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This is Not a democracy, it's a REPUBLIC!

What is wrong with you folks? It's a Republic! Our forefathers hated a democracy! Communism always hides itself as a democracy. Through liberal(socialist/communistic) agenda it takes our rights! It's MOBOCRACY! The rule by the MOB, and we're not talking MAFIA either. Enclosed is the Citizens Rule Book, READ IT! Learn what we're supposed to be! WAKE UP AMERICA! Lets take it back!
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<H1><FONT color=#ff0000>T</FONT><FONT color=#f30007>h</FONT><FONT
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<H2>JURY HANDBOOK</H2></CENTER>
<CENTER>
<P>
<H3>LINCOLN said "Study the Constitution!"<BR>"Let it be preached from the
pulpit, proclaimed in legislatures, and enforced in courts of justice."</H3>
<P></P></CENTER>
<CENTER><FONT color=#0000ff size=5>RIGHTS COME FROM GOD,</FONT><BR><FONT
size=4>NOT THE STATE!</FONT></CENTER>
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src="Citizens Rule BookJURY HANDBOOK_files/borderacaib.gif"></CENTER>
<P>"You have rights atecedent to all earthly governments; rights that cannot be
repealed or restrained by human laws; rights derived from the Great Legislator
of the Universe."<BR>
<DD>John Adams,<BR>
<DD>Second President of the United States
<P></P>
<CENTER>
<H2><FONT color=#ff0000>TABLE of CONTENTS</FONT> </H2></CENTER>
<H3>Section I<A
href=" http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/7006/rulebook.html#anchora1"> A
HANDBOOK FOR JURORS</A></H3>
<P><A href=" http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/7006/rulebook.html#anchor1">JURY
DUTY</A><BR><A
href=" http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/7006/rulebook.html#anchor2">YOU ARE
ABOVE THE LAW!</A><BR><A
href=" http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/7006/rulebook.html#anchor3">JURY
RIGHTS</A><BR><A
href=" http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/7006/rulebook.html#anchor4">LAW OF THE
LAND</A><BR><A
href=" http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/7006/rulebook.html#anchor5">TEN
COMMANDMENTS</A><BR><A
href=" http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/7006/rulebook.html#anchor6">COMMUNIST
MANIFESTO</A><BR><A
href=" http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/7006/rulebook.html#anchor7">GIVE UP
RIGHTS?</A><BR><A
href=" http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/7006/rulebook.html#anchor8">JURY
TAMPERING?</A></P>
<H3>Section II<A
href=" http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/7006/rulebook.html#anchor9"> GIVE ME
LIBERTY...</A></H3>
<P><A
href=" http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/7006/rulebook.html#anchor10">PATRICK
HENRY SHOCKED</A><BR><A
href=" http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/7006/rulebook.html#anchor11">JURY OF
PEERS</A><BR><A
href=" http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/7006/rulebook.html#anchor12">FREEDOM
FOR WILLIAM PENN</A><BR><A
href=" http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/7006/rulebook.html#anchor13">JEFFERSON'S
WARNINGS!</A></P>
<H3>Section III <A
href=" http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/7006/rulebook.html#anchor14">ORIGINAL
DOCUMENTS</A></H3>
<P>INDEX TO THE DOCUMENTS<BR></P>
<DD><A
href=" http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/7006/rulebook.html#anchor14a">Index to
the unanimous Declaration</A><BR>
<DD><A
href=" http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/7006/rulebook.html#anchor14b">Index to
the Constitution of the United States</A><BR>
<DD><A
href=" http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/7006/rulebook.html#anchor14c">Index to
the Amendments to Constitution of the United States</A><BR><A
href=" http://www.triax.com/glxyclbamr/declaration.htm">THE DECLARATION OF
INDEPENDENCE</A><BR><A
href=" http://www.triax.com/gxyclbamr/constitution.htm">THE
CONSTITUTION</A><BR><A
href=" http://www.triax.com/glxyclbamr/constitution.htm#billrights">THE BILL OF
RIGHTS</A>
<P></P>
<P>
<CENTER><FONT size=4><A
href=" http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/7006/rulebook.html#anchor15">Copies of
this information are available from Whitten Printers</A><BR><A
href=" http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/7006/rulebook.html#anchorlink">Links to
Related Subjects</A></FONT></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P></P>
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align=center></CENTER>
<P></P>
<CENTER>
<H2>Section I<BR><FONT color=#0000ff><A name=anchora1></A>A HANDBOOK FOR
JURORS</FONT></H2></CENTER>
<P><FONT size=4><A name=anchor1></A>Jury Duty!</FONT><BR>The purpose of this
information if to revive, as Jefferson put it, "The Ancient Principles." It is
not designed to promote lawlessness or a return to the jungle. The "Ancient
Principle" refer to the Ten Commandments and the Common Law. The Common Law is,
in simple terms, just plain common sense and has its roots in the Ten
Commandments.</P>
<P>In 1776 we came out of <B>BONDAGE</B> with <B>FAITH, UNDERSTANDING</B> and
<B>COURAGE.</B> Even against great odds, and with much bloodshed, we battled our
way to achieve <B>LIBERTY. LIBERTY </B>is that delicate area between the force
of government and <B>FREEWILL</B> of man. <B>LIBERTY</B> brings <B>FREEDOM</B>
of choice to work, to trade, to go and live wherever one wishes; it leads to
<B>ABUNDANCE. ABUNDANCE</B>, if made an end in itself, will result in
<B>COMPLACENCY</B> which leads to <B>APATHY. APATHY</B> is the "let George do
it" philosophy. This always brings <B>DEPENDENCY</B>. For a period of time,
dependents are often not aware they are dependent. They delude themselves by
thinking they are still free - "We never had it so good." - "We can still vote,
can 't we?" Eventually abudance diminishes and <B>DEPENDENCY</B> becomes known
by its true nature: <B>BONDANGE!!!</B></P>
<P>There are few ways out of bondage. Bloodshed and war aften result, but our
founding fathers learned of a better way. Realizing that a <B>CREATOR</B> is
always above and greater than that which He creates, they established a three
vote system by which an informed Citizenry can control those acting in the name
of govenment. To be a good master you must always remember the true "pecking
order" or chain of command in this nation:</P>
<DD>1. <B>GOD</B> created man...
<DD>2. Man (that's you) created the Constitution
<DD>3. The Constitution created government...
<DD>4. Government created corporations...etc.
<P>The base of power was to remain in <B>WE THE PEOPLE</B> but unfortunately, it
was lost to those leaders acting in the name of government, such as politicians,
bureaucrats, judges, lawyers, etc.</P>
<P>As a result America began to function like a democracy instead of a
<B>REPUBLIC</B>. A democracy is dangerous because it is a one-vote system as
opposed to a Republic, which is a three-vote system. Three votes to check
tyranny, not just one. American Citizens have not been informed of their other
two votes.</P>
<P>Our first vote is at the polls on election day when we pick those who are to
represent us in the seats of government. But what can be done if those elected
officials just don't perform as promised or expected? Well, the second two votes
are the most effective means by which the common people of any nation on earth
have ever had in controlling those appointed to serve them in government.</P>
<P>The second vote comes when you serve on a Grand Jury. Before anyone can be
brought to trial for a capital or infamous crime by those acting in the name of
government, permission must be obtained from people serving on the Grand Jury!
