN
Representatives can send to the UN Secretary General requesting such
a session, and a Resolution that the General Assembly could then
consider, allowing quick stop-gap action. ACTION: Citizens could
demand this, writing to as many UN Representatives as possible. More
information about this approach and how to contact UN Representatives
is given below. For full information, see
< http://www.co-intelligence.org/CIPol_UNRes377-CCR.html >
** THIRD, DEVELOP PEACE PLANS THAT CREATIVELY ADDRESS THE CONCERNS OF
U.S. AND ISLAMIC PUBLICS.
The two steps above would make it extremely difficult, but not
impossible, for the U.S. to wage a major attack on Baghdad. To make a
U.S. attack even more unlikely -- and to reduce the instability in
the Middle East and the expansion of terrorism -- the peace movement
might develop alternatives to a U.S. invasion that will seem credible
both to the Muslim world suspicious of American motives and
domination and to the large body of Americans who don't think the
current inspection regime is sufficient and who have been led to
hate, fear and suspect Saddam Hussein. Many of these Americans do
not want a war, but feel there may be no alternative. "Let the
Inspections Work" is a good slogan for people already against the
war, but for those more worried about Hussein, it isn't strong enough.
I've been told about three solid plans (there are undoubtedly more):
< http://www.cartercenter.org/viewdoc.asp?docID=1165&submenu=news >,
Sojourner's < http://www.sojo.net/index.cfm?action=action.home > and
Elias Amadon's < http://www.co-intelligence.org/CIPol_IraqCrisis_Amidon.html >.
Central to all of them is expanded, toughened UN inspections and
shifting the strategic center of action on Iraq from the U.S. to the UN.
Piecing them all together produces a plan something like this:
1. Keep the pressure on. Maintain but restructure the existing U.S.
MILITARY DEPLOYMENT as a multinational force.
2. Conduct broader, TOUGHER INSPECTIONS that can inspect anything,
backed by UN troops -- and keep them inspecting at least as long as
Saddam Hussein and his party are in power.
3. Strengthen the ARMS EMBARGO but LIFT SANCTIONS on all food,
medical supplies and civilian materials.
4. Institute a Marshall Plan to REBUILD IRAQ, including massive
humanitarian aid managed by the UN and funded through UN-controlled
increased oil production. Negotiate the safe return of exiled
professionals. All this will help strengthen an independent
middle-class that can build democracy.
5. Build pressure for REGIME CHANGE. Give Saddam Hussein and other
Iraqi leaders a choice of exile or retirement from politics outside
of Baghdad, with strict controls on their involvements, or else
prosecution for war crimes and crimes against humanity.
6. BUILD IRAQI DEMOCRACY. Identify and develop a truly democratic
opposition to assist Iraqis in initiating a constitutional process
leading to democratic elections. Have return of Iraqi control of oil
profits conditional on specific democratic reforms. Institute "human
rights inspections" or "truth commissions" to review claims of human
7. Renew commitment to RESOLVE THE ISRAELI/PALESTINIAN CONFLICT,
establishing a Palestinian state and guaranteed Israeli security
within a few years.
I list these points not so much to constitute a new proposal, but to
move along the inquiry about what the elements of a satisfactory
proposal might be. I will leave it to those more expert than I to
move the dialogue further and to appropriately pressure relevant
authorities. It would be good, however, to develop some simple
demands or slogans along these lines for demonstrations.
Should anyone wish to convene some adequately intensive and extensive
dialogue among different parties in the peace movement to work
through their disagreements about the content of such proposals, I'd
be happy to recommend some processes. In the meantime, I think
diverse approaches to this are fine and something workable will
emerge through the rough-and-tumble if enough people take the need
for creative proposals seriously.
I suggest we keep in mind that the primary purpose of this is not to
further any of our many agendas, but to collectively pull back from
the brink of cataclysm so that we have more time for our other
transformational and humanitarian efforts to succeed. We are trying
to save our collective future as well as innocent Iraqi lives.
At the very least, people can publicize and advocate any or all of
the three proposals above.
