"Anarchy is the social state where people have no rulers or government, and where organizations develop on the basis of voluntary cooperation and the freely chosen association of individuals.
Anarchists call for the abolition of the state, and of all governmental authority. For them, people are essentially good and social life is corrupted by governments, national boundaries, and other imposed mechanisms of control.
There is no single anarchist philosophy. A major distinction must be made between those anarchists who believe in a stateless cooperative society, and those, usually called libertarians, who base their hostility to the state on its interference with the individual's right to own property and accumulate wealth.
Among anarchists, there are different theories about how to achieve a stateless society. Some believe in separating themselves out of mainstream society and developing utopian communities. Others believe that communities can vote and deregulate themselves into an essentially stateless existence. Some believe in nonviolent action, and some few believe in violent insurrection.
Most political states, whatever their philosophy, are opposed to the anarchists in their midst and try to repress or eliminate them. This is purely a strategy for the state's own survival and applies particularly to anarchists of the left. One method used to discredit anarchists is to identify all of them with the few that are violent. Another method is to set agent provocateurs loose in the community and blame their actions on anarchists. These state police agents, whose job is to incite violence, are disguised as anarchists and have been known, particularly in pre-WWI Europe, to set bombs, burn buildings and in other violent ways give the authorities cause to deport or jail suspected anarchists.
A third method of discrediting anarchism is linguistic. The word 'anarchy' is used in the media and in political rhetoric to mean chaos, and anarchists are portrayed as advocating philosophical, economic and every other kind of disorder. However, it is important to understand that anarchist thinkers do not equate anarchism with chaos. On the contrary, they believe that people would thrive in a self-governing and self-regulating voluntary society."