The <I>Minneapolis Star and Tribune</I> in the March 27th 1987 edition noted a
purpose of the Grand Jury this way: "A grand jury's purpose is to protect the
public from an overzealous prosecutor."</P>
<P>The third is the most powerful vote; this is when you are acting as a jury
member during a courtroom trial. At this point, <B>"the buck stops"</B> with
you! It is in this setting that each <B>JUROR</B> has <B>MORE POWER</B> than the
President, all of Congress, and all of the judges combined! Congress can
legislate (make law), the President or some other bureaucrat can make an order
or issue regulations, and judges may instruct or make a decision, but no
<B>JUROR</B> can ever be punished for voting "Not Guilty!" Any <B>JUROR</B> can,
with impunity, choose to disregard the instructions of any judge or attorney in
rendering his vote. If only one <B>JUROR</B> should vote "Not Guilty" for any
reason, there is no conviction and no punishment at the end of the trial. Thus,
those acting in the name of government must come before the common man to get
permission to enforce a law.</P>
<P><B><FONT size=4><A name=anchor2></A>YOU ARE ABOVE THE LAW!</FONT></B></P>
<P>As a <B>JUROR</B> in a trial setting, when it comes to your individual vote
of innocent or guilty, you truly are answerable only to <B>GOD ALMIGHTY.</B> The
First Amendment to the Constitution was born out of this great concept. However,
judges of today refuse to inform <B>JURORS</B> of their <B>RIGHTS.</B> The
<I>Minneapolis Star and Tribune</I> in a news paper article appearing in its
November 30th 1984 edition, entitled: <B>"What judges don't tell the juries"</B>
stated:</P>
<P>"At the time of the adoption of the Constitution, the jury's role as defense
against political oppression was unquestioned in American jurisprudence. This
nation survived until the 1850's when prosecutions under the Fugitive Slave Act
were largely unsuccessful because juries refused to convict."</P>
<P>"Then judges began to erode the institution of free juries, leading to the
absurd compromise that is the current state of the law. While our courts
uniformly state juries have the power to return a verdict of not guilty whatever
the facts, they routinely tell the jurors the opposite."</P>
<P>"Further, the courts will not allow the defendants or their counsel to inform
the jurors of their true power. A lawyer who made...Hamilton's argument would
face professional discipline and charges of contempt of court."</P>
<P>"By what logic should juries have the power to acquit a defendant but no
right to know about the power? The court decisions that have suppressed the
notion of jury nullification cannot resove this paradox."</P>
<P>"More than logic has suffered. As orignally conceived, juries were to be a
kind of safety valve, a way to soften the bureaucratic rigidity of the judicial
system by introducing the common sense of the community. If they are to funciton
effectively as the 'conscience of the community,' jurors must be told that they
have the power and the right to say no to a prosecution in order to achieve a
greater good. To cut jurors off from this information is to undermine one of our
most important institutions."</P>
<P>"Perhaps the community should educate itself. Then Citizens called for jury
duty could teach the judge a needed lesson in civics."</P>
<P>This information is designed to bring to your attention one important way our
nation's founders provided to insure that you, (not the growing army of
politicians, judges, lawyers, and bureaucrats, rule this nation. It will focus
on the true power you possess as a <B>JUROR</B>, how you got it, why you have
it, and remind you of the basis on which you must decide not only the facts
placed in evidence but also the validity or application of every law, rule,
regulation, ordinance, or instruction given by any man seated as a judge or
attorney when you serve as a <B>JUROR.</B></P>
<P>One <B>JUROR</B> can stop tyranny with a <B>"NOT GUILTY VOTE!"</B> He can
nullify bad law in any case, by <B>"HANGING THE JURY!" </B></P>
<P><I><B>I am only one, but I am one. I cannot do everything, but I can do
something. What I can do, I should do and, with the help of God, I will
do!</B></I><BR>Everett Hale</P>
<P><B><I>The only power the judge has over the JURY is their
ignorance!</I></B></P>
<P>"WE THE PEOPLE," must relearn a desperately needed lesson in civics. </P>
<P>The truth of this question has been answered by many testimonies and
historical events. Consider the following:</P>
<P><B><FONT size=4><A name=anchor3></A>JURY RIGHTS</FONT></B></P>
<P><I>"The jury has a right to judge both the law as well as the fact in
controversy."</I><BR></P>
<DD>John Jay, 1st Chief Justice<BR>
<DD>United States supreme Court, 1789
<P></P>
<P><I>"The jury has the right to determine both the law and the facts."
</I><BR></P>
<DD>Samuel Chase, U.S. supreme Court Justice,<BR>
<DD>1796, Signer of the unanimous Declaration
<P></P>
<P><I>"the jury has the power to bring a verdict in the teeth of both law and
fact."</I><BR></P>
<DD>Oliver Wendell Holmes,<BR>
<DD>U.S. supreme Court Justice, 1902
<P></P>
<P><I>"The law itself is on trial quite as much as the cause which is to be
decided."</I><BR></P>
<DD>Harlan F. Stone, 12th Chief Justice<BR>
<DD>U.S. supreme Court, 1941
<P></P>
<P><I>"The pages of history shine on instance of the jury's exercise of its
prerogative to disregard instructions of the judge..."</I><BR></P>
<DD>U.S.vs Dougherty, 473 F 2nd 113, 1139, (1972)
<P></P>
<P><B><FONT size=4><A name=anchor4></A>LAW OF THE LAND</FONT> </B></P>
<P>The general misconception is that any statute passed by legislators bearing
the appearance of law constitutes the law of the land. The U.S. Constitution is
the supreme law of the land, and any statute, to be valid, must be in agreement.
It is impossible for a law which violates the Constitution to be valid. This is
succintly stated as follows:</P>
<P>"All laws which are repugnant to the Constitution are null and void. "
<BR><I>Marbury vs Madison, </I>5 US (2 Cranch) 137, 174, 176, (1803)</P>
<P>"Where rights secured by the Constitution are involved, there can be no rule
making or legislation which would abrogate them quot; <BR><I>Miranda vs Arizona,
</I>384 US 436 p. 491.</P>
<P>"An unconstitutional act is not law; it confers no right; it imposes no
duties; affords no protection; it creates no office; it is in legal
contemplation, as inoperative as though it had never been passed." <BR><I>Norton
vs Shelby County</I>118 US 425 p.442</P>
<P>"The general rule is that an unconstitutional statute, though having the form
and the name of law, in in reality no law, but is wholly void, and ineffective
for any purpose; since unconstitutionality dates from the time of its enactment,
and not merely from the date of the decision so branding it.</P>
<P>No one is bound to obey an unconstitutional law and no courts are bound to
enforce it."<BR><I>16th American Jurisprudence 2d, Section 177 <BR>late 2nd,
Section 256</I></P>
<CENTER>
<P><B><FONT size?4?><A name=anchor5></A>A SUMMARY OF <BR>THE TEN
COMMANDMENTS</FONT></B></P></CENTER>
<P>The <B>TEN COMMANDMENTS</B> represent <B>GOD'S GOVERNMENT OVER MAN! GOD
</B>commands us for our own good to give up wrongs and not rights! <B>HIS</B>
system always results in <B>LIBERTY</B> and <B>FREEDOM!</B> The Constitution and
the Bill of Rights are built on this foundation, which provides for punitive
justice. It is not until one damages another's person or property that he can be
punished. The Marxist system leads to bondage and <B>GOD'S</B> system leads to
<B>LIBERTY!</B> Read very carefully:</P>
<CENTER>
<TABLE cellPadding=5 width="85%" border=5>
<TBODY>
<TR>
<TD bgColor=#ffffff><B><FONT color=#0000ff>
<P>1. Thou Shalt have no other gods before Me.<BR>2. Thou shalt not make
unto thee any graven image.<BR>3. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord

<DD>thy God in vain.<BR>4. Remember the Sabbath to keep it Holy.<BR>5.