Beyond this there is a lot of collective learning to do about what
policies nurture dictatorships and war and which nurture the
emergence of peaceful democracy. As we get more time to breathe and
think, we may want to explore articles like these
< http://www.co-intelligence.org/CIPol_NVRegimeChange.html > and
< http://www.co-intelligence.org/CIPol_PeaceDemocCommons.html >.
In the meantime, let's see if we can move ahead quickly on the first
two steps and keep this devastating war from happening.
Please forward this as widely and quickly as you think appropriate,
especially to groups organizing peace activities.
_ _ _ _ __
CONTACT INFORMATION FOR NOBEL PEACE PRIZE WINNERS
John Paul II
00120 Vatican City State
FAX (011- 39-06698-85378
(Note: Nelson Mandela has stated that he is prepared to go and stand with
the human shields but only if he receives an invitation from the United
The Hon. Kofi Annan
United Nations Secretary-General
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com
The Carter Center
453 Freedom Parkway
Atlanta, GA 30307
Green Cross International
160a, rte de Florissant,
(fax) [from USA] dial 011 41 22 789 1695 [from other countries replace the 011 prefix with
your appropriate international prefix]
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
TO CONTACT THE DALAI LAMA:
The Office of Tibet
Tibet House, 1 Culworth Street
London NW8 7AF
Phone: 0044-20-7722 5378
Fax: 0044-20-7722 0362
_ _ _ _ _
MORE INFORMATION ON THE UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY (RESOLUTION 377) APPROACH
There is a Way to Stop the War
The Center for Constitutional Rights recently called upon member
states of the General Assembly of the United Nations to act to avert
an aggressive war with Iraq. Under a little-discussed resolution,
aptly titled Uniting for Peace, when there is a stalemate among
members of the Security Council regarding the use of force, the
General Assembly can be convened to consider the threat to
international peace and recommend collective measures to maintain or
Description and Status
The Charter gives the UN Security Council "the primary responsibility
for the maintenance of international peace and security." But long
ago, the members of the United Nations recognized that due to the
permanent members veto powers, impasses would occur within the
Security Council. They set up a procedure for insuring that such
stalemates would not prevent the UN from carrying out its mission to
"maintain international peace and security." The aptly titled
"Uniting for Peace" Resolution 377 was the solution to this problem.
The resolution provides that, if because of the lack unanimity among
permanent members of the Security Council, the Council cannot
maintain international peace, the General Assembly "shall consider
the matter immediately" The General Assembly can meet within 24
hours to consider such a matter and can recommend collective measures
to "maintain or restore international peace and security."
CCR believes that due to the current impasse in the Security Council,
Resolution 377 "Uniting for Peace" should be used to require that no
military action be taken against Iraq without the explicit authority
of the Security Council. It could also mandate that the inspection
regime be permitted to complete its inspections. We believe it
unlikely that the United States and Britain would ignore such a
measure. A vote by the majority of countries in the world,
particularly if it were unanimous, would make the unilateral rush to
war more difficult. A letter has been circulated to activists
around the world to encourage them to contact their UN
representatives to call for a special session under the "Uniting For
UNITING FOR PEACE LETTER TO ACTIVISTS
From the Center for Constitutional Rights
666 Broadway, New York, NY 10012 U.S.A.
Tel 212.614.6464 Fax 212.614.6499
Re: UNITED NATIONS UNITING FOR PEACE RESOLUTION ON IRAQ
We are writing you to ask for your help in a very important action.
We hope to create a movement in support of the adoption of a Uniting
for Peace Resolution by the United Nations General Assembly to
prevent an attack on Iraq by the United States, the United Kingdom
and other nations. If even one country requests such a meeting, that
alone can trigger this procedure.
While in the U.N. system the Security Council has the primary
responsibility for maintaining international peace and security
throughout the world, another procedure exists to ensure peace when
the Council fails to do so. That procedure, the Uniting for Peace
resolution, allows the General Assembly to meet to consider the
threat to international peace and it can then recommend collective
measures to U.N. Members to maintain or restore peace.
If one U.N. Member State requests that a meeting be convened to
consider adoption of such a resolution and either seven Members of
the Security Council or a majority of the Members of the General
Assembly agree, an emergency special session will be called and the
GA will come together to discuss the threat to international peace.