Honor thy father and mother.</FONT></B>
<P></P></DD>
<TD bgColor=#ffffff><B>
<P><FONT color=#0000ff>6. Thou shalt not murder.
<BR>7. Thou shalt not commit adultery<BR>8. Thou
shalt not steal. <BR>9. Thou shalt not bear false
<DD>witness.<BR>10. Thou shalt not covet. </FONT>
<P></P></B></DD></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE></CENTER>
<P>Directly above the Chief Justice's chair is a tablet signifying the <B>TEN
COMMANDMENTS</B> When the Speaker of the House in the U.S. Congress looks up,
his eyes look into the face of Moses. <I>"The Bible is the Book upon which this
Republic rests."</I><BR>- Andrew Jackson, Seventh President of the United
States</P>
<P><I>"The moral principles and precepts contained in the Scriptures ought to
form the basis of all our civil constitutions and laws. All the miseries and
evils which men suffer from, vice, crime, ambition, injustice, oppression,
slavery, and war, proceed from the despising or neglecting the precepts
contained in the Bible."</I><BR>-Noah Webster</P>
<P>
<CENTER><FONT size=4><A name=anchor6></A>A SUMMARY OF<BR>THE COMMUNIST
MANIFESTO</FONT></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P>The Communist Manifesto represents a misguided philosophy, which teaches the
Citizens to give up their <B>RIGHTS</B> for the sake of the "common good," but
it always ends in a police state. This is called preventive justice. Control is
the key concept. Read carefully:</P>
<CENTER>
<TABLE cellPadding=5 width="85%" border=5>
<TBODY>
<TR>
<TD bgColor=#000000><B><FONT color=#ff0000>1. Abolition of private
property.<BR>2. Heavy progressive income tax.<BR>3. Aboliton to all rights
of
<DD>inheritance. <BR>4. Confiscation of property of all
<DD>emigrants and rebels.<BR>5. A Central bank </FONT></B></DD></TD>
<TD bgColor=#000000><B><FONT color=#ff0000>6. Government
control of Communications
<DD>and Transportation<BR>7. Government ownership of factories
and
<DD>agriculture. <BR>8. Government control of
labor.<BR>9. Corporate farms, regional planning.<BR>10. Free
education for all children in
<DD>govenment contolled schools</FONT></B></DD></TR></TBODY></TABLE></CENTER>
<P>
<CENTER><FONT size=4><B><A name=anchor7></A>GIVE UP RIGHTS<BR>FOR THE "COMMON
GOOD"?</B></FONT></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P><I>When the people fear the government you have tyranny; when the government
fears the people, you have liberty.</I></P>
<P>Politicians, bureaucrats and especially judges would have you believe that
too much freedom will result in chaos. Therefore, we should gladly give up some
<B>RIGHTS</B> for the good of the community. In other words, people acting in
the name of government, say we need <B>more laws</B> and more <B>JURORS</B> to
enforce these laws - even if we have to give up some more <B>RIGHTS</B> in the
process. They believe the more laws we have, the more control, thus a better
society. This theory may sound good on paper, and apparently many of our
'leaders' think this way, as evidenced by the thousands of new laws that are
added to the books each year in this country. But, no matter how cleverly this
Marxist argument is made, the hard fact is that whenever you give up a
<B>RIGHT</B> you lose a <B>"FREE CHOICE"!</B></P>
<P>This adds another control. Control's real name is <B>BONDAGE!</B> The logical
conclusion would be, if giving up some <B>RIGHTS,</B> produces a better society,
then by giving up all<B> RIGHTS</B> we could produce the perfect society. We
could chain everybody to a tree, for lack of <B>TRUST</B>. This may prevent a
crime, but it would destroy <B>PRIVACY</B>, which is the heartbeat of
<B>FREEDOM!</B> It would also destroy <B>TRUST</B> which is the foundation for
<B>DIGNITY.</B> Rather than giving up <B>RIGHTS</B>, we shoud be giving up
wrongs! The opposite of control is not chaos. More laws do not make less
criminals! We must give up wrongs, not rights, for a better society! William
Penn of the British House of Commons, once proclaimed, <I><B>"Necessity is the
plea for every infringement of human liberty; it is the argument of tyrants; it
is the creed of slaves."</B></I></P>
<P>
<CENTER><FONT size=4><B>INALIENABLE, (UNALIENABLE) OR<BR>NATURAL
RIGHTS!</B></FONT></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P><B>NATURAL RIGHTS ARE THOSE RIGHTS</B> such as <B>LIFE</B> (from conception),
<B>LIBERTY</B> and the <B>PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS</B> e.g. <B>FREEDOM </B>of
<B>RELIGION, SPEECH, LEARNING, TRAVEL, SELF-DEFENSE, ETC.</B> Hence laws and
statutes which vilolate NATURAL RIGHTS, though they have the color of law, are
not law but imposters! The U.S. Constitution was written to protect these
NATURAL RIGHTS from being tampered with by legislators. Further, our forefathers
also wisely knew that the U.S. Constitution would be utterly worthless to
restrain government legislators unless it was clearly understood that the people
had the right to compel the government to keep within the Constitutional
limits.</P>
<P>In a jury trial the real judges are the JURORS! Surprisingly, judges are
actually just referees bound by the Constitution!</P>
<P>Lysander Spooner in his book <I>Essay on the Trial by Jury</I> wrote as
follows:<BR>"Government is established for the protection of the weak against
the strong. This is the principal, if not the sole motive for the establishment
of all legitimate government. It is only the weaker party that lose their
liberties, when a government becomes oppressive. The stronger party, in all
governments are free by virtue of their superior strength. They never oppress
themselves. Legislation is the work of the stronger party; and if, in addition
to the sole power of legislation, they have the sole power of determining what
legislation shall be enforced, they have all power in their hands, and the
weaker party are the subjects of an absolute government. Unless the weaker party
have a veto, they have no power whatever in the government and ...no
liberties...The trial by jury is the only institution that gives the weaker
party any veto power upon the power of the stronger. Consequently it is the only
institution that gives them any effective voice in the government, or any
guaranty against oppression."<BR><A
href=" http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/7394/lysander.html"><B>The Complete
TEXT of <I>The Essay on the Trial by Jury</I> is HERE</B></A></P>
<P>
<CENTER><FONT size=4><B><A name=anchor8></A>JURY TAMPERING?</B></FONT><BR><FONT
size=3><B>A JURY'S Rights, Powers and Duties:</B></FONT></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P>The Charge to the <B>JURY</B> in the First <B>JURY</B> Trial before the
supreme Court of the United States illustrates the TRUE POWER OF THE
<B>JURY.</B> In the February term of 1794, the supreme (Supreme is not
capitalized in the Constitution, however Behavior is. Art. III) Court conducted
a <B>JURY</B> trial and said: "...it is presumed, that the juries are the best
judges of facts; it is, on the other hand, presumed that the courts are the best
judges of law. But still both objects are within your power of decision."</P>
<P>"You have a right to take upon yourselves to judge of both, and to determine
the law as well as the fact in controversy."<BR>(State of Georgia vs.
Brailsford, et al, 3 Dall 1)</P>
<P>"The <B>JURY</B> has an unreviewable and unreversible power...to aquit in
disregard of the instructions on the law given by the trial judge..." (emphasis
added)<BR>U.S.vs Dougherty, 473 F 2nd 1113, 1139, (1972)</P>
<P>Hence, <B>JURY</B> disregard to the limited and generally conviction-oriented
evidence presented for its consideration, and <B>JURY</B> disregard for what the
trial judge wants them to believe is the controlling law in any particular case
(sometimes referred to as "<B>JURY</B> lawlessness"{jury lawlessness means
willingness to nullify bad law}) is not something to be scrupulously avoided,
but rather encouraged. Witness the following quotation from the eminent legal
authority above mentioned: "Jury lawlessness is the greatest corrective of law
in its actual administration. The will of the state at large imposed on a
reluctant community, the will of a majority imposed on a vigorous and determined
minority, find the same obstacle in the local <B>JURY</B> that formerly
confronted kings and ministers." (emphasis added)<BR>Dougherty, cited above,
note 32 at 1130</P>
<P>
<CENTER><FONT size=4><B>The Right of the JURY to be Told<BR>of Its
Power</B></FONT></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P>Almost every <B>JURY</B> in the land is falsely instructed by the judge when
it is told it must accept as the law that which is given to them by the court,
and that the <B>JURY</B> can decide only the facts in the case. This is to
destroy the purpose of a Common Law <B>JURY</B>, and to permit the imposition of
tyranny upon the people.</P>
<P>"There is nothing more terrifying than ignorance in action."<BR></P>
<DD>Goethe - engraved on a plaque at the Naval War College
<P></P>
<P>"To embarass justice by a multiplicity of laws, or to hazard it by confidence
in judges, are the oposite rocks on which all civil institutions have been
wrecked."<BR></P>
<DD>Johnson - engraved in the Minnesota State Capitol<BR>
<DD>Outside the supreme Court Chambers
<P></P>
<P>"...The letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life."<BR>II Corinthians 3 vs
6</P>
<P>"It is error alone which needs the support of government. Truth can stand by
itself."<BR>Thomas Jefferson</P>
<P>The <B>JURY'S</B> options are by no means limited to the choices presented to
it in the courtroom. "The jury gets its understanding as to the arrangements in
the legal system from more than one voice. There is the formal communicaiton
from the 'judge'. There is the informal communication from the total culture -
literature, current comment, conversation; and, of course, histo r y and
tradition."<BR>Dougherty, cited above, at 1135.</P>
<P>
<CENTER><FONT size=4><B>LAWS, FACTS AND EVIDENCE!</B></FONT></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P>Without the power to decide what facts, law and evidence are applicable.
<B>JURIES</B> cannot be a protection to the accused. If people acting in the
name of government are permitted by <B>JURORS</B> to dictate any law whatever,
they can also unfairly dictate what evidence is admissible or inadmissable and
thereby prevent the <B>WHOLE TRUTH</B> from being considered. Thus if government
can manipulate and control both the law and evidence, the issue of fact becomes
virtually irrelevant. In reality, true <B>JUSTICE</B> would be denied leaving us
with a trial by government and not a trial by <B>JURY!</B></P>
<P>
<CENTER><FONT size=4><B>HOW DOES TYRANNY BEGIN?<BR>WHY ARE THERE SO MANY
LAWS?</B></FONT></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P>Heroes are men of glory who are so honored because of some heroic deed.
People often out of gratutude yield allegiance to them. Honor and allegiance are
nice words for power! Power and allegiance can only be held rightfully by trust
as a result of continued character.</P>
<P>When people acting in the name of government violate ethics, they break trust
with "<B>WE THE PEOPLE."</B> The natural result is for <B>"WE THE PEOPLE"</B> to
pull back power (honor and allegiance).</P>
<P>The loss of power creates fear for those losing the power. Fearing the loss
of power, people acting in the name of government often seek to regain or at
least hold their power. Hence, to legitimatize their quest for control, laws and
force are often instituted.</P>
<P>Unchecked power is the foundation of tyranny. It is the <B>JUROR'S</B> duty
to use the <B>JURY ROOM</B> as a vehicle to stem the tide of oppression and
tyranny: To prevent bloodshed by peacefully removing power from those who have
abused it. The <B>JURY</B> is the primary vehicle for the peaceable restoration
of <B>LIBERTY, POWER AND HONOR TO "WE THE PEOPLE!"</B></P>
<P>
<CENTER><FONT size=4><B>YOUR VOTE COUNTS!</B></FONT></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P>Your vote of <B>NOT GUILTY</B> must be respected by all other members of the
<B>JURY </B>-it is the <B>RIGHT</B> and the <B>DUTY</B> of a <B>JUROR</B> to
<B>Never, Never, NEVER</B> yield his or her sacred vote - for you are not there
as a fool, merely to agree with the majority, but as an officer of the court and
a qualified judge in your own right. Regardless of the pressures or abuse that
may be heaped on you by any other members of the <B>JURY</B> with whom you may
in good conscience disagree, you can await the reading of the verdict secure in
the knowledge you have voted your own conscience and convictions - and not those
of someone else.<B>YOU ARE NOT A RUBBER STAMP!</B></P>
<P><I>By what logic do we send our youth to battle tyranny on foreign soil,
while we refuse to do so in our courts? Did you know that many of the planks of
the "Communist Manifesto"are now represented by law in the U.S.? How is it
possible for Americans to denounce communism and practice it simultaneously?</P>
<P>The JURY judges the Spirit, Motive and Intent of both the law and the
Accused, whereas the prosecutor only represents the letter of the law.</I></P>
<P>Therein lies the opportunity for the accomplishment of "<B>LIBERTY</B> and
<B>JUSTICE</B> for <B>ALL.</B>" If you, and numerous other <B>JURORS</B>
throughout the State and Nation begin and continue to bring in verdicts of
<B>NOT GUILTY</B> in such cases where a <B>man-made</B> statute is defective or
oppressive, these statutes will become as ineffective as if they had never been
written.</P>
<P><I>"If ye love wealth better than liberty, the tranquility of servitude
better than the animating contest of freedom, go home from us in peace. We ask
not your counsels or your arms. Crouch down and lick the hands which feed you.