We are hoping to find the requisite support for the convening of such
The United States and the United Kingdom have become increasingly
vocal about their willingness to use force against Iraq without
explicit Security Council authorization. Because of the veto power of
these two countries, the Security Council will be stymied in its
responsibility to maintain international peace and security in the
Persian Gulf. In these circumstances, the General Assembly has the
right and indeed the responsibility to assume this duty.
For your information and use, please see the following materials:
(1) A U.N. Alternative to War: "Uniting for Peace", an Op-Ed written
by Michael Ratner and Jules Lobel
and in html at
(2) a draft of a possible General Assembly "Uniting for Peace"
(3) a draft of a possible letter that a Permanent Representative from
any U.N. Member State could send to the Secretary-General to initiate
We urge you to contact your U.N. representative (see contact
information below), other members of your government, and other
governments to request that they write to the Secretary-General to
call for an emergency special session under the Uniting for Peace
Please also circulate these materials to other groups and individuals
and encourage them to do the same.
_ _ _ _ _
OTHER USEFUL DOCUMENTS
1) Another article in support of this action:
CounterPunch - March 5, 2003
What Can the World Do if the US Attacks Iraq?
by Jeremy Brecher -
2) UN General Assembly Resolution 377 "Uniting for Peace" Full
_ _ _ _ _
UN REPRESENTATIVE CONTACT INFORMATION
A center of this campaign, based on activist John Leonard's
organizing work < http://www.co-intelligence.org/CIPol_UNRes377.html>,
includes a list of 200 addresses of UN Missions in New York. Faxes
are probably even more effective, and Leonard provides a list of fax
numbers of UN missions at
< http://www.waronfreedom.org/activists/gafaxlist.csv>. On
< http://www.co-intelligence.org/CIPol_UNRes377.html> he even explains
clearly how to "broadcast" a one-page fax to every country's UN
representative for about $11 (or personalize it for about $22) via
Efax Broadcast at < http://www.efax.com/products/broadcast/> .
If you can only do a few messages, probably France, Russia and China
are good prospects. Here is contact information for all the members
of the Security Council.
UN SECURITY COUNCIL
5 Members with VETO Power
USA Phone: (212) 415-4000 E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Fax: (212) 415-4443
France Phone: (212) 308-5700 E-Mail: email@example.com Fax: (212) 421-6889
or (212) 207-9765
Britain Phone: (212) 745-9250 E-Mail firstname.lastname@example.org Fax: (212) 745-9316
China Phone: (212) 655-6100 E-Mail email@example.com Fax: (212)
Russia Phone: (212) 861-4900 E-Mail firstname.lastname@example.org Fax: (212) 628-0252
"The Middle Six," votes undecided, countries under extraordinary pressure
to comply with the USA.
Cameroon Phone: (212) 794-2296 E-Mail email@example.com Fax: (212)
Guinea Phone: (212) 687-8115 E-Mail firstname.lastname@example.org Fax: (212) 687-8248
Mexico Phone: (212) 752-0220 E-Mail email@example.com Fax: (212) 688-8862
Angola Phone: (212) 861-5656 E-Mail firstname.lastname@example.org Fax: (212)
Chile Phone: (212) 832-3323 E-Mail email@example.com Fax: (212) 832-0236
Pakistan Phone: (212) 879-8600 E-Mail Pakistan@un.int Fax: (212) 744-7348
Against USA resolution:
Germany Phone: (212) 940-0400 E-Mail firstname.lastname@example.org Fax: (212)
Syria Phone: (212) 661-1313 E-Mail email@example.com Fax: (212) 983-4439
For USA resolution:
Bulgaria Phone: (212) 737-4790 E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Fax: (212) 472-9865
Spain Phone: (212) 661-1050 E-Mail email@example.com Fax: (212) 949-7247
Tom Atlee * The Co-Intelligence Institute * PO Box 493 * Eugene, OR 97440
http://www.co-intelligence.org * http://www.democracyinnovations.org
Please support our work. * Your donations are fully tax-deductible.
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