May your chains set lightly upon you, and may posterity forget that ye were out
countrymen."</I><BR></P>
<DD>Samuel Adams
<P></P>
<P></P>
<CENTER><IMG src="Citizens Rule BookJURY HANDBOOK_files/hr_thin.gif"
align=center></CENTER>
<P></P>
<CENTER>
<H2><A name=anchor9></A>Section II<BR><FONT color=#0000ff>GIVE ME LIBERTY OR
GIVE ME DEATH!</FONT>
<P></P><B><FONT size=4><A name=anchor10></A>PATRICK HENRY
SHOCKED!</FONT></B></H2></CENTER>
<P>Young Christian lawyer Patrick Henry saw why a JURY of PEERS is so vital to
FREEDOM! It was March 1775 when he rode into a small town of Culpepper,
Virginia. He was totally shocked by what he saw! There, in the middle of the
town square was a minister tied to a whipping post, his back laid bare and
bloody with the bones of his ribs showing. He had been scourged mercilessly like
JESUS, with whips laced with metal.</P>
<P>Patrick Henry is quoted as saying: "When they stopped beating him, I could
see the bones of his rib cage. I turned to someone and asked what the man had
done to deserve such a beating as this."</P>
<P>
<CENTER><B>SCOURAGED FOR NOT TAKING A LICENSE!</B></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P>The reply given him was that the man being scourged was a minister who
refused to take a license. He was one of twelve who were locked in jail because
they refused to take a license. A license often becomes an arbitrary control by
government that makes a crime out of what ordinarily would not be a crime. IT
TURNS A RIGHT INTO A PRIVILEGE! Three days later they scourged him to death.</P>
<P>This was the incident which sparked Christian lawyer Patrick Henry to write
the famous words which later became the rallying cry of the Revolution. "What is
it that Gentlemen wish? What would they have? Is life so dear, or peace so
sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it,
Almighty God! I know no what course others may take, but as for me, <A
href=" http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/7006/patrick.html">GIVE ME LIBERTY OR
GIVE ME DEATH!"(view complete speech here)</A> Later he made this part of his
famous speech at Saint John's Episcopal Church in Virginia.</P>
<P>
<CENTER><FONT size=4><B><A name=anchor11></A>JURY OF PEERS</B></FONT></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P>Our forefathers felt that in order to have JUSTICE, it was obvious that a
JURY of "PEERS" must be people who actually know the defendant. How else would
they be able to judge motive and intent?</P>
<P>"PEERS" of the defendant, like the rights of the JURY have also been severely
tarnished. Originally, it meant people of "equals in station and rank." (Black's
Law Dictionary, 1910), "freeholders of a neighborhood," (Bouvier's Law
Dictionary, 1886), or a "A companion; a fellow; an associate." (Webster's 1828
Dictionary of the English Language).</P>
<P>
<CENTER><FONT size=3><B>WHO HAS THE RIGHT TO SIT ON A JURY?</B></FONT></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P>Patrick Henry, along with others, was deeply concerned as to who has a right
to sit on a JURY. Listen to our forefather's wisdom on the subject of
"PEERS".</P>
<P>
<CENTER><FONT size=3><B>MR.HENRY</B></FONT></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P>"By the bill of rights of England, a subject has a right to a trial by his
peers. What is meant by his peers? Those who reside near him, his neighbors, and
who are well aquainted with his character and situation in life." Patrick Henry,
(Elliont,<I>The Debates in the Several State Conventions on the Adoption of the
Federal Constitution,</I> 3:579).</P>
<P>Patrick Henry also knew that orignally the JURY of PEERS was designed as a
protection for Neighbors from outside governmental oppression. Henry states the
following, "Why do we love this trial by jury? Because it prevents the hand of
oppression from cutting you off...This gives me comfort - that, as long as I
have existence, my neighbors will protect me." (Elliot, 3:545, 546)</P>
<P>
<CENTER><FONT size=3><B>MR.HOLMES</B></FONT></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P>Mr. Holmes, from Massachusetts, argued strenuously that for JUSTICE to
prevail, the case must be heard in the vicinity where the fact was committed by
a JURY of PEERS. "...a jury of the peers would, from their local situation, have
an opportunity to form a judgement of the <I>CHARACTER</I> of the person charged
with the crime, and also to judge of the <I>CREDIBILITY</I> of the witnesses."
(Elliot, 2:110).</P>
<P>
<CENTER><FONT size=3><B>MR.WILSON</B></FONT></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P>Mr. Wison, signer of "The unanimous Declaration," who also later became a
supreme Court Justice, stressed the importance of the JUROR'S knowing personally
both the defendant and the witnesses. "Where jurors can be aquainted with the
characters of the parties and the witnesses - where the whole cause can be
brought within their knowledge and their view - I know no mode of investigation
equal to that by a trial by jury: they hear every thing that is alleged; they
not only hear the words, but they see and mark the features of the countenance;
they can judge of weight due to such testimony; and moreover, it is a cheap and
expedious manner of distributing justice. There is another advantage anexed to
the trial by jury; the jurors may indeed return a mistaken or ill-founded
verdit, but their errors cannot be systematical." (Elliot, 2:516).</P>
<P>
<CENTER><FONT size=4><B><A name=anchor12></A>FREEDOM FOR WILLIAM
PENN</B></FONT></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P>"Thoe people who are not governed by GOD will be ruled by
tyrants."<BR><I>William Penn</I></P>
<P>Edward Bushell and three fellow <B>JURORS</B> learned this lesson well. They
refused to bow to the court. They believed in the absolute power of the <B>JURY,
</B>though their eight companions cowered to the court. The four <B>JURORS</B>
spent nine weeks of torture in prison, often without food or water, soaked with
urine, smeared with feces, barely able to stand, and even threatened with fines,
yet they would not give in to the judge. Edward Bushell said, "My liberty is not
for sale," though he had great wealth and commanded an international shipping
enterprise. These "bumble heads", so the court thought, proved the power of the
people was stronger than any power of government. They emerged total
victors.</P>
<P>
<CENTER><FONT size=3><B>THE FIRST AMENDMENT</B></FONT></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P>The year was 1670, and the case Bushell sat on was that of William Penn, who
was on trial for violation of the "Conventicle Act." This was an elaborate Act
which made the Church of England the only legal church. The Act was struck down
by their not guilty vote. <B>Freedom of Religion</B> was established and became
part of the English Bill of Rights and later it became the First Amendment to
the Constitution of the United States. In addition, the <B>Right to peaceful
assembly</B> was founded.<B>Freedom of Speech, </B>and also <B>habeas
corpus.</B> The first such writ of habeas corpus ever issued by the Court of
Common Pleas was used to free Edward Bushell. Later this trial gave birth to the
concept of <B>Freedom of the press.</B></P>
<P>Had Bushell and his colleagues yielded to the guilty verdict sought by the
judge and prosecutor. William Penn most likely would have been executed, as he
clearly broke the law.</P>
<P>
<CENTER><FONT size=3><B>HE BROKE THE LAW!</B></FONT></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P>Then there would have been no Liberty Bell, no Independence Hall, no city of
Philadelphia, and no state called Pennsylvania, for young Wiliam Penn, founder
of Pennsylvania, and leader of the Quakers, was on trial for his life. His
alleged crime was preaching and teaching a different view of the Bible than that
of the Church of England. This appears innocent today, but then, one could be
executed for such actions. He believed in freedom of religion, freedom of speech
and the right to peaceful assembly. He had broken the government's law, but he
had injured no one. Those four heroic <B>JURORS</B> knew that only when actual
injury to someone's person or property takes place is there a real crime. No law
is broken when no injury can be shown. Thus there can be no loss or termination
of rights unless actual damage is proven. Many imposter laws were repealed as a
result of this case.</P>
<P>
<CENTER><FONT size=3><B>IT IS ALMOST UNFAIR!</B></FONT></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P>This trial made such an impact that every colony but one established the jur
y as the first liberty to maintain all other liberties. It was felt that the
liberties of people could never be wholly lost as long as the jury remained
strong and independent, and that unjust laws and statutes could not stand when
confronted by conscientious <B>JURORS. JURORS</B> today face an avalanche of
imposter laws. <B>JURORS</B> not only still have the power and the <B>RIGHT</B>,
but also the <B>DUTY</B>, to nullify bad laws by voting "not guilty". At first
glance it appears that it is almost unfair, the power <B>JURORS</B> have over
government, but necessary when considering the historical track record of
oppression that governments have wielded over private Citizens.</P>
<P>
<CENTER><FONT size=4><B><A name=anchor13></A>JEFFERSON'S
WARNINGS!</B></FONT></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P>In 1789 Thomas Jefferson warned that the judiciary if given too much power
might ruin our REPUBLIC, and destroy our <B>RIGHTS!</B></P>
<P>"The new Constitution has secured these [individual rights] in the Executive
and Legislative departments; but not in the Judiciary. <B>It should have
established trials by the people themselves, that is to say, by jury."</B>
(emphasis added)</P>
<P>The Judiciary of the United States is the subtle corps of sappers and miners
constantly working under ground to undermine the foundations of our confederated
fabric.." (1820) </P>
<P>"...the Federal Judiciary; an irresponsible body (for impeachment is scarcely
a scarecrow), working like gravity by night and by day, gaining a little to-day
and a little tomorrow, and advancing its noiseless step like a thief, over the
field of jurisdiction, until all shall be usurped from the States, and the
government of all be consolidated into one....when all government...<B>in little
as in great things, shall be drawn to Washington as the centre of all power, it
will render powerless the checks provided of one government on another and will
become as venal and oppressive as the government which we seperated. 1821
</B>(emphasis added)</P>
<P>"The opinion which gives to the judges the right to decide what laws are
constitutional and what not, not only for themselves in their own sphere of
action, but for the legislative and executive also in their spheres, would make
the judiciary a despotic branch."</P>
<P>"...judges shold be withdrawn from the bench whose erroneous biases are
leading us to dissolution. It may, indeed, injure them in fame or fortune, but
it saves the Republic..."</P>
<P></P>
<CENTER><IMG src="Citizens Rule BookJURY HANDBOOK_files/hr_thin.gif"
align=center></CENTER>
<P></P>
<CENTER>
<H2><A name=anchor14></A>Section III<BR><FONT color=#0000ff>INDEX TO
THE<BR>ORIGINAL DOCUMENTS</FONT></H2></CENTER>
<P>
<CENTER><FONT size=3><B><A name=anchor14a></A>GENERAL INDEX TO:<BR>THE UNANIMOUS
DECLARATION</B></FONT></CENTER>
<P></P>
<UL>
<DL><B><FONT color=blue size=4>I.</FONT></B> Need to
dissolve certain political relationships. <BR><B><FONT color=blue size=4>II.
</FONT></B>Need to assume powers which God entitles man. <BR><B><FONT
color=blue size=4>III.</FONT></B> Declaring separation from unjust
government. <BR><B><FONT color=blue size=4>IV.</FONT></B>Self-evident
truths elaborated. <BR>
<OL><B>A. </B>All men are created equal. <BR><B>B.</B> God our Creator
gives to each unalienable Rights <BR>
<DD><B>1.</B> Life, Liberty, Happiness, property, safety, respect,
privacy, etc. <BR><B>C.</B> The purpose of government is to protect the
weak from the strong. <BR><B>D.</B> Right and duty to abolish bad
government. <BR>
<DD><B>1.</B> Fact: The Revolution was not out of rebellion by the
colonies, but rather England rebelled
<DD>against God's Law by repeated injuries of usurpation and tyranny. The
young colonies were
<DD>forced to defend themselves against the King's tyranny.
<BR></DD></OL></DL></UL>
<UL>
<OL>
<DD><B>a.</B> eg. Bad laws, bad courts, police state (swarms of soldiers),
taxes without consent, deprived of trial by jury, deporting people for
trial. England declared the colonies out of their protection, rights of
individuals plundered.
<DD><B>b.</B> The colonies repeatedly petitioned England, but only received
repeated injury.
<DD><B>c.</B> England was warned from time to time.
<DD><B>d.</B> England was deaf to the voice of justice.</DD></OL></UL><B><FONT
color=blue size=4>V.</FONT></B> The colonies appealed to God,
the Supreme Judge of the world.<BR><B><FONT color=blue
size=4>VI.</FONT></B>The colonies right to be free and
independent.<BR><B><FONT color=blue size=4>VII.</FONT></B> Under the protection
of God they pledged their lives, fortunes and honor.
<UL></UL>
<P></P>
<CENTER><IMG src="Citizens Rule BookJURY HANDBOOK_files/hr_thin.gif"
align=center></CENTER>
<P></P>
<CENTER><FONT size=3><B><A name=anchor14b></A>GENERAL INDEX TO:<BR>CONSTITUTION
OF THE UNITED STATES</B></FONT></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P>Preamble: The people hold the power, "We the people...in order to form a more
perfect union...and secure the blessings of liberty..."</P>
<P>
<CENTER><FONT size=4><B>ARTICLE I</B></FONT></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P>SECTION:</P>
<P>1. <B>Legislative powers.</B><BR>2. House of representatives; qualification
of members; apportionment of representatives and direct taxes; census; first
apportionment; vacancies; officers of the house; impeachments.<BR>3. Senate:
classification of senators; qualifications of; vice president to preside; other
officers; trial of impeachments.<BR>4. Election of members of congress; time
assembling of congress.<BR>5. Powers of each house; punishment for disorderly
Behaviour; journal; adjournments.<BR>6. Compensation and privileges;
disabilities of members.<BR>7. Revenue bills; passage and approval of bills;
orders and resolutions.<BR>8. General powers of congress; borrowing of money;
regulations of commerce; naturalization and bankruptcy; money; weights and
measures; counterfeiting; post offices; patents and copyrights; inferior courts;
piracies and felonies; war; marque and reprisal; armies; navy; land and naval
forces; calling the militia; District of Columbia; to enact laws necessary to
enforce the Constitution.<BR>9. Limitations of congress; imigration; writ of
habeas corpus; bills of attainder and ex post facto laws prohibited; direct
taxes; exports not to be taxed; interstate shipping; drawing money from the
treasury; financial statements to be published; titles of nobility and favors
from foreign powers prohibited.<BR>10. Limitations of the individual states; no
treaties; letters of marque and reprisal; no coining of money; bills of credit;
not allowed to make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a tender in payment of
debts; no bills of attainder; ex post facto Law or law impairing the obligation
of contracts; no titles of nobility; state imposts and duties; further
restrictions on state powers.</P>
<P>
<CENTER><FONT size=4><B>ARTICLE II</B></FONT></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P>SECTION:</P>
<P>1. <B>Executive powers;</B> electors; qualifications; vacancy; compensation
and Oath of the president.<BR>2. Powers and duties of the president, making of
treaties; power of appointment.<BR>3. Other powers and duties.<BR>4. All
government officers are liable to impeachment.</P>
<P>
<CENTER><FONT size=4><B>ARTICLE III</B></FONT></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P>SECTION:</P>
<P>1.<B> Judicial powers;</B> all judges must have good Behaviour to stay in
office; compensation not to be diminished.<BR>2. Jurisdiction of federal courts
and supreme court; trials for crimes by jury except impeachment.<BR>3. Treason
defined; trial for and punishment.</P>
<P>
<CENTER><FONT size=4><B>ARITICLE IV</B></FONT></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P>SECTION:</P>
<P>1. <B>Message to the states;</B> each state is to give full faith and credit
to public acts and records of other states.<BR>2. Citizens of each state shall
be entitled, fleeing from justice.<BR>3. Admission of new states, power of
congress over territories.<BR>4. Republican form of government guaranteed to
every state; protection from invasion or domestic violence.</P>
<P>
<CENTER><FONT size=4><B>ARTICLE V</B></FONT></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P>SECTION:</P>
<P>1. <B>Amending the Constitution.</B></P>
<P>
<CENTER><FONT size=4><B>ARTICLE VI</B></FONT></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P>SECTION:</P>
<P>1. <B>National obligations;</B> Public debt; Constitution to be the supreme
Law of the land; Constitutional Oath of office; no religious test required.</P>
<P>
<CENTER><FONT size=4><B>ARTICLE VII</B></FONT></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P>SECTION:</P>
<P>1. <B>Ratification of the Constitution;</B> George Washinton signs as a
Twelfthindi, the highest rank in Saxon government, eg. He was the equal of 1200
King Georges, or you as a juror are equal to 1200 presidents, congressmen or
judges, local, federal or the supreme Court.</P>
<P></P>
<CENTER><IMG src="Citizens Rule BookJURY HANDBOOK_files/hr_thin.gif"
align=center></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P>
<CENTER><FONT size=3><B><A name=anchor14c></A>GENERAL INDEX TO:<BR>THE BILL OF
RIGHTS<BR>and Amendments</B></FONT></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P>PREAMBLE:</P>
<DD>Limiting the federal government: An expressed desire to prevent abuse of
federal powers!
<P></P>
<P>
<H3>ARTICLES - COMMON LAW</H3>
<P></P>
<P><A href=" http://www.triax.com/glxyclbamr/constitution.htm#I">I.</A> Religious
freedom, both to an establishment as well as the free exercise thereof; freedom
of speech, press; right of petition.<BR><A
href=" http://www.triax.com/glxyclbamr/constitution.htm#II">II.</A> Right to bear
arms.<BR><A href=" http://www.triax.com/glxyclbamr/constitution.htm#III">III.</A>
Quartering of soldiers.<BR><A
href=" http://www.triax.com/glxyclbamr/constitution.htm#IV">IV.</A> The right to
privacy and security against unreasonable searches and seizures: search
warrants.<BR><A href=" http://www.triax.com/glxyclbamr/constitution.htm#V">V.</A>
Grand Jury, double jeopardy, no one must witness against himself, no loss of
life, liberty or private property without due process.<BR><A
href=" http://www.triax.com/glxyclbamr/constitution.htm#VI">VI.</A> Speedy and
public trials, impartial jury; nature and cause, right to confront; compulsory
witnesses, assistance of Counsel - (note: does not say attorney.)<BR><A
href=" http://www.triax.com/glxyclbamr/constitution.htm#VII">VII.</A> Right to
trial by jury according to the rules of common law - (note: Ten Commandements
are the foundation of Common Law.)<BR><A
href=" http://www.triax.com/glxyclbamr/constitution.htm#VIII">VIII.</A> Excessive
bail, fines, punishement etc. prohibited,<BR><A
href=" http://www.triax.com/glxyclbamr/constitution.htm#IX">IX.</A> Rights beyond
Bill of Rights belong to the people.<BR><A
href=" http://www.triax.com/glxyclbamr/constitution.htm#X">X.</A> Undelegated
powers belong to the people unless given by the people to the
states.<BR>Articles I-X were proposed September 25th, 1789, and ratified
December 15th, 1791.</P>
<P>
<H3>AMENDMENTS - EQUITY LAW</H3>
<P></P>
<P><A
href=" link to www.triax.com of
judicial powers, proposed March 5th 1794, adopted January 8th, 1798.<BR><A
href=" http://www.triax.com/glxyclbamr/constitution.htm#XII">XII.</A> Manner of
electing the president and vice president, proposed December 12th 1803, adopted
September 25th, 1804.<BR><A
href=" http://www.triax.com/glxyclbamr/constitution.htm#XIII">XIII.</A> Slavery
and involuntary servitude prohibited, took effect <A
href=" http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/7006/rulebook.html#star">*</A> December
18th 1865.<BR><A
href=" http://www.triax.com/glxyclbamr/constitution.htm#XIV">XIV.</A> Citizenship
and status defined, privilege of 2nd, 3rd, or whatever status of citizenship one
selects for oneself, as opposed to Freeholder with full sovereign rights:
apportionment of representatives; who is prohibited from holding office; public
debt. CAUTION: There is serious doubt as to the legality of this amendment
because of the manner of ratificatin which was highly suspect. At least 10
States were held by force of arms until the proper authorities agreed to vote
for this amendment. An excellent overview of this was written by the Utah
Supreme Court - 439 Pacific Reporter 2nd Series pgs 266-276, and for a more
detailed account of how the 14th amendment was forced upon the Nation see
articles in 11 S.C.L.Q. 484 and 28 Tul. L. Rev. 22, took effect July 28th,
1868.<BR><A href=" http://www.triax.com/glxyclbamr/constitution.htm#XV">XV.</A>
Non Freeholders given right to vote, took effect March 30th, 1870.<BR><A
href=" http://www.triax.com/glxyclbamr/constitution.htm#XVI">XVI.</A> Income tax,
took effect February 25th, 1913. possible only four States ratified it
properly.<BR><A
href=" http://www.triax.com/glxyclbamr/constitution.htm#XVII">XVII.</A> Direct
elections of senators; electors; vacancies in the senate, took effect May 31st,
1913. This moved us from a complete Republic to a simple republic much like the
style of government of the Soviet Union. States rights were lost and we were
plunged headlong into a democracy of which our forefathers warned was the vilest
form of government because it always ends in oppression.<BR><A
href=" http://www.triax.com/glxyclbamr/constitution.htm#XVIII">XVIII.</A>
Prohibition of liquor traffic, took effect January 29th, 1920.<BR><A
href=" http://www.triax.com/glxyclbamr/constitution.htm#XIX">XIX.</A> Voting for
women, took effect August 27th, 1920.<BR><A
href=" http://www.triax.com/glxyclbamr/constitution.htmXX">XX.</A> Terms of the
president, vice president, senators and representatives; date of assembling of
congress, vacancies of the president, power of the congress in presidential
succession, took effect February 6th, 1933.<BR><A
href=" http://www.triax.com/glxyclbamr/constitution.htm#XXI">XXI.</A> Eighteen
Article (Prohibition) repealed, took effect December 5th, 1933.<BR><A
href=" http://www.triax.com/glxyclbamr/constitution.htm#XXII">XXII.</A> Limits of
the presidential term, took effect March 1st, 1951.<BR><A
href=" http://www.triax.com/glxyclbamr/constitution.htm#XXIII">XXIII.</A>
Electors for the District of Columbia, took effect April 3rd, 1961<BR><A
href=" http://www.triax.com/glxyclbamr/constitution.htm#XXIV">XXIV.</A> Failure
to pay any tax does not deny one the right to vote, took effect February 23rd,
1964.<BR><A href=" http://www.triax.com/glxyclbamr/constitution.htm#XXV">XXV.</A>
Filling the office of the president or vice president during a vacancy, took
effect February 23rd, 1967.<BR><A
href=" http://www.triax.com/glxyclbamr/constitution.htm#XXVI">XXVI.</A> Right to
vote at 18, took effect July 5th 1971.</P>
<P><A name=star>*</A>Took effect is used as there is a great deal of suspicion
as to the nature of these amendments (common law vs equity), also whether these
last 16 amendments are legal, how many were ratified correctly, do they create a
federal constitution in opposition to the original, etc. For further studies a
good place to begin is with the article by the Utah Supreme Court on the 14th
Amendment. 439 Pacific Reporter 2d Series, pgs. 266-276 , and Senate Document
240.</P>
<P></P>
<CENTER><IMG src="Citizens Rule BookJURY HANDBOOK_files/hr_thin.gif"
align=center></CENTER>
<P></P><B>JURY:</B>...<I>Petty Juries,</I> consisting usually of twelve men,
attend courts to try matters of fact in civil causes, and to decide both the
<B>law</B> and the <B>fact</B> in <B>criminal prosecutions</B>. The decision of
a petty jury is called a <I>verdict.</I>.<BR>American Dictonary of the English
Language by Noah Webster 1828
<P></P>
<P><B>PROCLAIM LIBERTY!</B> Inscribed on our hallowed LIBERTY BELL are these
words " Proclaim LIBERTY Thoughout all the Land unto all the Inhabitants
Thereof."<BR>Lev. XXV X</P>
<P>"Government is not reason; it is not eloquence; it is force! Like fire, it is
a dangerous servant and a fearful master."<BR>George Washington</P>
<P>"Woe to those who decree unjust statutes and to those who continually record
unjust decisions, to deprive the needy of justice, and to rob the poor of My
people of their rights..."<BR>Isaiah 10 vs 1-2</P>
<P>"My people are destroyed for the lack of knowledge...!"<BR>Hosea 4 vs 6</P>
<P>"The only thing necessary for evil to triumph is for good men to do
nothing."<BR>Edmund Burke 1729-1797</P>
<P>"If My people which are called by My name, shall humble themselves, and pray,
and seek My face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from Heaven,
and will forgive their sins, and will heal their land."<BR>II Chronicles 7 vs
14</P>
<P>"We must obey GOD rather than men."<BR>Acts 5:29</P>
<P>
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align=center></CENTER>
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<TABLE border=5>
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<P>
<CENTER><B><FONT size=4>Quality pocketsized hardcopies of this booklet may
be obtained from:<BR>Whitten Printers<BR>(602) 258-6406<BR>1001 S 5th
St.,<BR>Phoenix, AZ 85004
<P></P>
<P>Editoral Work by Webster Adams<BR>PAPER-HOUSE PUBLICATIONS<BR>"Stronger
than Steel"<BR>4th Revision</P></FONT></B></CENTER>
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<P>
<CENTER>
<H2><FONT color=#ff0000>NOW IT'S YOUR TURN!</FONT></H2></CENTER>
<P></P>
<P>You - as a juror - armed merely with the knowledge of what a COMMON LAW JURY
really is and what your common law rights, powers and duties really are, can do
more to re-establish "liberty and justice for all" in this State and ultimately
throughout all of the United States than all our Senators and Representatives
put together. WHY? Because even without the concurrence of all of your fellow
jurors, in a criminal trial, you, with your single vote of "NOT GUILTY" can
nullify every rule of "law" that is not in accordance with the principles of
natural, God-given, Common or Constitutional Law. It is precisely this power of
nullification that makes the trial by <B>JURY</B> one of our most important
RIGHTS. It can protect and preserve all of the Citizen's other RIGHTS.</P>
<CENTER>
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<P>
<CENTER>This page was posted by<BR><FONT face="monotype corsiva"
color=#ffad00 size=6 font>Courageous Lion</FONT><BR>He can be emailed
at...<A href="mailto: courageouslion@amprom.org?subject=" Book? Rule
Citizens>Courageous Lion's Den</A></CENTER>
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<P>
<CENTER><FONT size=5>Links to Related Subjects:</FONT><BR><A
href=" http://www.cheta.net/cause"><FONT size=4>C.A.U.S.E. Foundation</A><BR><A
href=" http://www.drtavel.com/fijalink.htm">Jury Box</A><BR><A
href=" http://w3.ag.uiuc.edu:8001/Liberty/isil/juries.html">New Hope for Freedom:
Fully Informed Juries</A><BR><A
href=" http://www.flash.net/~rcoursey/info.htm">Jury Power Information</A><BR><A
href=" http://www.redshift.com/~frenchu/jury_rights.htm">Jury Rights</A><BR><A
href=" link to www.ccrkba.org
of Juries (untitled)</A><BR><A
href=" http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/7394/lysander.html">The Essay on the
Trial By Jury by Lysander Spooner</A><BR><A
href=" http://www.mcs.net/~knautzr/fed/fedindex.htm">"The Federalist Papers" #83
pertains to JURY</A></CENTER>
<P>
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border=0><BR><B><I>Links<SUP><SMALL>2</SMALL></SUP>Go</I></B><BR>Patriotism</A></FONT></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
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